US 2132571 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' Oct. 11,1938; T. MANEY I TIE PLATE CONSTRUCTION Filed July 27, 1951 2.Sheets--Sheat 1 llll I ll Oct. 11, 1938. T. MANEY 2,132,571
TIE PLATE CONSTRUCTION FiledJuly 2'7, 1931 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I I "l M m 4 Q mentor,
Patented ca l. 7' 2,132,571
V UNITED STATES "PAT ENT OFFICE v apnuc i zrwhi ssazoe a 2 Claims. (01. ass-s04) a My present invention relates to an improve- Fig. 1 isa transverse sectionthrough the 3- ment in tie-plate construction for use'between sembled parts: main rails and ties, and relates particularly to Fig. 2 is a top plan viewflthereof; the manner of adjustably securing the rail to the 'Flg. 3 1 a sectional view showing a slight 5 tie, being an improvement on my former Patmodification; I I
ents Nos. 1,067,124 and 1,067,125, of July 8, 1913, Figs. 4, 5, 6 and 7 are perspective views and and 1,474,276, of November13, 1923. end elevations of the adjustingpieces; V J My presentinvention differs from those ,con- Fig. 8 is a perspective viewoi one of the ad V structions in its organization, although. embodylusting pieces of the type shown in Fig. 3; and a r ing some of the features 01' said patents in a Fig. 9 is a side elevation showing coil springs 10 different combination, and with easily recognized on the tie-plate spikes. improved results. The numeral I refers to'a main'raii, which'is This invention embodies the following novel seated upon a'tie-plate 2 secured to a cross-tie 3 features, to'wit:- Q j 1 byv screw-"spikes 4 or other forms of spikes, to
(1) -Provisi0nf1'or direct lateral adjustment of hold the tie-plate in place. The under face l5 the rail on the plate, thereby permitting the use of the tie-plate 2 is provided with pendant ribs 5, of various rail sections by the inexpensive use which a'ii'ord the main hold against lateral moveot lateral adjustment pieces, selected and placed ment of the tie-plate on the tie 8.
. according to the relativeposition of the rail-base .Th'e tie-plate 2 is provided with holes 6 thereand tie-plate, the latter providedjwithpunchin for receiving intermediate screw-spikes "I, 20 ings just within the shoulders on the tieplate each oi which is'provided' with an enlargedinterand adapted to receive adjusting assembly pieces, mediate portion I, normally disposed within the which are fitted toithe punchings in the tie-plate holes 6, and above this intermediate portion 0 and approximately fill the Tspaces "between the is a threadedportionj terminatingat its upper 5 rail-base and shoulders of the tie-plate to afford end in a squaredpcrtion i0, adapted-to receive 5 lateral support for, and prevent sidewise movea wrench or the like for-turning thespike. The ment of, the, rail. Q holes 6 in the'tie-plate,through which the spikes (2)I The compensating featurefresultingfrom project, are larger in 'size' than any portion of the slope on thebottom of the inner-end oithe the spikes, so that the tie-plates may be readitie-plate, causing the adjusting cant of the latly removed from over the spikes without remov- 30 ter to be inwardly and within controlledlimits in log the latter from the ties. V connection with a main rail, clip adjusting This relationship between the tie-plate and pieces, a screw extending into the tiethrough spike'I is also trueof'th'e spikes 4." Nuts 11 are a hole of greater diameter ,than'the greatest threadedonto the threaded portions- 9 or the diameter oi the screw, a spring-clip through spikes and form the adjustable'heads therefor. '35
, which thescrew extends resting atone endupon The removal of thesenuts permits the tie-plate the rail-base, and at the other end upon the and itsassociate to'beremovedirom the outer end of'the tie platepand a nut iorturntie. V I
ing on a threaded portion of the screw and have found eirpe'rience that a great against the spring-clip for applying the required obje'ctionto the'scr'ew spike'is that initiallygreat 40 tensiondirectly .upon the spring-clip, and therepower isrequired to put-them down; and being I by curtailing the vertical movement of the tie, firmly embedded in the tie without movement or due to wave motion of the rail, and rendering imvibration, the acid of the wood causes them to possible any movement between the plate-and corrode and become cemented to the wood. This the tie. I c I would be. an advantageii' the spike did not have 45 (3) A screw-spike adapted to extend through to be turned again for readiustment, but reada hole in the tie-plate of greater diameter than justmentis necessary and consequently difllcult. any partof the screw-spike'above the tie-plate, The repeated breaking of the bond causes inwith separable screw-nut head. Jury to both the spike and the tie. By making (4) A resilient steel spring holding downclip the spike smaller in size than the hole through 50 i in combination with tie-plate, rail, and screw-- the tie plate, and with a separable screw-head, spike adapted to extend through the tie-plate the advantage of the firm bond is obtained and tie without directly and rigidly holding the without injury due to displacement, and adjusttie-plate down upon the tie. ment may be readily made or the plate entirely In the accompanying drawings; removed by running on the nuts.
