US 2140647 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 20, 1938. M. D. MYERS Y l 2,140,647
` UMBRELLA To Bri:A woRN oN HEADl Filed May 27, 1937 Patented Dec. zo, r193s i UNITED .STATES PATENT ori-ICE .2,140,647 .UMBRELLA 'ro BE WORN oN HEAD Lloyd D. Myers, Minneapolialtilnn.
Application May 27, 193i, serial No. 145,016
This invention relates to a device forming a rain and sun shield of the umbrella type, and while the invention may have various applications it particularly is directed to a device adapted to beworn on the head of the wearer.
Many people do not like to carry an umbrella on account of its bulk. It is -a common occurrence for people to be caught in the rain when there is no umbrella available. On many occasions it is desirable to have a rain or sun shield of the umbrella type when it would not be convenient or comfortable to hold an umbrella over the head. Such occasions occur when people are viewing various games or contests in uncov- '15 ered places, and when they are out on the water in small boats which have no covering. It is desirable therefore, to have some small compact device which can be easily and quickly extended and used as a rain and sun shield or as an 20 umbrella.
It is an object of this invention, therefore, t provide a simple and eilicient device which can be folded intovery small space and which can be easily and quickly extended to form a shield 25 or umbrella, andbe conveniently and comfortably worn upon the head.
It is anotherobject of. the invention to provide a device forming a shield cr umbrella adapted to be worn upon the head, the same comprising a collapsible and extensible frame and covering therefor, means for holding the frame ex- .,tended, means for engaging the head of the wearer, and means extending under the chin of the wearer for holding the device in position.
It is a further object of the invention to provide a device forming `a shield or umbrella, the saineY having a plurality of radially vextending ribs secured to a common, member at one end. a coveringvfor said ribs, means for holding said ribs in diverging relation with the upper surface of thecover in convex form, said ribs being foldable upwardly at points substantially midway of their ends so that said device may be folded into 45 a. package having a length substantially equal to one half the lengthof one. of said ribs.
'I'hese and other objects and advantages of the invention will be fully set forth in the following 'description made in connection with the accom- 50 panylng kdrawing inwhich like reference char-` which is received the end of the other portion Fig. v2 is la bottom plan view of the device in extended position;
Fig. `3 is a view infront elevation of the frame of the device in partly folded condition with some other parts; 5
Fig. iV is a view of the device in folded condition;
Fig. 5 isa partial view ofthe device in elevation in partly folded condition;
Fig. 6 is a view in side elevation of one of the rib joints;
Fig. 'l is a top plan view of said rib joint;
Fig. 8 is a top plan view of one of the toggle link joints; and
Fig. 9 is a vertical sectiontaken on line 9-9 of Fig. 8.
Referring to the drawing, a device is shown comprising a frame having a central member I5 having a circular outline and which is illustrated as an annular member or ring of small diameter and made of a small rod or wire. A plurality of ribs I6 are provided, and these have one of their ends apertured and member I passes through said apertures in all of said ribs so that saidy ribs have oneof their ends connected to member I5 in circumferentially spaced relation, and as shown in Figs. 2 and 3, ribs I6 are arranged to extend from member I5 in radial diverging relation. Each rib IB is arranged to fold at a point substantially midway of its ends and for this purpose is provided with a joint comprising a 'pivot Il connecting the divided portions of said rib. One portion Ilia of the rib has a bifurcated end IBb between the portions of lib of the rib pivot I1 extending through both portions and being shown as a headed rivet. `lPortion I6b has an extension IIic thereon which engages one side of portion I6a when the rib is in rectilnear form and limits `further movement of portions I6a and lib. The portions ISa are apertured at their other ends and a cover I8 is provided which will be secured to the ends of the portion Isa and to member I5. Cover I8 will be of some strong yet light and waterproof material, and if desired, may be fastened at other points to the ribs I6. lA pair of toggle links I9 and 20 are `Adisposed between each pair of adjacent ribs I6, the same being connected to portions lsb. Each portion IEb has an equal oblong clip or link 2I secured thereto and the' ends of links I9 and 2l)y are pivotally connected to linkv 2l, by the headed rivets 22. Links `I9 and 20 are-pivotally connected together by pivots23. Link I9 extends some distance beyond pivot 23 and is formed with aprojection a at one side adapted to be received in a snap into a depression I9a in link I9 when the toggle links are straightened. There will be some resiliency in said links so that when they are thus moved to straightened position they will be so held by engagement of portions I9a and 20a. It will be apparent that when all of the togglel links are in straightened positionv that the frame will be in extended position. At this time the upper surface of the ribs and the upper surface of cover I8 will be in convex form as shown in Fig. 1. A fabric member 24 of polygonal form is secured to the ribs I6 and preferably to portions I6b some distance below the toggle links I9 and 20. Member 24 will be of strong net or some strong open work material. A strap 25 has branch portions 25a connected by suitable clips 26 to the ribs I6 and said clips 26 may be secured by some of the rivets I1. Strap 25 is provided with a plurality of holes 25h. A similar strap 21 is likewise secured to the pair of ribs I6 opposite this to which strap 25 is secured. Strap 21 is provided with a buckle 28, which buckle is be moved into close relation swinging about their connection with member I5. The rib portions I6b will then be folded upwardly to lie closely adjacent to portions I6a. .The cover IB will fold in between the ribs as will also the member'24. 