Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2139097 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 6, 1938
Filing dateDec 22, 1937
Priority dateJan 4, 1937
Publication numberUS 2139097 A, US 2139097A, US-A-2139097, US2139097 A, US2139097A
InventorsEmile Piquerez
Original AssigneeEmile Piquerez
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dispensing device
US 2139097 A
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

E. PIQUEREZ DI SPENS ING DEVICE Filed Dec. 22, 1937 Dec. 6, 1938.

2 Sheets-Sheet l Dec. 6, 1938. E. P|QUEREZ DISPENSING DEVICE Filed Dec. 22, 1937 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Dec. 6, 1938 l UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Application December 22, 1937, Serial No. 181,219 In France January 4, 1937 13 Claims.

The present invention aims at the provision of an apparatus, preferably portable, that will permit any desired quantity of the contents of a flexible package containing a liquid or viscous substance such as oil or grease to be supplied almost instantaneously and without soiling the hands.

According to one form of the invention the apparatus comprises, in combination, an outer casing intended to receive with some clearance a crushable package containing the substance to be supplied; means for permitting outflow from the casing of substance contained therein; means for forming a substantially sealed joint between an inserted package and said casing around said outflow means; a perforating nozzle element, slidably mounted in said casing, adapted to pierce the wall of the package and thereupon to provide communication between the interior of said package and the outflow means of the casing; and means for connecting said casing to a supply of fluid under pressure so that said fluid will enter between the wall of the .casing and the package for the purpose of crushing the latter and discharging its contents.

The means for introducing the supply of compressed fluid under pressure to said casing preferably include a control device whereby the supply of such fluid can be started and stopped as required.

According to one particularly simple constructional embodiment use is made of a hollow perforator fixed to the end of a movable outlet tube that can slide `in a fixed tube on the cover so thatthe perforator can be forced inwardly to pierce the end of a package in the casing. 'I'he movable tube is preferably provided with a return spring whilst at the base of said fixed tube is preferably provided a housing adapted to contain the perforator when at rest. In this case the side of the perforator adjacent to the movable tube on which it is xed is further formed to provide a shoulder or rim, preferably of a diameter substantially equal to that of the housing of the perforator, so that when the perforator rises under the action of its return spring after having pierced the end of the package the said shoulder engages the edge of the opening thus formed and presses it against the rim of the housing in the cover so that leakage of the contents of the package between the fixed tube and the movable tube is prevented.

Further, according to one constructional example, when the package has a circular end, the 55" casing and its cover are fastened together by securing means comprising interengaging elements having inclined or helical surfaces adapted, upon relative rotation of said body and cover, to cause these parts to be clamped tightly together or released as required. The rim at the end of the 5 flexible package may be arranged to be gripped between the body and cover, or a special jointing element may be provided.

The means employed for connecting the casing to a supply of compressed fluid may advantageously comprise two relatively movable, for example, rotatable parts. Thus, there may be a rotatable part forming part of a tubular handle and provided with passages capable of being brought into register with orifices in a fixed part which receives the ferrule of an air or other compressed fiuid pipe.

The annexed drawings illustrate by way of example one constructional embodiment of an apparatus according to the invention. 20

Fig. 1 is a view in vertical section and partly in elevation, the perforator being shown at rest.

Fig. 2 is a section on an enlarged scale of part of the apparatus in the working position.

Fig. 3 is a vertical section of a rotary control valve connection for supplying compressed air.

Fig. 4 is an underneath plan view of the upper member of the valve.

Fig. 5 is a plan View of the lower member of said valve. 30

In the construction illustrated, the apparatus is designed to receive a collapsible package IIJ in the form of a Wallis corner, that is to say, a package having its walls converging from a. circular end or base to a straight ridge parallel with said end or base. The apparatus comprises an outer rigid box or casing, II, of a form appropriate to that of the package IIJ and constructed to receive said package with an appropriate lateral clearance by inserting it from one end and with the bottom Illa of the said package resting in the mouth of the said casing.

