|Publication number||US2134359 A|
|Publication date||Oct 25, 1938|
|Filing date||Apr 18, 1932|
|Priority date||Apr 18, 1932|
|Publication number||US 2134359 A, US 2134359A, US-A-2134359, US2134359 A, US2134359A|
|Inventors||Edward H Fabrice|
|Original Assignee||Guardian Safety Seal Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 25, 1938. E. H. FABRICE SEALED RECEPTACLE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Original Filed April 18, 1952 Oct. 25, 1938. E. H. FABRICE 2,134,359
SEALED RECEPTACLE Original Filed April 18, 19:52 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 1mmumunum'l' Nil -Id2//ard 1171mm m'ngy N Patented Oct. 25, 1938 UNITED sTATa's AT NT 2,134,359 3 p g f SEALED, RECEPTACLE Edward- H Fabrice, Chicago, 111., assignor to Guardian Safety Seal Company, Chicago,- Ill, a corporation of -lllinois Application April 18, 1932, Serial No. 605,872
Renewed November 29, 1937 3. Claims. (01. 215-46) This invention has for its main object to provide a sealed receptacle, such as a bottle and a sealing device for thesame, which cannotbe unsealed without destroying the sealing cap and 5 wherein the sealing cap is so constructed as to be too difiicult and expensive to manufacture in small lots as to make the costthereof prohibitive to illicit trafiickers in refilled bottles and 'to'those who engage in the business of diluting the con- 10 tents of original packages. 1
To this end the present invention comprises in combination, a special type of bottl'e;-ior other receptacle, equipped with a formation, or formations, for engagement by similar'form'atiohson .5 the sealing cap for cooperation to prevent the illegitimate practices hereinabove referred" to.
The present invention may be variously embodied as hereinafter particularly set" forth and several suitable embodiments thereof are illus- 20 trated in the accompanying -drawings,'wherein:
Fig. l is a view in elevation of a sealed receptacle constructed in a cordance with this invention.
Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the same.
25 Fig. 3 is a perspectiveviewof the sealing cap of the receptacle shown in Figsql and 2 prior to applying the same to and securing it to the neck of the bottle. 3 I
Fig. 4 is a plan sectional view on the line 44 Figs. 5, 6, and 7 are plan sectional views, similar to Fig. 4, illustrating modified embodiments of the invention.
Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 1, showing another embodiment of the invention wherein the type of cap employed differs from that shown in Figs. 1 to 4, inclusive, and wherein the formations of the bottle and cap constituting the essentially novel features of thepresent invention differ in 40 shape from those shown in Figs. 1 to '7 inclusive.
Fig. 9 is a central longitudinal section view of the bottle neck shown in Fig. 8.
Fig. 10 is a plan sectional view on the line lO-l 0 of Fig. 8. i
45 Fig. 11 is a view similar to Fig. 9 showing a modified form of sealing cap.
In the structure of Figs. 1 to 7-inclusive, the bottle neck I is equipped with a formation 2 adjacent its junction with the body of the bottle,
50 of a non-cylindrical or non-circular type, to receive and engage a similar formation 3-at the terminal of the skirt portion 4 of the bottle cap for cooperation with the said formation 2 to prevent rotation of the cap relatively to the bottle.
55 Obviously the formation 2 of the bottle neck may be of'any'desired shape, contour, and size to perform the desired function efliciently. Preferably said formation 2 of the bottle is of such large size with respect to the outer diameter of the. neck as to make the same very prominent in itself and, further, 'soi'as to require the portion 3 of the skirt portion 4 of the cap to have its-sides of very appreciably longer length than the diameter of the portion 4 thereof and, consequently, thus render the sealing fcap too'difficult to manufacture to permit small lots thereof to be scldat any less than What may be termed prohibitive prices. Preferably the portion'3 of the cap and the formation 2 .of the'bottle are of a polygonal form, such as-substantially a square, as shown'in Figs. 15 1, 3, and 4 which presents protrudingcorner portions as such present manufacturing difficulties and require expensive diesand first-class metal drawing equipmentfor their manufacture.
