Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2130356 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 20, 1938
Filing dateMay 14, 1936
Priority dateMay 14, 1936
Publication numberUS 2130356 A, US 2130356A, US-A-2130356, US2130356 A, US2130356A
InventorsMarshall George S
Original AssigneeHighway Marking Machine Compan
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Road marking device
US 2130356 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 20, 1938. G, 5 MARSHALL 2,130,356

' ROAD MARKING DEVICE Filed May 14, 1936 3 Sheets-Sheet l Inventm- 'eor e 5 Marshall 5 Attorney:

Sept. 20, 1938. G. s. MARSHALL 2,130,356

ROAD MARKING DEVICE Filed May 14, 1936 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 e 5. Marshall q M M a; 5 Attorney Sept. 20, 1938.

G. s. MARSHALL ROAD MARKING DEVICE Filed May 14, 1956 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 I nventm' eor e 5 Mwrska'll Attorneys ill Patented Sept. 20, 1938 UNITED STATES ROAD MARKING DEVICE George S. Marshall, Laredo, Tex., assignor to Highway Marking Machine Company, Laredo,

Tex.

Application May 14, 1936, Serial No. 79,775

9 Claims.

My invention relates generally to means for marking highways and other pavements, and particularly to means of this character which is especially adapted to be pulled or pushed over a road to mark lines upon the road surface defining traific lanes, and an important object of my invention is to provide a practical efficient arrangement of this character which makes the lines in a manner and form providing the expenditure of paint far below that presently required for the purpose, the said arrangement being characterized by a small number of simple parts, capable of being manufactured and assembled inexpensively.

Other important objects of my invention will be apparent from a reading of the following description taken in connection with the drawings, wherein for purposes of illustration I have shown a preferred embodiment of my invention.

In the drawings:-

Figure 1 is a side elevational view of the embodiment.

Figure 2 is a top plan view of Figure 1.

Figure 3is a longitudinal sectional View taken through Figure 2 approximately on the line 3-3.

Figure 4 is a transverse vertical sectional view taken through Figure 2 approximately on the line 4-4 and looking toward the right in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 5 is a transverse vertical sectional view taken through Figure 3 approximately on the line 55 looking toward the left in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 6 is an enlarged fragmentary horizontal 1 sectional view taken through Figure 3 approximately on the line 6-6.

Figure 7 is a plan View of a circular road mark.

Figure 8 is a plan view of a rectangular road mark.

Figure 9 is a perspective diagram of a road marked with a center line composed of the oblong marks as shown in Figure 8.

Figure 10 is a plan view of a star-shaped mark.

Referring in detail to the drawings, the numeral 5 generally designates a suitable frame composed of longitudinal side members 6 and l which converge at their front ends to meet in the journal 8 in which is journaled the stub shaft 9 on the fork I 0 which carries the vroad engaging front wheel ll.

The rear ends of the side members 6 and l are joined by a cross member l2 which may conveniently include fittings l3 and I4 comprising bifurcated rear ends supporting the pivots l5 and I6 on which are pivoted the upper ends of the auxiliary wheel carrying forks I! and I8 which carry the auxiliary wheels l9 and 20. Secured to the side members 6 and l in front of the fittings l3 and I4, respectively, are bands 2| and 22 which have pivoted thereto the adjusting links 23 and 24 which are slotted as indicated by the numeral 25 to engage a bolt 26 on the fork, which bolt has thereon a wing nut 21 which enables fastening the bolt in a position to sustain the auxiliary wheels above the road surface 28 or in contact therewith.

Between and to the rear of the converging portions of the side members 6 and l is arranged the road brushing and cleaning arrangement which is generally designated 30 and which comprises the brace 3| and the fitting 33. A rotary shaft 34 is journaled in the fittings 33, 3! and 32 and has thereon a sprocket carrying the sprocket chain 35 which is trained over a sprocket wheel 36 on the marking wheel shaft 31. The shaft 34 a also has a gear 38 in mesh with a gear '39 on an auxiliary shaft 48 which is journaled in the fitting 32 and also in the brace 3| and has a universal connection 4! with an obliquely arranged shaft 42 whose laterally outward end is journaled in a fitting 43 mounted on the side member I of the frame 5. The shaft 42 has fixed thereto a sprocket over' which the sprocket chain 44 is trained. The sprocket chain 44 is also trained over a sprocket on the brush shaft 45 and a support 46 is con nected to and between the shaft 42 and the shaft 45, the support 46 being pivoted to the shaft 42 so that the brush 4'! may swing up and down with inequalities in the road surface.

