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Publication numberUS2148704 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 28, 1939
Filing dateSep 15, 1934
Priority dateSep 15, 1934
Publication numberUS 2148704 A, US 2148704A, US-A-2148704, US2148704 A, US2148704A
InventorsEricsson H Merritt
Original AssigneeMerritt Engineering & Sales Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Veneer press
US 2148704 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 28, 1939. E n'T 2.148.704

VENEER PRESS Filed Sept. 15, 1934 4 Sheets-Shee t 1 INVENT OR Feb. 28, 1939. 2,148,704

VENEER PRESS Fi led Sept. 15, 1934 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN VENT OR W QwORN Feb. 28, 1939. E H MERRIT 2,148,704 I VENEER Paias Filed Sept. 15, 1934 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 49 ,14 Fi l//// A I Feb. 28, 1939. M RmT-f 2,148,704

VENEER PRESS Filed Sept. 15, 19554 4 Sheets- Sheet 4 'jlllllllll lllllllll Ill/[III III! INVENTOR 9 AITORNEYS Patented Feb. 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Merritt Engineering & Sales Company, Inc.,

Lockport, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application September 15. 1934, Serial No. 744,132

ticularly to veneer presses such as utilized in the farmation of plywood and the like.

An object of the invention is to provide a device of the character described which is simple in construction, economical to operate and which will effectively and efiiciently perform the purposes for which it is intended.

More specifically it is an object of the invention to provide a press in which a high effective pressure can be obtained and which can be built and operated with extreme ease and economy.

Other objects of the invention will in part be obvious and will in part appear hereinafter.

The invention accordingly comprises the features of construction, combination of elements, andarrangement of parts, which will be exemplified in the construction hereinafter set forth and the scope of the application of'which will be indicated in the claims.

For a fuller understanding of the nature and objects of the invention reference should be had to the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in

which: Figure 1 is a side view of a press embodying the i1 vention;

Fig. 2 is an end view thereof; Fig. 3 is a detail sectional view along the line 3-3 of Fig. 2 showing certain of the parts on an enlarged scale;

Fig. 4 is a detail view showing the diaphragm means and the associated members on an enlarged scale; I 5 Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 3 showing a modification;

Fig.6 is a detail view similar to Fig. 4 showing a modification;

Fig. 7 is a view similar to Fig. 6 showinga further modification;

Fig. 8 -is a diagrammatic view of one type of control mechanism; and

Fig. 9 is a side view of a multiple-opening press embodying the invention. V Hydraulic ram presses are still in general use for hot plate and other high pressure types of pressing arrangements for veneering, plywood for;- mation, a nd similar operations. Their use, how? ever, is subject to the marked drawback of high cost of operation because of the necessity of using the fluid pressure not only to move the platen or platens, but also to move the heavy member on which the.platen or platens are carried. They also require glands and packing subject to high fluid pressure, and high pressure pipes and fittings, and run into a high initial cost. In spite of these and other drawbacks the art continues to rely on such presses-for high pressure work.

With the foregoing and other considerations in mind the present invention contemplates the provision of a press wherein all the advantages of the usual hydraulic press are obtained and which at the same time is highly economical in operation.

In accordance with the invention, there is provided mechanical means for raising or lowering the platen or platens and the members associated therewith, and diaphragm means whereby the final pressure may be obtained. The arrangement of such means may be considerably varied. several modifications being specifically exemplified.

The press illustrated in Fig. 1 comprises supports I0 and I I, each of which carry in the present instance a pair of posts I 2. Resting on the members ill and II is a head member l3, and spaced above this isa bolster member it which is vertically' adjustable with respect to the posts. Upon the head member is a platen I5 arranged in the present instance with orifices l6 for the introduction of live steam, as 'thru a pipe Wu. The platen I5 is composed of metal so that by the introduction of steam into the orifices the surface may be rapidly brought to a high heat so as to hot-press plywood assemblies, as indicated at H in Fig. 3, or other material to be hot-pressed. Supported from the bolster member is a second metal platen 18 having orifices l9 into which live steam may be introduced, as thru a pipe l9a.

