|Publication number||US2128913 A|
|Publication date||Sep 6, 1938|
|Filing date||Feb 3, 1936|
|Priority date||Feb 3, 1936|
|Publication number||US 2128913 A, US 2128913A, US-A-2128913, US2128913 A, US2128913A|
|Inventors||Burk Robert E|
|Original Assignee||Standard Oil Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (19), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Patented Sept. 6, 193a UNITED STATES COAL HANDLING RobertE. Burk, Cleveland, Ohio, assignor to The Standard Oil Company, Cleveland, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio No Drawing. Application February 3, 1936, Serial No. 62,135
related ends, the invention, then,comprlses the features hereinafter fully described, and particularly pointed out in the claims, the following description setting forth in detail certain illustrative embodiments of the invention, these being indicative however, of but a few of the various ways in which the principle of the invention may be employed.
The coal, bituminous or anthracite, etc., is, in accordance with the invention, finely divided or ground. This can be done at a convenient location, for instance at or near the mine. The disas integrated coal is mixed with a carrier liquid, and with suitable conditions therefor, as more particularly hereinafter detailed, is then handled as a liquid, asby being pumped through a pipe line, or transported in tanks, etc. By em- 30 ploying a. combustible liquid as carrier, such for instance as a petroleum liquid, more conveniently a cheap fraction thereof, the entire material may be directly amenable to combustion usage as such. Thus, for instance gas oil, fluent residuums, etc., may be so applied. Preferably however, I employ an aqueous liquid as carrier, this making possible certain features not applicable otherwise. I
While, in some situations, the agitation of the finely divided coal in the carriermedium is such in the pumping and handling operations as to prevent serious separation or. settling, a means for maintaining the suspension safely under all conditions is preferable, and for this I incorpo- 45 rate a small amount of a stabilizing agent, such as a soap of a base of sodium, potassium, ammonium, ethanolamine, etc., with an acid radical, as for instance oleic, palmitic, stearic, lauric,
or acids obtained from the oxidation of petrole-' 50 um or paraflin, etc. The amount of stabilizing agent in general may bev quite small, as for instance 0.005 to 0.5 per cent or more, amounts above 1 per cent being in general unnecessary or waste. With the finely divided coal in amount such as ii to form slurries of pumpable limits, as for in- To the accomplishment of the foregoing and stance 5 to 50 per cent, and the stabilizing agent thus in suspension form, such liquid is capable of indefinite handling and transportation, as indicated, and may be transported from point of preparation, as for instance the mine, through long distance pipe lines to point of usage, as desired. If desired, air may be mixed with the coal and water before transportation, and pine oil or cresylic acid or the like, and additionally if preferred xanthates or thiocarbanilide or the like, 1 in amounts from 0.003 per cent upward. Such may be availed of in addition to or instead of the other stabilizers, as a buoyant effect is had from minute air bubbles engaging the coal par ticles. Where employing a combustible liquid as 1 carrier, the product may of course be directly fed to a furnace in suitable atomizing burners, or may be applied for utilization of the carbonaceous material otherwise as desired. Where the carrier liquid is aqueous, it is then more 20 feasible to effect a separation for usage. For this, the stable suspension may be broken, as by admixture of an electrolyte to neutralize ionic adsorption charges on the coal particles, or where the stabilizer is a water-soluble snap, the coagulating agent may be such as to precipitate an insoluble form of soap therefrom. Thus, convenient coagulating agents may be aluminum sulphate,
alum, lime, 'etc. The amount of coagulating agent is in general such as to neutralize or precipitate as required, and may be for instance 0.00001 mol. per cent to any economic high concentration. For coagulating agent 8,150,111 some instances preferable to the foregoing, Imay employ a small amount of oil, this being admixed with the suspension where an aqueous liquid is used, and the oil will then selectively wet the coal andqdlsplace its surface-action relative to the water, and cause separation from the water. Ash
in the coal is not wetted and sinks. Amounts of oil suitable for this are small, as for instance 0.005 per cent to quantities suflicient to form a second layer of oil containing powdered coal. The oil for such purpose may advantageously be a cheap form of petroleum, as for instance gas oil, residuum, etc. When larger amounts of oil are employed mixtures of directly combustible character may be so obtained.
With the stable suspension broken, as at the' point of usage, and the coal separated, as by settlingor skimming or flotation, by bubble flotation using traces of cresylic acid, pine oil, or like agents, the solid coal may be separated or flltered conveniently, and the water having been eliminated, by suitable means the coal may be employed directly for firing, or it may be formed into compressed blocks as better suited for some furnace usages.
Other modes of applying the principle of the invention may be employed, change being made as regards the details described, provided the features stated in any of the following claims, or the equivalent of such, be employed.
I therefore particularly point out and distinctly claim as my invention:-
1. A process of transporting coal, which comprises changing its state to a pumpable fluid by grinding the coal and mixing the disintegrated coal with water and a small amount of a watersoluble soap, pumping a stream of such suspension to point of use, admixing lime and collecting the coal separated.
2. A process of transporting coal, which comprises changing its state to a pumpable fluid by grinding the coal and mixing the disintegrated coal with water and a small amount of an easily precipitated suspending agent, pumping a stream of such suspension to point of use, and coagulating the suspending agent to recover the coal.
3. A process of transporting coal, which comprises changing its state to a pumpable fluid by grinding the coal and mixing the disintegrated coal with water and a small amount of a watersoluble soap, pumping a stream of such suspension to point of use, and precipitating the soap to collect the coal.
4. A process of transporting coal, which comprises changing its state to a pumpable fluid by grinding the coal and suspending the disintegrated coal in an aqueous carrier liquid with a small amount of a water-soluble soap, admixing air and pumping a stream of such suspension to point 01' use, and coagulating the soap to separate the coal.
5. A process of transporting coal which comprises changing its state to a pumpable fluid by grinding the coal and mixing the disintegrated coal with water and a small amount of a watersoluble dispersing agent having the precipitable characteristics of soap, pumping a stream of such suspension to point of use, and precipitating the dispersing agent and separating the coal from I the carrier water.
6. The process set forth in claim 5 in which air is used'additionally as a stabilizing agent.
ROBERT E. BURK.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US4398919 *||Nov 4, 1981||Aug 16, 1983||Akzona Incorporated||Polyethoxylated compounds as coal-water slurry surfactants|
|US5380342 *||Jul 2, 1993||Jan 10, 1995||Pennsylvania Electric Company||Method for continuously co-firing pulverized coal and a coal-water slurry|
|US5513583 *||Oct 27, 1994||May 7, 1996||Battista; Joseph J.||Coal water slurry burner assembly|
|DE2629797A1 *||Jul 2, 1976||Jan 27, 1977||American Minechem Corp||Verfahren zum befoerdern bzw. transportieren von kohle|
|U.S. Classification||406/47, 406/49, 44/280|
|International Classification||B65G53/00, B65G53/30|