Pivoted to a portion of the frame side member 6 is the obliquely depending pivoted support 48 which has a pin and slot connection with the brush shaft 45 axially outwardly of one end of the brush 41 and opposite the position of the support 46.

By means of these arrangements the brush 4'! which is cylindrical in form and fixed to the brush shaft 45, has sufficient freedom to rise and fall with the inequalities in the road surface. The weight of the brush and the appurtenances there to are sufficient to maintain the brush in its depressed ground engaging position. To keep the brush out of engagement with the road surface a suitable arrangement such as a chain 49 is provided which is attached to the side member 1 of the frame 5 and has at its lower end means for engaging a portion of the support or the shaft while the brush is in an elevated position. i

The described brush mechanism is forwardly in the frame 5 from the road marking mechanism which is generally designated 5| and which includes the already mentioned marking shaft 3'5 which is revolubly mounted in bearings which are secured by U-bolts 52 traversing the side members 6 and 1, the shaft 31 being provided laterally outwardly of the frame 5 with road surface engaging wheels 54 and 55 of suitable type, and preferably pneumatic tired.

Mounted in the approximate center of the shaft 31 is the marking Wheel which is generally designated 56, and Whose detailed structure is shown in Figures 3 and 5. v

The marking wheel 56 comprises the disk 51 which is constituted by two semi-circular plates, which are fastened to the shaft 31 by half-collars on the plates traversed by bolts. Secured to one side only of the disk by means of pairs of U-bolts 58 are the tubular spokes 59 which are provided intermediate their ends thereof with interior cross members 60 which act as anchors for the inward ends of helical springs 6| which operate against the axially inward end of the marking pad plungers 62. The marking pad plungers are secured slidably in place and against rotation by means of laterally projecting pins 63 and 64 which work in slots 65 and 66 which are made in the Walls of the tubular spoke 59 adjacent the radially outward end thereof. The purpose of having the disk 51 sectional is to enable removing the marking wheel from the axle 31 without removing either of the wheels 54 and 55.

Socketed on the outer end of the plunger 62 by means of a socket 61 and a securing pin'or screw 68 are the marking pads 69 which comprise the plate portion 10 and the compressible marking pad per se It will be understood that the plate 10 and the marking pad may be of any suitable shape, such as circular, oblong, rectangular, star-shaped, or any combination of these or other designs suitable for marking a highway or other pavement for traffic directing purposes. As clearly shown in Figure 3, there are a number of the spokes 56, and although the number of such is not limited, eight in an arrangement of the type described herein appear preferable, so that the marks 12 made by the selected marking pads 1|, Ha, or Nb and the like, will be sufficiently closely spaced to give the proper traffic lanes defining effects. As shown in Figure f the drawings the marks 12 are. spaced at such distances from each other that in perspective the spaces between the marks disappear in the distance and produce the appearance of a continuous line; while at a less distance from the observer, an attention compelling flitting appearance of the marks give unmistakable traffic definition. To a motorist driving along the road 28 marked in accordance with the present invention, the line made in accordance with the present invention appears in the distance to be continuous, and in the foreground to be active and attention compellin'g, whereby the driver is rendered less apt to fail to see or to disregard the road markings.

As clearly indicated in Figure 3, the marking plates 16 and the conforming marking padsll are curved in longitudinal cross section to conform with the curvature of the periphery of the circle defined by the periphery of the groundengaging wheels 54 and 55, beyond which the 'pads llproject as indicated in Figure 3 by reason of the presence of the springs 6|, when the pads are not engaged with the road surface '28 as is the lowermost pad shown in Figure 3. In this position the lowermost pad is compressed against the tension of the spring 6| to a position approxiis generally designated 16.

mately flush with the periphery of the ground engaging wheels at the point of engagement with the road surface 28. The curvature of the pads and their supporting plates 10 being as stated, there is no slipping or scuffing or incomplete contact with the road surface, even where expected irregularities in the road surface exist. It is to be observed that the arrangements of the fastening U-bolts 58 for securing the spokes 59 to the disk 51, permit radial expansion or contraction of the individual spokes, to enable securing a proper adjustment of the radial projection thereof.

