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Publication numberUS2132412 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 11, 1938
Filing dateFeb 24, 1936
Priority dateFeb 24, 1936
Publication numberUS 2132412 A, US 2132412A, US-A-2132412, US2132412 A, US2132412A
InventorsWalter T Gollwitzer
Original AssigneeAddressograph Multigraph
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Printing and control device
US 2132412 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

0d. l1, 1938. w. 1', GQLLwlTzER 2,132,412

PRINTING AND CONTROL DEVICE Filed Feb. 24, 1936 Patented Oct. ll, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE PRINTING AND CONTROL DEVICE ration of Delaware Application February 24, 1938, Serial No. 65,317

28Claiml.

'I'his invention relates to printing and control devices for producing records and the primary object is .to produce part of a given record directly from type characters on a devi and to l produce the remainder of the record from other means on the device.

Heretofore, printing devices have been provided with type characters for printing names and addresses or other identifications or the like and i perforated record cards have been employed to eil'ect printing of numerical accounting data and the like. Often the identification and numerical accounting data or other infomation separately printed from printing devices and record cards il constitutes but a single record and when such a record is printed from separate devices, extensive checking and comparison is required to insure that the part of the record printed from a printing device on a particular sheet relates to part u 20 of the record printed on the sheet under control of a record card. It has been proposed to check the printing devices and record cards one against the other and to interrupt printing when a device and card do not relate to the same record, but

25 this entails delay and is otherwise not entirely satisfactory.

It is therefore another and important object of my invention to enable a record to be produced from a single printing and control device 30 so as to thereby insure that the part of the record produced directly from the device relates to the part of the record produced indirectly or under control of the device.

A `further object is to enable a printing and 35 control device to be-accurately positioned relative to means in a machine adapted to cooperate therewith whereby improper or inaccurate cooperation of the means with the printing device may be prevented.

Another object is to equip a printing and control device with means positioned and arranged to effect an operation in a machine in a predetermined manner.

A still further object is to provide a plurality a of control positions in standard locations on a printing and control device and to so equip the device that only selected of said control positions will be operative to effect operations'such as the printing of numerical accounting data, perforat- 50 ing account numbers or the like, and an ancillary object is to provide a plurality of openings in a predetermined arrangement on the device and to block oil.' selected of these openings in order that the operation under control of the openings 55 may be eected in a predetermined manner.

(Cl. i-469) Printing and control devices of the kind to which this invention relates may be conveniently madeof sheet metal and a still further object of my invention is to enable such a device to be used with an electrical system to control operations such as printing of numerical accounting data, the perforating of account numbers or the like without likelihood of the system being inadvertently grounded or shorted due to improper positioning of the .device relative to those parts of the electrical system adapted to cooperate therewith; to provide non-conductive material on the dcvice to prevent grounding or shorting of those parts of an electrical system adapted to cooperate with the printing device; to employ a sheet of non-conductive material to block ofi' those control openings in a printing and control device not required to eect an operation in a predetermined manner; to provide openings in the nonconductive material in alignment with openings in the device and to form the openings in the sheet of insulating material smaller than the openings in the device and thereby prevent grounding or short-circuiting of those parts of an electrical system adapted to cooperate with the metallic printing and control device.

A selected embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing wherein Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a printing and control device embodying my invention;

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary front elevation in which.

the index and control cards have been removed from the device;

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary front elevation, drawn to an enlarged scale, of the upper right hand corner of the printing and control device shown in Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a sectional detail view taken substantially on the line 4-4 on Fig. 3 and drawn to the same scale as Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary top plan view, in which certain parts are broken away, of typical parts in a printing machine with which the printing and control device of my invention is adapted to cooperate;

Fig. 6 is a fragmentary view showing certain of the devices illustrated in Fig. 5 in another position; and

Fig. 'l is a fragmentary vertical sectional view taken substantially on the line 1 1 on Fig. 5.

The preferred form of my invention shown in the accompanying drawing comprises a frame D of substantially rectangular outline and made of sheet metal. The longer edges of the frame constitute the top and bottom edges of the printing and control device and beads 8 and 9 are formed on theiramc along these edges. These beads terminate in spaced relation with the side edges o1 the frame and those portions of the frame L dispgsed beyond the ends of the beads provide' flanges I2 rest on the facing sections I0 and II and space the printing devices one from the other.

