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Publication numberUS2132256 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 4, 1938
Filing dateOct 27, 1936
Priority dateOct 27, 1936
Publication numberUS 2132256 A, US 2132256A, US-A-2132256, US2132256 A, US2132256A
InventorsDonald G Cameron
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dual-load meter
US 2132256 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

@@., 4, 193g, D G. CAMERQN I 2,332,256

DUAL-LOAD METER Filed Oct. 27, 1936 Patented O ct. 4, 1938 PATENT oFricE DUAL-LOAD METER Donald G. Cameron, Lynn, Mass., assigner to General Electric Company, a corporation of New York Application October 27, 1936, Serial No. 107,812

7 Claims.

My invention relates to metering and controlling apparatus and concerns particularly such apparatus-for use with electric power systems serving more than one class of load or sys- .5 tems selling electric energy at different rates at different times of the day.

It is an object of my invention to provide compact, easily installed attachments or units` for converting a watt-hour meter of convention- .al design into apparatus for controlling electric circuits according to the time of the day and giving separate registrations for diiferent periods of the day.

Another object of my invention is to encourage and to cause greater power consumption during off-peak hours of the'day.

Still another object is to provide a system for furnishing electrical energy to high wattage loads at relatively little costv to either the power station or the customer.

Still another object is to provide apparatus which may safely be set, adjusted, or installed by power station employees.

More speciiic objects of my invention are to provide arrangements for automatically connecting water heaters to electric supply circuits during off-peak hours or for preventing such connection except during off-peak hours inA order to fill in valleys in the central station load curve, and for separately registering energy drawn from the central station during off-peak hours and during the remainder of the day.

Other and further objects and advantages of my invention will become apparent as the description proceeds.

In carrying out my invention in its preferred form, I provide a watt-hour meter mechanism of conventional design, a detachable time-switch unit, interchangeable single or double-dial registers and linkage associated with the time-switch unit for shifting the driving connections of the register, and an indicator showing the connections of the register.

The invention may be understood more readily from the following detailed description when considered in connection with theV accompanying drawing and those features of the invention which are believed to be novel and patentable will be pointed out in the claims appended hereto. In the drawing, Fig. 1 is an exploded perspective view of one embodiment Yof my invention, partially distorted and rearranged for the sake of clarity; Fig.. 2 is a front view of the apparatus of Fig. 1; and Fig. 3 isa side view.

Like reference characters are utilized throughout the drawing to designate like parts.

The apparatus shown in the drawing by way of illustration consists of a power-responsive integrating mechanism or watt-hour meter unit II, a double-dial register I2, and a time-switch unit I3, with connections to a source of electric current or power I4, to a water heater I5, or other relatively large and constant wattage load, and connections to a variable wattage load Iii, such as lights and appliances which may be turned on and off according to the needs of the customer whose electricity load is metered by the apparatus.

The watt-hour meter unit II is of the wellknown conventional design, having a voltage or pressure winding I 1 connected across the current source I4, current coils I8 connected between input terminals IS and output terminals so as to carry the load currents, an induction disk 2| acted upon by windings Il and IB, and a shaft 22 supporting the disk 2l and carrying a worm wheel or helical threads 23 for driving the dials of a register through suitable gearing.

The register I2 is of the double-dial type having two independent dials or sets of dials 2t and 25, including driving shafts 26 and 2l, respectively, and gearing (not shown) for converting rotation of the driving shafts into appropriate rotation of the dial pointers. A horizontal shaft 28 is provided, carrying a worm gear '29 meshing with the worm 23, an-d carrying a worm wheel or threaded portion 3B. The shafts 26 and 2l carry worm gears 3| and 32, respectively, adapted to mesh with the worm 3D. 'Ihe ends of the shafts 26 and 21 at the register I2 are so supported as to permit slight lateral movement of the ends carrying the gears 3l and 32. The latter ends are supported in bearings carried by a bifurcated arm 33 secured to a rod 34 journaled in stationary bearings, not shown but supported by the register I2.

