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Publication numberUS2131465 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 27, 1938
Filing dateNov 1, 1937
Priority dateNov 1, 1937
Publication numberUS 2131465 A, US 2131465A, US-A-2131465, US2131465 A, US2131465A
InventorsLevy Austin T
Original AssigneeLevy Austin T
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Prefabricated building
US 2131465 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 27, 1938. A. T. LEVY 2,131,465

PREFABRICATED BUILDING Filed NOV. 1, 1957 Patented Sept. 27, 1938 UNITED 455? PREFABRICATEI! BUILDING Aus in rm sand ng, 1- a a 3 Application November 1, 1937, Serial Not 172,211

13 Claim My inventiq relates to prefabricated buildings.

It has heretofore been proposed to heat insulate and eliminate condensation on the inner walls, of such houses of the type having a metallic through connected wall frame, and having wall panels in said frame covered bya cementitious material ,on opposite wall iaces, by covering the surfaces of the through connected metal parts with insulating'materialSuch, for example, ascgmpres- 1 0 sible and absorbent felt or the like disposed betweenthe metal frame and the anchoringcmeans for the cementitious material. However, I have found that absorbent and compressible insulating material doeslnot maintain its good heat insulat- 5 ing qualities uniformly under all conditions, and tests have shown definite losses of these qualities when such material is wetor severely compressed or when puncturedby abrasion;

Myinvention hasamqng its objects to provide 20 improved means for heat insulating such buildings, and, more particularly, such improved rnelans especially adapted to use with such insulating materials. vA further object of my invention is to provide improved means for maintaining the felt,

25 ,or other insulating material, .dry, while also maintaining the same free from severe compression or punctures by abrasion, A still further object of my invention is to provide such improved means adapted to be readily and inexpensively em- 30 bodied in the, walllstructure in the process of erection, andtwhereby, whilejeiiectivelyinsulatin the fwall and removing anydaneer of condensation on theinsid walls, 1am also able tomaintain fth'' insulating material-in good heat insulating 35' condition for an indefinite period after the walls have been g coatedfwith .cementitiousmaterial.

'f'These'and other objects and advantages of my improved ,construction will, however, hereinafter Qmore fully appear.

40 In the accompanying drawing, I have'zshown ,for. purposes of illustratiomnthree embodiments which myinventionmayassume in practice.

In the drawing i Figure 1 is a perspective .viewof aportion of a 45' ;wall,equipped with one form of myimprovement,

1 ;.the .outer cementit tol s material being broken jawayiatthe top to facilitate illustration;

o this form jof Qmy invention applied, to an interme- 50 ,diate'stud;

i Fig. 3 is alsimilar ,viewshowing the same applied to a corner stud;

;F ji g. -4 :is a-.transverse sectional view showing a 55 termediate stud, and

Fig. 5 is a like .view of a further modified construction. i

In the illustrative construction shown in Figures 1 to 3, the wall,as heretofore, includes a bot-- tom channel silll carried on a suitable foundation 5 2 and also a' top-channel plate 3, the edges ofpanels 4 of fibrous heat insulating material, herein carrying suitable anchoring-material spacing rods 5 being received in the channels I and 3"and "in intermediate channel studs 6 and corner channel 10 studs 1 in a well known manner; thethrough connected metal frame'members 3,"6' and 1' being coveredon their opposite faces with insulating material in the form" of strips fl of felt or the like, disposed between opposite "faces' ofthes'e metal members and the anchoring material, h'ereinir'e-ex ticulated wire or mesh a'spaced by' the ro'ds'l5 and acting to clinch the stucco Jill and plaster -II to theoppo'site faces of the walls In this-form of" my impr'oved construction, ,I 2 provide over each outer felt strip 8, a protecting coating adapted to prevent the entry of water and alse to resist compression or abrasion of the underlyingfeltl Herein, this coating islinthe form of a'slightly wider'stri'p -l2..of paper, an ordinary waterproof building paper of heavy chara cter be-;,;, ing preferredthis paper-being attached in asuit- 'ap' l mannera's-by tacking it to the panel or by' adhesively'oonnectingitthereto or to the felt. .How-

evertit will be understood that if desired I may use a coating of so-called aluminum foil or 'like "equivalent insulating material "applied directly t'o the-felt, o'r sofcallediinetallation on paper, at-

- taclie'd as'above 'clescribed; In practice, however,

it is found that the results obtainable with the ordin ry bu'ilding'pape'r described, are such as to;,,-=,

' make unwarranted the additional expensive invlved in such'foil or'other'special coatings or I coverings. shown'in Figurfe'5, it will'also be n tdIthat rmay, under certain conditions, where 40 desired, also p'roviiile'an additional strip I3, cor-r 1 responding-to the strip [2} but similar-1y located over the inside felt strips 8, although in practice,

is here also folind that'the re s lilt's obtained by 'using 'a sihgle'outside's'tripare such as o rdinarily tdinirke the use'ofsuch an inside'strip unneces-.

