|Publication number||US2134966 A|
|Publication date||Nov 1, 1938|
|Filing date||May 7, 1936|
|Priority date||May 7, 1936|
|Publication number||US 2134966 A, US 2134966A, US-A-2134966, US2134966 A, US2134966A|
|Inventors||Arthur L Boscow, Arnold V Worthington|
|Original Assignee||Arthur L Boscow, Arnold V Worthington|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (11), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
A. L. Boscow ET AL FAUCET Filed May '7, 193s Patented Nov. 1, 1938 UNiTED STATES FAUCET Arthur L. oscow and Arnold V. Worthington, Oakland, Calif.
Application May 7, 1936, Serial No. 78,390
The invention relates to faucets and more particularly to domestic water faucets such as the common sink or basin faucet.
An object of the invention is to provide a faucet of the character described which, in addition to its' usual use as a basin or sink faucet, may be quickly and easily converted into a drinking fountain and will automatically control fluid flow therethrough when changed from one form a faucet of the character above described which may be readily adjusted to produce a proper height of liquid discharge for drinking when installed in a water or otheruid systems of different pressures.
A further object of the invention is to provide a faucet of the character described, which will be simple and inexpensive inmanufacture and which may be embodied inthe existing types of faucets without requiring a substantial change in their construction.
The invention possesses other objects and features of advantage, somelof which, with the foregoing will be set forth in the following description of the preferred form of the invention. It is to be understood, however, that variations in the mode of effecting the invention as' explained in the description may be adapted within the scope of the invention as set forth in the claims. s
Referring to said drawing:
Figure l is a plan view of a faucet constructed in accordance with the present invention.
Figure 2 is a sectional View of the faucet taken substantially on the plane of `line. 2--2 indicated in Figure 1 and showing the' faucet arranged in conventional form. I
Figure 3 is a sectional view similar to Figure 2 but showing the faucet arranged as a drinking fountain.
The faucet illustrated in the accompanying drawing is of the common sink or basin type comprising, a pair of spaced valve casings '6 and 'I which are provided with inlet passages 8 and 9 arranged for connection to the hot and cold water mains I I and I2 and have a common interconnecting mixing conduit chamber I3 to which is connected, by means of a swivel head I4, a discharge conduit I6. In accordance with the more or less standard design of this general type,
the faucet casings 6 and 'I are provided with the manually controlled valves I'I and I8 which are interpositioned between the inlet passages 8 and 3 and the mixing .Chamber I3 for regulating the amount of hot and cold water admitted to the f chamber I3 for discharge through thek conduit I6.
Preferably the conduit I6, as by means of the swivel head I4, is pivotally connected to the conduit I3 for movement about a vertical axis to permit the positioning of the conduit I6 at various horizontal positions' over the sink or basin in `connection with which it is used. As here shown, this pivtol connection is provided by threading a reduced lower end I9 of the head I4 into a raised offset portiony 2I provided on an intermediate portion of the-conduit I3 and providing these engaged portions with registration passages 22 and 23,v which are communicated by way of thepassage 23 with thel mainpassage 24 provided in the conduit I3. Preferably a packing gland 26 is secured to the portionsk I9 and 2| for preventing leakage.
As an important feature of ,the faucet the outer or Vdischarge end 25 of the conduit I6 is angularly related to the length of the conduit and, in accordance with the present invention, the conduitois pivotally associated with the head Ill for rotation about a generally horizontal axis whereby the discharge end 25 of the conduit may be disposed in a downwardly opening position for use as a conventional faucet, or may be positionedinv an upwardly opening direction to convert the faucet into a drinking fountain. VAs will be understood, thisconversion feature made possible by the combination of the angularly related discharge end of the conduit and the swivel or pivotal connection of the conduit with the head I fl entails substantially no change in the conventional faucet construction, except for'the embodiment of vthese features in the discharge conduit and the swivel head Ill of the faucet.
The pivotal connection between the conduit I3 and the swivel head I 4 is illustrated in the accompanying drawing in Figures 2 and 3, where, as shown the head I4 is provided with a hori- Zontally extending opening or cylinder 2l which is communicated at a side with the passage 22 and which rotatably receives an end 28 of the conduit I6, the latter being held in the opening against longitudinal withdrawal by means of a packing gland 29 secured to the head I4 and mounted about the conduit I6 at the outer side of an annular shoulder 3I which is preferably contained within a recess 32, formed in the outer face 33 of the head.
