US 2133354 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. J. KRACKOWIZER CONDENSATION'COLLECTOR Filed Aug. 5, 1935 Pat-naamw. 193cl 2,1333354 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE' l l coNnnNsAoLLnc'roa l Hermann J. Krackowizer, Chicalss, 21,141.7
My invention relates to refrigerating equipcombined therewith in a unit. the side plate o! ment and has reference more particularly to the unit` being removed; facilities for collecting and disposing of moisture Fig. 2 is an enlarged, fragmentary, transverse, that accumulates on the surfaces of the cooling sectional view taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1; 5. unit. y Fig. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of the 5 In refrigerating systems It is a common pracunit taken on the line 3 3 of Fig. 2 with parts tice to provide coils or the like within the combroken away; I partment that is to be cooled and to circulate a Fig. 4 is a section through the lower margin of cooling medium or refrigerant through said coils a heat absorption plate of the cooling element to cool the air in the compartment, rsuch coils taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 2; and I0 usually being provided with plates or ilns thereon Fig. 5 1S a fragmentary Sectional View 0n the to increase the cooling surfaces to which the air line 5 5 of Fig. 2 showing the manner of attachis exposed. As the compartment air circulates ing the side plates to the unit. and re-circulates .through the zone of the coils The refrigerating coil which is indicated as a and plates or nns and neat is absorbed thereby whole at 6 comprises a plurality of parallel tubes i5 from the air, condensation occurs and causes arranged in laterally spaced pairs each of which accumulation on the coils and plates or fins of said pairs comprises an upper tube 1 and a lower moisture which should be collected and drained tube 8. These tubes are mounted in and project away. The facilities forlcollecting and draining through end plates 9 and I0 and are connected 2o away the moisture must, however, be arranged in series by return bands II at their ends beyond 2d surfaces thereof that do not drain into the regucirculated through the connected series of pipes 25 and conveniently cleaned. the end plates 9 and III and securely xed on The principal objects. of my invention are to the pipes 1 and 8 in a manner to insure good con- 30 provide improved moisture collecting and drainductivity. 'f ing facilities for cooling coils of refrigerating sys- When the refrigerant is circulated through the tems and the like; to arrange the moisture colseries of pipes 1 and 8, these pipes as well as the lecting and draining facilities so that air may radiating plates I3 are cooled and serve to cool 5 circulate freely therethrough; to construct the the air 4which circulates between the plates Il 35 moisture collecting and draining facilities so that and in contact with these plates and the pipes unit; to insure drainage of all moisture collectcurs and moisture accumulates on the plates Il ing surfaces into the regular channels that are and pipes 1 and 8 which'said moisture must be provided therefor; to permit the moisture collectcollected and drained away. For this purpose 40 ing facilitiesy to be readily and conveniently the plates I3 are formed at the bottom with oprcleaned; to construct said facilities in sections positely inclined edges Il which taper to the which are individually removable for cleaning; middle and the plate is stamped along these edges to design said facilities so as to employ standard to provide a bead or rib I5 on one side and a materials which are readily available and do not groove I6 on the other side to direct the moisture 45 require special or expensive equipment.'` and in that accumulates on the plate downwardly to a general to provide simple, inexpensive, convenient central point at the bottom of the plate where and effective moisture collecting and draining it drops or discharges therefrom into the moisfacilities 'for refrigeration coils and the like, ture collecting and draining facilities. these and other objects being accomplished with These moisture collecting and draining facili- 50 the illustrative embodiment of my invention as ties are made up as a unit for attachment to the described hereinafter and shown in the accomcooling unit and comprise end plate members I1 panying drawing, in which and I8 which support a series of trough mem- Flg. 1 is a side view of a refrigerator coil with bers I9 which are laterally spaced and arranged my moisture collecting and draining facilities so that there is a trough member I9 directly under the center of each series of plates I3 as shown at the bottom surfaces of the deectors 20 and in Fig. 2 in a position to receive therein the moistroughs I9 the top surfaces are coated with a ture discharge from the central lower end porlayer of insulation, that for the deectors being tions of the plates I3 of the respective series and indicated at 31 and for the troughs at 38. Both 5 at an elevation above the troughs I9 are inverted the troughs I9 and deflectors 20 are individually 5 trough like deflectors 20 which bridge the spaces removable, this being particularly important in between the troughs I9 and have oppositely inthe case of the trough members I9 to permit clined top surfaces that divert any moisture that convenient and thorough cleaning and which may drop thereon into the troughs I9 at the sides are removed by iirst sliding the particular 10 of the respective denector 20. Thus it will be trough member I9 tothe right, as viewed in l0 seen that any moisture that drops from the cool- -Fig. 3, until the lower end clears the op ing unit is deposited in the troughs I9 and at the 35 in the plate member I1 after which that end same time the troughs I9 and defleotors 20 are of the trough is droppedvdown below the lower spaced apart so that air may pass freely thereedge of the plate member I1 and the trough between and the moisture collecting facilities acmember is then slid to the left until it is withl5 cordingly do not interfere with free circulation of drawn from the opening 35l of the plate memair through the cooling unit. ber I8.
