|Publication number||US2144157 A|
|Publication date||Jan 17, 1939|
|Filing date||Aug 14, 1935|
|Priority date||Aug 14, 1935|
|Publication number||US 2144157 A, US 2144157A, US-A-2144157, US2144157 A, US2144157A|
|Inventors||Jorgenson John P|
|Original Assignee||Ayrmor Laundry Machinery Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (18)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 17, 1939. J. P JORGENSON 2,144,157
DRY ,CLEANING APPARATUS Fiied Aug. 14. 1955 s Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. '7 (r4 H Mm ATTORNEY.
Jan. 17, 1939. J. JORGENSON 2,144,157
DRY CLEANING APPARATUS Filed Aug. 14, 1955 :s She ets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. BY-
Jan. 17, 1939. r J. P. JORGENSON 2,144,157
DRY CLEANING APPARATUS Filed Aug. 14, 1935 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 OO O O o O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O 0 O 0 00600000000 00 00000000 00 000000 000 O0 00006000006000J O 00000000000000OOOOOOOOGOOO OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOD000000006 000G000!)OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 000000000 LOOOOOOOOO INVENTOR.
Patented Jan. 17, 1939 UNITED STATES DRY G APPARATUS John P. Jorgenson, Racine, Wis., assignor to Ayrmor Laundry Machinery Co., Chicago, 111., a corporation of Illinois Application August 14, 1935, Serial No. 36,068
This invention relates to improvements in dry cleaning apparatus.
In the dry cleaning industry,'there are two principal cleaning fluids employed-naphtha and carbon tetrachloride. While naphtha throws off no toxic fumes, it is, nevertheless, objectionable because of its explosive and highly combustible characteristics. Carbon tetrachloride is a fireproof fluid, is more efficient in cleaning than naphtha, dries more rapidly, and leaves no odor on the garments. The principal drawback to the wide-spread use of carbon tetrachloride, however,
has been the fact that during use it emits fumes which are obnoxious to the workmen and which a frequently cause illness. It is usual practice in the dry cleaning industry to employ three independent units-a washer, an extractor,- and a tumbler, and the garments are transferred at the proper time from the washer to the extractor, and from the latter to the tumbler. During each transfer the garments are necessarily exposed to the room so that the latter soon becomes permeated withthe toxic fumes of the carbon tetra= chloride. This is objectionable not only from. a 25 health standpoint, but also from the standpoint I of economy, as the loss of fumes results in appreciable loss of expensive cleaning fluid.
There have been attempts to prevent the escape of fumes into the room by use of a single cylinder which serves the treble purpose of a washer, an
extractor and a tumblenthereby eliminating the necessity of transferring the garments from one unit to another. This method, however, seriously affects the capacity and speed of the work, as 35 when a washing cylinder, mounted on a horizontal axis, is used as an extractor; its speed is limited whereas extractors are usually of special construction for high speed operation on a vertical axis. Where the extracting is done at slow speed 40 heat mustbe employed to hasten drying and to reclaim cleaning fluid, and heat is objectionable as it causes fading of colors, shrinkage, sets stains, injures furs and celanese products, slightly discolors white flannel materials, and generally 4,; deteriorates fabrics. Where a separate high speed extractor is employed, no heat is necessary and the above objections are obviated.
It is therefore one ofthe objects of the present invention to provide an improved .dry cleaning '50 apparatus capable of utilizing carbon tetrachloride wherein'a separate washer, extractor and tumbler are employed to effect maximum capacity andlligh Speed operation, and wherein said elements are" so constructed and arranged in a 55 unitary-assemblage as topermit'transfer of gar- I ments from one cleaning element to another, without subjecting the workers to toxic fumes, and without appreciable loss of cleaning fluid.
A more specific object of the invention is to provide a device as above described, having an enclosed transfer chamber communicating with the washer, extractor and tumbler, and accessible from the exterior; and suction means operable within said chamber to prevent escapeof fumes into the room during transfer. 1 w
A further specific object of the invention is to provide dry cleaning apparatus having washer and tumbler cylinders mounted on horizontal shafts and having an extractor interposed between said cylinders and mounted on a vertical shaft, there being a transfer chamber above the extractor, the bottom of which communicates with .the extractor, one end of which communicates with the washer, and the other end of which communicates. with the tumbler, the washer and tumbler cylinders being specially constructed to permit end loading from the common transfer chamber.
A further object of the invention is to provide an efilcient, still arrangement cooperating with the cleaning apparatus to permit reclaiming and re-use of the cleaning fluid.
