|Publication number||US2144318 A|
|Publication date||Jan 17, 1939|
|Filing date||Apr 18, 1936|
|Priority date||Apr 18, 1936|
|Publication number||US 2144318 A, US 2144318A, US-A-2144318, US2144318 A, US2144318A|
|Inventors||Ralph L Kryder|
|Original Assignee||Ralph L Kryder|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (29), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
CONTAINER Filed April 18, 1936 ATTORNEYJ,
Patented Jan. 17, 1939 UNITED STTES einem oFFlc-E Application April 18,
This invention relates to a container and method of making the same, and has for its purpose the provision of a container which will either open out completely flat or be folded into a closed box and so held rigidly and with parts in alignment solely by the intertting action of the various adjacent edges.
It particularly aims to provide such a container which may be made out of a combination of plastic and flexible materials, and without limiting myself to any definite materials I mention that in practice it has been constructed satisfactorily, both from the standpoint of i manufacture and of use, from rubber-impregnated cloth to which a further thickness of rubber is appropriately applied and vulcanized thereto by methods known in the art. My container can also be made of other natural or synthetic plastic materials and may be made with appropriate inside and outside finish.
To the accomplishment of the foregoing and related ends, Vsaid invention, then, consists of the means hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in :the claims.
The `annexed `drawing and the following description -set forth in detail certain structure emy bodying the invention, such disclosed means constituting, however, but one of various structural forms in which the principle of the invention may be used.
In the accompanying drawing: Fig. l is a perspective showing one form of my improved container set up but with the lid open; Fig. 2 `is a corresponding view showing the container opened fiat;
Fig. 3 is a transverse section through a junction, on the plane 3 3 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a view on the plane 4-4 of Fig. l, but with the lid down;
Fig. 5 is a transverse section corresponding to Fig. 3 but illustrating a modified construction.
The preferred embodiment of my container comprises a unitarystructure built up by coating a plastic material on a flexible sheet of appropriate strength and so dividing the coating material into sections which are nevertheless connected by the pliable sheet, that these sections when appropriately folded relative to one another constitute a complete box whereof the parts hold one another together in closed formation. The pliable material, which for convenience of identication will be called the foundation sheet, may, for example, be a sheet of canvas or of lighter woven material, or may be a sheet of cords such as customarily employed for the making of cord 1936, Serial No. '75,136
(Cl. G- 52) tires, or a tough sheet of rubber or other material having appropriate physical characteristics of strength and to which the plastic forming the thicker layer will adhere and cohere.
The foundation sheet l is preferably a single blank of the plan of the developed box as shown in Fig. 2. If a textile fabric is used for the purpose, such fabric will preferably initially be lilled with a tough flexible strengthening .material, an example of which is rubber applied by pressure rolls in well known manner.
To this a further coating of desired material, which will be described `as rubber although such description is not intended to exclude other materials, is applied and wholly or partly hardened by suitable mechanism and methods.
Such coatings may be thin on the outside, as at 2 Figs. 3 and 5, and thicker on the inside as at 3, Fig. 3 and 4, Fig. 5.
Ordinarily the applied plastic will be hardened to the same degree throughout, but for specialized uses it may be `desirable to harden it only around the edges of the various parts of the box, and to leave it more pliable in the middle portion. For example, in the event that the box of Fig. 1 was being constructed for carrying goods where a degree of bulging in the middle should be allowed for, the hardening could be complete along the edge, as indicated `by the reference character 5, Fig. 3, and` a softer degree of vulcanization reached in the central part as at B,
Fig. 3, and as indicated there by the wider spaced shading.