For attaching the end plate members I1 and The combined cooling and moisture collector I8 of the moisture collecting unit to the cooling unit is closed at each side by a panel 39 which 20 unit the end `plates 9 and I0 of the latter unit has an upwardly and inwardly inclined ange 20 are provided along their lower edges with out- 40 along the lower edge forming a half trough turned flanges 2I and 22 respectively and the to receive any deposit from the outer edge of the end plate member I1 has a. corresponding outouter defiector 20 and this half trough is inturned flange 23 along the upper edge which is clined like the troughs I9 and communicates 25 secured to the flange 2I by bolts 24, preferably through a notch 4I in the end plate member I1 25 with heat insulating washers 25 on the bolts so so as to discharge into the gutter 33. These side that the iianges 2| and 23 are not in direct conplates are coated on their inner sides with intact with one another and the end plate memsulation 42 which is continued up on the top surber I8 has an out-turned flange 26, preferably face of the flange 40 to provide an insulating at an inclination as shown in Fig. 3, and with lining for the half trough, and said plates 39 are 30' the edge down-turned as at 21, and this flange mounted on the end plates 9 and I0 of the cool- 26 is secured to the ange-22, which is prefering unit by providing said plates 39 with inably at a like inclination, by the bolts 28 with turned flanges 43 which are secured to the reinsulating washers 29 between the flanges. A spective endlplates 9 and I0 by the bolts 44.
plate 30 with up-turned outer edge 3| is secured This combined cooler and moisture collecting 35 on the top face of the inclined flange 26 under unit may be mounted'in any convenient manthe washers 29 so as to drain through the joint ner, as for example by hangers or brackets 45, land this plate 30 extends outwardly under the which are attached to the end plates 9 and I0 connections II to receive any moisture dropping for suspending the unit from the ceiling or from @therefrom and to discharge such moisture onto Some overhead support. 40 the deiiectors 20 and into troughs I9. Drain 4While I have shown and described my invenholes 32 may be provided, if desired', along the tion in apreferred form, I am aware that varibend between the flange 22 and plate III to ous changes and modications may be made discharge any moisture pocketed on the iiange without departing from the principles of my inonto the plate 30. vention, the scope of which is to be determined 4,5
The troughs I9 are mounted inthe end plate by the appended claims.
members I1 and I8 at a. suitable inclination, as I claim as my invention:
shown in Fig. 3, so as to drain to and discharge 1. The combination with an air cooler of the at the outer side of the plate member I1 into a class described of a collector mounted theregutter which is formed as a part of the plate under to receive condensation dropping from member I1 and a spout 34 leads from this gutthe cooler, said collector comprising end supter to any desired point of discharge. An exports and laterally spaced trough like members pansion valve, such as commonly used in reremovably mounted at their ends 'on said end frigerating systems and which is notshown, is supports and inverted trough like baffles over connected to the outer end of the upper coupling the spaces between the trough like members and 5 fitting I2 and as this expansion valve accumumounted at their ends on said end supports and lates moisture, the gutter 33 not only extends said members and baiiles having a coating of outwardly under the ttings I2 but also under heat insulating material on their upper surfaces. the expansion valve so that any condensation 2. The combination of 4an air cooler comprisso moisture dropping therefrom will fall into the ing refrigerant-circulating conduits, end plates gutter 33. Preferably the deilectors 20 are arfor supporting said conduits in laterally spaced ranged at the same inclination as the troughs relation, a collector' comprising laterally spaced I9 and the troughs and deectors are preferably trough members mounted under the cooler to of angle iron shape and are mounted in the receive condensation dropping therefrom, panels end plate members by providing the latter with cooperating with said end plates to enclose the triangular openings 35 for the trough members sides of the cooler and collector, and condensa- I9 and inverted triangular openings 36 for the tion collecting facilities carried by said panels derlectors 20. at the inner side of lower portions thereof.
In order to prevent condensation of moisture HERMANN J. KRACKOWIZER..