A further object of the invention is to provide dry cleaning apparatus wherein a Pullman type washer is employed which can be loaded from an end and which has a bisecting partition so arranged as to facilitate the removal of garments from the cylinder.
Other objects of the invention are to provide dry cleaning apparatus which has a novel form of tumbler capable of being loaded from an end and unloaded from the front; which as an extractor shaft capable of being readily removed for repair purposes; and which is relatively simple and'inexpensive in construction, strong anddur- 40 able, and well adapted for the purpose described.
With the above and other objects in view, the invention consists of the improved dry cleaning apparatus and all itsparts and combinations as set fortlin the claims andall equivalents thereof. In the accompanying drawings illustrating one complete embodiment of the preferreclform of the invention in'which the .same reference numerals designate the same parts in all of the views, I
Fig. l is a perspective view of the improved dry cleaning apparatus;
Fig. 2 is a front elevational view thereof, housing parts being broken away to show interior mechanism;
Fig. 3 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 3-3 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on line 4-4 of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the washer cylinder alone, parts of the doors being broken away;
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of. the tumbler cylinder alone, parts of the doors being broken away I Fig. 'l is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 1|. of Fig. 2, parts being broken away; and
Fig. 8 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 8-8 of Fig. 2.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, suitable frame-work III at one end of the device supports, an elevated tumbler housing ll. At the other end of the device, similar frame work i2 supports a washer housing, l3. Horizontally disposed frame-work l4 extending. between the frame-work i and [2 supports an extractor housing l5, and the upper wall 16 of the ex-- tractor housing is dished as shown in Fig. 7 and provided with an approximately central opening l'l adapted to be closed by hinged door l8 which swings rearwardly. Above the extractor is housing IQ for a transfer chamber. Said housing has its lower edges in sealed connection with the upper portion of the extractor housing, has one side portion in, sealed connection with the side of the washer housing l3, and has the other side in sealed connection with the side of the tumbler housing 'i l. The front of the transfer housing is formed with an opening 20 (see 8. 1).
A washing cylinder 2| is formed of end members 22, 23 which are mounted in spaced relation on a shaft 24. The periphery of the cylinder is formed of apertured metal 25 which may be of sectional construction as shown. The interior of the cylinder is divided into two parts by means of a bisecting apertured partition 26,
and each side of the partition has 'a projecting rib 21 mounted thereon. .The end wall 23 is formed with two openings 28, 29, one of which 28 of the washer.
communicates with a chamber on one side of the partition 26 and the other of which communicates with a chamber on the other side of said partition; said openings are normally closed by hinged doors 30 and 3|, respectively.
The washing cylinder shaft 24 has its ends journaled in the bearings 32, 33- so that the cylinder is supported for rotation within the washer housing II (see Fig. 4).
Below the washer housing i3 is a horizontal platform 54 on which is mounted an electric motor 35 which, through suitable gearing, drives a shaft 36 carrying a sprocket wheel 31; A sprocket chain 38 connects the sprocket 31 with another sprocket wheel 58 rigidly mounted on the washer shaft 24.
The inner end of the washer housing l3 is formed'with an opening 40 (see Fig. 3)' which is adapted to register with one of the openings 28,
The opening 40 also communicates with the transfer chamber so as to permit access from said chamber to one or the other of the compartments of the washer. The hinged door 4i is adapted to close the opening 40.
A tumbler cylinder 42 (see Fig. 6) is generally of similar construction to the washer, but does .to permitremoval of garments from the front of the dry cleaning apparatus. The inner end wall of the'housing II is formed with an opening 55 identical to the opening 40 of the washer housing which opening is normally closed by the door 55 (see Fig. 7). This permits loading of the tumbler from the transfer housing and unloading of the tumbler through the door 54 to the exterior.
Below the extractor housing I is a bearing 51 within which the lower end of an extractor shaft 58 is journaled. The bearing 51 is constructed in any conventional manner with cushions 59 to provide for cushioned side play during rotation of the extractor. Above the bearing 51 an inverted cup-shaped pulley 60 is rigidly mounted on the shaft 58 and said pulley is connected by V-belts 60' with a pulley 60" rigidly mounted on the drive shaft of a motor 6|, the latter being supported on the platform 34 below the washer.