The plastic coating 2, 3 or 2, 4 is molded into a single blank having sections or panels as shown in Fig. 2, in which gure the parts of the box are designated by `reference letters, A being the bottom, B the front Wall, C the rear wall, D the right end, E the left end and F the top. The applied plastic of the various sections is grooved in molding to thinness at the edges, exposing or almost exposing the foundation sheet I which thus acts` as a hinge along the various edges. The plastic is formed at these edges at an appropriate angle to bear upon the adjacent edge when folded. For example in Fig, 3 the surfaces 9 and H are bevelled to bear against one another when the back C is brought up to a right angle relationship tothe bottom A. Similarly, in Fig. 5
the surfaces 9 and Il' will abut when the two f selected as a simple form of matching surface easily made and otherwise satisfactory, but that the principle can be applied by the use of other matching surfaces.
In order to prevent strain at the joint in case one of the box portions drops down somewhat below the level of the other, the outer layer of plastic 2 is-relieved at the joint as indicated by reference character I2, Figs. 3 and 5.
In some circumstances a greater thickness may be advisable on the edge than is needed for the main part of one of the box sections A to F, so as to give a suflicient bearing surface without undue weight. Such a construction is illustrated in Fig. 5 where the bevelled edges 9 and Il otherwise corresponding to edges 9 and Il, Fig. 3, Vrise higher than the main thickness 4 of the interior plastic.
The foregoing ,application of the plastic to the foundation sheet and its shaping at the edges can be done byV a pressure head or other mold having appropriate surface. The parts A to F of the box are thus separated by grooves when the box is in its initial flat condition in the mold, corresponding to the showing of Fig. 2. These grooves must be so shaped and so spaced as to match throughout substantially their entire abutting surfaces when the container is closed.
Illustrating the varieties of hardness possible in finishing the box, the range may be from a completely hard nish on the order of a knife handle or a hard rubber comb, for example, to the resiliency* of an automobile tire tread or even softer. I( In the gures of the drawing several possible joint details are shown as matters of illustration. For example, the lid F is shown on its front and its right end vwith an overhanging lip 20 which ts into a corresponding rabbet on the front B ,and ends D and E, thus holding up the front and ends when the lid is closed. It will be appreciated that other constructions could be used for the same purpose.
Also the ends D and E do not exactly correspond. Differences of shape are here shown to show possibilities within the scope of the invention.
My invention also provides for an interlocking on the adjacent edge surfaces. Where unusual firmness is required. Such interlock may preferably take the form best seen in Fig. 4, but also visible in Figs. l .and 2 at the right end. Here there are corresponding supplemental notches, 23 in the bevelled edge of the side D and 24 in the bevelled edge of the bottom A, with corresponding tongues 23 and 24, which t said notches, the angular relationship being such that when the side D is hinged upwardly from the flat position, the tongue 24 overrides and slightly clears the tongue 23 and dropsinto the notch 24. Such an arrangement may be either short as shown in Fig. 2 or may extend the entire length of the interengaging surfaces. It may be used on one or all of the hinged joints where needed for additional strength, stiffness and close t. Further strengthening against motion is accomplished by forming the portion which carries the notch 23 as only a relatively short section, the ends of which bear against lugs such as 25 on the box bottom A.
From the foregoing it will be seen that I have provided a box structure combining strength, flexibility, ease of manufacture, and adaptability to a wide range of materials. It will be further seen that this container is capable of being formed in many different nishes and many different details of form, proportion, and weight and strength of parts.
Other modes of applying the principle of my invention may be employed instead of the one explained, change being made as regards the structure herein disclosed, provided the means stated by any of the following claims or the equivalent of such stated means be employed.
I therefore particularly point out and distinctly claim as my invention:
l. In a box of the character described and comprising mutually hinged wall portions, as a subcombination two complementary bevelled edges adapted to abut when the box is closed, an opposed tongue and notch on each of said edges, one of said tongue-and-notches being adapted to swing in a generally transverse direction into an intert with the opposing notch-and-tongue.
2. In a container of the class described, a foundation sheet, plastic material based thereon and comprising panel elements adapted when closed to form the container and when open to lie flat, said panel elements comprising edges wherein the plastic is of greater rigidity than the middle portions.