To prevent coasting of either dial 24 or 25 while disengaged from the worm 33 and to` prevent falsification of the dial readings, a pair of detents 35 is provided. The detents 35 may be composed of resilient strips, each secured at one end to a stationary portion of the apparatus supported by the register I2 and bent at the other end toward the gears 3l and 32 to form spurs 36 adapted to fit between adjacent' gear teeth. It will be understood that the arrangement of the arm 33 and the positions of the shaft 28 and the detents 35 are such that one or the other of the gears 3| and 32 is in mesh with the worm 3e, being then clear of the associated detent 35, whereas the gear not in mesh with the worm 30 is engaged by one of the detents 35. Thus, dial readings are prevented from changing except by operationv of the meter unit I I.

In order that it will be unnecessary to examine the interior ci the mechanism and study its construction to determine which of the dials 24 and 25 is at the time connected or in which position the time switch i3 is, a target or indicator 31 is provided and an aperture 31' is cut in the front plate 38 of the register i2 for the purpose of showing the existing condition of the apparatus in this respect.

Suitable means are provided for indicating a distinction between the dials 24 and 25. For example, their pointers 39 and 45 may be painted distinctive colors such as black and red and the target 31 may be divided into two areas 4I and 42, painted black and red, respectively. The target 31 is arranged to drop into the position exposing the red 4I when the gear 32 of the red pointer dial 25 is in mesh and to rise into the position exposing the black 42 when the gear 3| of the black pointer dial 24 is in mesh. In the arrangement shown, the target 31 is part of a bell-crank lever 43 mechanically connected by a pin 44 and a crank 45 to the rod 34 carrying the arm 33. As will be explained more in detail hereinafter, the bell crank 43 is operated by the time-switch unit i 3 to shift the dial connection and the indicator position at the desired times of the day.

The time-switch unit i3 includes a timing motor 45 connected across the meter input terminals I9, a rotatable time dial 41, a train or gears 48 including a slip clutch 49 for connecting the motor 46 to the dial 41, a stationary pointer 55, and a snap-action movable member 5I for operating both a switch 52 and the bell-crank lever 43 of the register I2. For the purpose of operating the movable member 5|, the dial 41 carries one or more on riders 53 and one or more ci riders 54, all of which are adjustable in position on the periphery of the dial 41. The movable member 5| is pivotally mounted by being secured to a bushing 55 tting over a post 56 attached to a stationary plate 51 (Fig. 3). The bushing 55 also has secured to it a shift lever 58, carrying a pin 59 ior engagement with a slotted portion ci the bell-crank lever 43.

The member 5I is arranged to be moved between two limiting positions, designated On and Oi positions, by snap action. To this end, a member 58, having a transverse projection 6I at one end and a spring-receiving eye 62 at the other end, is pivotally mounted upon the member 5| The projection 6| is of just sufcient length to engage the off riders 54 but not the on riders 53. It will be observed that the off riders 54 have extending iingers lying behind the plane of the dial 41, whereas the on riders 53 have extending 'ngers lying in front of the plane of the dial 41. There is a biasing spring 63 fastened at one end in the eye 62 of the member El) and fastened at the other end to a pin (not shown) on the plate 51. The member 5I is notched at the end to form a step-shaped coniiguration with an on notch [54 at a greater distance from the pivot post 55 than the off notch E5. There is a spring-biased detent 66 co-operating with the stepped notches 64 and B5 and the detent 65 is connected by a pivot shaft 61 to an arm 68 in front of the dial 41. The arm 68 carries a pin B9 of just enough length to engage the on riders 53 but not the off riders 54.

The switch 52 comprises resilient switch blades 10, carrying movable contacts 1I, stationary contacts 12, insulating thrust members 13, and a. rod 14 projecting transversely from the movable member 5|. The switch blades and contacts are enclosed in insulating chambers 15 (Figs. 2 and 3) open at the ends receiving the thrust members 13. The insulating chambers 15 are formed as separate pieces in order that the apparatus may be assembled for any desired number of switch blades merely by utilizing the requisite number of duplicate parts and substituting a rod 14 of the proper length.