The upper end of the shaft 58 extends through an opening 62 in the bottom of the extractor housing i 5 and through bottom plates 63 and 53' of the extractor cylinder 54. The extreme upper end of the shaft is keyed to a cap member 65 and said cap member is removably secured by bolts 56 to the plate 63. A flexible shield 61 surrounding the shaft 58 is secured to the edges of the opening 6| and to a ring 68 which loosely surrounds the shaft. This prevents escape of fumes through the opening Bl while permitting the cushioned side wobble of the extractor during rotation. The side walls of the extractor are apertured as at 69 and the upper end is provided with a large inlet opening in registration with the opening I I of the housing. Thus by opening the door I8, garments within the transfer housing can be pushed directly into the extractor cylinder.
It sometimes becomes necessary to remove the extractor shaft 58 in order to replace the rubbers 59 in the bearing 51 or to tighten the spindle.
Inasmuch as it is undesirable to have to knock down the machine in order to perform this replacement or adjustment, the present invention makes it possible to remove. the extractor shaft by merely loosening the bolts 66 whereby the cap 65 and spindle 58 can be lifted upwardly through the opening 10 of the extractor cylinder.
The tumbler cylinder is drivenby an electric motor il-from which power is transmitted to the tumbler shaft by means of sprocket wheels and a sprocket chain in the same manner as the washer is driven by the motor 35 and which is fully illustrated in Fig. 4.
An important feature of the invention resides in the mechanism for preventing escape of fumes from the door 20 during transfer of garments from one cleaning unit to another. Referring more particularly to Figs. 2 and 7, it wfll be seen that in front of the extractor housing is a suction header I2 communicating with an openingwhich opening extends along the lower edge of the transfer housing opening 20. From the bend over to the rear of the apparatus and connect with a larger conduit 16. The latter extends upwardly behind the tumbler and communicates with an opening 11 in the rear of the tumbler housing. A suction fan 18 of any'conventional design driven by an electric motor 18 is mounted below the tumbler housing and said suction fan communicates'through a duct 88 with an opening 8| in the bottom of the tumbler housing. An outlet duct 8| from the suction fan may extend to any convenient point of discharge. When the suction fan is operating. it will be seen that a curtain of suction is created in front of the opening 28 so that any fumes having a tendency to travel out of said opening will immediately be pulled downwardly into the suction header and into the pipes 14, 15 and thence into the tumbler housing. This suction travel is indicated by arrows in Fig. 2 through the apertures in the tumbler cylinder to complete the removal of, the cleaning fluid from the garments, and the fumes are ultimately discharged from the outlet 8|.
Communicating with an opening in the bottom of the washer housing |8 is a button trap 82 having a removable lower plate 83. A liquid conduit 84 extends from the button trap to a sump tank 85 and is adapted to drain used liquid from the washer housing to 'the sump tank, there being a suitable valve in the conduit 84.
Thus, any buttons or heavy foreign matter is deposited on the bottom plate of the button trap while the dirty cleaning fluld,is discharged into the sump tank. Another conduit 88 leads from the bottom of the extractor housing to the sump tank and is adapted to drain any liquid removed from the garments by the extracting process into the sump tank. In the sump tank, the used fluid travels through suitable screens or similar filtering devices to remove additional foreign matter,
; and then passes out of the sump tank through a mitted through an inlet pipe line 81 into a still 88. The still has the usual steam coil therein to which steam is ajd-" pipe 88 and discharged from an outlet pipe to heat the fluid to such a point that it changes into vapor, leaving all dirt not removed by the sump tank behind.- The vapors then pass upwardly through a conduit 88 into a'chambe'r 8| of a condenser 82. The condenser is formed with spaced partitions 83, 83' and in the space between said partitions, .cold water lsadmitte through a pipe 84, said water having an outlet through a pipe 84'. The vapors entering the chamber 8| pass through pipes 85 to a chamber 88 at the other end of thecondenser. Inasmuch as said pipes 85 are surrounded by cold water, the vapors are condensed so that the clean fluid passes out of the chamber 88 through pipe line 81 into a clean fluid tank 88. 1 In order to main-. tain the fluid in the clean fluid tank at a proper temperature so that it will not vaporize too rapidly after it enters the washer, a cooling coil 88 is employed in the bottom of the clean A vent pipe I83 is connected by a branch I84 with the washer housing and has itslower end, connected to. the sumptank and its upper end connected to the clean fluid tank. This provides 88'. The steam is adapted .of the extractor 84 by centrifugal force.
means for relieving the pressure in any one of the units without losing valuable vapors, as any vapors passing out of the washer through pipe I84 will be recaptured in the clean fluid tank. The same is true of any vapors escaping from the sump tank through excess pressure therein.