In accordance with theinvention the bolster member is adjustably supported by means wherein it can be readily'low'ered until the platen l8 rests against the work, and there is interposed between the bolster member and the platen l8 means whereby a high pressure may be developed so as to exert the necessary pressing of the work for bonding or other purposes.

As exemplified, the means for adjustably supporting the bolster member comprises supports 20 carrying internally-threaded rotatable members 2! which fit over externally-threaded por-- tions 22 on each of the posts. In order to rotate the members 2| there is provided suitable means which may include a two-way electric motor 23 carried on an' arm 24 secured to one of the supports 20. v

'- The shaft 25v of the motor is provided with sheaves 26 connected bysuitably-disposed belts 21 to sheaves 28 on rotatable portions 29 which areintegral with the portions 2| and each of which is joumaled in a portion 30 of its support reception of fluid pressure is provided. In the present instance the upper platen I8 is carried on a plate 35, which is resiliently supported on springs 36 carried from the bolster M by means of rods 31, and an insulating portion 38.is provided above the plate 35. At the bottom of the bolster there is provided diaphragm means consisting, in the present exemplification, of sheets of rubber 40 and 4|, vulcanized together throughout their entire periphery as indicated at 42. The periphery of the sheets is clamped between an element 43 and the bolster member by means of bolts 44. The lower diaphragm 4| is a continuous sheet, whereas the upper diaphragm is formed with a central opening at 45, the interior edges of this diaphragm being clamped between a flange 46on a tubular member 41 and an annulus 48 which is pressed downwardly by means of a threaded member 49. The diaphragms, though held in proximity to each other by the springs 36 provide a chamber therebetween for the reception of fluid pressure. Fluid, for example, water, introduced under pressure through the tubular member 41 readily works its way under the flange 46 and between the diaphragms, forcing the diaphragms apart and exerting a downward pressure upon the upper platen l8 suflicient to perform the required pressing action between the platens. Such a pressure may, for example, be 200 pounds per square inch in the case of the pressing of an ordinary plywood assembly. The spreading movement of the diaphragms may desirably be about one-eighth or three-sixteenths of an inch. Since fluid pressure needs to exert no work except the actual pressing,and since there are no members to lift, it will be apparent that very large economies are obtained over the usual type of hydraulic press. With the use of such a flexible diaphragm, moreover, there is a uniform distribution of-pressure over the surface of the platen, in contrast to the tendencies toward unevenness involved in the use of a ram press. As shown, the resilient diaphragms are entirely surrounded by firm supporting members at all times. As the lower diaphragm 4| expands downwardly away from diaphragm 40, it gives an even pressure over the entire face of the element 43a, lying just beneath the diaphragm 4d. The element 43a therefore becomes analogous to the ram of the hydraulic cylinders known heretofore. The presence of the flexible diaphragms within the hydraulic cylinder, however, gives a uniform pressure over the entire length and breadth of the plate 43a, unlike the uneven pressures found in the old ram presses. Thus not only is economy of construction effected, but the tendencies toward deflection in ordinary presses is overcome.

When the pressing operation is complete, all that is necessary is to open a release valve 50 for the fluid pressure, and to energize the motor in the opposite direction so as to cause such rotation of the, members 2| as will lift the bolster member and lift the platen I8 from the work which can then be removed.

In certain instances it is undesirable to rely on ordinary insulation to protect the diaphragms from the heat of the platen and in such cases there may be utilized an arrangement such as shown in Fig. wherein the insulating portion 38 is replaced by an insulating portion 5| having orifices through which a cooling fluid such, for instance, as cold water may be continuously passed during the operation of the pressing.

The water may be introduced through a flexible inlet pipe 52 and continuously withdrawn through a flexible outlet pipe 53. If desired, water in the same circulating system may be used for exerting pressure on the diaphragm and for providing the cooling fluid. A supplemental insulating portion 54 may also be provided.

As will be apparent, the heating of the platens may be'dispensed with, although presses elmbodying the invention lend themselves with particular readiness to use in hot plate work.