3. In a container of the class described, a foundation sheet, plastic material based thereon and comprising panel elements adapted when closed to form the container and when open to lie flat, said panel elements comprising edges wherein the plastic is of greater rigidity and thicker than the middle portions.
4. A unitary container comprising a plurality of panels forming bottom, sides and lid and adapted when open to lie flat and when folded together to constitute a box, a foundation sheet common to all said panels, said panels comprising plastic material coated upon said foundation and of greater rigidity along the edges than in the interior area, said edges including outer surfaces each mutually abuttable to a correspondingly positioned and shaped surface on an edge of another panel, the edges of said lid being adapted to interlock with one edge of each of said sides when the box is closed.
RALPH L. KRYDER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2644602 *||Jun 28, 1947||Jul 7, 1953||Leeds & Northrup Co||Enclosure formed by extruded side walls having an integral flange|
|US2655968 *||Mar 8, 1951||Oct 20, 1953||Verne P Simmons||Toothbrush cover|
|US3154852 *||Nov 29, 1961||Nov 3, 1964||Westlake Jr Edward B||One-piece safety razor|
|US3224822 *||Nov 8, 1963||Dec 21, 1965||Bi Fresh Dispenser Co||Reusable display and dispensing container|
|US3294272 *||Oct 12, 1964||Dec 27, 1966||Robert T Nagler||High temperature container|
|US3375861 *||Aug 10, 1964||Apr 2, 1968||Pirelli Ltd||Support members|
|US3492722 *||Jan 16, 1969||Feb 3, 1970||Sieve Fredda F S||Disposable razor and case|
|US3727786 *||Feb 22, 1972||Apr 17, 1973||Fausel A||Knock down hamper|
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|US3881794 *||Oct 16, 1973||May 6, 1975||Regal Wood Products Inc||Cabinet|
|US3907193 *||Apr 8, 1974||Sep 23, 1975||Autoplex Corp||Plastic folding containers and process and apparatus for making same|
|US4010865 *||Nov 11, 1974||Mar 8, 1977||Wilgus James L||Collapsible insulated box|
|US4081099 *||Aug 4, 1977||Mar 28, 1978||Worldwide Plastics Development Limited||Collapsible container|
|US4091852 *||Apr 11, 1977||May 30, 1978||Jordan Charles P||Inflatable box|
|US4896787 *||Aug 15, 1988||Jan 30, 1990||Genus International||Article with resilient hinges becoming rigid under tension|
|US5292060 *||May 28, 1992||Mar 8, 1994||Focke & Co. (Gmbh & Co.)||Folding container|
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|US20100238670 *||May 25, 2010||Sep 23, 2010||Moench John P||Recessed ceiling fixture enclosure|
|US20100313529 *||Aug 24, 2010||Dec 16, 2010||Mark Robert Steinhauser||Collapsing box|
|DE1298440B *||Jul 19, 1966||Jun 26, 1969||Holzwerte Ag||Zerlegbare Kiste|
|DE2907486A1 *||Feb 26, 1979||Aug 28, 1980||Sfs Stadler Ag||Magazinierstreifen aus kunststoff fuer bolzenfoermige befestigungselemente|
|EP0297810A2 *||Jun 24, 1988||Jan 4, 1989||Norsk Hydro A/S||Improvements in and relating to boxes for the transportation of fresh fish and meat|
|EP0297810A3 *||Jun 24, 1988||Feb 28, 1990||Norsk Hydro A.S.||Improvements in and relating to boxes for the transportation of fresh fish and meat|
|EP0306381A1 *||Aug 10, 1988||Mar 8, 1989||Olivier Rodi||Article provided with elastic joints rigidifying themselves under tension|
|EP0516954A1 *||Apr 18, 1992||Dec 9, 1992||Focke & Co. (GmbH & Co.)||Collapsible folding container|
|U.S. Classification||220/6, 217/56, 220/839, 217/5, 160/231.2, 217/65, 220/DIG.140|
|International Classification||B65D1/22, B65D6/18|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D1/225, Y10S220/14|