US 2135606 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. sruvrsy 2,135,606
MECHANICAL WHIRLWIND TOY Filed Sept. 22, 1936 Patented Nov. 8,l '1938 UNITED- .STATES PATENT OFFICE MECHANICAL wHmLwmn TOY Henry Stuve, Brooklyn, N. Y. Application september .22, 193s, serial No. 101,898
s claims. (Cl. 212-31) and of a driven ensemble of parts, arranged at a higher horizontal plane and comprising a disk,
A l a number of radially extending arms. and small articles such as toy-ships, toy-airplanesmr the like at theends of the arms. When the driving mechanism is set to work, then the articles at the ends of the arms will move along on a horizontal l circular way, sothat the whole device will be a moving toy to please children. But the device may be usedjust as well for business purposes as an advertising means, because any movement of articles in a show-window always attracts the attention of the public. When using the device as an advertising means, the sails of the circling ships or the .wings of the moving airplanes can further be made to carry inscriptions or pictures of the particular goods to be advertised. It is further an essential feature of the invention, to
make my new and improved device in certain cases still more efIicient,l by making it reversible. This can be done either by making only the driving mechanism reversible,'to change its direction of movement automatically after a certain time, or, ina more elaborate construction of the device, at the movement reversal of the driving mechanism. likewise the circling ships, airplanes or.other articles are likewise turned round their vertical axis, so as to make the appearance or the illusion more perfect. Y
The drawing shows two embodiments of my above characterized invention, whereby in the illustrated devices ships are shown as the articles at the ends of the circling arms; y
Figures l and 2 are an elevation and a top-plan view of `a more simple device, adapted to go round in one direction only;
Figure 3 is an elevation of amore elaborate device,`insofar, as the shipsior other articles) at the ends of theradialarms are adapted to be turned round the vertical axis, vto make their movements more realistic;
Figure 4 is a top plan view on Figure 3; Figure 5 is a top plan view on the reversa mechanism for the ships (or other toy-articles) at the ends of the arms, set for reversed circling movement.
Referring now more in particular to the draw- 55' Ving in the first illustrated device an electric motor II,by the means of the conical gearing I2, drives a vertical shaft I3. At the side of thisY shaft stands fixed the vertical. hollow post Il, into the upper end of which the'stem I5 of a flag or some other emblem is inserted, being ilxed` at a certain 6 height by a collar-ring I6 which rests on certain l. other constructional parts 'still to be described.
The lower part of the ag-stem passes loosely through a. big horizontal disk or block I6, which at its lower -side is continuous with a toothed 10 wheel I1 which meshes with another wheel I3 fixed at the upper end of the shaft I3. 'I'he circular block IB has at its periphery four holes, into which'the four arms I9 are inserted so as to extend radially to the four sides, in a horizontal 15 plane. FourA little sailing-vessels 20 are mounted on the ends of the four arms I9, by fixing the masts of `these vessels into holes drilled vertically into the lends of the arms I9. If-the motor Il is "started, then its rotative motion is transmitted, 20
through the gearing I2, the shaft I3 and the gearing I8, I1, to the block I6, and consequently the four ships 20 will move carousel-like in a roundabout way round the ag I6. If the motor Il is reversible and tted or cooperatingvwith 'an auto- 25 matically acting reversal time switch, then the disk or block I6 with the arms I9 and the ships 20 will move alternatingly iirst in one and then in the other direction.
' In the construction shown in the Figures l and 30` 2 the circular block I'G with the ship-carrying arms I9 is supposed to rotate always in the same direction. However, in order to attract more attention, small electric bulbs 31 are provided on the little ships 20. Electric current is fed to the 35 bulbsby a conduit 38, coming from a contact ring 39, which is i'n an insulated manner mounted on the lower surface of the circular block I6. The contact ring 39 receives the current from the contact brush 40 atthe end of the Wire 4|, said 40 brush being held by an arm 42,V extending from the upper end of the post I4. All the bulbs 39 on the diierent ships may be connected in series, the details of such wiring not being shown for the sake of greater clearness 'of the illustration, 45 Iand as being a most simple matter within the skill of general public.
In order to increase the attractiveness of the device, I provide further in certain cases a music box 2|, which advantagel ously will be arranged above or at the sidev of the driving motor I I, and is operated by the latter by the pulleyand rope-transmission 22.
