US 2131100 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 27, 1938. J. F. FAUNr-:R v 2,131,101)
WEATHER PROTECTOR Filed July 5, 1936 'llllllllllll Il INVENTOR Jose/#z Faune!" BY Zi.
ATTORNEY Patented Sept. 27, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.vk
Joseph F. Fauner, Irvington, N. J. Application July 3, 1936, Serial No. 88,710
This invention relates to weatherproong devices in general, and particularly to the kind disclosed in my patents No. 1,990,981, issued February 12th, 1935, and No. 1,993,506, issued March th, 1935, and presents a marked improvement over these patents and the application of the device in a new manner.
One of the important objects of the present invention is to provide a weather protector for windows ordoors, adapted to cooperate with the bottom portion of such windows or doors, and made operable through the actuation of locking means usually provided with such windows or doors.
Another objectof this invention is to provide suitable actuating connections between the weather protector and the usual locking means of a window or door, which, when the window or door is in its closed position and the locking means are operated into locking position, will transmit motion from said locking means to said weather protector, by means of which the latter will be elevated into operative position in respect to the lower member of a window or door, and which actuating connections will be caused to move to a neutral inoperative position when said window or door locking means are operated to their unlocking position, whereby the weather protector will disengage the lower member of the window or door and form a sill or threshold when the window or door is opened.
Another important object of this invention is to provide a weather protector composed of stationary and movable members operatively connected with one another by means of a continnous, uninterrupted, weatherproof hinge extending over the entire width of a window-sill or door threshold, and wherein one ofthe members is provided with a substantially cylindrical formation constituting one part of the hinge connection, and wherein the other member is provided with at least two cooperating elements in engagement with said cylindrical formation kof the iirst mentioned member, and in which both of said cooperating elements engage more than one-half of the periphery of said cylindrical formation.
A still further object is to provide in a weather protector, as stated in the preceding object, such cooperating elements, wherein one of said elements tensionally engages a portion of said cylindrical formation.
The foregoing and a number of otherobjects and important advantages of the present invention will become more fully apparent from the (Cl. 2li-66) ensuing description, in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, which latter, also showing specific detailedA construction, is by no means intended to restrict me to the actual showing, and in which Fig. l is a sideelevation, 'partially in section, of a door or window, shown equipped for cooperation with my weather protector; v l
Fig. 2 illustrates one form of my weather pro tector in conjunction with a closed Window lor door, indicated in broken lines;
Fig. 3 is a fragmental elevation of a windowor door, partially in section, showing my weather protector in operative position and inv engagement with such window or door;y n
Fig. 4 is a similar illustration to that ofA Fig. 3, in which'the window or door portion isomitted;
Fig. 5 illustrates my weather protectorin its inoperative position, as applied to a window or door frame; n 'I A Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view through a typif cal weather protector, in which one 'of the members consists of two cooperating elements inen# gagement with the cylindrical formation of the other member; 1
Fig. '7 is a` cross-sectional viewthrough a modied form of my weather protector, having two cooperating elements in one member in engagement with the cylindrical formation of the other member;` A
Figs. 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 illustrate still other modications of my weather protector, wherein the cooperating elements of one memberare in engagement with the cylindrical formation of the other member, and wherein one of .said elements engages the cylindrical formation under tension.
Referring now particularly to Figs. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, numeral I0 denotes a window sash or door, provided with a substantially channel-shaped lower portion II, at the interior face of which I preferably provide a spring element I2, extending over the entire .length of the lower member of such window or door. The window ordoor is provided with a suitable locking means I3, which in Fig. 1 is in the shape of a lever I4, pivoted at I5, and provided with an operative extension' I6. Obviously such hand lever may -be displaced by any other locking arrangement operating either in a manner similar to lever I4, or locking meansl provided with knobs or handles operating a horizontal shaft to which suitable extensions are attached to provide an angular movement. Such modications of locking meansv are not illustrated inasmuch as theirapplication is obvious.v
In Fig. 2 there is illustrat d a weather protector either in the position shown in full lines in Fig. 2,v
at which position they form either a sill or threshold, or may be swung into operative position, that is, into engagement with the bottom portion of the window or door, as indicated in broken lines in Fig. 2.