Suspended by a U-shaped strap 13 secured as indicated by the numerals 14 and 15 to the respective side members 6 and of the frame 5 and immediately forwardly of the ground engaging wheels 54 and 55 is the paint reservoir which The paint reservoir comprises a box 11 which rests on the bight portion of the supporting strap 'l3 and which has rising from its opposite ends the brackets 18 in which are journaled the opposite ends ofthe:

roller shaft 19 which carries the applying roller 86 over which is trained the paint applying and distributing belt 6|. Keeping the belt down below the surface of the paint in the receptacle 11 is an idle rotary weight 82. The roller 86'and hence the exterior surface of the paint applying belt 8| is so arranged that the outer surface'of the belt is radially inwardly of the outermost position of the pads so that in engaging the belt 8| while the marking wheel is moving in the counterclockwise direction indicated by the arrow in Figure 3, the pads II are compelled to compress and to move their shafts 62 in a radially inward direction, whereby a sufficiently strong engagement of the pads with the belt is produced to effect the desired transfer of paint from the belt to the pads for application to the road surface 28.

The spindle of the fork ID of the front wheel may be provided with a steering handle or a draft member whereby the device may be steered if desired by an operator while the device is being pushed or pulled over the road surface. With the brush'4'l engaging with the road surface, the various sprocket chains constitute a drive for rotating the brush 41 in a direction opposite to that of the ground engaging wheels whereby to sweep the road surface clean in front of the marking pads, so as to properly prepare the surface to receive the marks. When the device is in use, the auxiliary wheels I 9 and 2|) are raised as indicated in Figure 1 out of engagement with the road surface 28. When the device is to be pulled along a surface in an inoperative position, the wheels I9 and 20 are adjusted so as to support the frame with the ground engaging wheels 54 and 55 and the marking wheel out of engagement with the road surface 28.

Although I have shown and described herein a preferred embodiment of my invention, it is to be definitely understood that I do not desire to limit the application of the invention thereto, and any change or changes may be made in the materials, and in the structure and arrangement of the parts, within the spirit of the invention and the scope of the subjoined claims.

What is claimed is:-

1. A road marking device ofv the character de- F scribed, said device comprising an ambulatory frame including a ground engaging wheel having a horizontal axle arranged for rotation therewith, marking arms extending radially from said axle, means mounting saidmarking arms on said axle,

resiliently mounted road surface marking pads on said marking arms, said pads normally projecting radially beyond the periphery of said ground engaging wheel said pads being arranged to be moved to a marking position level with the periphery of the ground engaging wheels by contact with the road surface as said device is moved upon the road surface, and means on said frame for supplying marking fluid to said marking pads.

2. A road marking device of the character described, said device comprising an ambulatory frame including a pair of ground engaging wheels, an axle connected between and fixed for rotation with said wheels, marking arms extending radially from said axle, means mounting said marking arms on said axle within the frame and between said wheels, resiliently mounted road surface marking pads on the outer ends of said marking arms, said pads being arranged to project radially normally beyond the periphery of said ground engaging wheels for yielding engagement with the road surface as said device is moved upon the road surface, and paint applying means carried by said frame in front of said marking arms for applying paint to said marking pads.

3. A device for marking a road surface, said device comprising an ambulatory frame including two spaced side members, an axle rotatably mounted on and across said side members, ground engaging wheels fixed on said axle outwardly of the said side members, a marking wheel on said axle between said side members, said marking wheel comprising a plurality of radial arms having resiliently mounted road surface marking pads at their outer ends, mounting means fastening said radial arms rigidly to said axle, a cross member mounted on and between said side members forwardly of said marking wheel, and paint applying means suspended from said cross member.

4. A device for marking a road surface, said device comprising an ambulatory frame including two spaced side members, an axle rotatably mounted on and across said side members, ground engaging wheels fixed on said axle outwardly of the said side members, a marking wheel on said axle between said side members, said marking wheel comprising a plurality of radial arms having resiliently mounted road surface marking pads at their outer ends, mounting means fastening said radial arms rigidly to said axle, a cross member mounted on and between said side members forwardly of said marking wheel, paint applying means suspended from said cross member, and a single ground engaging wheel located forwardly of said paint applying means and supporting the front end of said frame.