In order that the time-switch unit I3 may be reset without opening the casing for the meter unit II, a slotted adjusting knob 16 is provided and the glass cover 11 of the meter casing is provided with an opening for a suitable implement, such as a screw driver, or a suitable setting tool 18 is permanently mounted in the cover 11. Preferably, a metal bushing 19 is set into the glass cover 11 and suitable means are provided for sealing the opening in the bushing, such as a removable plug arranged to be sealed with a sealing wire, or, if the setting tool 18 is employed, the arrangement is such that it may be sealed.

The setting tool 18 consists of a rod 80 fitting loosely in the bushing 19 and having a head 8| with a ridge adapted to engage the slotted setting knob 1S. The knob 16 is fastened to a gear 82 engaging a gear 83 secured to the dial 41. A strip 84 is jointed to the rod 80 and a fork 85 secured to the cover 11 and having openings 86 for receiving a sealing wire 81 is provided for sealing the setting tool 18 in the inoperative position shown. The bushing 19 has a slot 88 for the strip 84 of such depth as to hold the head 8| of the rod 80 out of engagement with the knob 16 when the strip 84 is in the position shown, and the arrangement is such that, by breaking the seal 81, the setting tool 18 may be released and moved into operative engagement with the knob 16. My construction protects central station employees from the hazards of electrical shock since it enables resetting the time switch, if necessary, without removing the cover 11 and exposing any live terminals. Likewise, the construction prevents a central station employee authorized only to reset time switches from making any other changes or adjustments in the meter.

The operation of the apparatus as a whole is as follows:

Let it be assumed that there is a'valley in the central station load curve between two and iivethirty in the afternoon and that the central station can well afford to furnish power at a lower rate during this period if it can obtain additional load during this period, particularly if it can be assured that such extra load cannot be connected between five-thirty and nine-thirty, the assumed peak load period. One of the on riders 53 is clamped at two oclock and one of the off riders 54 is clamped at five-thirty on the dial 41, which rotates counterclockwise. Assuming that the dial is initially in the position shown in Fig. 1, the rst event will be that the rider 53 will strike the pin 69, pushing it downward. The detent 66 will thereby be rotated clockwise against the force of its spring, the member 5| will be released, the spring 63 will draw the member 5| upward, and two functions of the member 5| will be performed. First, the switch blades 10 will be allowed to rise, closing the switch contacts 1I--12 and connecting the water heater I5 to the supply source I4 through the meter unit Il. Second, the shift lever 58 will be rotated to the right. The latter action, in turn, will move the target 31 to bring the red portion 4I in view and will raise the arm 33 to bring the gear 32 in mesh, connecting the red-pointer dial 25 to the meter unit II. It will be understood that the meter reader will note separately the readings of the dials 24 and 25 and that the central station will charge the kilowatt hours recorded on the dial 25 at a lo-werrate than those recorded on the dial 24.

Just before five-thirty, the "off rider 54 clamped at five-thirty on the dial will strike the transverse projection 6I of the member 6U, thereby stretching the spring 63. Finally, the member 6I] will have been rotated so far that the projection 6I rides off the rider 54 while bearing upward against the rider 54, thus forcing the member I downward with a snap action, the time now being five-thirty. The movement of the member 5I opens the switch contacts 1I12 to disconnect the water heater I5 and shifts the bell-crank lever 43 to move the target 3B to the black 42 and to bring the gear 3| into mesh again to drive the black-pointer dial 24. It will be understood that additional on" and oif" riders may be provided for either filling in additional Valleys in the load curve or for the purpose of preventing connection of the water heater I5 during peaks in the daily load curve.

Water heaters and other devices of like character are ordinarily so designed that they need not operate continuously and, since the heat is stored, it is immaterial whether they are connected during one time of the day or another. Consequently, it is desirable to provide apparatus for connecting a water heater at times of the day which will be most profitable to the central station and will permit giving the customer a rate reduction. However, the apparatus is useful also in case no load is to be controlled but dierent rates at different times of the day are desired or if, vice versa, the rates are to be constant but the load is to be controlled.

If no load control is desired, the contact chambers 15 (Figs. 2 and 3) are removed from the plate 51 and the rod 14 is unscrewed from the member 5 I. If uniform rates are acceptable and a doubledial register is not desired, a single-dial register of standard design is substituted for the register 38.

