US 2147798 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 21, 1939.
HARVEST COLLECTION BIN Filed Sept. 30,l 1936 l.. c. PULCI-IER4 2,147,798
Patented Feb. 21, 1939 U NIT El) S TAT E S Para Nr @pote-rires Claims.
"My invention'relates to a harvest collection bin,
`and-it consists in the constructions, arrange- Vments and combinations herein described and claimed.
i 5 `More particularly, the invention consists in a novel construction of a bin of a weather-proof character susceptible for use in the fields and into which harvested crops, such as cotton, peanuts, etc., may bedepcsited preliminary to removal to some other destination for further treatment.
It is an object of the invention to provide a bin structure having a roof composed of hingedly connected closure members, which, in their closed positions, have an inclination to readily shed water and thus protect the `produce from undue `dampness, this function beingfurther enhanced `by the fact that the closure members have a covering of tin or other waterproof material.
It is also an object ofthe invention to provide an overlying ange upon one of the closure members so as to provide an effective seal aty the abutting `edges of the closure members.
It is a still further object of the invention' to provide a bin having means permitting hoisting `of the `l1ed`bin into a truck or other vehicle for transportation.
It is `also within the objects of the invention toprovide a bin of' the character specied wherein skid runners are embodied, permitting movement of the bin from oneflocation-infa field to another, by suitable traction means.
Additional objects, advantages and featuresof invention will be Yapparent from the following description considered in conjunctionwith the accompanying drawing; wherein Figure 1 is a perspective View of a bin constructedin accordance-with my invention.
Figure 2 is a side elevation thereof.
Figure 3 isa vertical sectional view on the line 3-3 of Figure 2.
Figure 4 is a vertical longitudinal sectional View of the bin.
Figure 5 is a cross section on the line 5-5 of Figure 2.
Figure 6 is a fragmentary perspective view of a combined brace and draw bar.
There is illustrated a bin'generally indicated by the reference character I0, which in the present instance is shown substantially rectangular, and having a gable roof II.
In constructing the bin, I provide a pair of skid runners I2 formed from oak or other suitable hard wood, connected adjacent respective ends r by transversely extended brace-draw bars I3. 55 The bars I3 are formed of angle iron, and the ends Aof the flanges are provided with laterally turned ears I4 adapted to rest against the skids forfsecurement thereto by bolts, as at I5. The iange -is aperturedintermediate its length for `admissicm of a draft hook (not shown) and the pertures also permitsecurement of the bin to the door of transport vehicle, thus retaining the bin` against movement during transit.
v Floor boards I'I are secured to the upper face of the `slri'ds, the outer upper edges being bev elled in a direction outwardly of the bin, and the Iiowerrnost side and end boards I8-I 9 are bevelled `to match therewith. Thebevel of the boards in the manner shown prevents entranceof Water to the interior of the bin.
The side an-dendy boards I8 andIQr have their upper longitudinal edges formed'with'a rabbet 20 cornplernentalto a rabbet-of the next -adjacent board and in such 4mannera tight, weatherproof binis` provided.
The ends `of the side and end boards have mitered-` ends, as clearly shown in Figure 5, and vertically disposed angle `bars 2I are secured at the juncture ofthe boards. The angle bars 2I are ysuitably `drilledor punched-at intervals, as are -the boards, and i through alignedapertures bolts-22-are passed and bolted.
The uppermost end boards f23 are formed in substantially pyramidal shape, the apex of which is 'positioned medially=of 4the longitudinal plane f oflthe bin `and the upper edge of the uppermost `side-boards are bevelled to form a continuation `oit-'the rendi boards 23.
Upon the uppermost side boards I8 there are .mounted *a pair ofhinge members 24 swingably mounting closureimembers25#26. `Each of the .members isprovi'ded with angle bars 21, at the ends, adapted to extend flush against the end boards 23. The closure members 25-26 are further covered with tin or other waterproof material 28.
In the closed positions of the closure members, the free ends thereof will abut at their bevelled portions and snugly contacting the upper bevelled edges of the side boards I8 and end boards 23.
