|Publication number||US2144190 A|
|Publication date||Jan 17, 1939|
|Filing date||Feb 9, 1937|
|Priority date||Feb 9, 1937|
|Publication number||US 2144190 A, US 2144190A, US-A-2144190, US2144190 A, US2144190A|
|Inventors||Melvin W Merz|
|Original Assignee||Melvin W Merz|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (16), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 17, 1939. M. w MERz 2,144,190
AROMA DIFFUSING APPARATUS Original Filed Feb. 9, 1937 ATTORNEYS Patented Jan. 17, 1939 ABOMA DIFFUSING APPARATUS Melvin W. Men, Geneva, Ill.
Application February 9, 1937, Serial No. 124,905 Renewed October 17, 1938 4 Claims.
This invention relates to an aroma diffusing apparatus and its general object is to provide an apparatus which is primarily designed for use in theatres and the like, such as motion picture theatres, for Ithe purpose of releasing odors, to be spread throughout the theatre by air currents from a fan or cooling system in synchronized relation with a scene being shown and to be appropriate thereto or to correspond therewith, such as for example the odor of a perfume is spread when a ball room scene or scene of a lady appears on the screen, the scent or odor of exploding gun powder during a battle `scene, the aroma of cooked foods during a restaurant scene, and
l5 etc., with the result it will be obvious that my aparatus tends to make the pictures more realistic, than those at present.
A further object is to provide an aroma releasing and diffusing apparatus that is simple in construction, inexpensive to manufacture, easy to install and extremely elcient in operation, use
` and service.
This invention also consists in certain other features of construction and in the combination and arrangement of the several parts, to be hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanylng drawing and specifically pointed out In the appended claims.
In describing the invention in detail, reference will be had to the accompanying drawing wherein like characters denote like or corresponding parts throughout the several views, and in which:
Figure 1 is a front view of the apparatus which forms the subject matter of the present invention.
Figure 2 is a fragmentary view illustrating the means for opening the closure of a chemical container, on a larger scale than that shown in Figure 1.
The embodiment of the invention shown, includes a base I that has secured to and rising therefrom adjacent one end thereof a supporting means in the form of a derrick 2, the latter hav- 45 ing mounted on the top thereof an electric motor 2 which has a grooved pulley l secured to its armature shaft for a purpose which will be presently described.
Mounted on the base or platform I and pref- 50 erably centrally thereof in the form as shown, is a bearing S which has mounted for rotation therein the lower end of a shaft i, and the shaft has fixed toits upper end a grooved pulley 1 that is much larger in diameter than the pulley 4,
55 and the pulleys have trained aboutthe same a belt 8 for rotating the shaft 6 from the motor as will be apparent.
Secured adjacent to the upper and lower ends of the shaft 6 are disk plates 9 and disposed between the plates 9 and having its ends secured 5 thereto is a spiral track I0 which surrounds the shaft in a manner whereby the convolutions thereof are concentric with the axis thereof.
Mounted on and rising from the base I, in parallelism with the shaft 6, is an upright Il l0 which acts as a guide for a collar I2, the latter being slidably mounted on the upright for vertical movement and includes parallel ears I2 between which is secured a block I4 disposed in wiping engagement with the upright I I, and the inner face 1l of the block I4 is curved to follow the curvature of the upright. The ears have means bridging the same and extending outwardly from the bridging means is a stud I5 for a purpose which will be later described. 20
Secured to the collar I2 and extending from the side thereof opposed to the stud I5 is the shank I6 of a substantially semi-circular member i1 that is received by the convolutions of the track, for the latter to act thereon for mov- 25 ing thesliding means that includes the collar, on the upright vI I. The semi-circular member is preferably provided with track engaging stud bolts I8 which are adjustable with respect thereto by nuts.
An upright I9 is also providedand is likewise secured and rises from the ,base I in parallelism with the 'upright II. Secured to the upright Il by adjusting members 20 are containers 2l which yare provided with hinged closures in the form of lids 22, the lids being hingedly secured to the con-- tainers and projecting outwardly from the lids are fingers 23 arranged for disposal in the path of the stud I5, so that upon movement of the sliding member on the upright II the stud will contact the fingers and open the lids in a manner as best shown in Figure 2. The adjusting members are preferably U-shaped and threadedly mounted in the bight portions thereof are screw bolts 24 engageable with the upright I9 for ad- 45 justably securing the containers at any desired height on the upright.
From the above description and disclosure of the drawing, it will be obvious that in the use of my apparatus the motor 3 which is controlled 50 by any suitable means is put into operation, for rotating the track I0, through the instrumentality of the shaft 8, and such rotation will move the lid opening means vertically upon the upright II, so that any one or all of the lids of the containers will be opened when desired. as any one of the containers can be disposed so that the angers 2l of the lids thereof are out of the path of the stud Il.
