Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2140679 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 20, 1938
Filing dateApr 19, 1938
Priority dateApr 19, 1938
Publication numberUS 2140679 A, US 2140679A, US-A-2140679, US2140679 A, US2140679A
InventorsMckeever Roy S
Original AssigneeSmith Separator Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Chemical flow controller
US 2140679 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 20,'1938. R. S. MCKEEVER 2,140,679

CHEMICAL FLOW CONTROLLER Filed April 19, 1938 H '8 '20 3mm JZISfMYfiPeF/er,

P WW

Patented Dec. 20, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CHEMICAL FLOW CONTROLLER Application April 19,

3 Claims.

This invention relates to a chemical flow controller, and more particularly to means for controlling the flow of a chemical treating agent to an oil and gas separator, oil measuring trap or any other means where a chemical liquid is to be mixed with the oil for treating purposes or the like.

One of the objects of the invention is to furnish an improved chemical flow controller adapted to intermittently feed a chemical treating agent to oil or the like, and capable of actuation by intermittently applied gas pressure.

With the foregoing object outlined and with other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention consists in the novel features hereinafter described in detail, illustrated in the accompanying drawing, and more particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

In the drawing,

Fig. l is a diametrical vertical sectional view of my improved chemical flow controller.

Fig. 2 is a horizontal sectional view of the same, taken on the line 2-2 of Fig; 1.

Referring to the drawing, 1 designates a gas- 25 tight tank preferably formed of metal and adapted to contain a pool 2 of the chemical liquid to be fed by the apparatus. 3 designates a plugged inlet through which the chemical may be introduced into the apparatus. 4 designates a tubular 30 nipple through which gas under pressure is introduced into and discharged from the container. The parts 3 and 4 are preferably secured to the top 5 which is provided with a relatively large threaded opening for the attachment of a cap 5a. supporting a rod guide 6. A centrally disposed rod packing means 1 depends from the cap immediately below the guide.

The bottom 8 of the tank is provided with a centrally disposed opening to receive a circular flange 8a arranged at the lower end of a cylinder 9 which is supported by the bottom and extends upwardly within the tank. A plate 8b which closes the bottom of the cylinder is secured in place by any suitable means such as screws 8c which pass through the plate and bottom 8 into the lower end of the cylinder.

A plunger or compound piston I0 is arranged to reciprocate in the cylinder, and is connected to the lower threaded end of a guide rod H which passes through the part 1 into the guide 6.

A coil spring l2 which yieldingly holds the piston in its uppermost position, is seated on a shoulder 9a within the cylinder and bears at its upper end against a disk l3 that is adjustable on 1938, Serial No. 202,946

the threaded portion of the rod II for the purpose of adjusting the force of the spring.

The piston has an enlarged head l4 and a reduced foot l5, the former travelling in a relatively large barrel below the shoulder 9a, and the latter a travelling in a relatively small barrel ll positioned at the lower end portion of the cylinder.

The upper end portion of the cylinder is provided with a longitudinal slot 91) to prevent gas from being trapped in the cylinder and interfering with the operation of the plunger, and to also allow gas pressure to act on the piston head I 4.

A passageway I8 extends through the lower end portion of the cylinder and the plate 82) for conveying the chemical from the tank into the chamber I1, and the passageway is closed by a check valve [9 mounted on the plate 82). The chemical is discharged from the chamber I! through a passageway 20 which extends through the plate 8b and is connected to an outlet pipe 20b provided with a check valve 2| which allows the liquid to flow outwardly, but prevents liquid from flowing inwardly.

In operation, I prefer to use the apparatus in combination with the liquid transferring means shown in my application Serial No. 187,278, filed January 27, 1938. In that application, I have disclosed an oil and gas separator provided with a measuring chamber, and valves controlled by gas under pressure which in turn is controlled by a float in the measuring chamber. Such float can also be used to control the admission of the pressure gas into the nipple 4 of the present apparatus, so that a charge of chemical will be fed from the tank I at each cycle of the float. The chemical thus discharged through the pipe 20b can be fed into the oil and gas separator, the measuring chamber, or to any other desired place.