Inasmuch as the still is connected to the con-- denser through the pipe 88 and the condenser to the clean fluid tank by the pipe 81, it may be seen that there is a complete circuit of connections whereby excess pressure in any one unit can be relieved through a duct leading to another unit.
In use of the device, the washer housing is first filled with clean fluid to the desired level; next,
the attendant will push the garments to be cleaned in the front opening 28 of the transfer housing. He will then cause one of the openings 28 or 28 of the washer to be in registration with the washer housing opening 48 as shown in Fig. 3 and with the doors 4| and 38 opened, the garments can be pushed into one side of the washer.
a suflicient length of time, 'the doors 4| and 88' are again opened and'the clothes are removed from one section of the washer into the changeover housing. Due to the fact that the partition 26 is employed in the washer cylinder, the 35 attendant will not have to reach .way down into the bottom of the cylinder, but can quickly remove all of the garments. By closing the doors' and rotating the washer half a revolution, the garments in the other section can be removed.
In view of the fact that the suction fan is operating, there is a curtain of suction in front of the opening 28 of the change-over housing,
.so that no fumes from the garments within said housing are permitted to escape into the room.
By opening the door ,-|8 in the bottom of the change-over housing,;the garments can be easily pushed into the extractor. rotated at high speed with a wobbling action against the cushions 58 in the bearing 51. This causes cleaning fluid remaining in the garments to be thrown out through the perforated wall The removed liquid will thendrain out of the pipe 88 leading from the bottom of the extractor housing into the sumptank. While the extracting process is going on, a new'set of garments can of course be inserted into the washer.
After the garments have been subjected to the extracting action for a suiflcient length of time, the door I8 is again opened and the garments are removed from the extractor cylinder and- This latter unit is pushed laterally through. the opening to the tumbler which is-normally closed by the door 58. In the tumbler cylinder, the garments are rotated while subjected to the suction currents passing through the perforated wall 45 of the tumbler, these currents serving to remove all remaining fumes from the garments. The clothes are .ultimately removed from the tumbler by causing the peripheral door 46 of the latter to register. with the outer door 54 and by opening said'doors. At this stage, of course, all fumes are removed from'the garments so there is no danger in exposing the clothes to the air in the room.
It will thus be seen that a compact apparatus is provided wherein a separate washer, extractor, and tumbler are utilized to effect maximum capacity and high speed operation. It will further be seen that a common transfer housing is provided which communicates in a convenient way with all three elements of the cleaning apparatus, and that a novel suction arrangement is utilized which permits the attendant to move the clothes from one unit to another without danger of fumes escaping into the room. It will further be seen that the tumbler and washer cylinders and housings are so formed as to permit end loading of said units and unloading of the washer through a common transfer housing, and that the extractor is so positioned that it can be loaded and unloaded from the same housing; In addition, it will be seen that a very efllcient still arrangement is provided whereby excess pressure in any one of the units can be relieved without loss of valuable vapors and that the clear fluid tank is constructed in a novel manner to include a cooling coil so as to maintain the clean fluid at the most efdcient working temperature.
Although only one form of the invention has been shown and described, it is obvious that various changes may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention, and all of such changes are contemplated as may come within the scope of the claims.
What I claim is: 1 1. In a dry cleaning apparatus, a supportin frame, a washer cylinder rotatably mounted at one end of the frame, a tumbler cylinder rotatably mounted at the other end of the frame, an extractor cylinder rotatably mounted between said washer and tumbler cylinders, a common preventing escape of cleaning fluid fumes from the housing opening while garments are being transferred.
2. In a dry cleaning apparatus, a supporting frame, a washer cylinder rotatably mounted at one end of the frame, a tumbler cylinder rotatably mounted at the other end of the frame, .an extractor cylinder rotatably mounted between said washer and tumbler cylinders, a common transfer housing positioned above the extractor cylinder and having one end positioned for communication with the washer cylinder, its opposite end positioned for communication with the tumbler cylinder and its bottom positioned for communication with the extractor cylinder, said transfer housing having an exterior opening positioned to provide for manual transfer of garments from one cylinder to another under cover of the housing, there being a suction opening extending along an edge of said transfer housing opening, a suction fan, and 'a connection between said suction opening and suction fan to provide suction directly adjacent the transfer housing opening so that fumes from the garments cannot escape into the room.