A plate I4 is slid endwise onto the face of the frame between retaining devices I3 and the bead 9 and these retaining devices and the bead cooperate with yieldable locking tongues I5 to retain the plate on the frame in the manner more fully described in my Patent 2,030,865, patented February 18, 1936. Printing characters are embossed onthe-platev I4. and impressions maybe made. directly therefrom` onto bills, checks, envelopes and the like, forgexample, through an ink ribbon. My invention may be used, if so desired, ina device wherein the printing characters are embossed directly on the frame, one such device suitable for the purpose being shown in Patent 1,790,717, patented February 3, 1931.

Other retaining devices I6 and I1 are provided on the frame above the retaining devices I3 'and cooperate with the bead 8 anda retaining device I9 to secure an indexcard 20 on the frame. The index card is adapted to receive an impression from the type characters on theplate I4 which frame in position to be covered by the index card 20 I provide a plurality of keepers 2| in which indexing means,.,such as the tab T, may be secured, as for example, in the manner shown in Patent 1,082,505, patented December 30, 1913, for the purpose of classifying the printing devices.

0 Retaining devices 2l and 22 are provided on the face of the frame in alignment with the retaining devices I6 and I1 and in cooperation with the bead 8, retaining device I9 and a retaining device 23, positioned near the right hand edge of the frame, retain a control card 24 in position. This control card 24 is therefore retained at the upper right'hand corner of the frame.

In the frame D below the area covered by the control card 24 I provide nine rows of openings 25 with five openings in each row, and these openings are positioned in transverse and longitudinal alignment with each other. A greater or less number of rows of openings could be provided if desired and more or less openings could be provided in each row. Five openings in each row afford control positions for a so-called tive-unit code and more or less openings would be provided if a code of some other unit was to be utilized.

The openings 25 are disposed at standard positions and in order to incorporate a part of a par- .ticular record on each printing and control device, that is to say, in order to arrange the device so that it will eect only a predetermined operation such as the printing of certain numerical accounting data or the perforation of a predetermined account number, most of the openings 25 are blocked off by the card 24. Openings 26 are provided in the card under a live-'unit code, in the present instance, in alignment with s elected of the openings 25 and these aligned openings produce the part of the record not produced from the printing characters on a particular device. It will thus be seen that openings are positioned and arranged on my printing and control device to effect a given operation.

If a printing and control device'such as that illustrated in Fig. 1 is passed through a machine employing mechanical means for printing numerical accounting data or perforating a predetermined account number or the like, or if the detecting members adapted for cooperation with the printing and control device are not included in an electrical circuit, the openings 26 maybe sized similarlygto the openings 25 or they may be arranged as illustrated, but when a printing device is passed through a machine employing electrically controlled means for such operations, the part or parts of such means that directly cooperate with the printing device might be grounded or short-circuited by contacting the metallic frame of the printing and control device if such part or parts are in the electrical circuit of such electrical means. Therefore, when the devices are to be used with an electrical system the openings 26 are made of a size smaller than the size of the openings 25 and the card 24 is made of non-conductive material.

A typical detector for an electrical system is illustrated in Figs..5, 6 and 7 and includes a housing 21 of insulating material in which a pluralityv of spring-pressed pins 28 are provided.

These pins are respectively aligned with contacts 29. The housing 21 is preferably.positioned in the machine so that the printing and control devices will pass therebelow and the contacts 29' are positioned so that the devices will pass thereabove. The housing 21 is in this instance carried by a frame 30 that is reciprocated vertically to move the pins 28 to and from engagement with the printing and control device moved into position therebelow by pawls on the chains C, a step by step movement being imparted to the chains as is Well understood in the art. The pins 28 are moved toward the printing and control device therebelow during an at rest interval in such a step by step movement.

When the pins 28 are moved toward the -printing and control device those pins which engage the card 24 are held from engaging the contacts 29 aligned therewith, but those pins which are in alignment with openings 26 pass through these openings and the openings 25 aligned with the openings 26 and engage the contacts 29 to thereby establish an electrical circuit. From an inspection of Fig. 7 it will be seen that when the pins 28 move through the openings 26 they are prevented from engaging the frame of the printing and control device and therefore grounding or short-circuiting of these pins is prevented. Thus sizing of the openings 26, as illustrated, prevents improper operation of the electrical system of which the detector is a part.

The size of the printing and control devices is restricted and consequently control openings provided therein must be of relatively small size and since the openings 26 in the control card 24 are smaller than the control openings in the frame it is necessary that the printing and control devices be positioned accurately relative to a detector, whether it be a mechanical cr an electrical detector, in order to insure proper passage of the feelers of the detector through aligned openings in the printing and control device.