In the instance; of Fig. '1, the bottle neck is threaded adjacent its' mouth, the threads 6 thereof being spaced from the i formation 2 a distance sufficient to accommodate the rip-strip lof-thecap. e
The said cap is, in the instance shown'in Fig. 1, .25 of the specific type illustrated and described in United States Letters Patent No. 1,771,034, the terminal portion 3 thereof being added to the structure of said patent. I
.As shown in Fig. 3, the said cap comprises the crown'portion' bordered 'by the knurled bead 8. Below said bead 8 and spaced therefrom and from the terminal portion 3 is an annular bead 9, the portion In of said cap disposed between the said beads Band 9 being initially cylindrical.
The rip-strip"! of the cap is bordered'by an annular scoring H disposed immediately below the bead 9, and by the similar scoring l2'disposed immediately above the terminal portion 3 of the cap. The said scorings H and I2 render the rip- 40 strip 7 easily severable from the cap by digital engagement'of the terminal tongue l3 thereof which is bordered by an incision extending through the metal of the cap. The said terminal I tongue I 3 maybeof 'anydesired shape but is preferably of one of the several shapes illustrated and described in my Patent-No. 1,875;431. issued on September 6, 1932, the specific typeherein illustrated being identical with that shown in Figs. 4 and 5 of the drawings of the'said pending ap- 5.0 plication. Said tongue may be of the specific type shown in United States Patent No. 1,798,151, if desired. 7
The said cap, in theform shown in Fig. 3 and containing'a suitable packing and sealing disk in 'tle and cap, shown in Figs. 1
the crown thereof which is held in place by projection thereof into the bead 8, is placed over the bottle neck with the portion 3 thereof substantially covering the formation 2 of the bottle neck. Pressure is now applied to the top of the cap for the purpose of compressing the packing or sealing disk upon thebottle mouth to assure a fluid tight joint and while this pressure is: maintained on the said cap, suitable metal spinning means are applied to the portion [0 of the cap to form threads therein to fit the threads 5 of the bottle neck, the
threaded portion of which constitutes the manr drel for said spinning operation. V The cap is now firmly. and .non-rotatably mounted upon the bottle neck, the threads 6 of the latter and the threads H of the cap preventing relative longitudinal movement between the cap and bottle and the formations 2 and 3 cooperating to prevent rotation of the cap relatively to the bottle.
By now tearing out the rip-strip I, the said cap is severed to permit the crown portion thereof to be rotated relatively to the bottle for removal and replacement of the cap as desired and, upon removing the said cap, the lower end portion of the cap comprising mainly the formation S'thereof. may be removed.
In place of the formations 2 and 3 of the botto 4, inclusive, formations of other shapes may be employed, a few examples thereof being illustrated in Figs. 5, 6, and '7 and 10, wherein the formations on the bottle neck are indicated by the respective reference characters l5, l1, I9, and 2| and the coacting formations at the open ends of the caps are indicated. by the reference characters l6, I8, 20, and 22, respectively. I
The caps 23 shown in Figs. 8 to 11,. inclusive, correspond with that illustrated and described in the afore-mentioned Letters Patent No. 1,798,151 as to allspecific features except the rip-strip 24 thereof which terminates in the tongue 25 corresponding in construction with the tongue of the rip-strip I of Figs. 1 and 3. In the cap 23, the sealing cork 26 for the bottle is engaged by formations 21 of the cap which maintain the said cork firmly engaged with the said cap 23. A modified form of the latter is illustrated in Fig. 11 wherein the cap 28 is provided with the extension portion 29 equipped with formations 3D to engage the cylindrical cork 3|.
The caps 23 and 28, respectively, are equipped at their open ends or lower terminal portions with formations 22 corresponding with the portion 3 of the cap of Figs. 1 to 'I, inclusive, except as to specific shape, the same being shown as hexagonal in plane section (Fig. instead of any one of the several shapes shown in Figs. 1 to '7, inclusive, or equivalents thereof, to fit the hexagonal formation 2! of the bottle neck 32. The latter is devoid of threads and in place thereof is provided with an annular head 33 bordered by annular grooves 34 and 35, respectively, the latter being disposed just above or being bordered by the top face of the formation 2| of said bottle neck.
In the case of the structure of Figs. 8 to 11,'1nclusive, the caps 23 and 28, respectively, are mounted upon the bottle necks and are forced down upon the same and so held while theskirt portions of said caps opposed to the bead 33 and grooves 34 and 35 are spun to fit snugly to the said formations, which serve the same'function as the threads 6 of the structure of Fig. 1, to prevent removal of the crown portion of the cap until severance of said capby removal of theripstrip 24. In this structure, the lower end portion of the cap remains secured to the bottle neck, the formations 2| and 22 of this structure presenting no advantage other than that of rendering manufacture of a replacement cap difficult and expensive and the further advantage of presenting a bottle and cap easily distinguishable from the conventional type of bottle heretofore commonly used.