3. In a dry cleaning apparatus, a supporting frame, a washer cylinder mounted for rotation on a horizontal axis at one end of the frame,
I a tumbler cylinder mounted for rotation on a horizontal axis at the other end of the frame, an extractor cylinder mounted for rotation on a vertical axis between said washer and tumbler cylinders, a housing for each of said cylinders, a common transfer housing positioned above the extractor cylinder housing and having one end positioned for communication with the washer cylinder housing, its other end positioned for communication with the tumbler cylinder housing, and its bottom positioned for communication with the extractor cylinder housing, said transfer housing having an exterior opening positioned to provide for manual transfer of garments from one cylinder to another, there being a suction opening extending along the lower edge of said transfer housing opening, means connecting said suction opening to the tumbler cylinder housing, a suction fan, and means connecting said suc-. tion fan to the tumbler cylinder housing whereby operation of the suction fan will create suction in front of the transfer housing opening to prevent escape of fumes into the room and will create suction through the tumbler cylinder housing to extract remaining fumes from the garments.
4. In a dry cleaning apparatus, a supporting frame, a washer cylinder mounted for rotation on a horizontal axis at one end of the frame, a tumbler cylinder mounted for rotation on a horizontal axis at the other end of the frame, an extractor cylinder mounted for rotation on a vertical axis between said washer and tumbler cylinders, a housing for each of said cylinders, a common transfer housing positioned above the extractor cylinder housing and having one end positioned for communication with an end of the washer cylinder housing, its other end positioned for communication with an end of the tumbler cylinder housing and its bottom positioned for communication with the top of the extractor cylinder housing, said transfer housing having an exterior opening positioned to provide for manual transfer of garments from one cylinder to another, there being a suction opening extending along the lower edge of said transfer housing opening, means connecting said suction opening to the tumbler cylinder housing, a suction fan, and means connecting said suction fan to the tumbler cylinder housing whereby operation of the suction fan will create suction in front of the transfer housing opening to prevent escape of fumes into the room and will create suction through the tumbler cylinder housing to extract remaining fumes from the garments.
5. In a dry cleaning apparatus, a plurality of dry cleaning units, a common transfer housing communicating with said plurality of units, said housing having an exterior opening positioned to provide for manual transfer of garments from one unit to another under cover of the housing, there being a suction opening extending along an edge of said exterior opening, a suction fan, and a connection between said fan and suction opening for preventing escape of cleaning fluid fumes from the housing opening while garments are being transferred. v
6. Ina dry cleaning apparatus, a plurality of dry cleaning units, an individual housing for each unit, an additional housing for transfer purposes in direct connection withthe housings of each of said several units whereby garments may be 75 cleaning units, a common transter housing moved from one unit to another while continuously under cover, said transfer housing having an opening therein in addition to the openings communicating with the individual housings to provide for manual control of said transfer from one housing to another, and means including a suction inlet extending along one edge of said manual opening for preventing escape of cleaning fluid fumes while garments are being trans- I0 fer-red. I i
7. In a dry cleaning apparatus, a plurality of extending along an edge of said e'xterior opening,
a suction fan. and a connection between said tan and suction openinz.
some P. soacimson. 10.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2442277 *||May 15, 1944||May 25, 1948||Dalby Reeve Thomas||Apparatus for laundering clothes and the like|
|US2629242 *||Mar 24, 1948||Feb 24, 1953||Int Projector Corp||Ventilated and automatically controlled dry cleaning apparatus|
|US2629243 *||Oct 7, 1947||Feb 24, 1953||Int Projector Corp||Dry cleaning apparatus|
|US2934927 *||Aug 11, 1958||May 3, 1960||American Laundry Mach Co||Closure means for washing machine|
|US3132501 *||May 27, 1963||May 12, 1964||Gen Motors Corp||Dry cleaning system with a replaceable filter cartridge and means for venting solvent fumes|
|US3249230 *||Jan 30, 1962||May 3, 1966||Bock Laundry Machine Company||Reclamation of dry cleaning fluid|
|US8020316 *||Feb 23, 2006||Sep 20, 2011||Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgeraete Gmbh||Washing household device, in particular a clothes dryer|
|US20090113747 *||Feb 23, 2006||May 7, 2009||BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH||Washing Household Device, in Particular a Clothes Dryer|
|U.S. Classification||68/19.2, 68/210, 454/188, 68/18.00C, 68/209, 210/365, 210/188, 210/153, 68/20, 210/380.2, 34/139, 68/26|
|International Classification||D06F43/00, D06F43/02|
|Cooperative Classification||D06F43/02, D06F43/00|
|European Classification||D06F43/00, D06F43/02|