The casing, I I, is provided with a cover I2 provided with manipulating wings I2a and lugs I2b which co-operate with helicoidal surfaces on brackets I3 rigid with the casing to enable the cover to be clamped in position or released by a rotary movement and thus form a rapid acting fastening system providing a high.' degree of tightness.

By means of this arrangement the peripheral rim IIlb securing the wall to the bottom of the package IIJ is clamped between the cover I2 and the upper rimof the casing Il. The joint thus formed ensures that the space Il around the package is closed and prevents any communication between this space and the outlet from the apparatus.

Said outlet is constituted by a xed guide in the iorm of a tube I5 integral with the cover and a movable tube I6 able to slide in the tube Il. The tube I5 is rigid at its lower end with a hollow perforator element I1, for example of conical form, whose lateral surface presents orices I3 communicating with the hollow interior and, consequently, with the outlet tube I6.

The side of the perforator element I1 adjacent to the foot of the tube I6 is of greater diameter than said tube and forms with 'respect thereto a shoulder I1a slidably fitting with a minimum of clearance in a chamber I3 formed by a recess in the lower part of the tube I5. A spring 20 is interposed between the extremity of the tube I5 and a flange 2| fixed on the tube I6, so that the shoulder Ila of the perforator I1 is normally held against the inner end of the chamber I 9 and the said perforator is entirely withdrawn into said chamber.

The device for the introduction of compressed fluid to the casing II will now be described. For this purpose the casing II is provided, for example on its side, with a tube 22 on which is mounted a tubular handle 23. Said handle 23 and tube 22 are constructed to form a rotary distributor valve, for which purpose the extremity of the tube 22 is provided with a base member 24 traversed by passages 25, 26, adapted respectively to register with two other passages 21, 28 formed in a member 29 which forms the bottom of the handle 23.

'I'he two opposite faces of the upper and lower members 24 and 29 of the valve are carefully set and are maintained in contact with one another by the action of a spring 30 disposed in a housing 3| in the handle 23 between the bottom of said housing and the rim 24a of the member 24.

The passage 21 in the lower member 28 communicates with a connection 32 of any appropriate type adapted to be joined to a conduit of air or other compressed fluid whilst the passage 28 communicates with the atmosphere by way of a small channel.

-The two operating positions of the handlevalve are fixed by means of a spring finger 34, arranged in the base member 29 and adapted to engage alternatively in two notches 351, 352, in the fixed member 24. When the apparatus is not in use, the finger 34 is engaged in the seating 351 and the passages 26, 28 are in communication, the casing I I being then at atmospheric pressure.

When the apparatus is required for use the package II) is introduced into the casing II and the cover I2 (Fig. l) is applied. 'I'he tube I6 is then pushed in briskly so that the perforator I1 periorates the end Ilia of the package and said tube is let go. In returning under the action of the spring I Il, the perforator engages by its shoulder I1a with the edge 36 of the opening which it has formed in the said end, so that this edge is urged upwardly and caused to bear against the cover around the mouth of the chamber I9 (Fig. 2). The joint thus formed resists to the leakage of the contents of the vpackage between the twotubes I5 and I 6. In order to discharge said contents, the apparatus is connected to a compressed air conduit and the handle 23 turned until the finger 34 engages in the other notch 352,(Fig. 3). In Fig. 3 of the drawings this nger 34 has been shown for convenience in the radial plane of the passages 25, 21 when registered. The compressed air now has access to the interior of the casing II and and, consequently, expulsion of the lubricant through the perforator I1 and tube I6. When the desired quantity has been discharged the discharge is stopped simply by returning the handle 23 to its initial position, whereupon the connection 32 can be uncoupled from the air supply if desired.

It will be appreciated that the apparatus according to the invention will be extremely useful in practice and by virtue of its mobility will be of the greatest value in garages and service stations fcr automobiles, as well as for use in industrial establishments generally where, since there is no loss, it will permit the rapid and economical recharging of all hand greasing apparatus as well as the direct re-charging of greasers of large capacity.