'I'he straps 25 and 21 will also be folded inside of said ribs. When so folded the device occupies very small space and will appear substantially as shown in Fig. 4. It can then be carried in a pocket of the wearers clothing if desired. When thc device is to be used the ribs I6 will be folded into rectilinear positions and the toggle links I9 and 20 will be straightened. As above described, toggle links I9 and 20 snap into their straightened position and are resiliently maintained in this position. The device -can then .be placed over the head and member 24 will contact the head of the wearer and support the device. The device can be further rmly held in positionv by engaging the strap 25 with buckle 28 and drawing the same to fairly tight position. The wearer may have member 24 contact his.. head, or if he prefers, said member can engage the top of his hat. This will depend largely of course, on the type of hat being worn. When the device is in the position shown in Fig. 1 it forms a very efficient umbrella. or shield for deflecting the rain, and can also be used as a sun shield.
From the above description it is seen that applicant has provided a very simple andemcient device, and one which may be very conveniently carried in collapsed condition. The ribs I6 and the toggle links I9 and `20 may be made of very light material such as aluminum, so that the device will have very little weight. The device can very quickly be placed in collapsed or extended position and the wearer is assured of always being ready for rain. It is apparent that thev device will have a very high degree of utility for the purpose intended.
It will, of course, be understood that various changes may be made in the form, details, arrangement and proportions of the parts, without departing from the scope of applicantsinvention, which generally'. stated, consists inI a device capable of carrying out the objects above set forth in the parts and combinations of parts disclosed and defined in the appended claims.
What is claimed isz- 1. A rain and sun shield adapted to be worn on the head having in combination, an annular member of small diameter, a plurality of ribs having .their ends secured in circumferentially spaced relation to said member and extending radially therefrom, said ribs being foldable intermediate their ends, a covering secured to the upper side of said ribs, fldable means connecting said ribs and adapted to be moved'into rectilinear form to hold said ribs in diverging` relation with said cover extended, means secured to the underside of said ribs for engaging the head of the wearer to support said device, and means secured to said ribs and extendingv under the chin of the wearer for holding said device in place.
2. An umbrella device adapted to be worn on 'the head having in combination, a member of substantially circular form and of small diameter, a plurality of ribs having their ends pivoted in circumferentially spaced relation to said member and diverging therefrom radially, said ribs being foldable upwardly at points substantially midway of their ends, a vcover secured to the upper side of said ribs having its upper side convex when said ribs are extended, toggle links between adjacent ribs and secured thereto adapted to be straightened to hold saidribs in extended position, a member of open work fabric material secured to the underside of said ribs adapted to engage the head of the wearer to vsupport said device and adjustable means secured to said ribs and extending under the chin of the wearer for holding said device in place.
3. The structure set forth in claim 2, said last mentioned means comprising straps having diverging portions secured to said ribs and adapted to be connected under the chin of the wearer.
4. A rain and sun shield device having in combination, a collapsible and extensible frame comprising ribs arranged in circumferentially spaced` and diverging relation, a cover extending over said ribs, toggle links extending between and connected to adjacent ribs adapted to be straightened to hold said frame in extended position and collapsible with said frame, and means carried by said ribs for engaging the head of the wearer for supporting said device.
5. The structure set forth in claim 4, and straps` connected at their ends, a cover extending over said ribs, rigid members connected respectively at their ends to said ribs and swingingly connected at their inner ends and adapted to be moved to straightened position to hold said frame in extended position and collapsible with said frame, means engaging the head of the wearer for supporting the device thereon and means for holding said device upon the head of the wearer.
LLOYD D. 'MYERS