Such accurate positioning of the printing and control devices relative to a detector or other means adapted to cooperate with the devices is assured in the present instance by providing a notch 3| in one of the side edges of the frame. 'ihe relationship of the notch 3l and the openings 25 is accurately established in each device. Therefore by providing means in the printing machine located accurately relative to the detector and engaging such means in the notch 3|, the openings 2l and the openings 2l aligned therewith may be positioned accurately relative to the detector or the like.

In Figs. 5 and 6 I have shown means suitable for this purpose. The illustrated means include the wedge-shaped boss l2, the notch Il in the present instance being wedge-shaped. It is to be understood that the means ,in the machine adapted to cooperate with the means on the printing and control devices will be shaped similarly to the means on the devices to insure proper seating. The boss 32 is carried by a leaf spring Il having a cam plate Il thereon engageable by the conical projection l5 on the frame 30. At the time a printing and control device moves into position below the detector it is in its upper position, but when the device is disposed below the detector the frame 30 moves downwardly and thereupon the projection )t engages the cam plate 34 and forces the wedge-shaped boss 32 into the notch 3l in the printing and control device aligned with the detector, and when the boss I2 seats in the notch 3| the device and particularly the control openings therein are accurately located relative to the detector or other means in the machine adapted to cooperate therewith.

It will be manifest from the foregoing description that I have provided a printing and control device from which impressions may be directly made onto bills, checks, envelopes and the like and which will also control other operations in a machine such as the printing of numerical accounting data, the perforating of an accounting number and the like. Hence an entire record may be included on a single device with the attendant advantages. One particular advantage is that the printing characters from which an identification is directly printed on a bill, check or the like are carried on the same device as the means which controlthe performance of other operations on such'a bill, check or the like and therefore the' printing ofthe identification for one person on one bill, check or the like and the printing of numerical accounting data or an account number for another person on this same bill, check or the like is prevented. This arrangement also eliminates the necessity of checking printing devices, for printing identications or other infomation, against record cards or the like for effecting the printing of numerical accounting data or the perforation of account numbers or the like, and therefore the attendant possibility of error in checking is eliminated and positive accuracy is assured.

I have described my invention as adapted for use with sheet metal printing and control de- -vices but it is to be understood that the invention may be used in devices made of any suitable material, and moreover it is not essential that the type characters be embossed. in metal for they may be afforded in any manner common in the art.

While I have illustrated and described a selected embodiment ofA my invention it is to be understood that this is capable of variation and modification and I therefore do not wish to be limited to the precise details set forth but desire to avail myself of such changes and alterations as fall within the scope of the following claims:

I claim: A

l. A printing and control device for producing a record and having part constructed and arranged to bear type characters from which part of the record may be produced directly and having another part thereof constructed and arranged to receive a card, said card and device being adapted to have one or more sets of aligned openings provided therein, said aligned openings being adapted to be 'so positioned and arranged that another part of the record may be produced indirectly under control thereof.

2. A printing and control device for producing a record and comprising a carrier, a part of said carrier being constructed and arranged to bear type characters from which partof the record may be produced directly and having another part thereof constructed and arranged to receive a card, said card and carrier being adapted to have one or more sets of aligned openings provided therein, said aligned openings being adapted to be so positioned and arranged that another part of the record may be produced indirectly under control thereof.

3. A printing and control device for producing a record and comprising a carrier having means thereon for removably retaining on the carrier a member adapted to bear type characters from which part of the record may be produced directly, said carrier also having means thereon for retaining on the carrier a card, said card and carrier being adapted to have one or more sets of aligned openings provided therein, said aligned openings being adapted to be so positioned and arranged that another part of the record may be produced indirectly under control thereof.

4. A printing and control device for producing a record and comprising a frame-having type characters thereon from which a part of the record may be produced directly, and a card on said frame, said card and frame having aligned openings therein, said aligned openings being so positioned and arranged that the remainder of said record may be produced indirectly therefrom.

5. A printing and control device for producing a record and comprising a frame having type characters thereon from which a part of the record may be produced directly, said frame having a plurality of openings therein, and a card on said frame having at least one opening therein aligned with selected of the openings in the frame, said aligned openings being so positioned and arranged that the remainder of said record may be produced indirectly therefrom.

6. A printing and control device for producing a record and comprising a frame having type characters thereon from which a part of the record may be produced directly, said frame having a plurality of openings therein, and a card on said frame having a plurality of openings therein at predetermined positions and aligned with selected of the openings in the frame, said aligned openings being so positioned and arranged that the remainder of said record may be produced indirectly therefrom.