In instances where the use of rubber diaphragm members is undesirable, these may be replaced by diaphragm members composed of rubberized fabric, synthetic rubber-like materials, for example, Duprene, or other suitable strong flexible material. In certain instances metal diaphragm means such as shown in Figs. 6 and 7 may be used. In Fig. 6 there is shown an arrangement wherein a flexible metal por-' tion of bellows construction has one edge clamped by means of a member 55 and bolts 56, and the other edge clamped to the upper platen l8b by means of a member 51 and bolts 58. In Fig. 7 a continuous strip of flexible metal is clamped to the bolster by a member 59 and bolts 60, and bent downwardly and then upwardly. Its inner edge is clamped by a member 6| and bolts 62 to a member 63 secured to the lower platen.

In instances where it is desired to operate the press automatically, there may be utilized an arrangement such as shown diagrammatically in Fig. 8. In this arrangement the platen l8 carries a plunger 64 provided with a spring 65 which normally holds the plunger in a downward position with its lower end projecting below the face of the platen. Above the plunger is a pivoted arm 66 carried on a shaft 61. Accordingly, as the platen I8 is lowered by the motor the lower end of the plunger contacts with the work l1, the plunger moves relatively to the arm 66 and the upper end of the plunger acts to swing the arm 66 upwardly and to rotate the shaft. The shaft 61 may have radially fixed thereto contact arms 68 and 69. When the arm 66 is in normal position and out of contact with plunger 64, the arm 66 holds the'shaft 61, which is fixed to arm 66, in such a position that the arm 68, to which shaft 61 is also fixed, keeps the circuit of the motor 23 closed. When the arm 66 is in normal position and out of contact with the plunger 64, the arm 66 holds the shaft 61, which is fixed to arm 66, in such a position that the arm 69, to which shaft 61 is also fixed, keeps open an electrical circuit which, if shut, would operate the pressure valve 50 to admit pressure between the diaphragms. These circuit arrangements as exemplified include main conductors and 1|. Leads 12 and 13 run from the conductor 1| to opposite poles of the motor. A branch leaid 14 from the conductor 1| connects with one pole through shatt t1, the contact arm 60 and the lead I! in which there is a switch It. A branch lead II, also from conductor ll, runs through a switch II to the other pole of the motor 23. When the switch 16 is closed, the motor is energized to move the bolster downwardly. The conductor It runs to one end of an operating solenoid 19 for the valve 50, and a lead 80 runs from the other end of the operating solenoid I! to a contact against which the contact arm 69 rests when shaft 61 has been moved by the motion of plunger 64.

The operation of bringing the platens together with pressure against the work is as follows: Assume that the platens are apart, the work lying on the lower platen. The plunger 64 is not yet in contact with the work and arm 66 is in its lower position, which position determines the angular position of the shaft 61, and the latter determines that the arm 68 keeps, as far as it is concerned, the circuit of the mo--. tor 23 closed. The angular position of the shaft 61, before the device has begun to operate, also: determines that the arm 89 is out of contact with the lead 80, and. hence the solenoid l9 inoperative and the valve ill does not admit pressure between the diaphragms'. The various parts being in the position described, the switch 16 is closed manually or otherwise. The close ing of the switch 16 permits electricity to pass. through the circuit, comprising elements 1|, 14, 61, 68, l6, I5, 23, I2 and I0. The motor 23 be-. gins to turn, causing the upper platen to be.

lowered. The plunger 64 comes in contact with.

the work i1, is moved upwardly itself and pushes arm 66 upwardly. The latter causesthe shaft- 61 to rotate, which in turn separates the cur,-' rent-carrying arm 68 from the switch I6. Current no longer passes through the motor 2a," the motor 23 stops, and the upper bolster ceases its downward motion. At the same time as con tact am it is disconnected from its circuit, contact arm 69 connects with the lead Ill and electric current passes through the elements ,Il, ll, 61, 6!, 02, II, I! and I0. The solenoid l9;is activated and in turn operates the valve 50 so as to admit pressure into the diaphragm. This last gives a final uniform pressure to' the work which is desired. Thus as the platens are brought together by the mechanical means, the mechanical means are automatically halted and the opening of the valve 50 initiates the operation of the fluid-pressure means, which fluidpressure means are to exert the final pressure.

