US 2137595 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 22, 1938. F. A. sTUBBs ET AL 2,137,595
HAIR WAVER Filed Nov. 6,J 195'? u'. C'- Sabba/z IN VEN TORS A TTORNE YS.
Patented Nov. 22, 1938 UNITED STATES HAIR WAvER Francis A. Stubbs and Jaye Cobb Sabbath, Lakeview, Ohio Application November s, 1937, serial No. 173,226
This invention relates to hair curlers and wavers, the primary object of the invention being to provide a device of this character including a tubular body portion around which the hair may be wound, novel means being provided for securing the ends of the curler together in such a manner as to eliminate the usual enlargement caused by overlapping and twisting together the ends of the wire curlers now in common use.
Another object of the invention is the provision of means whereby the hair being curled will be ventilated to facilitate the drying of the hair.
A still further object of the invention is to provide means to clamp the hair to the body portion of the device holding the hair in close engagement with the body portion to insure the forming of a curl or wave.
With the foregoing and other objects in view, which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it being understood that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention herein described, may be made within the scope of what is claimed, without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Referring to the drawing:
Figure 1 is an elevational view of a hair curler constructed in accordance with the invention.
Figure 2 is a side elevational View of the curler.
Figure 3 is an elevational view of the opposite side of the curler.
35 Figure 4 is a sectional view taken on line 4--4 of Figure 2 of the drawing.
Figure 5 is a view illustrating the manner of securing the hair to the curler.
Figure 6 is a sectional view taken on line 6--6 40 of Figure 1.
Figure '7 is a view illustrating the hair as wound around the curler.
Figure 8 is a view illustrating the head at one end of the curler.
Figure 9 is a view of a modified form of head.
Figure 10 is a view of a still further modified form of head.
Referring to the drawing in detail, the body portion of the curl-er is indicated by the reference 50 character 5, and as shown comprises a tubular member constructed of rubber, one end thereof being closed by the head 6, which is held in position by frictional contact with the tubular body portion.
U5 The head 6 is of a construction to t within the opposite end of the body portion, the construction of the head being such that when the body portion is bent or doubled upon itself as shown by Figure '7, the air within the tube will be excluded producing a vacuum, Within the body 5 portion, securing the head in position against displacement, eliminating the necessity of twisting the ends of the body portion together, to secure the curler in position. n
Mounted on the body portion 5, is a clamping member indicated by the reference character 'l which is also constructed of yieldable material such as rubber. This clamping member 'l is split throughout substantially the entire length thereof, as at 8, so that by spreading the clamping member open, it may be positioned around the hair twisted around the body portion, holding the hair in position on the body portion, causing the hair to curl.
In order that the hair which is twisted around the body portion, and which is usually dampened, Will dry, openings B are formed in the clamping member l, permitting air to circulate through the twisted hair.
The head l0, shown by Figure 8 of the drawing, is tapered so that it may be readily forced into the end of the body portion Where it will be securely held by the vacuum produced within the body portion.
In Figure 9, the head is formed with a plurality of enlargements Il that provide an exceptionally secure fastening head.
A further modified form of head is shown by Figure 10 of the drawing, wherein the gradually tapered ends I2 of the securing head are forced into the ends of the tubular body portion, holding the ends together.
In the use of the device, the ends of the hair are inserted between the body portion 5 and clamping member 1, and the curler is now twisted so that the air is rolled tightly on the body portion. The clamping member is now positioned over the twisted hair securing the hair to the body portion. After the hair has been properly positioned, the head secured within one end of the body portion is inserted in the opposite end of the body portion securing the body portion in the position shown by Figure 7 of the drawing.
When the hair has thoroughly dried, the curler is removed, leaving the hair in a curled or wavy condition.
1. A resilient hair waving or curling device comprising an elongated bendable hollow body, a hair clamping member mounted about said body adjacent its central portion, the opposite end of said body being adapted to be bent in Wardly to overlie said clamping member, and a head-connecting element insertible in the opposite end of said body to support said device in operative position.
2. A resilient hair Waving or curling device comprising an elongated bendable body, a hair clamping member comprising a slotted member mounted about said body adjacent its central portion, the opposite end of said body being adapted to be bent inwardly to overlie said hair clamping member, and a head-connecting element insertible in the opposite end of said body to support said device in operative position.
3. A resilient hair Waving or curling device FRANCIS A. 'sTUBBs JAYE COBB SABBATH.