The closure member 26 has a flashing 29 extending longitudinally thereof, including a lip 3U adapted to overlap the closure member 25. The lip 30 terminates at its ends in a downwardly directed ange 3 I. From the foregoing it will be seen that an effective seal is made at the juncture of the closure members.
It may be found desirable to provide a locking means for the bin, during transit or otherwise, and this is effected by provision of a hasp on the lil closure 25, the lip 30 being slotted to accommodate the hasp and any suitable pad lock, indicated at 32, may be locked in the hasp.
Across the ends of the bin provision is made whereby the loaded bin may be hoisted onto a conveyance for transit. In the present instance, I provide a ilange member 33, the horizontally disposed ange 34 of which is apertured as at 35, for engagement by a suitable hoisting hook.
At the end of the bin, a, door 36 is provided, opening inwardly, and preferably hinged at the top as at 31. The upper and lower edges of the door are bevelled, as shown, preventing ingress of Water.
The operation The operation will be readily understood from the following description.
A vehicle having a number of the bins thereon will proceed to the eld to be harvested, which we will assume is a field of cotton. The bins are distributed at various locations in the field and the cotton pickers will gather the cotton as customary and deposit it in the bin. When the bin has been lled, the closure members are closed and locked when the truck is backed into proximity of the bin. A suitable hoisting mechanism is then employed-in connection with the angle bars 33 for elevating the bin upon the truck. Any suitable hook means on the truck is then employed in conjunction with the bar I3 for maintaining the bin in a fixed position.
There may be times when it becomes necessary to move the bin from one location to another and this may be accomplished by attachment to the bar I3 of suitable draft means.
From the foregoing it will be seen that I have provided a novel construction of bin for collection of a harvest and one which will maintain the same in a dry state, which is especially desirable in the event of sudden rains or showers during gathering of the crops, or during transit.
In the case of a cotton harvest, the cotton will be removed from the bins by means of a suitable suction hose and after removal and ginning of the cotton, the seed obtained from the cotton may be deposited in the bin for return to the grower. The seed will be removed from` the bin by means of the door 3E.
l. A harvest collection bin comprising foundation members extended longitudinally of the bin and including a floor, vertically disposed angle irons at respective ends of the foundation members, side and end boards xed to the angle irons, the uppermost end boards having a pyramidal shape, the apex of which is positioned above the uppermost side boards, a closure member swingably connected to respective side Walls, the free ends of the closure members having abutting relation when closed and a flashing member on one of the closure members, of a width overlapping the other closure member.
2. A harvest collection bin comprising parallel foundation members extended longitudinally of the bin, a brace member connecting the foundation members adjacent respective ends thereof, a oor on the foundation members, the edges of the iioor having a bevel outwardly from the medial portion of the oor, vertically disposed angle iron members at respective ends of the foundation members, side and end boards fixed to the angle irons, the side and end boards having their lower edges bevelled to match the edges of the floor, the uppermost end boards having a pyramidal shape, the apex of which is positioned above the uppermost side boards, a closure member swingably connected to respective side walls, the free ends of the closure members having abutting relation when closed and a flashing member on one of the closure members of a width overlapping the other closure member.
3. The structure of claim 2 wherein the closure members have a waterproof covering and downwardly extended anges at their ends adapted to lie ush with the end walls.
4. A harvest collection bin comprising a pair of parallel foundation members extended longitudinally of the bin, a brace member connected between the foundation members adjacent the ends, a oor on the foundation members, the edges of the oor having a bevel outwardly from the medial portion of the floor, angle iron members at respective ends of the foundation members, said angle irons being vertically disposed, side and end boards xed to the angle irons, the lowermost side and end boards having their lower edges bevelled to match the edges of the floor, other edges of the boards having a rabbet for engagement with a rabbet of the abutting board, the uppermost end boards having a pyramidal shape, the apex of which is positioned above the uppermost side boards, a closure member swingably connected to respective side walls, the free ends of the closure members having abutting relation when closed, a ashing member on one of the closure members of a width overlapping the other closure member, and downwardly extended flange members on the ends of the closure members adapted to lie Hush with the end walls.
5. The structure of claim 4 in which said bin is provided with an inwardly swinging door, the lower edge of which contacts the oor of the bin.
LOUIE C. PILCHER.