It will be well understood that the invention is not restricted to the constructional embodiment described and illustrated, but includes any variations thereof coming within the scope oi the appended claims.

Having described my Invention herebefore, what I claim is:

1. Apparatus for supplying liquids or viscous and like substances comprising, in combination, a casing having, at least, one open end; a crushable package in said casing for containing the substances to be supplied, the end of said package when introduced to its full extent into the casing closing the said open end of the latter, and the body of the package lying with a clearance therein; a cover for closing the open end oi' said casing, said cover being provided with means forming an outlet for the contents of the package and being adapted when closed to produce a joint with the wall of said package around the outiiow means; means for clamping the cover on the casing; a perforating nozzle mounted on the cover, adapted to pierce the wall of the package and thereupon to provide communication between the interior of said package and the outiiow means of the casing; and means for introducing a supply of fluid under pressure to said casing between the wall thereof and the wall of the package for the purpose of crushing the latter and discharging its contents.

2. Apparatus for supplying liquids or viscous and like substances comprising, in combination, a casing having at least one open end; a crushable package in said casing for containing the substances to .be supplied, the end of said package when introduced to its full extent into the casing closing the said open end of the latter, and the body oi the package lying with a clearance therein, a cover for closing the open end of said casing; said cover being provided with means providing an outlet for the content of the package and being adapted when closed to produce a joint with the wall of said package around the outflow means; means for clamping the cover on the casing; a perforating nozzle mounted on the cover, adapted to pierce the wall of the package, said striker element being combined with the outflow means of the casing and providing communication between the interior of said package and said outiiow means when the piercing has been effected; and means for introducing a supply of fluid under pressure to said casing between the wall thereof and the wall of the package, said means including a control device causes the gradual crushing ot the package I0 2,189,097 whereby the supply can be started and stopped as required. l

3. Apparatus for supplying liquids or viscous and like substances comprising, in combination, a casing having at least one open end; a crushable package in said casing for` containing the substance to be supplied, the end of said package when introduced to its full extent into the casing closing the said open end of the latter and the body of the package lying with a clearance therein; al cover for closing the open end of said casing, said cover having an outlet tube fixed thereon in which a further tube is slidably mounted and a hollow perforating element mounted on the lower end of said slidable tube, said perforating element being adapted to pierce the end of the package when forced against it and having openings providing communication between the interior of said tube and the outer face of the perforating element; resilient means acting to maintain said slidable tube normally in a raised position; and means for introducing a supply of fluid under pressure to said casing between the wall thereof and the wall of the package for the purpose of crushing the latter and discharging its contents.

4. Apparatus for supplying-liquids or viscous and like substances comprising, in combination, a casing having at least one open end; a crushable package in said casing for containing the substance to be supplied, the end of said package when introduced to its full extent into the casing closing the said open end of .the latter and the body of the package lying with a clearance therein; a cover for closing the open end of said casing, said cover having an outlet tube xed thereon in which a further tube is slidably mounted and being adapted when closed to produce a joint with the wall of said package around said outlet tube, and said fixed tube presenting at its base a recess open to the interior of the cover; aV hollow perforating element mounted on the lower end of said slidable tube, said perforating element being adapted to pierce the wall of the package when forced against it and having openings providing communication between the interiorof said tube and the outer face of the perforating element; resilient means acting to maintain said slidable tube normally in a raised position in which the `perlorating element is disposed in the recess at the base of the fixed tube, so that perforation of the package can be effected by pushing in said sliding tube against the section of said resilient means; and means for introducing a supply of fluid under pressure to said casing between the wall thereof and the wall of the package for the purpose of crushing the latter and discharging its contents.

