Wall oe panel consteucmon
US 2134389 A
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Get. 25, 193-8. 5 -55mg WALL OR PANEL CCNSTRUGTION Filed Apfil 9, 1937 I H H V I WWW a H 2 w MM w I U'NlTED' STAT Patented Oct. 25, 1938 Es, I
wmonrml. CONSTRUCTION: Samuel Ges sler, Chicago, m,"ungnor to outage? 'Sales 85 Building Supply '00., (not lnc.)
cago; Ill; Y 1
ap umibnn ru 9, 19 37, SerlalNo. 1 36,009-
"3 Claims. (c1. 139-34 I This invention relates to improved-wall or panel constructions. 1 I
' More particularly, the invention relates to improved panel structures which arewell adapted for use in the constructionof toilet 'stalls,-show ers, etc., although the same is not limited to such use.
" Toilet stalls and showers. at presentin use in 1 I the better. classes of buildings, particularlypublic.
buildings, are so constructed that they-not only present an artistic appearance, but also-measurably fulfillthe standards set for cleanliness and sanitation.
,stalls and showers from the standpoint of. ap-
pearance and sanitation,- they have heretofore been constructed, of such material as glass'and satisfies the above noted requirements; These which maybe mentioned (a) brittle texture, sub- .iecting same to easy breakage and: corresponding reduction in sanitary eiliciencyv as wella's'appearance; (1)) sound transmitting, and (c) comparatively high cost. I c It is a primary object of the present invention to, provide panel constructions foriuse-'in;toil et stalls and showers which measurably overcome the above noted objections to such structures now in use.
A further object of the present invention is the provision of panel'- constructions which are relatively light in weight, thus facilitating the transportation thereof: as well. as the handling, in the process of constructingtherewith. I v
With the above objects in view aswell asoth'ers that will become apparent in the course of the following disclosure, reference will be madeto the accompanying drawing forming part of same, and 'wherein:
Figure lis a horizontalsectional view-of a stile and'a portion of a: partition constructed-in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the invention. a
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary front elevation of toilet stalls disclosingthe application of my invention in one of many possible arrangements thereof.
Fig. 3 is avertical sectional ,view in theplane be constructed ofvarying dimensions to suit any Inorder to satisfy the requirements of toilet materials, however, 'offerseveral disadvantages in Referring to'the drawing by reference characters and wherein likecharacters designate like parts, the, letter T designates an end portion of a series oiftoilet stalls in which is utilized panel structures formed in accordance with the present invention. While the form-of constructionof the stalls illustrated is preferred,- nevertheless various,
other forms are "possible inthe utilization of the improved construction; panels which cam-readily requiredor desired form "of stall construction.
' "The stalls corr'iprise in their finished construction one or two; (depending upon thelocation of the-stalls) end "walls W} intermediate partition walls P, front'i'ace walls or stiles S,' 'doorsD, interxinediate the stiles, supporting legsL;topstandard's o tubing mm B, securing brackets B, tbgthep marble, each of which .materials measurably with doorhi'n'ges (not illustratedl leg andstand- I v ard securing fixtures F-' and fnay in; some installatinns; include back slabs which would provide I the rear walls of the stalls instead of the wall of thereon in which'thestalls are installed.
The end walls W, partition walls 1? andst iles S,
together With the backslabs if; use'd, are, of an im- 5 provedconstruction'and form the essence of the" e Jpres'entinvention, such form of construction well adapting the walls and stiles to use init hecon- Q struction of toilet stalls, showers, etc;
na rrmglnow to Fig. l'in which is illustrated ingsection one of the stiles and a portion'of'a par-; titionwall secured thereto, the stile 'S and partition wall'Pare separately formed-prior to their ass'emblag'ebythe brackets 'B, and each comprises 3 atough fibrous core "land I I, respectively, which is preferably dense' fibre board ofsumcient thick-Q ness'to providethe proper thickness of stile and partition wall desired, and-the cores are enclosed in glass fused's'teel sheets or panels 10519", I l respectively. I 7-1 1 l In the construction :of-the'stilesarid partition 40 walls the fibre cores Wand II are first drillediat the 'requiredpoints and providedwithinternally threaded bushings l2 for thereception oi"attac'h nated as'|3.' The steel sheets or durable and attractivejflnish-which consists in subjecting same to" three coats of high gradefusi M i'ng material which coats are consecutively suB- the stalls .illus jected to a fusing heat-of approximately 1500 for .an effective interval of time, the last-two coats embodying a suitable coloring material"whereby the finished sheets may be of any desired per-.