The containers have suitable chemicals therein preferably in liquid form of high volatile properties, so that when the lid of any one of the containers is opened the odor oi' the chemical within the open container will escape therefrom.
It will be understood from the objects of this invention, 'that the apparatus which forms the subiect'matter thereof is arranged whereby the containers are disposedin the path of air currents from an electric fan or the air cooling system of the theatre, so that when the lids of the containers are opened, the odors will be I spread throughout the entire area of the theatre,
and of course the times of the opening of the lidsare synchronized with certain scenes in the picture being shown, for the purpose and in the manner as set forth in the general object of the invention@ It is thought from the foregoing description that the advantages and novel features of th invention ywill be readily apparent.
It is to be understood that changes may be made in the construction and in the combination 2. An aroma diusing apparatus comprising a plurality of superimposed containers adapted to receive aroma emitting means, a gravity closed cover for each container. slidably mounted means for opening the covers, means on each cover and arranged in the path of the slidablymounted means so that the covers are individually opened upon movement of the slidably mounted means, ratably mounted spiral means providing a track, means connecting the slidably mounted means with the track for the latter to move the slidably mounted means. and means for rotating the spiral means.
3. An aroma diffusing apparatus comprising a plurality. of superimposed containers adapted to receive aroma emitting means, gravity closed cov-` ers for each containerfor confining the aroma of the emitting means therein, an upright, means slidably mounted on the upright, a finger for each cover and arranged in the path of the slidably the covers. a shaft mounted for rotation, a spiral track connected to the shaft to be rotated thereby, means of connection between the slidably mounted means and the track for the latter to move the slidably mounted means on "its upright, and means for rotating the shaft for rotating the spiral track accordingly. l 4. An aroma. diffusing apparatus comprising a base, an upright rising from the base, a plurality of containers adjustably mounted on vthe base and adapted yto receive aroma emitting means, a cover for each container and being normally closed by gravity, means mounted for vertical movement 'and engageable with the covers for individually opening the same, a shaft mountmounted means for the latter to individually open I ed for rotation on the base, a spiraltrack surrounding the shaft and having the ends thereof in connection with the shaft to be rotated from the latter, means between the slidably mounted means and track for moving the slidably mounted means vertically upon rotation of the track, motive means supported above the base and having connection' with the shaft for rotating the latter.
' MELVIN W. MERZ.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2562959 *||Oct 13, 1947||Aug 7, 1951||Emery I Stern||Electromechanical scent distribution to accompany a motion picture|
|US2562960 *||Oct 13, 1947||Aug 7, 1951||Emery I Stern||Light-electronic scent release|
|US2813452 *||Jun 24, 1954||Nov 19, 1957||Laube Hans||Motion pictures with synchronized odor emission|
|US2970322 *||Jan 9, 1959||Feb 7, 1961||Vause Clarence E||Deodorizer for toilet and the like|
|US3795438 *||Jun 21, 1971||Mar 5, 1974||Nordisk Ventilator||Apparatus for permeating an auditorium with odours in conjunction with projection of a motion picture film|
|US4065262 *||Nov 2, 1976||Dec 27, 1977||Mitchell Petroff||Filter and air freshener apparatus|
|US4629604 *||Dec 2, 1983||Dec 16, 1986||Donald Spector||Multi-aroma cartridge player|
|US5832320 *||Sep 17, 1997||Nov 3, 1998||Wittek; Goetz-Ulrich||Process and device for diffusing perfumes that accurately correspond to events or scenes during cinematographic representations and the like|
|US5949522 *||Jul 3, 1997||Sep 7, 1999||Manne; Joseph S.||Multimedia linked scent delivery system|
|US6136277 *||Aug 12, 1998||Oct 24, 2000||Nardini; Joseph||Fragrance dispersion system|
|US6169595||Jun 7, 1999||Jan 2, 2001||Joseph S. Manne||Multimedia linked scent delivery system|
|US6371165||Oct 11, 2000||Apr 16, 2002||Joseph S. Manne||Dynamic alloy wire valve for a multimedia linked scent delivery system|
|US6744488||Dec 7, 2000||Jun 1, 2004||Jct Technologies, Llc||Olfactory special effects system|
|US6803987||Jun 12, 1998||Oct 12, 2004||Joseph S. Manne||Portable scent delivery system|
|US20030223040 *||Dec 7, 2000||Dec 4, 2003||Schermerhorn James G.||Olfactory special effectd system|
|DE1051478B *||May 2, 1953||Feb 26, 1959||Marianne Loenne Geb Koppers||Verfahren und Einrichtung zur Geruchsverbesserung der Luft in geschlossenen Raeumen|
|U.S. Classification||472/75, 352/85, 422/306, 239/34, 239/66|
|International Classification||G03B21/54, A63J5/00|
|Cooperative Classification||G03B21/54, A63J2005/008|