US 2134066 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' E. (VAN NESS KNITTING DEVICE Oct 25, 1938.
Filed Aug. 16, 1937 U Wm WWW 6 w H m m w a Patented Oct. 25, 1938 UNITED STATEfi KNITTING DEVICE Eleanor Van Ness, Baltimore, Md.
Application August 16,
This invention refers to the making of knitted articles and clothing, and devices for enabling the. work to be done in anew and efiective manner. It has, among its objects, to provide a new and efiective stitch for knitted articles, that may be learned with facility and used with celerity; and to have a device that will enable such stitch to be made to produce articles of the forms desired, manually or otherwise; and to have the device relatively simple in construction and economical to manufacture. Other objects will become apparent as the invention is more fully set forth.
The purpose of this invention, in its manually operated form, is to provide a simple device for the knitting of a new and effective stitch to make sweaters, shawls, and other articles of wool, without the use of knitting needles. The device that enables this to be done consists of a comb with prongs projecting upwardly from a base frame on which they are mounted. The stitch consists of a double overlatch interlink, which will be described more fully in a later portion of the specification. The construction of the comb is improved by the use of grooves on the prongs to catch the stationary loop of yarn and enable those under to be lifted over same easily without entangling themselves in it. The knitted work is done in lines and lifted over in rows of loops, avoiding the use of strings, and warps, as required in looms and other knitting machines. In this unique arrangement many advantageous features arise which are not anticipated in the conventional devices now known or used. In other words, the yarns in this device follow parallel lines.
In the drawing, which indicates a modification of this invention:
Figure 1 is a plan View of a device embodying this invention and utilizing the special stitch development of the applicant,
Figure 2 is an elevation of the device shown in Figure 1 and the method of intwining the stitch,
Figure 3 indicates a quintuple overlatch intertwine stitch in its development on a prong of a comb.
Similar reference characters refer to similar parts throughout'the drawing.
Inthe construction of the embodiment indicated in the drawing I represents the base frame of the comb and 2 the interlacing prongs mounted on same. These prongs are preferably tapered as indicated from the base 3 to the top portion 4 and those near the middle may be slightly 1937, Serial No. 159,398
lower than those at the ends. This arrangement of the prongs permits the removal of the knitted cloth It from the middle to be made more cooperatively with those at the ends, as the stitches are taken over the prongs in sequence. The 5 prongs are each provided with a semi-circular groove 5 passing around them horizontally near the upper portion 4.
The stitch used in this invention is created by the winding or intertwining of a yarn thread 5, in a 6-like manner around theprongs, and all connected with each other as shown at 15. After the yarn has completed its movement across the row of prongs provided in the comb, the twist is continued, as at 2%, and continues on a reverse or S-like loop 9, back over the prongs in the opposite direction. 'They are all connected at it together and make up another row of loops across the comb. At the end of this row, the yarn 29 is brought around the first prong and proceeds in another S-like looping 36 across the comb. When the three rows of loops cross the comb, the knitting isready for the overlatch intertwine which is done as follows:
The top row of loopings 3t are not taken off the prongs, but brought up to the line of grooves 5 where they are held stationary in same. This is the first step in the making of the stitch work. The second step is made by bringing up the two lower rows of loops 6 and 5, together, with a needle I, and looping same over the first upper row 36 and continuing the carrying of them (6 and 9) over the top of the prong to the rear v of the comb, where the knitted cloth is developed.v I The stitches are then completed and form a knitted cloth strip Hi from end to end along the row of prongs as indicated at 8 in the drawing.
The process of loopingthe yarn is then continued, making the first row move to the bottom portion of the prongs. Other rows are built up 40 or looped above as in the instance described, until a sufiicient number of rows are made. The lower rows are then overlatched over the first row as before. The double overlatch refers to the use of two rows pulled over the top row, as
ticularly as regards flexibility and substantiality. It cannot be unravelled easily, and provides a very artistic appearance on both sides of the cloth. It can be constructed of any flexible thread, and with the comb described, the thread can be made into the weave with great rapidity and with little opportunity for mistakes or errors. The device described, permits the work to be done openly and clearly, as well as hold the work done securely and safely. The training or skill required to operate the device and construct the cloth is considerably less than is required on the conventional knitting and stitches used and made through manual manipulation.
While but one general form of the invention is indicated in the drawing, it is not desired to limit this application for patent to this particular method or construction, except as limited by the prior art, as it is appreciated that other forms might be made, using the same principles and coming within the scope of the appended claim.
Having thus described the inventiomwhat is claimed is:
A knitting comb for knitting fiat fabric having an overlatch interlink pattern, comprising in combination a fiat base frame having rectangular sides and longitudinally greater than the width, the upper longitudinal portion being provided with a plurality of equally spaced holes therein located on the longitudinal center line thereof, a plurality of uniformly and gradually tapered and rounded prongs disposed in said holes and extending at right angles therefrom above said portion, said prongs being each singly grooved horizontally and completely around the periphery half-way between the upper surface of said longitudinal portion and the rounded top of the prongs, and the said groove being of semicircular cross-section and adapted to receive and hold the top row loopings and permit two lower loop rows on the frame and prongs to be looped over the top row loopings in an unobstructive manner exteriorly to the comb to form an overlatch interlink flat fabric on the comb, substantially as described.
ELEANOR VAN NESS.