The operation of movable member 20 is acl complished by motion transmitting connections ,interposed between locking means I 3, and movable member 20. For this purpose, the latter is provided with suitable means, indicated at 2l, for facilitating the engagement of the lower portion of such actuating connections, which are indicated in Figs. 1 and 2 in broken lines. Only one form of actuating means is illustrated in the drawingssince its construction will vary with the type of window or door locking means employed.Y
In these figures I have illustrated, for the purpose of describing the cooperation between'the locking means and the movable member of my weather protector, a simple construction by means of which the movement of the locking means is directly transmitted tothe movable member of my weather protector. These connections consistof `a link 22, the lower end of which engages movable member 2U at 2|, while its upper end 23 is connected with the lower end of a slide 24, which is guided in any suitable manner, as for instance indicated at 25, and which is capable of a limited up and down movement. The upper portion of slide 24 is broadened at 26, and is adapted to receive at 21 extension I6, or its equivalent of the window or door locking means. 'I'hese motion transmitting connections may be secured either to the side of `the window itself, or may be attached to the window or door frame or may be placed interiorly into the sash or door structure, but in any event it must not interfere with the operation of closing or opening the window or door or its locking and unlocking operation. W'hen the window or door is swung open, the weather protector forms a sill or threshold, which is weatherproof due to its weatherproof hinge connection betweenl the stationary and movable members.
'I'heconnecting means between the weather protector and the locking means ofthe window or door will, when the window or door is opened, assume the position shown in Fig. l. Since the weather protector is inV its downward inoperative position, the window or door may be either opened or closed, without locking it. When, however, the
,window or door is closed and is to be locked, its
locking means will change position, from that shown in full lines in Fig. 1, to the closing position shown in broken lines. Consequently, the motion transmitting connection will be moved upwards, corresponding to the position indicated in Fig. 2. i Y v This movement will cause the elevation of the movable member of the weather protector, which will contact with its normally horizontal face the exterior leg of the channel formation Il of the window or door. Thus, a weather tight connection between the weather protector and the lower member of the window or door is formed. When it is desired to unlock the window or door, the locking means are moved to their unlocking position, whereby the movable member of the weather protector is moved to its inoperative position and again forms either a sill or threshold.
It is quite obvious that the arrangement of the windowA or door locking means and its position relative to the window or door or to its frame, is a matter of choice, and consequently, the motion transmitting connection between the locking means and the weather protector will have to be designed to` provide proper cooperation between the locking means and the movable member of the weather protector.
It is also obvious that the construction of the weather protector will have to vary in accordance with `the cons truction of the window or door and its frame.
In Figs. 6 to 12, I have illustrated various modications ofl'my weather protector.l In Fig. 6 there is illustra-ted a:stationary member 28, provided4 withV any integral. cylindrical extension 29, and a guide rib 39. Cylindrical formation 29 is engaged by. movable member 3 l, provided with an integralvportion 32, which engages a portion of the periphery ofA cylinder 29. Another portion of the cylinder is engaged by an auxiliary element 33,which is hingedly connected at 34 with movable member 3l. More than half of cylinder 29 is-held between portion 32 and elementf33 of the movable member. Extension 34, forming a support of element 33, is constructed to receive Yconnecting means between'the weather protector and the'locking vdevice of a window or door.
A similar construction'to that of Fig. 6 is illustrated' in"Fig.'7,'the only diierence being that rib 35 of .stationary member 3S is arcuated to accommodate a similar arcuated closing portion 37 of ymovable member 38. There is also a different`construction of the cylinder engaging element 39 -inv this gu're. The vmovable member is indicatedin its operative position by broken lines, in which position it engages'the slanting face of thelowerfportion-d of`a Vwindow or door, and provides aweather-'tight joint for the latter.
In Fig. 8 va somewhat different construction is illustrated in that cylinder engaging element 4I is constructed' in the shape of a spring, and engages cylinder 42 under tension. A similar construction' can be seen Yin Fig. 9, wherein in addition to the fact that'the cylinder engaging element 43 is-a spring, it is also itself held under tension at its connection 44 by the movable memberf45. Furthermore, an Vend leg 46 of elementv tion by means of indentations 41 and 48.
In Fig.v 10 'is illustrated a modified form of my weather protector, wherein the movable member- 49 forms a cylindrical connector 50, which is engaged partially bya fixed portion 5I of the stationary'member 52, while its other portion is engaged'by a spring induced'element 53, which is pressed against cylinder 59, by means of springs 54.4I
Figgllis al modication of Fig. 8 wherein a speciallydesigned'spring element 55 is employed 43 is heldlunder'additional tension and in posito engage cylindrical portion 56 of the stationary member of my weather protector. Element 55 engages funder spring tension an extension 56 of movable element l, which extension possessesthe same length `as'cylinder 56. An operating yoke 58 is provided for the movable member 5l, for the purpose of connecting the latter with the locking means of a door or window.