The aforesaid sealing caps are made, preferably, of sheet aluminum of sufficient thickness to permit the deep drawing thereof required to produce the caps inclusive of the terminal formations thereof without breaking or cracking and without being weakened to such an extent as to be easily cut'by a pocket-knife or the like, to enable the portion of the cap shown in Figs. 8 to 11, which remains amxed to the bottle neck, to be removed readily.
I claim as my invention:
' 1. Means for providing a sealed bottle which comprises in combination a bottle having a neck equipped with external, thread formations adjacent its mouth and equipped below and spaced from said thread. formations with alaterally projecting polygonal formation, and a sheet metal cap comprising a cylindrical body portion adapted'to receive telescopically the portion of the bottle neck above said polygonal formation and provided at its lower end with a lateral formation corresponding in shape with and adapted to receive telescopically the polygonal formation of the bottle neck, said polygonal formations of said bottle and cap cooperating to prevent rotation of said cap relatively to the bottle neck, the cylindrical be equipped with thread formations engaged with the thread formations of said neck after said cap has been mounted upon the bottle and said threads cooperating with said polygonal formation to prevent relative longitudinal movement between the'cap and the bottle neck, whereby a sealed receptacle is provided, said cap being equipped between the thread formations and the polygonal formation thereof with an annular tear-out strip, the removal of which permits the crown portion of said cap to be removed from the bottle for unsealing the latter.
2. The combination with a bottle equipped adjacent the mouth of its neck with thread formations and below said formations with a periph- 'erally non-cylindrical formation constituting an appreciable enlargement of said neck andprojecting laterally from said neck, of a sealing cap snugly fitting said neck above said ,last-named formation composed of non-pliable sheet metal and equipped with thread formations engaged with the thread formations of the bottle neck and equipped at its lower end with a preformed enlarged'mouth formation corresponding in shape and size with the said non-cylindrical formation of the bottleneck and telescopically engaged with the latter for holding said cap against rotation relatively to the bottle, said cap being also equipped between the said thread formations and mouth formation with a digitally removable annular strip for effecting severance of said cap thereby to permit the removal thereof from the bottle neck.
3. A sealed receptacle comprising, in combination, a receptacle equipped with a mouth portion equipped with external threads and equipped below the said threads and spaced therefrom with a formation of a non-cylindrical type of minimum cross-sectional dimensions equal to the portion of said cap being adapted to' diametric distance between the crownsof said threads and projecting at a plurality ofpoints farther outwardly from the axis of the receptacle than said threads and presenting appreciable length of peripheral surface area parallel with the axis of the receptacle, and a sealing cap for said receptacle equipped with thread formations engaged with the thread formations of the receptacle and held thereby against longitudinal movement relatively tothe receptacle, said cap being equipped with a preformed mouth portion corresponding in shape and size and telescopically engaged with said non-cylindrical formation of the receptacle for cooperation therewith to prevent rotation of said cap relatively. to thereceptacle, said cap being equipped between the said preformed mouth portion and the threaded portion thereof with a conventional means for effecting severance of said cap along a plane disposed perpendicularly to its axis, whereby to permit the threaded Portion thereof to be removed from the receptacle.
EDWARD H. FABRICE.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2674388 *||May 18, 1949||Apr 6, 1954||Hanson Rasch Orla||Closing device for bottles|
|US7028857 *||May 28, 2003||Apr 18, 2006||Fci, Inc.||Plastic water bottle and apparatus and method to convey the bottle and prevent bottle rotation|
|US7681749||Apr 10, 2006||Mar 23, 2010||Fci, Inc.||Plastic water bottle and apparatus and method to convey the bottle and prevent bottle rotation|
|US20040238475 *||May 28, 2003||Dec 2, 2004||Fci, Inc., An Ohio Corporation||Plastic water bottle and apparatus and method to convey the bottle and prevent bottle rotation|
|U.S. Classification||215/256, 215/44, 215/901, 215/45|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S215/901, B65D41/62|