7. A printing and' control device adapted for use in a printing machine and comprising a frame having type characters thereon from which an impression may be made directly on a sheet in the machine, and a control card on said frame, said card and frame having aligned openings therein so positioned and arranged that an operation on the sheet may be effected indirectly therefrom in said machine and independently of the impression from the type characters.

8. A printing and control device adapted for use in a printing machine and comprising a frame having a plurality of openings therein, said frame also having type characters thereon from which an .impression may be made directly on a sheet in the machine,4 anda card Aon said frame having openings therein in alignment with selected of the openings in ,said frame, said openings being so positioned and arranged that an operation on the sheet may be effected indirectly therefrom in the machine and independently ofthe impression from the type characters?v 9. A printing and control device for producing a'record and comprising a frame having type characters thereon from which a part of the record may be produced directly,a card on said frame, said card and frame having aligned openings therein, said aligned openings being so positioned and arranged that the remainder of said record may be produced indirectly therefrom, and indexing means on said device for classifying said device.

10. A printing and control device for producing a record and comprising a frame having type characters thereon from which a part of the record may be produced directly, said frame having a plurality of openings therein, a card on said frame having at least one opening therein aligned with selected of the openings in the frame, said aligned openings being so positioned andarranged that the remainder of said record may be produced indirectly therefrom, and indexing means onsaid device for classifying said device.

1l. A printing and control device adapted for use in a printing machine and comprising a frame having type characters thereon from which an impression may be made directly on a sheet in the machine, a control card on said frame, said card and frame having aligned openings therein so positioned and arranged that an operation on the sheet may be effected indirectly therefrom in said machine and independently of the impression from the type characters, and indexing means on said device for classifying said device.

12. A control device comprising carrying means and control means, one of said means having a plurality of openings of a predetermined size therein and the other of said means being adapted to have at least one opening therein of a size varied from said predetermined size and aligned with selected of the openings in said one means, said aligned openings being positioned and arranged to impart control characteristics to said control device.

13. A control device comprising a frame and control means on the frame, said frame having a plurality of openings therein of a predetermined size. and said control means having openings therein of a size smaller than the predetermined size, the 'openings in the control means being aligned with selected openings in the frame, said aligned openings being positioned and arranged to impart control characteristics to said control device.

14. A control device adapted for use with an electrical system and comprising a. metallic frame and a card of insulating material secured on said frame, said frame having a plurality of openings therein of a predetermined size, said card having openings therein of a size smaller than the predetermined size to prevent grounding or shortcircuiting on the metallic-frame of means in the electrical circuit cooperating with the control device, the openings in the card being aligned with selected openingsin the frame, said aligned openings being positioned and arranged to impart control characteristics to said control device.

`15. A printing and control device for use in a printing machine and comprising carrying means adapted to have type characters thereon and from which type characters an impression may be made directly-,in the printing machine, an index card on said carrying means on which an impression from the type characters may be made to facilitate identification of said device, and control means on said carrying means,one of said means having a plurality` of openings therein and the other of said means having at least one opening therein aligned with selected of the openings in the other means, said aligned openings being so positioned and arranged that an impression may be indirectly under control thereof in the machine.

16. A printing and control device for producing a record and comprising a frame having type characters thereon from which apart of the record may be produced directly, an index card on said frame and on which an impression from the type characters may be made to facilitate identication of said device, and a control card on said frame, said control card and frame having aligned openings therein, said aligned openings being so positioned and arranged that the remainder of said record may be produced indirectly therefrom.

1'7. A printing and control deviceadapted for use with an electrical system and comprising a metallic frame, said frame having type characters thereon from which an impression may be made directly, and a control card of insulating material on said frame, said card and frame having aligned openings therein so positioned and arranged as to effect operation of the electrical system in a predetermined manner to thereby eiectuate a predetermined operation, each of the openings in the card aligned with an opening in the frame being smaller than the aligned opening in the frame to prevent grounding or short-circuiting on the metallic frame of means in said electrical system cooperating with the printing and control device.

18. A printing and control device comprising a frame having a plurality of openings therein of a predetermined size, said frame also having type characters thereon, an index card on said frame bearing an impression from said type characters, and a control card on said frame, said control card having openings therein of a size smaller than said predetermined size, the openings in said control card being aligned with selected of the openings in said frame, said aligned openings being positioned and arranged to impart control characteristics to said device.

19. A printing and control device adapted for use with an electrical system and comprising a metallic frame having a plurality of openings of Y a predetermined size therein, said frame also having type characters thereon, an index card on moana determined sise to nennt grounding or shortcircuitingonthemetallicframeofmeansinthe electrical system cooperating with the printing and control device, the openings in said control card being' aligned with selected of the openings in said frame. said aligned openings being positioned and arranged to impart control characteristics to said device.