Fig. l2 is a modication of Fig. l1, wherein the cylindrical ringe portion 59 is hollow, and wherein the entire construction of the weather protector is especially light in weight. This design is particularly suitable for thresholds. A spring element 60, engaging a portion of cylindrical formation 59, is held in position by a suitable rib 6l, forming an integral part of movable member 62, which latter again is equipped with a connecting boss 63, for accommodating motion transmitting means between the weather protector and the window or door lock.
While I have shown and described specific forms of my device, it is clearly evident that the construction of my weather protector, as Well as thelarrangement of the window and door locking means, and the connection between the latter and the weather protector, is capable of a great many more variations than those illustrated.
- It is also obvious that for various constructions of doors and windows further modifications, improvements and changes will be required, and I therefore reserve for myself the right to make such changes and improvements within the broad scope of my invention, without departing from the sense and intent of the annexed claims.
1. In a weather protector for windows or doors having locking means, a sill or threshold structure comprising stationary and movable members operatively connected with one another by a continuous, weather-proof hinge extending over the entire length of the structure, said movable member and the bottom portion of the window or door being constructed and arranged to cooperate with one another when the window or door is closed, and means for operatively connecting the window or door locking means with said movable member when the window or door is closed, said means consisting of a sliding member secured to the stationary frame of the window or door, said sliding member having a recess, said looking means having a pivotal extension, adapted to engage said recess, for operating said sliding member, and thereby said movable member of the sill or threshold structure.
2. In a weather protector as set forth in claim 1, one of said members of the sill or threshold structure comprising, in part, a longitudinal, uninterrupted, solid, substantially cylindrical formation, the other member consisting of at least two parts encircling more than half of the periphery of said cylindical formation, and wherein one of the encircling parts engages said cylindrical formation under pressure, and wherein the two encircling parts are disposed beneath the top surface of the sill or threshold structure when the latter is either in its operative or inoperative position. K
3. In a Weather protector as set forth in claim 1, one of said members of the sill or threshold structure comprising, in part, a longitudinal uninterrupted, solid substantially cylindrical formation, the other member consisting of at least two parts encircling more than half of the periphery of said cylindrical formation, and wherein one of said encircling parts is yieldably connected with the other part, and wherein means are provided for forcing said one encircling part against said cylindrical formation, and wherein the two encircling parts are disposed beneath the top surface of the sill or threshold structure when the latter is either in its operative or inoperative position.
4. In a weather protector for window-sills or door-thresholds, adapted to cooperate with the bottom portion of a sash or door, said sash orV door having suitable locking means, said weather protector comprising two co-acting instrumentalities, interconnected with one another by means of .a continuous, weather-tight hinge construction, and arranged in place of a sill or threshold, one of said instrumentalities being stationary, the other being movable relative toI the former, one of the said instrumentalities including a solid, cylindrical formation, the other instrumentality including two individual cooperating aparts, encircling more than half of the exterior surface of said cylindrical formation, said parts being arranged beneath the top surface of the weather protector, irrespective of Whether or not the latter is in either operative or inoperative position, slidably mounted means operatively and permanently associated with the end of said movable instrumentality and'located at the side frame member of the window or door, and provided with reception means for effecting an operative juncture with said locking means, the latter having extension means located 'at that end of the window or door which cooperates with said side frame member, and which extension means are adapted to engage said reception means only when the sash or door is in closed position, said extension means being co-nstructed and arranged to move said slidably mounted means, when said locking means are operated, and thereby cause the movement of said movable instrumentality to either an` operative ror inoperative position, when said locking means are brought to a locking or unlocking poisition respectively.
5. The combination with stationary window or door frame and a-window or door having locking means, located at that end of the latter which cooperates with the upright end member of said frame, said locking means being provided with a pivotal extension, of a weather protector arranged at the sill or threshold adapted to cooperate with the bottom portion of such window or door, said protector comprising stationary and movable members operatively joined with one another by a continuous, weather-proof hinge, consisting of a solid, cylindrical formation and two cooperating jaws engaging more than half of the exterior surface of said formation, said jaws being located beneath the top of the weather protector, means, slidably mounted with the upright end member of the stationary frame of the window or door, and operatively associated with the movable member of said protector, said slidable means being provided with reception means for receiving the pivotal extension of said locking means, when the window or door is closed, said extension being adapted to transmit closing or opening motions of the locking means, through said slidable means, to said movable member of the protector.
6. In a weather protector as set forth in claim 4, and wherein one of the encircling parts forms an integral part of the movable instrumentality, while the other part forms a corresponding unit, operatively connected with said integral part, and means for yieldably connecting said corresponding unit with said integral part of the movable instrumentality.