In operation, assuming the parts to be in the positions shown in Fig. 1, the chemical can flow by gravity through the passageway 18 into the chamber l1, while the pressure gas is cut off from the tank I. Then, when the pressure gas is admitted through the nipple l, it will act upon the upper end portion ll of the plunger to force the latter downwardly and discharge the chemical from the chamber I! through the port or passageway 20. Of course, as the piston moves downwardly, the disk l3 will compress the spring [2, and therefore, when the gas pressure is cut off from the tank, the spring will act not only to restore the piston to its uppermost position, but

to assist in filling the chamber [1 with a second charge of chemical.

While I have disclosed what I now consider to be a preferred embodiment of the invention in such manner that the same may be readily understood by those skilled in the art, I am aware that changes may be made in the details disclosed without departing from the spirit of the invention, as expressed in the claims.

What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a gas-tight tank, an upstanding cylinder positioned in the tank and secured to the bottom of the latter, means closing the lower end of the cylinder, said cylinder having a chamber at its lower end portion, a passageway placing the interior of the tank in communication with the bottom of said chamber, a check valve in said passageway for controlling the flow of liquid from the interior of the tank into the chamber, a passageway for discharging a liquid from the lower end of the chamber and provided with a check valve, a compound piston arranged to reciprocate in the cylinder and having an enlarged upper end portion, the lower end portion of the piston forming the top of said chamber, a guide rod for the piston, a spring in the cylinder surrounding the guide rod and adapted to yieldingly hold the piston in an uppermost position, a member mounted on the guide rod and bearing upon the upper end of the spring, the upper end portion of the cylinder being provided with means to permit gas under pressure introduced into the tank to act upon the enlarged upper end of the piston, and means for introducing gas under pressure into the upper end portion of the tank.

2. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a gas-tight tank having means at the upper end portion thereof for introducing gas under pressure into the tank, an upstanding cylinder secured to the bottom of the tank and arranged within the latter, said cylinder and tank forming an annular space to hold chemical liquid, means closing the lower end of the cylinder and provided with valve controlled passageways for admitting liquid from the tank into the lower end portion of the cylinder and for discharging liquid from the lower end portion of the cylinder, a compound piston arranged to reciprocate in the cylinder and having an enlarged upper end portion and a reduced lower end portion, the latter reciprocating in the lower end portion of the cylinder, a shoulder in thecylinder above the piston, a spring in the cylinder resting on the shoulder, a guide rod having its lower end portion secured to the piston and its upper end portion guided at the top portion of the tank, and a member adjustable lengthwise of the guide rod and bearing upon the upper end of the spring, and means at the upper end portion of the cylinder to permit gas under pressure introduced into the tank to exert pressure on the enlarged upper end portion of the piston.

3. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a gas-tight tank, an upstanding cylinder positioned in the tank and rigidly supported thereby, means closing the lower end of the cylinder, said cylinder having a chamber at its lower end portion, a passageway placing the interior of the tank in communication with the lower end of said chamber, a check valve in said passageway for controlling the flow of liquid from the interior of the tank to the chamber, a passageway for discharging liquid from the lower end portion of the chamber and provided with a check valve, a compound piston arranged to reciprocate in the cylinder and having an enlarged upper end portion, the lower end portion of the piston forming the top of said chamber, a guide rod for the piston, a spring surrounding the guide rod and adapted to yieldingly hold the piston in its uppermost position, a member mounted on the guide rod and bearing upon the upper end of the spring, the upper end portion of the cylinder being provided with means to permit gas under pressure introduced into the tank to act upon the enlarged upper end of the piston, and means for introducing gas under pressure into the upper end portion of the tank.

ROY S. MCKEEVER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2547423 *Feb 10, 1945Apr 3, 1951Westinghouse Electric CorpDispensing apparatus for carbonated beverages
US2822002 *May 25, 1954Feb 4, 1958Frank E WolcottDispenser for flowable materials
US3343722 *Jul 14, 1965Sep 26, 1967Santos Ernest WAutomatic injecting device
US3598287 *Aug 1, 1969Aug 10, 1971Man Heiko T DeLiquid dispenser with level control
US4242058 *Mar 23, 1979Dec 30, 1980A/S N. Foss ElectricDosage pump
US4793524 *Apr 30, 1981Dec 27, 1988American Monitor CorporationIntegrated reagent container and metered dispenser means
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/334, 222/341, 222/385
International ClassificationG05D11/00
Cooperative ClassificationG05D11/006
European ClassificationG05D11/00E