5. Apparatus for supplying liquids or viscous and like substances comprising, in combination, a casing having, at least, one open end; a crushable package in said casing for 'containing the substance to be supplied, the end of said package when introduced to its full'extent into the casing closing the said open end of the latter, and the body of the package lying with a clearance therein; a cover for closingthe open end of said casing, said cover having an outlet tube fixed thereon in which a further tube is slidably mounted, and being adapted when closed to produce a joint with the wall of said package around said outlet Atube and said xed tube presenting at its basea recess open to the interior of the cover; a hollow perforating element mounted on the lower end of said slidable tube, said perforating element being adapted to pierce the end of the package when forced against it vand having openings providing communication between the interior of said tube and the outer face of the perforating element; resilient means acting to maintain said slidable tube normally in a raised position in which the perforating element is disposed in the recess at the base of the fixed tube. so that perforation of the package can be effected by pushing in said sliding tube against the action of said resilient means means for retaining the perforating element in the package after piercing has been effected; means for pressing against the cover the edge of the opening formed in thepackage by the perforating element; and means for introducing a supply of fluid under pressure to said casing between the wall thereof and the wall of the package for the purpose of crushing the latter and discharging its contents.

6. Apparatus for supplying liquids or viscous and like substances comprising, in combination, a casing having at least one open end, a crushable package in said casing for containing the substance to be supplied, the end of said package when introduced to its full extent into the casing closing the said open end of the latter, and the body of the package lying with a clearance therein; a cover for closing the open end of said casing, said cover having an outlet tube fixed thereon in which a further tube is slidably mounted, and being adapted when closed to produce a joint with the wall of said package around said outlet tube, and said xed tube presenting at its base a cylindrical recess open to the interior of the cover; a hollow perforating element mounted on the lower end of said slidable tube, said perforating element being adapted to pierce the end of the package when forced against it and having openings providing communication between the interior of said tube and the outer face of the perforating element; resilient means acting to maintain said slidable tube normally in a raised position in which the perforating element is disposed in the recess at the base of the fixed tube,

so that perforation of the package can be effected by pushing in said sliding tube against the action of said resilient means, the perforating element being in the form of a cone whose base is of greater diameter than the sliding tube on which it is fixed and is substantially equal to that of the cylindrical recess in the base of the fixed tube, so that when the perforating element returns under the action of its resilient means after piercing the package it engages the edge of the opening formed in said package and forces said edge against the rim of the cylindrical recess; and means for introducing a supply of fluid under pressure to said casing between the wall thereof and the wall of the package for the purpose of crushing the latterand discharging its contents.

7. Apparatus for supplying liquids or viscous and like substances comprising, in combination, a casing having at least one open end; a crushable package in said casing for containing the substance to be supplied, the end of said package when introduced to its full extent into the casing closing the said open end of the latter, and the body of the package lying with a clearance therein; a cover for closing the open end of said casing, said cover having an outlet tube xed thereon in which a further tube is slidably mounted, and being adapted when closed to produce a joint with the wall of said package `around said outlet tube, said fixed tube presenting at its base a cylindrical recess open to the interior of the cover;

means for clamping the cover on the casing comprising relatively inclined surfaces on parts of the cover and casing respectively adapted upon relative rotation of said body or cover to cause these parts to be clamped'tightly together or released as required; a hollow perforating element mounted on the lower end of said slidable tube, said perforating element being adapted to pierce the end of the package when forced against it and having openings providing communication between the interior of said tube and the outer face of the perforating element, so that perforation of the package can be effected by pushing in said sliding tube against the action of said resilient means, the perforating element being in the form of a cone whose base is of greater diameter than the sliding tube on which it is fixed and is substantially equal to that of the cylindrical recess in the base of the fixed tube, so that when the perforating element returns under the action of its resilient means after piercing the package it engages the edge of the opening formed in said package and forces said edge against the rim of the cylindrical recess; and means for introducing a supply of fluid under pressure to said casing between the wall thereof and the wall of the package, said means including a control device whereby the supply can be started and stopped as required.