20. A printing device for use in a printing machine including means adapted to cooperate with the printing device, and means on said printing device engageable by means in the machine to adjust the position of the printing device accurately relative to the means in the machine adapted for cooperation with the printing device.

2l. A printing device for use in a printing machine including a detector adapted to cooperate with the printing device, and means on the printing device engageable by means in the machine to adjust the position of the printing device accurately relative to said detector.

22. A printing and control device embodying control means and adapted for use in a printing machine including a detector adapted to cooperate with the control means, and means accurately positioned on the device relative to the control means thereon and engageable by means in the machine to adjust the position of the control means accurately relative to the detector.

23. A printing device for use in a printing machine including means adapted to cooperate with the printing device. said printing device having a notch in one edge thereof engageable by means in the machine to adjust the position of the printing device accurately relative to the means in the machine adapted for cooperation with the printing device.

24. A printing and control device embodying control means and adapted for use in a printing mschineincludingadetectoradaptedtocooperatewiththecontrolmeanasaidprintiu vice having a notch in one edge thereof accurately positioned relative to the control means thereon and engageable by means in the machine to adjust the position of the control means accurately relative to the detector.

25. A printing and control device adapted for use in a printing machine including means adapted to cooperate with the device, said device comprising a frame having a plurality of openings,

therein, said frame also having type characters thereon, and a control card on said frame, said control card having at least one opening therein aligned with selected of the openings in said frame to impart control characteristics to said device, said frame having a notch in one edge thereof engageable by means in the machine to adjust the position of the device accurately relative to the means in the machine adapted for cooperation therewith.

26. A printing device having opposite edges thereof folded upon themselves to provide spacing flanges, said device having a notch therein akmg one of the folded edges thereof. the notch being adapted to cooperate with a positioning element in the machine in which the device is utilized.

27. A printing device for use in a printing machine wherein guides are provided for opposite edges of the printing devices, said device having formed edges for cooperation with said guides and having a notch in one of said formed edges, the notch being adapted to cooperate with a positioning element in the machine in which the device is utilised.

28. A printing device having opposite edges thereof folded upon themselves, said device having a substantially V-shaped notch therein along one of the folded edges thereof, the notch being adapted to cooperate with a positioning element in the machine in which the device is utilized.

WALTER T. GOLLWI'ZIIZIEIR..

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2425305 *Apr 29, 1943Aug 12, 1947Addressograph MultigraphPrinting device
US2438282 *Aug 24, 1942Mar 23, 1948Addressograph MultigraphIndex tab for printing devices
US2535733 *May 31, 1946Dec 26, 1950Addressograph MultigraphPrinting device
US2542278 *Feb 5, 1947Feb 20, 1951Addressograph MultigraphPrinting device carrier
US2586564 *Jul 30, 1949Feb 19, 1952Oscar RindeEducational toy
US2599194 *Jul 18, 1946Jun 3, 1952Addressograph MultigraphPrinting device
US2608156 *Jan 24, 1948Aug 26, 1952Stanley C GilthorpeInvoice printing machine
US2623453 *Mar 12, 1947Dec 30, 1952Addressograph MultigraphTab sensing means in address printing machines
US2710407 *Oct 18, 1952Jun 7, 1955Addressograph MultigraphPrinting devices
US2792778 *Jun 26, 1953May 21, 1957Rotomark Mfg CorpType slug changing means in label printing machines
US2803187 *Jun 7, 1954Aug 20, 1957Bobrich Products CorpDuplicating, printing, and punching machine
US2970757 *Mar 24, 1954Feb 7, 1961Int Standard Electric CorpDocument carrier for mechanized processing
US3145792 *Mar 21, 1961Aug 25, 1964Toledo Scale CorpComputing weighing scale
US3818828 *Dec 28, 1971Jun 25, 1974Janome Sewing Machine Co LtdCredit card printing machine
US4034210 *Sep 19, 1975Jul 5, 1977Dynetics Engineering CorporationCredit card carriers and methods of manufacture
DE960390C *Jun 7, 1952Mar 21, 1957Kurt ScheffelEinrichtung zum selbsttaetigen Drucken der Kontenbezeichnung
Classifications
U.S. Classification101/369, 235/489, 234/89, 346/78, 439/48, 101/382.1
International ClassificationB41L47/58
Cooperative ClassificationB41L47/58
European ClassificationB41L47/58