Since the rod 34, the arm 33, the bell crank 43, and the detents 35 are supported by the register 31, the removal of the double-dial register will, of course, result in the removal of the parts mentioned and a gear attached to a standard singledial register will be in constant mesh with either the worm 30 or the worm 23 in accordance with standard practice. If the automatic timing feature is not desired, the plate 51 (Fig. 3) and all the apparatus attached to it, such as the timeswitch unit I3 with the motor 46, etc., will be unbolted from the posts 89 and the register I 2 will be removed from the spacer bushings 90 and bolted or screwed directly to the posts 89, in which case, a shorter shaft will obviously be substituted for the shafts 26 and 21. It thus is apparent that the various units described form interchangeable and removable units which may be used or not according to whether their functions are desired in cooperation with the remainder of the apparatus and each other. Furthermore, the complete apparatus can be built up by the central station from standard watt-hour meters which they have in stock by removing a single rate standard register from posts 89 and addingthe additional units described. 1

I have herein shown and particularly described certain embodiments of my invention and certain methods of operation embraced therein for the 'purpose of explaining its principle and showing its application but it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that many modifications and variations are possible and I am, therefore, to cover all such modifications and variations as fall within the scope of my invention which is dened in the appende-d claims.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

l. Apparatus for metering at differing rates two classes of load supplied by a common power source and controlling one of the classes of load according to the time, said apparatus comprising in combination, a power-responsive integrating mechanism including input terminals for electrical connection to a power source, output terminals for continuous electrical connection to a load of one class and intermittent connection to a load of a second class, and a rotatable shaft carrying a worm wheel, a pair of register dials, each including a driving shaft carrying a worm gear adapted alternately to mesh with said worm wheel, a timeswitch unit including timing mechanism, tripping mechanism and a movable member, said tripping mechanism being arranged to move said movable member to one or the other of two alternative positions according to the time, relatively movable switch contacts in operative relation with said movable member for connecting and disconnecting a load of the second class to and from the output terminals of said integrating mechanism, an indicator connected to and operable by said movable member to show in which of its positions said movable member is, movable supports for said dial shafts connected to said movable member to follow the motion thereof and cause one or the other of said gears to mesh with said worm wheel according to the position of said movable member, and resilient substantially stationary means so positioned as to be engaged by whichever of said gears is not in mesh with said worm wheel to prevent rotation of said out-of-mesh gear and its associated dial.

2. In combination, a source of electric power, a load of relatively large and constant wattage, a Variable wattage load with input terminals, a power-responsive integrating mechanism interposed between said power source and said variable wattage load and including a rotatable shaft, a pair of register dials each including a driving shaft, a time-switch unit having a movable member arranged to be moved to one or the other of two alternative positions according to the time, relatively movable switch contacts in operable relation with said movable member and interposed between said relatively constant wattage load and the input terminals of said Variable wattage load, alternative connecting means for forming a driving connection between said rotatable shaft and one or the other of said dial-driving shafts, and linkage between said movable member and said alternative connecting means arranged to cause the position of said movable member to indicate which of said dial-driving shafts is connected.

3. Apparatus for metering at differing rates two Iclasses of load supplied by a common power source and controlling one of the. classes of load according to the time, said apparatus comprising in combination, a power-responsive integrating mechanism including input terminals for electrical connection to a power source, output terminals for continuous electrical connection to a load f one class and intermittent connection to a load of a second class, and a rotatable shaft driven by said integrating mechanism, a pair of register dials, each including a driving shaft, a timeswitch unit having a movable member adapted to be moved to one or the other of two alternative positions according to the time, relatively movable switch contacts in operable relation with said movable member for connecting and disconnecting a load of the second class to and from the output terminals of said integrating mechanism, alternative connecting means for forming a driving connection between said rotatable shaft and one or the other of said dial-driving shafts, and linkage between said movable member and said alternative connecting means arranged to cause the position of said movable member to indicate which of said dial-driving shafts is connected.