Reversal of the motor and release of the fluid pressure may be accomplished by moving an arm I to close the switch ll so that the current will pass through the motor in a reverse direction. The arm ii is also arranged to open the switch II. The arm also operates a switch 82 in the lead III to break the circuit through the solenoid and permit a spring .3 to return the valve 50 so as to permit the release of the fluid pressure. A timing device of any suitable or well known'type may be utiliaedto move the arm 8|, if desired. There may be provided an arm 85 operated by the upward movement of the bolster to disconnect the switch II at the proper time.

In Fig. 9 there is shown a press havingga multiplicity of platens and both upper and lower diaphragm means This press comprises a head Ii. posts 88 similar to the posts I! and having generally similar. upper portions (not shown), and a bolster 81. The bolster carries a platen tween the various pairs of diaphragms.

7 Since certain changes may be made in th above construction and diflerent embodiments of the invention could be made without departing from the scope thereof, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A press comprising a pair of relatively movable members, a platen carried by one of said members, a second platen movably carried by the other of said members, mechanical means to 2: A press comprising the combination with supporting means, of a pair of relatively movable members supported by the supporting means, a platen carried by one of the said members, a second platen movably carried by the other of the said members, means to move at least one of the said members to bring the platens nearer together to hold material to be pressed, diaphragm means providing an expansible chamber between the movable platen and the member by which it is carried, means to introduce fluid pressure into the chamber to press the platens tightly against the material, and mechanism for stopping the platen-moving means when the platen reaches a flxed distance from the work and for initiating operation of the fluid pressure introducing means to introduce fluid pressure into the said chamber incident to the stopping of the move ment of the said platen-moving means to force the said platen into pressing engagement with the work.

3. A press comprising the combination with supporting means, of a pair of relatively movable members mounted on the supporting means, a platen carried by one of the members, a second platen movably carr ed by the other of the said members, mechanical means to move at least one of the said members to bring the platens nearer together to hold material to be pressed,

erable by the said control mechanism for introsupporting means, of a pair of relatively movable ducing fluid pressureinto the chamber as the said mechanical means become inoperative.

4. A press comprising the combination with supporting means, of a pair of relatively movable members supported by the supporting means, a platen carried by one of the said members, a

second platen movably carried by the other of the said members, means to move at least one of the said members to bring the platens nearer together to hold material to be pressed, diaphragm means providing an expansible chamber between the movable platen and the member by which it is carried, means to introduce fluid pressure into the chamber to press the platens tightly against the material, and mechanism for automatically controlling the movement of the member carrying the movable platen responsively to approach thereof to a fixed distance of the work. i

5. A press comprising the combination with supporting means, of a pair oi. relatively movable members supported by the supporting means, a platen carried by one of the said members, a

. second platen movably carried by the other of the said members, means to move at least one of the said members to bring the platens nearer together to ,hold material to be pressed, diaphragm means providing an expansible chamber between the movable platen and the member by which it is carried, mechanism for automatically controlling the movement of the member carrying the movable platen responsively to approach thereof to a fixed distance of the work, and means for automatically introducing fluid pressure into the expansible chamber incident to operation of the control mechanism.

6, A press comprising the combination with members supported by the supporting means, a platen carried by one of the said members, a second platen movably carried by the other of the said members, means including a reversible motor to move at least one of the said members to bring the platens nearer together to hold material to ,be pressed, diaphragm means providing an expansible chamber between the movable platen and the member by which it is: carried, mechanism for automatically controlling the movement of the member carrying the movable platen responsively to engagement thereof with the work, and means for automatically introducing fluid pressure into the expansible chamber incident to operation of the control mechanism, the said control mechanism comprising a motor circuit, means adapted to engage a work upon movement oI-the platen towards the work for a fixed amount, devices in the motor circuit operable upori contact of the work-engaging means and work to break the circuitto stop the motor,

and means for reversing the motor upon completion of the pressing for freeing the platen from the work.