8. Apparatus for supplying liquids or viscous and like substances comprising, in combination, a casing having at least one open end, a crushable package in said casing for containing the substance to be supplied, the end of said package when introduced to its full extent into the casing closing the said open end oi the latter, and the body of the package lying with a clearance therein; a cover for closing the open end of said casing, said cover having an outlet tube fixed thereon in which a further tube is slidably mounted, and being adapted when closed to produce a joint with the wall of said package around said outlet tube, said fixed tube presenting at its base a cylindrical recess open to the interior of the cover; means for clamping the cover on the casing comprising relatively inclined surfaces on parts' of the cover and casing respectively adapted upon relative rotation of said body or cover to cause these parts to be clamped tightly together or released as required; a hollow perforating element mounted on the lower end of said slidable tube, said perforating element being adapted to pierce the end of the package when forced against it and having openings providing communication between the interior of said tube and the outer face of the perforating element; resilient means acting to maintain said slidable tube normally in a raised position in which the perforating element is disposed in the recess at the base of the fixed tube, so that perforation of the package can be effected by pushing in said sliding tube against the action of said resilient means; the perforating element being in the form of a cone whose base is of greater diameter than the sliding tube on which it is fixed and is substantially equal to that of the cylindrical recess in the base of the fixed tube, so that when the perforating element returns under the action of its resilient means after piercing the package it engages the edge of the opening formed in said package and forces said edge against the rim of the cylindrical recess; and means for introducing a supply of fluid under pressure to said casing between the wall thereof and the wall of the package, said means comprising a supply connection to the casing and two relatively rotatable elements ported to form valve members adapted on relative rotation to open or cut oil' the supply as required, one of said parts forming a handle and the other being connected to a compressed fluid conduit.

9. Apparatus for supplying liquids or viscous and like substances comprising, in combination, a casing having at least one open end; a crushable package in said casing for containing the substance to be supplied, the end of said package when introduced to its full extent into the casing closing the said open end of the latter, and the body of the package lying with a clearance therein; a cover for closing the open end of said casing, said cover having an outlet tube fixed thereon in which a further tube is slidably mounted, and being adapted when closed to produce a joint with the wall of said package around said outlet tube, and means for clamping the cover on the casing; said nxed tube presenting at its base a recess open to the interior of the cover; a hollow perforating element mounted on the lower end of said slidable tube, said perforating element being adapted to pierce the wall of the package when forced against it and having openings providing communication between the interior of said tube and the outer face of the perforating element; resilient means acting to maintain said slidable tube normally in a raised position in which the perforating element is disposed in the recess at the base of the fixed tube, so that perforation of the package can be effected by pushing in said sliding tube against the action of said resilient means; means for retaining the perforating element in the package after piercing has been effected; means for pressing against the cover the edge of the opening formed in the package by the perforating element; and means for introducing a supply of fluid under pressure to said casing between the wall thereof and the wall of the Package, said means comprising a supply connection to the casing and two relatively rotatable elements ported to form valve members adapted on relative rotation to open or cut off the supply as required, one of said parts forming a handle and the other being connected to a compressed fluid conduit.

10. Apparatus for supplying liquids or viscous or like substances comprising, in combination, a casing having at least one open end; a crushable package in said casing for containing the substance to be supplied, the end of said package when introduced to its full extent into the casing closing the said open end of the latter, and the body of the package lying with a clearance there,- in; a cover for closing the open end of said casing, said cover having an outlet tube fixed thereon in which a further tube is slidably mounted, and being adapted when closed to produce a joint with the wall of said package around said outlet tube, and said fixed tube presenting at its base a cylindrical recess open to the interior of the cover; a hollow perforating element mounted on the lower end of said slidable tube, said perforating element being adapted to pierce the end of the package when forced against it and having openings providing communication between the interior of said tube and the outer face of the perforating element; resilient means acting to maintain said slidable tube in a raised position in which the perforating element is disposed in the recess at the base of the fixed tube, so that perforation of the package can be effected by pushing in said sliding tube against the action of said resilient means; the perforating element being in the form oi.' a cone whose base is of greater diameter than the sliding'tube on which it is tlxed and is substantially equal to that of the cylindrical recess in the base of the xed tube, so when the perforating element returns under the action of its resilient means after piercing the package it engages the edge ot the opening formed in said package and forces said edge against the rim oi! the cylindrical recess: and means for introducing a supply of iluid under pressure to said casing between the wall thereof and the wall of the package, said means comprising a supply connection to the casing and two relatively rotatable elements ported to form valve members adapted on relative rotation'to open or cut of! the supply as required, one ot said parts forming a handle and the other being connected to a compressed fluid conduit.