4. In combination, a power-responsive integrating mechanism including input terminals for electrical connection to a power source, output terminals, a rotatable shaft driven by the integrating mechanism, a register including a `driving shaft, a time-switch unit having a movable member adapted to be moved to one or the other of two alternative positions according to the time, relatively movable switch contacts in operable relation with said movable member for connecting and disconnecting a load to and from the output terminals of said integrating mechanism, connectingmeans for forming a driving connection between said rotatable shaft and said registerdriving shaft, and linkage between said movable member and said connecting means arranged to cause said connecting means to be in or out of operation according to the position of said movable member.

5. A dual-rate meter comprising in combination, a power-responsive integrating mechanism having a rotatable shaft carrying a worm wheel, a pair of rregister dials each including a driving shaft carrying a worm gear adapted to alternately mesh with said worm wheel, a time-switch unit having a movable member adapted to be moved to one or the other of two alternative positions according to the time, an indicator connected to and operable by said movable member to showin which of its positions said movable member is, movable supports for said dial shafts connected to said movable member to follow the motion thereof and cause one or the other of said gears to mesh with said worm wheel according to the position of said movable member, and resilient substantially stationary means so positioned as to be engaged by whichever of said gears is not in mesh with said worm wheel to prevent rotation of said out-of-mesh gear and its associated dial.

6. In a dual-rate meter including power-responsive integrating mechanism, a rotatable shaft carrying a worm wheel, a pair of register dials each including a driving shaft carrying a worm gear adapted alternately to mesh with said worm wheel, a time-switch unit having a movable member adapted to be moved to one or the other of two alternative positions according to the time, and supports for said dial shafts attached to said movable member in such relation as to cause one of said gears to mesh with said worm wheel when said movable member is in one position and to cause the other of said gears to mesh with said worm wheel when the movable member is in the other of its positions.

'7. Apparatus for metering at different rates according to the time, said apparatus comprising in combination, a power-responsive integrating mechanism including a rotatable shaft carrying a worm wheel, a pair of register dials, each including a driving shaft carrying a worm gear adapted alternately to mesh with said worm wheel, a timeswitch unit having a movable member adapted to be moved to one or the other of two alternative positions according to the time, movable supports for said dial shafts connected to said movable member to follow the motion thereof and cause f mesh gear and its associated dial.

DONALD G. CAMERON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2461081 *Sep 23, 1943Feb 8, 1949Landis & Gyr AgMultiple tariff counter for measuring instruments
US2830269 *Mar 17, 1954Apr 8, 1958Gen ElectricElectric metering and control device
US3059181 *Jan 18, 1960Oct 16, 1962Westinghouse Electric CorpMeter apparatus
US3136947 *May 20, 1960Jun 9, 1964Westinghouse Electric CorpMaximum-demand measuring device with plural sequentially operated pusher members
US3207985 *Oct 28, 1960Sep 21, 1965Westinghouse Electric CorpMeasuring device with changeable scale for changing the rate of measurement
US3400586 *Dec 19, 1966Sep 10, 1968Mercury Instr IncMaximum demand recorder for flowmeters
US3601698 *Jan 21, 1969Aug 24, 1971Thurman Milton E JrSemiconductor tester having visual display
US3913014 *Jun 13, 1974Oct 14, 1975Westinghouse Electric CorpDemand meter for on-peak maximum demand metering
US4050020 *Sep 17, 1976Sep 20, 1977General Electric CompanyMultiple rate electrical energy metering system and method
US4166975 *May 18, 1977Sep 4, 1979General Electric CompanyMultiple rate electrical energy metering system and method
US4199717 *Feb 27, 1978Apr 22, 1980General Electric CompanyTime of day demand metering system and method
US4364009 *Jul 14, 1980Dec 14, 1982Westinghouse Electric Corp.Clutch mechanism for time of day watthour meter registers
US4465970 *Feb 10, 1984Aug 14, 1984General Electric CompanyMethod and apparatus for multiple rate metering of electrical energy
US5014213 *Apr 20, 1988May 7, 1991Domestic Automation Company, Inc.System for use with polyphase utility meters for recording time of energy use
Classifications
U.S. Classification324/116, 324/139, 324/103.00R
International ClassificationG01R11/56
Cooperative ClassificationG01R11/56
European ClassificationG01R11/56