manent color; During thefusingprocess, decoraing screws, such as t hose illustratedand desigpanels arefpreferablyof #20 gauge and 'are suitably treated to provide a c v cores, after which the assembled cores and fused steel sheets ill! and HIM,
. of the partition wall P and; have their: front panels are subjected to a constant pressure of of core'area for a period or eight hours, whereby the'glass fused 150 pounds per square inch steel panels are bonded to the cores equal to the bonding between the fibres of the cores" themselves. 4 1
It is to be noted that the glass fused steel sheet ill extends across the opposite vertical edges of the stile S and inward on-the back face a short distance, at which points the opposite edges of the sheet II) are .provided with flanges it normal to the back faceand which are disposed within vertical channels I! in the core in. The glass fused steel sheet ill extends across the remainder of the back face of the core l0 and is provided with similar terminal flanges l6 which are nested inthe channels I! conaport the lower edges of such walls and stiles above the floor tiguous to the flanges l4. a v I In orderto prevent access of the atmosphere to the core at these points, the relatively narrow spaces between vthelfianges l4 and i8 are caulked with a waterproof mastic compound, as is indicate d at IT. mittance of moisture to thecore but also provides a neat finish at the jointsbetween the glass The glass fused steelsheets I i preferably extend throughoutthe depth of the opposite faces edges turned inwardly. over the end of the core ll adjacent the core 10. It is,'o f course, to be understood that the opposite or rear edges of the'sheets HF, extend inwardly over the r-ear edge of the core H. J I
While the above description has been confined only to a stile 'S, and associated partition wall P, nevertheless it is to be: understood that the end walls Wand associated ,stilesBS ,as well as the back 'slabsif utilized arelof the sa me construction. f e p It will be seen from the foregoing disclosure that the wall and stile constructions are well adapted for. use in the construction .of toilet stalls and showers or in other installations where sa'nitatlon]is highly important and' w hre, due "to frequencyof use, the walls are subject to impacts which with marble or glass construction would notxonlyproduce undesirable noise but would be liable to crack or break the walls, resulting in crevices which are not only unsightly but provide lodgment for dirt, which results in less sanitary conditions. I I
With the construction herein disclosed the walls and stiles are fully as attractive as those formed from marble or glass in fact more so in that the fusing process provides for ready variations in color and designs whereby any desired color' effect to harmonize with surrounding walls can readily. be produced, a
Furthermore, it will be seen that this particular ,stileconstruction provides. uninterrupted edges,'t hus eliminating the necessity of employingstainless steel strips as has heretofore been used for finishing the edges of former stile constructions. As theQedges of the present stile appearanceof theflnishedarticle. Walls and vention are practically immune This not only preventsad- 1,
, the bushings l2, the
expeditiously'constructed by securing the stiles -S to the partitionwalls' P and end walls W by stiles made in accordance with the present into breaking or cracking, whereby the appearance and sanitary condition will be p rmanent.
Also, the present invention provides a construction which, due to the relatively thick core, will absorb sound waves which may be set up by. impacts on the walls, thus preventing the transmission of such waves with consequent undesirable noises. u
It will also be appreciated that the wall constructions can be produced The'part'icular construction disclosed is also comparatively light in weight, thus reducing the expense of transportation and facilitating the 'by the legs L, as indicated.
Also, the walls maybe made of varying thicknesses, thus, as indicated in Fig. 5', the endwalls W are preferably thicker than the partition walls'P, the stiles 8 preferably being thickness as the end walls W;
The-walls and stiles being formed as above disclosed with the threaded holes provided by stalls or showers can be of the same the brackets B, supporting the lower ends of the stiles on the legs 'L-and securing the rear'edges wail of the room or back ofthe-walls to the slabs by the rear brackets'B.,
While I haveilllmtrated the tops of the stalls .las, being provided rail. R; carried thereby; .understood that, in practice, various other forms I with standards Oiand tubing nevertheless it is to be of construction, can be employed the top arrangement of the stalls depending more or less upon the character they are ,being installed. For instance, a four inchstile similar 'to tubing rail, wherein the four inch stile would -of the building m which e the vertical "stiles indicated MS may be used instead of the standard and extend longitudinally with thelower edge therer ,of in abutting relation with the upper'ends .oftheverticalstlles S. f
It is to be-particularly noted that duefto the effective bonding between'the cores and glass fused steel sheets, together with the caulking at the joints, there is no likelihood of the steel sheets rcomingloosefrom the cores, and the union between, the cores and steelsheets'is further strengthened when the stalls. are-constructed, due to the binding action of the secur-= ing brackets B and caulking of the angleswhich is preferably resorted to betweensuch -brackets B at the joints between the angularly disposed steel sheets. .l
- While I have disclosed the improvedwall constructions as being utilized in toilet stall constructionsas a preferable adaptation, nevertheless it is to be understood-that such wall constructionsare not limited to this use but may find desirable application in various otherfabricated structures. v What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by U. Letters'Patent is:
1. A stile or panel comprising'a core, a pair of facing sheets secured to and surrounding said core, the ends of said sheets terminating adjacent each of the opposite ends of saidcore and at the same side thereof, the said ends each being provided with a flange imbedded within the core, and a filler between said flanges for providing a smooth, uninterrupted surface at the ends of the facing sheets. A
2. In a toilet stall, a partition wall, a'front wall or stile extending equally beyond opposite sides of the partition wall and disposed at right' angles thereto, each of said walls comprising a core of dense fibrous materialand sheets of glass fused steel adhesively secured to opposed faces of the cores, the cores being provided with internally threaded bushings alined with holes in the steel sheets, and perforated brackets engaging the opposite corners between the walls and secured thereto by screwthreaded bushings, the glass fused steel sheets engaging the stile core being provided with right-angularly disposed terminal flanges, the engaged core being provided with vertical channels in the rear and adjacent to opposite screws engaging the I edges thereof for receiving the flanges in contiguous relation, and mastic compound fllling the spaces between said flanges.
3. Toilet stalls comprising equallyspaced, parallel, and vertically disposed partition walls, and g a vertically disposed relatively narrow front wall or stile engaged with the front edge of each partition wall and extending equal distances on opposite sides thereof; the partition walls and stiles each comprising a core of dense fibrous material and a relatively thin sheet of glass fused steel engaging each of the opposite sides thereof, the glass fused steel sheets engaging the stile core having contiguous inturned .flanges engaged in channels in the engaged core of the rear side of the stile for providing a smooth uninterrupted surface; and the glass fused steel sheets engag ing the partition core having their forward edges inturned over the front edge of the engaged core and disposed between said edge of the core and the adjacent glass fused steel sheet of the stile -fore providing smooth, tight joints between the partition wall and stile, and means for-securing the partition wall and stile in fixed relation. SAMUEL GESSLER.