At the same time, there is nothing to prevent the tie-plate from being adjusted solidly down on the tie, for the holes through the tieplate are larger than the largest portion of the screw-spike, making it unnecessary to turn the spike in order to adjustably secure the tie-plate in place.
Spring-clips l2 have their intermediate portions arranged beneath the nuts II, and their outer ends are curved to engage on the inner sides of flanges l3, while their inner ends bear upon the base flanges of the main rail I, as illustrated in my former Patent No. 1,067,125, of July 8, 1913.
Shoulders I4 and I5 are formed on the upper surface of the tie-plate 2 and of sufficient distance apart to receive the base of the main rail 1 therebetween, with the edges of the base flanges spaced from these shoulders. The tieplate 2 is provided with slots i6 and H at the inner sides of the shoulders and projecting sufficiently far inward to normally underlie the edges of the base flanges of the main rail.
Adjusting-pieces l8 and I9 are provided between the edges of the main rail'base flanges and the shoulders l4 and I5. These adjustingpieces are preferably castings of the construction such as is shown in Figs. 4 to '7. The adjusting-piece I8 is provided with a depending portion 20, and a forward arm 2|, both adapted to be seated within the slot 16 with the arm 2| engaging under the base flange of the main rail, as shown in Fig. 1. The adjusting-piece I9 is provided with a depending portion 22 and a forwardly extending arm 23, both of which are adapted to be seated in the slot [1 with the arm 23 projecting under the base flange of the main rail.
A notch 24 is provided in the back side of th depending portion 22, to receive the arm 2| of the adjusting-piece I8 when it is desired to place both adjusting-pieces on one side of therail. The provision of these adjusting-pieces i8 and i9 interposed between the shoulders 14' and i5 and the base flange of the rail gives wide and variable lateral adjustment of the rail without disturbing the seat of theplate upon the tie, and are formed so as to be absolutely secure in place.
If desired, one of the adjusting-pieces l8 or iii, as for instance the piece l8, may be removed and replaced by one or more shims 25, as shown in Fig. 3.
My present tie-plate is adapted primarily to receive and support a main rail only, whereas in my former Patent No. 1,474,276, of November 13, 1923, the tie-plate was shown as applied to the supporting of a main rail and a, guard rail.
In my present invention, the underside of the tie-plate normally has its major portion seated upon the tie and is provided with an inclined inner portion 26, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3, and which inclined portion extends at an obtuse angle to the major portion of the bottom surface of the tie-plate.
If the tie plates are used on a straight track or track having very little curvature, the parts would be disposed in the full-line positions of Fig. 1. This approximately balances the plate, but the exact balance for the exact resultant arising will be automatically found when the plate gains the slight inward cant necessary to prolong the inside bearing area and make it equal to that outside of the resultant. On the other hand, if plates are to be used on high curvatures, the rail will be adjusted to the dotted-line position of Fig. 1, in which one of its flanges bears against the shoulder l5 and the adjusting-pieces l8 and I9 or similar adjustingpieces are both placed in the slot l6 to hold the opposite base flange of the rail in place. This adjustment of the rail cooperating with the inclined portion 26 of the lower face of the tieplate causes the plate to flnd its exact balance automatically as before.
The adjusting-pieces l8 and I9 are interchangeable according to the curve of the rails, or may havesuitable shims substituted therefor, orv they may both be placed on one side, but one or more of these adjusting-pieces has an arm projecting under the base flange of the rail.
The spikes 4 have coil springs 21 interposed between the tie-plate 2 and nuts ll threaded onto these spikes, as shown in Fig. 9.
1. In railway construction, the combination of a tie-plate adapted to receive arall, means for fastening the tie-plate to a tie, said tie-plate having a flat lower portion normally seated on atie, and an inclined portion at one end of the tie-plate initially removed from the tie, the rail being adjustable toward the inclined portion to' different lateral positions on the tie plate, means for engaging the rail in its laterally adjusted positions to hold the same in place, and one or more adjusting-pieces interposed between the tie-plate and rail in its different adjusted positions, said adjusting-pieces being spaced inside the tie-plate fastening means and held in place only by the tie-plate and rail.
2. In railway construction, the combination of a tie-plate and rail, the major portion of the lower surface of the tie-plate being flat, and one portion at an end of' the tie-plate being inclined, whereby said portion is initially removed from the tie, the rail being adjustable toward the inclined portion, said inclined portion having holes therethrough, means extending through the holes for securing the tie-plate to the tie, and means spaced inside of saidsecuring means for securing the rail in different laterally adjusted positions on the tie-plate and being held in place only by the tie-plate and rail.