As another important feature of the present invention there is incorporated within the faucet an vautomatically controlled liquid flow means which will afford, in the downward position of the end of the discharge conduit, a full and unimpeded iow of fluid from the faucet, but will effect a reduction in the fluid flow when the conduit I6 is turned to provide a drinking fountain so that the height of the fountain will be conlined to a desired amountto permit convenient drinking therefrom by the user. In the present design this automatic flow control means is provided directly in the connection between the conduit I6 and the swivel head I4. As will be seen from Figures 2 and 3, the inner end 28 of the conduit is extended directly across the passage 22 `in the head and the inner extremity 34 of the conduit end is closed whereby the only fluid flow from passage 22 into the conduit I6 is afforded through a pair of circumferentially spaced openings 36 and 31 through the wall of the end 28 and in the plane of the passage 22. In accordance with the present arrangement these openings are provided vat diametrically spaced positions on the circumference of the conduit so that on rotation of the conduit Ithese openings may be advanced into registration Vwith the passage 22 to lcommunicate the discharge conduit I6 with this latter passage when the end 25 is in its upward and downward position, the opening 31 being registered with the passage 22 when the discharge end of the conduit is turnedV to the downward opening position, and the opening 36 being placed in registration with the passage 22 when the discharge end 25 of the conduit is rotated to an upward opening position. Thus, openings 36 and 31 control the amount of liquid which is discharged from the conduit in its fountain and faucet positions respectively, and since a substantially less ilow is desired for a drinking fountain the opening 36 is considerably smaller than the opening 31. Generally, since little or no reduction of pressure is desired when the conduit is in usual faucet position, the opening 31 desirably approximates the size of the passage 22 whereby no substantial'constriction will be produced. On the other hand, since but a relatively low column of liquid is desired with the conduit in a drinking `fountain position the opening 36 will need be relatively smaller for the ordinary range of pressures present in various water supply systems. In order, however, that the height of the fountainpmay beV accurately adjusted for different liquid pressures we preferably provide means for changing the effective size of the opening 36. In the embodiment of the invention here illustrated this is provided by adjusting the longitudinal position of the conduitk in the opening 21V and thereby adjusting the amount of the opening 36 exposed to the passage 22 by the installation or removal of one or more of a plurality of shims or washers 38 at the inner side of the annular shoulder 3l. While this adjustment is a very slight one, it will have an appreciable effect on the opening 36 due to its relative smallness, but will ordinarily have no appreciable action on the opening 31 due to its relatively greater size.
The positioning of the openings 36 and 31 at diametrically spaced positions on the circumference of the conduit end 28 leaves the intermediate portion YofY the circumference entirely` irnperforate' and as the conduit I6 is rotated to an intermediate position, that is, with the end 25 more or less horizontally disposed and with the openings 36 and 31 removed from the passage 22, there will be complete stoppagel of the fluid ilow through the conduit. This is of particular importance in the type of faucet here illustrated embodying both a hot and cold water valve, since onceV a desired mixture of hot and cold water has been adjusted the uid flow may be stopped or established by merely rotating the conduit I6 without interfering with the hot and cold water control valves I1 and I8 or disturbing the relative proportion of the hot and cold water delivered therefrom. Also in turning the conduit from faucet to drinking fountain position the large flow of water present in the first position Willbe automatically stopped entirely and then ire-established at a reduced flow for proper drinkingr fountain height without requiring any change in the setting of .the valves I1 and I8.
We claim: Y
1. A faucet having inlet and discharge passages and a valve for regulating the fluid flow through said passages and an open ended cylinder communicated at a side thereof with said discharge passage, a conduit having a closed endrotatably mounted in said cylinder and a discharge end angularly related to the length of said conduit and positionable on Vrotation-of said conduit in an upwardly and a downwardly opening position, said first named conduit end being provided with a pair of substantially diametrically opposed openings registerable with said discharge passage in the downward and upward positions of said other conduit end, the opening in registration with said passage in the upward position of said end being reduced in size from the other opening,V means sealing said iirst conduit end in said cylinder, and means for adjusting the conduit lengthwise in said cylinder for varying the amount of said last named openings placed in registration with said discharge passage.
2. A faucet comprising a body member provided'with a horizontally extending cylindrical bore and a fluid passageway leading intosaid bore at a side thereof, a discharge conduit having a cylindrical portion fitting in said bore for rotation about Vthe axis of the bore and provided with diametrically opposedopenings alternately registeringwith said passageway upon rotation of said conduit, and means adjustably'positioning said conduit longitudinally in said bore for varying the registration of said openingswith said passageway independent of the rotative positioning of the conduit.
ARTHUR L. BOSCOW. ARNOLD V. WORTHINGTON.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2570635 *||Sep 9, 1949||Oct 9, 1951||Jr Oscar F Beyer||Nozzle for faucets|
|US2585997 *||Feb 26, 1948||Feb 19, 1952||Faucet spout|
|US3322152 *||Oct 14, 1963||May 30, 1967||Aechter Christian||Swingable faucet|
|US3770013 *||Dec 6, 1971||Nov 6, 1973||Thompson G||Valve for use in dewatering system|
|US4484600 *||Jan 27, 1982||Nov 27, 1984||Streamway Corporation||Swivel spout construction for a faucet|
|US4589445 *||Jan 27, 1984||May 20, 1986||Sanchez Aguilar Ricardo B||Spout operated valve|
|US4739523 *||Jun 26, 1986||Apr 26, 1988||Jerry Bondar||Combination incorporating replacement faucet spout|
|US5072757 *||Apr 23, 1991||Dec 17, 1991||Lin Fu Tung||Faucet having angularly rotatable spout|
|US5730186 *||Mar 26, 1996||Mar 24, 1998||Gas Research Institute||Integrated solenoid valve/rotary joint|
|US7478645 *||Feb 21, 2006||Jan 20, 2009||Prier Products, Inc.||Hot and cold hydrant with swivel outlet|
|US20070193636 *||Feb 21, 2006||Aug 23, 2007||Scott Brady||Hot & cold hydrant with swivel outlet|
|U.S. Classification||137/606, 137/613, 137/616.7|
|International Classification||E03C1/04, F16K5/10|
|Cooperative Classification||E03C2001/0414, E03C1/0404, F16K5/10, E03C1/0412|
|European Classification||E03C1/04H, F16K5/10, E03C1/04D|