US 2142817 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 3, 1939. MGUDIS 2,142,817
' BINDING FOR BOOKS Filed May 2, 1935 2 Sheets-Sheet l Fm. J
IN-VENTOR. MAX GUDIS mam ATTORNEYS.
Jan. 3, 1939. M Gums 2,142,817
I BINDING FOR BOOKS Filed May 2, 1935 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.
MAX GUDIS fi'Cazoa/z, 6M 1) A TO NEY6.
Patented Jan. 3, 1939 UNIT ETD? ST ATE S PAT ENT OFFICE BINDING FOR BOOKS Application May 2, 1935, Serial-No. 19,381
This invention relates to bindings for books and has for its object the production of a new and improved device for this purpose and a new and improved method for making the same.
It is an object of this invention to produce a continuous wire binder which will not cause the leaves bound thereby to be offset when the book is opened.
It is another of the objects of this invention to produce a continuous wire binder in which the number of binding loops is wholly within the choice of the user, in which it will be practical to use less binding loops than in spiral binders, andin which'the number of binding loops will not have any effect upon the relative positions of the-leaves when the leaves are in the open position.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a continuous wire'binder which may be inserted into the pocket of the user with comparative ease and with less'inconvenience than that occasioned in the use of spiral binders, which may be attached'toa backing plate with comparative ease, and which will permanently bind together the leaves-to which it is attached.
It is another object of this invention to provide a new and improved book and binding and a novel method of making the same.
I attain each of the foregoing as well as other objects by substituting for the spiral binders now in use-a wire binder consisting of a plurality of concentric parallel loops with each adjoining pair of loops being connected together by a rod which lies in a plane substantially at right angles to the plane of the loops and by forming the same by first inserting a spiral wire having the number of turns desired in the binder to be formed through preformed apertures in the group of leaves which are to be bound, then twisting a portion of'each of the turns of the helix to a position transverse to the axis of the helix to form a loop While twisting the remaining portion of each of said turns to a position parallel to the axis of the helix, said remaining portions being as long 45 as the linear pitch of the spiral and in alignment at oneside of-the completed unit.
In the drawings which form a part hereof Figure 1 is a front view showing the first two steps in the making of my novel book and binder and the ensemble as it appears at the end of each of the said steps. The full lines show the wire as it appears when first attached to the leaves and the dot and dash lines show the binder as it appears when completed.
Figure 2 is a front view showing the completed book and binder with the leaves in the closed position. The upper half of certain of the loops have been broken-away for the purpose of more clearly illustrating my novel structure.
Figure 3 is a front viewsh'owing the completed book and binder with the leaves in the open position.
Figure 4 is an end view of the disclosure in Figure 1 with the major portion of the leaves beyond the loops broken away for the purpose of conserving space; Bot and dash lines show the leaves as they appear when thebook is closed and full lines show the same as they appear when the book is open.
Figure 5 is a fragmentary view of the binder per se in the processof construction. The full lines show thewire as it appears at the first step in the formation-of my novel binder and the dot and dash lines show the same as it appears when completed.
Figure 6 is an end view of the disclosure of Figure 5;
Figure '7 is an enlargedperspective view of my novel wire binder dissociated from the leaves. Portions of the binder intermediate its ends have been broken away for the purposeof conserving space. Certain other portions have been broken away for the purpose of clearness.
v Figure 8 is aperspective view-of a plate used in combination with my binder either to form a backer for the same or toattach the binder to a cover of the type shown in Figure 11. Portions of the plate intermediate its ends have been broken away for the purpose ofconserving space.
Figure 9 is aside viewshowing a plate of the type shown in. Figure 8 attached to my novel binder. Portionsv of the plate intermediate its ends: have been broken away for the purpose of clearness.
Figure 10 isa front view showing the plate and binder shown in Figure Q-attached' to leaves with the leaves in the. closed position. Portions of the plate have been broken away for the purpose of clearness and that portion of the leaves extending beyondthe loops has been broken away for 5 the purpose of conserving space.
Figure 11 is an end view showing the ensemble of Figure 10 attached to a cover.
Referring more particularly to the drawings wherein similar reference numerals denote similar parts my novel book I consists of the covers 2, the leaves 3 and binder 4.
The binder 4 consists of a plurality of concentric substantially parallel loops 5 each of which terminates in a straight portion 6 which is at right angles to the plane of the loops. This structure results in a slight opening 1 in each of the loops. The free end of the wire in each of the terminal loops is anchored as shown at 8.