11. Apparatus for supplying liquids or viscous and like substances comprising. in combination. a casing having at least one open end; a crushable package in said casing for containing the substance to be supplied, the end of said package when introduced to its full extent into the casing closing the said open end of the latter, and the body of the package lying with a clearance therein; a cover for closing the open end of said cas-v ing, said cover being provided with means providing an outlet from the casing for the contentof the package and being adapted when closed to produce a joint with the wall of said package around the outow means; means for clamping the cover on the casing comprising relatively inclined surfaces on parts of the cover and casing respectively adapted upon relative rotation o! said body or cover to cause these parts to be clamped tightly together or released as required; a perforating element mounted on the cover, adapted to pierce the wall of the package. said perforating element being combined with the outflow means of the casing and providing communication between the interior of said package and said outflow means when the piercing has beeneftected; and means for introducing a supply of uid under pressure to said casing between the wall thereof and the wall of the package, said means comprising a supply connection to the casing and two relatively rotatable elements ported to form valve members adapted on relative rotation to open or cut oft the supply as required, one of said parts forming a handle and the other being connected to a compressed iiuid conduit.

12. Apparatus for supplying liquids or viscous and like substances comprising, in combination, a casing having at least one open end, said casing being intended to receive a crushable package containing the substance to be supplied. which package when introduced to its full extent into the casing will close the open end of the latter and lie therein with a clearance; a cover for closing the open end of said casing, said cover being provided with means providing an outlet from the casing for the content of the package and being adapted when closed to produce a joint with the wall of an inserted package around the outflow means; means for clamping the cover on the casing; a perorating element, mounted on the cover, adapted to pierce the wall oi' an inserted package and thereupon to provide communication between the interior of said package and the outilow means of the casing; and means for connecting said casing to a supply of duid under pressure so that said iluid will enter between the wall of the casing and the package for the purpose of crushing the latter and discharging its contents.

13. Apparatus for supplying liquids or viscous and like substances comprising, in combination. an outer casing intended to receive with.some clearance a crushable package containing the substance to be supplied, means providing an outlet from the casing for substances contained therein; means i'or forming a substantially sealed joint between an inserted package and said casing around said outow means; a perforating element, mounted in said casing, adapted to pierce the wall. of the package and thereupon to provide communication between the interior of said package and the outflow means oi the casing: and means for connecting said casing to a supply of 'iluid under pressure so that said iluid will enter between the wall of the casing and the package for the purpose of crushing the latter and discharging its contents.

EMILE PIQUEREZ.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2545991 *Jun 6, 1945Mar 20, 1951Standard Oil Dev CoSpray head for fluid receptacles
US3080094 *Apr 29, 1958Mar 5, 1963Modern Lab IncCompartmented pressurized container valve assembly and a cutter therefor
US3134505 *Apr 28, 1960May 26, 1964Modern Lab IncPressurized dispensing device
US3157314 *Jan 12, 1961Nov 17, 1964Emanuel NadlerRefillable dispenser with flexible outer casing
US3172568 *Mar 27, 1959Mar 9, 1965Modern Lab IncPressurized dispensing device
US3193146 *Oct 8, 1962Jul 6, 1965R C Can CoDispensing gun
US3214063 *Sep 6, 1963Oct 26, 1965Bespak Industries LtdCombined disc-rupturing and fluid-dispensing means for pressurized fluid container
US3342377 *Apr 7, 1966Sep 19, 1967Hewlett Packard CoDispensing container
US3995772 *Jul 7, 1975Dec 7, 1976Liautaud James PNon-pressurized fluid product dispenser
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/82, 222/95, 222/83
International ClassificationF16N5/00, F16N5/02
Cooperative ClassificationF16N5/02
European ClassificationF16N5/02