5. A device for marking a road surface, said device comprising an ambulatory frame including two spaced side members, an axle rotatably mounted on and across said side members, ground engaging wheels fixed on said axle outwardly of the said side members, a marking wheel on said axle between said side members, said marking wheel comprising a plurality of radial arms having resiliently mounted road surface marking pads at their outer ends, mounting means fastening said radial arms rigidly to said axle, a cross member mounted on and between said side members forwardly of said marking wheel, paint applying means suspended from said cross member, a single ground engaging wheel located forwardly of said paint applying means and supporting the front end of said frame, a road surface cleaning roller depending from said frame in front of said paint applying means and to the rear of said single ground engaging wheel, and a sprocket chain drive extending operatively from said axle forwardly to said cleaning roller.

6. A device for marking a road surface, said device comprising .an ambulatory frame including two spaced side members, an axle rotatably mounted on and across said side members, ground engaging wheels fixed on said axle outwardly of the said side members, a marking wheel on said axle between said side members, said marking wheel comprising a plurality of radial arms having resiliently mounted road surface marking pads at their outer ends, mounting means fastening said radial arms rigidly to said axle, a cross 7 member mounted on and between said side members forwardly of said marking wheel, paint applying means suspened from said cross member, a single ground engaging Wheel located forwardly of said paint applying means and supporting the front end of said frame, a road surface cleaning roller depending from said frame in front of said paint applying means and to the rear of said single ground engaging wheels, and a sprocket chain drive extending operatively from said axle forwardly to said cleaning roller, said cleaning roller being arranged at angle and between the said members of the frame.

'7. A device for marking a road surface, said device comprising an ambulatory frame including two spaced side members, an axle rotatably mounted on and across said side members, ground engaging wheels fixed on said axle outwardly of the said side members, a marking wheel on said axle between said side members, said marking wheel comprising a plurality of radial arms having resiliently mounted road surface marking pads at their outer ends, mounting means fastening said radial arms rigidly to said axle, a cross member mounted on and between said side members forwardly of said marking wheel, paint applying means suspended from said cross member, a single ground engaging wheel located forwardly of said paint applying means and supporting the front end of said frame, a pair of rear supporting wheels on the rear end of said frame and normally out of engagement with the road surface, and means mounting said pair of supporting wheels enabling engaging the same with the road surface to elevate said marking wheel out of engagement with the road surface.

8. A device for marking a road surface, said device comprising an ambulatory frame including two spaced side members, an axle rotatably mounted on and across said side members, ground engaging wheels fixed on said axle outwardly of the said side members, a marking wheel on said axle between said side members, said marking wheel comprising a plurality of radial arms having resiliently mounted road surface marking pads at their outer ends, mounting means fastening said radial arms rigidly to said axle, a cross member mounted on and between said side members forwardly of said marking wheel, paint applying means suspended from said cross member, said marking pads each comprising a shank slidably telescoped into a receptor formed in the outer end of the corresponding radial arm and a lateral lug slidably confined in a slot formed in the side of said receptor to prevent rotation of the shank, said marking pad further comprising a relatively wide head having a convex compressible material head fixed to the shank, and spring means within said receptor yieldably pressing said shank and head in a radially outward direction.

9. A device for marking a road surface, said device comprising an ambulatory frame including two spaced side members, an axle rotatably mounted on and across said side members, ground engaging wheels fixed on said axle outwardly of the said side members, a marking wheel on said axle between said side members, said marking wheel comprising a plurality of radial arms having resiliently mounted road surface 10 marking pads at their outer ends, mounting

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2866992 *Oct 15, 1954Jan 6, 1959Ohio Commw Eng CoRoad marking apparatus
US3059574 *Feb 14, 1961Oct 23, 1962Miller Jerry DStripe painting machine
US4106965 *Sep 12, 1977Aug 15, 1978The Goodyear Tire & Rubber CompanyTire tread line stripping
US4372049 *Jun 29, 1981Feb 8, 1983Utah HogueFraming layout method and device
US4669905 *Sep 12, 1985Jun 2, 1987Hanna John EMarking apparatus
US5302207 *Apr 16, 1992Apr 12, 1994Jurcisin Gregory DLine striper apparatus with optical sighting means
Classifications
U.S. Classification101/328, 118/207, 15/103.5
International ClassificationE01C23/00, E01C23/20
Cooperative ClassificationE01C23/203
European ClassificationE01C23/20B