The embodiment of the invention, shown in the' ,Figures 3 to 5 is in its essentials similar to that of the first example; at the side of the motor-,driven vertical shaft 23 stands the tubular post 2l, into the top end of whichthe stem of a flag 26 is inserted and positioned by the collar-ring 226. The lower part of the flag-stem passes loosely through the horizontal disk or block 26, which disk, at the ends of the radial arms 29, holds the-toy sailing vessels 3|!Y (or other suitable articles, as mentioned above). Underneath the block 26 and its arms 29 is the ship-turning mechanism, which consists of a. hub-like central part 3| radial .arms 32 and rim-segments 33. The hub 3|, which carries the block 26 loosely, so as to allow a sliding displacement, and which in similar way surroundslikewise the agstem 25 only loosely, is at its lowerslde continuous with the toothwheel 21, which latter meshes with another toothwheel 29, xed at the upper end of the shaft 23. `The rim-segments 33 are provided with peripherie tooth-gearing 3|, extending only on the short length of the segments, and ending into higher border-ledges 35 at the two lateral ends of each segment. The masts of the toy-vessels 36 (or the vertical axes of the other articles replacing them) pass loosely through the ends of the arms 29 holding them, and at their lower ends are ixed little pinions 36, which latter have their teeth however extending only over three quarters of their circumference, leaving the last quarter of the circumference without gearing. If in this construction the motor of the driving mechanism is started, then the power transmission through the shaft 23 and the gearing 21, 23 drives rst only the hub 3| with the arms 32 and the rimsegments 33; the upper block 26 with the arms 29 and the ships 30 is held back temporarily by .the friction of the stationary nag-pole and by the resistance of the ship-sails in the air. 'I'he teeth of the rim-segments 33 revolve the pinions 36 and with them the toy-vessels 36, until the one border-ledge 35 of the segment-gearing strikes against the pinion 36. Thereafter the further circling movement of the rim-segments 33 takes with them the pinions and consequently the whole upper ensemble of the block 26, the arms 29 and the ships 36, the ships are circling on a circular way, as in the flrst`example. Figure 4 shows the relative positions of one .arm 32 an'd its coordinate pinion 36 with the arm 29, set for anticlockwork circling movement. Naturally al1 four arms 29 of the construction ofthe Figure 4 are pushed by other driving arms 32 and pinions 36 ofthe same construction, but the Figure 4 shows, for the sake of greater lucidity, only one set of such cooperating arms 29, 32. When the motor or driving mechanism is reversed, then iirst the upper yensemble 26, 29 with the shipsstops circling, so/long until the returning rimsegments 33 strike with their other border ledges 35 against the* pinions 36. But by this rst revolution of the rim-segments on the pinions 36 the latter are kturned round their axes', and with them the ships 39 make a half revolution round their masts. Figure 5 shows the new relative the upperA ensemble with. themA on the further return circling movement, this time in the clock- Wise direction, as indicated in the Figure 5 until a. newreversal of the driving mechanism' reestablishes again circling' movement in the rst 5- direction.
As it had been said in lthe beginning, the invention is not limited to the illustrated and above described embodiments, but may be varied in the extending radially from the block; horizontal 20 wheelrim-like segments at the ends of the arms: teeth at the outer periphery of the segments and border-ledges at the two ends of each segmenttoothing; another horizontal disk-like block rotatably xed on top of the first said rotatable '25 block; arms extending radially from the second said upper block; small toys such as sailing vessels or toy airplanes xed .at the ends of the last.
said arms.' so as to be turnable round vertical axes of these toys and pinions ilxed at the lower 30 ends of the toy-axes, the said pinions meshing with the teeth of the before said segments.
2. A toy-like advertising device of the kind described, comprising in combination: a driving mechanism arranged at a lower plane and in- 95 cluding a rotatable vertical shaft: a vertical tubu- .lar post standing stationary at the side of the ,fil
said shaft; a horizontal block rested rotatable .Y' round its axis on the top of the post, the upper part of which block has the form of a rhub with v4.0
radially extending arms, whereas the lower part of said block has the form of a pinion; means such as a agpole extending through the centre of the said rotatable block and reaching into the stationary tubular post for centering the block 454 coaxially with the post; a pinion at the upper end of the rotatable vertical shaft and meshing with the pinion part of the beforesaid block; and
.diiferent advertising toys carriedby the outer ends of the beforesaid radial arms.
3. A toy-like advertising device of the kind de scribed, comprising in combination: a driving mechanism arranged at a lower plane and including a rotatable vertical shaft; a-music-box connected with and operated by the driving 55 mechanism; a vertical stationary post at the sid l of the rotatable shaft; a horizontal block rested rotatable Vround its axis on the top of the post, the upper part of whichvblock has the form of a hub with radially extending arms, whereas the lower part of said block has the form of a pinion; means for centering the rotatable block coaxially with the post; a. pinion at the upper end of the rotatable vertical shaft and meshing with the pinion part of the beforesaid block; and g5 different advertisingtoys carried by the outer ends of the beforesaid radial arms.
, HENRY STUVI.4