H I V V "saryffln Figurei lhave also illustratedafurther .Fig.. =2 is aperspective sectionaliviewishowing side,but such aconstruction is similarly-not preferr t 'A's a result of my improved construction, with a j all 'of-tliethrough' connected metal parts thus covmodified form'of the invention applied to an intreaty felt'and coated or covered in niy: improved manner, it is found that markedly improved and 2 more uniform results are obtained. More particularly, the additional insulating strip formed by the waterproof heavy paper, acts to prevent the underlying felt 8 from being wet by the cementitious material, while the paper continues to perform this function not only during, but after, the cementitious coatings are applied, in such manner as thus effectively to prevent the loss of maximum heat insulating qualities of the felt. At the same time, the heavy paper strips also act to minimize compression of the felt strips, while also acting effectually to prevent the puncturing of the felt by compression. As a result, the life of the felt insulating strips is substantially extended, at the same time that the heat insulating qualities thereof are maintained. Further, it will be evident that where foil is used, the latter will also increase the heat insulating quality of the wall, although with ordinary building paper, it is found that the heat loss is so low as to be negligible.

While I have in this application specifically described three embodiments which my invention may assume in practice, it will be understood that the same have been shown for purposes of illustration, and that the invention may be modified and embodied in various other forms without departing from its spirit or the scope of the appended claims.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In abuilding, a marginal metal wall frame presenting a panel aperture, a panel in said aperture, anchoring means for a cementitious coating over said frame and panel, insulating means for said frame, and protecting means for said insulating means between the latter and the cementitious coating. l

2. In a building, a marginal metal wall frame presenting a panel aperture, a panel in said aperture, anchoring means for a cementitious coating over said frame and panel, insulating means for said frame, and protecting means for said insulating means between the latter and the cementitious coating comprising a waterproof coating. I

3. In a building, a marginal metal wall frame presenting a panel aperture, a panel in said aperture, anchoring means for a cementitious coating over said frame and panel, insulating means for said frame, and protecting means for said insulating means between the latter and the cementitious coating comprising a waterproofcoating having a sufficient body to reduce compression or abrasion.

4. In a building, a marginal metal wall frame presenting a panel aperture, a panelin said aperture, anchoring means for a cementitious coating over said frame and panel, insulating means for said frame disposed beneath said anchoring means, and protecting means for said insulating means between the latter and said anchoring means. 1

5. In a building, a marginal metal wall frame presenting a panel aperture, a panel in said aperture, anchoring means for a cementitious coating over said frame and panel, absorbentinsulating means for said frame, and means for preventing wetting of said insulating means by the cementitious coatings and disposed between said anchoring and insulating means.

6. In a building, a marginal metal wall frame presenting a panel aperture, a panel in said aperture. anchoring means for a cementitious coating over said frame and panel, compressible insulating means for said frame, and means for protecting said insulating means from compression and disposed between said anchoring and insulating means.

7. In a building, a marginal metal wall frame presenting a panel aperture, a panel in said aperture, anchoring means for a cementitious coating over said frame and panel, insulating strips for said frame beneath said anchoring means, and protecting strips for said insulating means between the cementitious coating and said insulating strips.

8. In a building, a marginal metal wall frame having through connections to opposite faces thereof, a panel positioned with respect thereto, anchoring means for a cementitious coating over said frame and panel, insulating strips for said frame disposed beneath said anchoring means, and waterproof protecting strips for said insulating means and disposed between the latter and said anchoring means.

9. In a building, a marginal metal wall frame having through connections to opposite wall faces and presenting a panel aperture, a panel insaid aperture, anchoring means for a cementitious coating over said frame and panel, insulating strips for said frame, and strips of paper overlying said insulating means beneath said anchoring means.

10. In a building, a marginal metal wall frame having through connections to opposite wall faces and presenting a panel aperture, a panel in said aperture, anchoring means for a cementitious coating over said frame and panel, insulating strips for said frame, and strips of heavy waterproof paper overlying said insulating strips beneath said anchoring means.

ll. In a building, a marginal metal wall frame having through connections to opposite wall faces and presenting a panel aperture, a panel in said aperture carrying anchoring means for a cementitious coating, insulating strips for said frame, and coating means overlying said insulating strips beneath said anchoring means, said anchoring means and insulating strips being on each of the faces of said wall frame, and said coating means overlying the. insulating strips on the outer face of said frame.

12. In a building, a marginal metal wall frame having through connections to opposite wall faces and presenting a panel aperture, a panel in said aperture carrying anchoring means for a cementitious coating, insulating strips for said frame, and coating meansoverlying said insulating strips beneath saidanchoring means, said anchoring means and insulating strips being on each of the faces of said wall frame, and said coating means overlying the insulating strips on the inner face of said frame.

13. In a building, a marginal metal wall frame having through connections to opposite wall faces and presenting a panel aperture, a panel in said aperture carrying anchoring means for a cementitious coating, insulating strips for said frame, and coating means overlying said insulating strips "beneath said anchoring means, said anchoring means andinsulating strips being on each of the faces ofsaid wall frame, and said coating means overlying the insulating strips on 10 the inner and outer faces of said frame.

AUSTIN T. LEVY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4052829 *Mar 17, 1976Oct 11, 1977Chapman Ward WSemi-prefabricated monolithic steel-reinforced cement building construction
US4494353 *May 20, 1982Jan 22, 1985Lewis Alvin WMethod of manufacturing and building preformed modular building wall sections
US8769892 *Nov 19, 2009Jul 8, 2014Aurea S.R.L.Building structure provided with vertical walls comprising a thermoplastic polymer
US20110225914 *Nov 19, 2009Sep 22, 2011Angelo MolfettaBuilding structure provided with vertical walls comprising a thermoplastic polymer
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/347, 52/281, 52/354, 52/349
International ClassificationE04B2/62, E04B2/58
Cooperative ClassificationE04B2/62
European ClassificationE04B2/62