As is evident from Figures 2, 4, 7, 9 and the rods in serve to form a continuous ridge along the rear of the loops thereby reducing to a minimum the tendency of the loops to catch on to the edge of the pocket of the user when the book is either inserted into or withdrawn from the pocket of theuser.
I form my new binding in the following manner:
I first form a spiral wire shown by the full lines in Figures 1, 5 and 6 the number of loops of which are equal to the number of loops desired in the binding and the perimeter of the individual helices of which is such that it will form loops 5 of the diameter ultimately desired and straight portions 6 of the length ultimately desired as shown by the dot and dash lines in Figures 1, 5 and 6. The spiral wire is now screwed through the preformed holes II in the cover and leaves which are to form the book. The operator then takes each turn of the helix at a suitable point as at In in Figure 5 and twists the same in the direction of the arrows shown in Figure 5 causing the structure to change from a spiral as shown by the full lines in Figures 1, 5 and 6 to that shown by the dot and dash lines in said figures and in Figures 2, 3, 4 and 7. This twisting may be done by hand but I prefer to do it by means of a tool consisting of a strip terminating in oppositely disposed teeth which fit over the wire turns at the proper point. I position my tool aforesaid upon the helix and move the tool relatively to the wire spiral thereby causing the change aforesaid. The terminal ends 8 of the terminal loops 5 are then bent and anchored as shown at 9 in Figures 2 and 7, the operator snipping off any excess length of wire.
It is obvious from an examination of the drawings that the leaves connected together with my novel binding will not be oifset when the book of which they form a part is opened and that the binding cannot be detached from the leaves without completely destroying either binding or tearing the leaves.
Where it is desired to attach a simple backer to my noved binder 01' where it is desired to anchor my novel binder and leaves which it carries in a continuous back cover I first form a strip 12 such .as shown in Figure 8 and position the same upon the binder and leaves which it carries as shown in Figures 9 and 10.
Where it is desired to attach the ensemble to a continuous back cover of the type shown in Figure 11 I first form a strip l2 such as shown in Figure 8 and position the same on the binder portion 4 of the ensemble in the manner shown in Figures 9 and 10. Then I slide the strip l2 and the elements which it carries into the channeled plate I? which is anchored to the back portion [6 of the continuous cover I 5 and turn or crimp the ends of the channeled plate to lock the plate I2 in place.
Where it is desired to attach the ensemble of the binder and leaves to a backing plate I first form the structure shown in Figures 9 and 10 and then position it within a channeled plate I! which is not attached to a cover. The channeled plate and strip serve as a simple and neat backer.
The above disclosure is to be understood as being by the way of illustration and not by the way of limitation since many changes may be made in the disclosure herein shown without departing from the spirit of my invention. It is for this reason that it is my desire that the claims which I have hereunto appended for the purpose of defining my invention should be limited only by the prior art.
Having described my invention what I claim as new and. useful is:
A book consisting of a plurality of leaves; a continuous wire binding for said leaves consisting of a plurality of substantially parallel loops each terminating in a straight portion which is in a plane substantially at right angles to the plane of the said loop; a backer carried by said binding and consisting of a strip having a plurality of loop receiving slots formed therein, the said slots also serving to define and form tongues on said backer which contact with the said straight portions; and a channeled sheathing plate carried by said backer.
2. Abook consisting of a plurality of leaves, a continuous wire binding for said leaves consisting of a plurality of substantially parallel loops each terminating in a straight portion which is in a plane substantially at right angles to the plane of the said loop, a backer carried by said binding and consisting of a strip having a plurality of loop receiving slots formed therein, the said slots also serving to define and form tongues on said backer which contactwith the said straight portions, a channeled sheathing plate carried by said backer and a cover for said book carried by said sheathing plate.
3. An elongated binding element comprising a series of transversely disposed ring members and longitudinally disposed and aligned elements connecting adjacent members and means for holding said elements in alignment, said means comprising a channeled member and a member sliding into the same and, when so slid into the channeled member, being spaced from the same suificiently to accommodate said aligned elements therebetween.
4. For use with an elongated binding element comprising a series of transversely disposed ring members and longitudinally disposed and aligned elements connecting adjacent members: means for holding said elements in alignment, said means comprising a pair of separably interfitting members spaced from each other so as to receive said elements between them, one of said members being of channeled conformation, and the other of said members being adapted to slide into the channel of the first-mentioned member, and being provided with openings for the reception of portions of said ring members.