US 2131948 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 4, 1938. E. B. GRAHAM 2,131,948
SPRING RING OR CIRCLET Filed Oct. 8, 1937 Patented Oct. 4, 1938 UNITED STATES SPRING RING OR CIR-CLET Eric Bradley Graham, Friern Park, North Finchley, London, England, assignor to Specialloid Limited, London, England Application October 8, 1937, Serial No. 168,108 In Great Britain October 30, 1936 2 Claims.
This invention relates to spring rings or circlets adapted for use as securing means or, retaining devices by the engagement thereof in an annular groove or channel as, for instance, in securing or retaining gudgeon pins and the like against axial displacement. e
A well-known construction of spring ring or in position in an annular groove provided, in
cases where it is used for securing the gudgeon pin in position, in the walls of the piston.
The object of the present invention is to provide a form of spring ring or circlet which shall give a greater or more uniform area of support to the end of the gudgeon pin or the like with which it is associated than is obtainable when the material of the cross-section of the ring is reduced continuously in the manner above indicated, while at the same time ensuring a substantially uniform bearing of the peripheral surface of the ring or circlet on the base of the annular groove or recess designed to receive it.
The invention consists, broadly, in a spring 30 ring or circlet in the inner peripheral surface of v which is provided a plurality of recesses the said recesses being localized at positions. adjacent to the gap the greater or at least a considerable portion of the internal peripheral surface of the ring being unprovided with recesses.
The depth of the recesses in the inner peripheral surface of the ring may decrease progressively from points immediately adjacent to each of the two sides 01 the gap to points more remote therefrom.
Mternatively, or in addition, the width or spacing ofthe recesses may be varied to a like end, the depth of the recesses being maintained uni-* form or being varied.
To permit the spring ring or circlet to be contracted in engaging it in position, in the vicinity of the gap lugs adapted to be engaged by pliers may be provided and these lugs may be merely portions of the material of the ring extending in-" ward towards the center of the ring or circlet or they may be provided with eyes adapted to be engaged by pin pliers or the like.
The .inventicn will be described further in detail and by way of example with reference to" the accompanying drawing, in which:
Figure 1 illustrates one construction, and Figure 2 illustrates an alternative construction.
In the drawing, I represents the body of the ring or circlet in a proportion of the peripheral surface of which there are provided a plurality of recesses 2, with intervening elevated portions 3 the depth of the recesses decreasing progressively from points immediately adjacent to the two sides of the gap 4 to points more remote therefrom. v
In the construction illustrated in Figure l, the ring in the vicinity of the gap is provided with lugs 5 adapted to be engaged by pliers, the lugs extending inward towards the centre of the ring, while in the construction illustrated in Figure 2, the lugs are provided with eyes 6 adapted to be engaged by pin pliers or the like in contracting the ring:
From the drawing it will be seen that the width of 'the ring at the position of the elevations between the recesses is substantially the same as the width of the ring at that portion which is not provided with recesses and is opposite to the gap, and that the width of the ring taken at the intervals between the elevations decreases in a step- 7 wise manner and not, as in a prior construction,
continuously from a point opposite to the gap and in a direction towards the gap.
By this means a more extended area of support to the end of the gudgeon pin or the like is secured throughout its periphery than is possible if the width of the ring decreased progresa sively in the manner referred to. o
1 A spring ring adapted for use as means for securing gudgeon pins and the like against axial displacement in the form of a substantially an- 36 nular member provided with a gap extending in a generally radial direction from its outer to its inner periphery and means on either side of the gap for engagement by a tool in efiecting reduction in its effective diameter in order to engage it in position, the internal peripheral surface 01' the ring having a plurality of spaced recesses adjacent to the gap, the portion of the internal periphery of the ring remote from the gap presenting a continuous arcuate surface.
2. A split spring ring or circlet,
ized at positions adjacent to said means a plurality of recesses with intervening portions of substantially the width of the material of the ring remote from the gap, the inner peripheral sur- 5 face of which portion is continuous and is substantially the arc of a circle.
ERIC BRADLEY GRAHAM.
the ends of I which on either side of the split are spaced apart to