'7. A press comprising the combination with supporting means, of a pair of relatively movable members supported by the supporting means, a platen carried by one of the said members, a second platen movably carried by the other of the said members, means including a motor to move at least one of the said members to bring the platens nearer together to hold material to be pressed, diaphragm means providing an expansible chamber between the movable platen and the member by which it is carried, mechanism for automatically controlling the movement of the member carrying the movable platen responsively to engagement thereof with the work, and means for automatically introducing fluid pressure into the expansible chamber incident to operation of the control mechanism, the said control mechanism comprising a motor circuit, a rotary switch in the motor circuit operable upon a predetermined approach of the platen and work to break the circuit to stop the motor, the said switch maintaining the motor circuit closed during adjustment of the-platen, and means adapted to engage the work upon approach of the platen and work to cause rotation of the switch into circuit-breaking position;

8. A press comprising the combination with supporting means, of a pair of relatively movable members supported by the supporting means, a platen carried by one of the said members, a second platen movably carried by the other of the said members, means including a motor to move at least one of the said members to bring the platens nearer together to hold material to be pressed, diaphragm means providing an expansible chamber between the movable platen and the member by which it is carried, mechanism for controlling the movement of the member carrying the movable platen responsively to engagement thereof with the work, and means comprising a fluid control valve, a solenoid for operating the valve and a circuit through the solenoid for actuating the solenoid for automatically introducing fluid pressure into the expansible chamber incident to operation of the control mechanism, the said control mechanism comprising a motor circuit, a rotary switch in the motor circuit and provided with contacts operable upon approach of the platen to a predetermined distance of the work to break'the motor circuit to stop the motor while closing the solenoid circuit to energize the solenoid thereby opening the' said valve as the motor stops, the said switch automatically maintaining the motor circuit closed and the solenoid circuit open until engagement is made between the platen and work, and means adapted to engage the said work upon the predetermined approach of the platen to the work and operable by engagement with the work to cause rotation of the switch into position to stop the motor and to energize the solenoid.

9. A press comprising the combination with supporting means, of a pair of relatively movable members supported by the supporting means, a platen carried by one of the said members, a second platen movably carried by the other of the said members, means including a reversible motor to move at least one of the said members to bring the platens nearer together to hold ma-- terial to be pressed, diaphragm means providing an expansible chamber between the movable platen and the member by which it is carried, mechanism for controlling the movement of the member carrying the movable platen responsively to engagement thereof with the work, means vance towards the work, means operable by engagement with the work at the end oi. the predetermined advance to cause actuation of the switch into position to stop the motor and to energize the solenoid, a second circuit for revers ing the motor upon completion of the pressing period to retract the platen from the work, thereby reversing the operation oi. the said switch, and means for reversing the operation of the valve responsively to the reversing of the motor to cut oil fluid pressure to the said chamber.

10. A press comprising a pair of relatively movable members, a platen carried by one of said members, a second platen movably carried by the other of the said members, mechanical means actuable to move at least one of the said members to bring the platens nearer together to hold material to be pressed, means adapted to engage the said material as the platens approach each other, instrumentalities operable responsively to contact between the said material engaging means and the material for automaticallystopping the actuation of the said mechanical means for stopping the movement of the said platen upon engagement of the said material engaging means with the said material, and diaphragm means providing an expansible chamber between the movable platen and the member by which it is carried.

11. A press comprising a pair of relatively movable members, a multiplicity of relatively movable platen structures carried between the memiacent to the movable parts of the means, the said rigid walls clamping the diaphragm means in position therebetween, the platen structures being movable responsively to expansion and contraction of the diaphragm means, and including a member defining a movable wall which is adapted to move relativelyto the clamping walls as the diaphragm members change their shape while being at all times in contact with its adjacent walls, and means to introduce fluid pressure, into the said chambers 'to press the platens tightly against the material responsively to resulting expansion of the-said diaphragm means. i

12. A press comprising ahead, a bolster movably mounted above the said head, a lower platen carried by the head, an upper platenv movably carried by the bolster, mechanical means to move the bolster to bring the upper platen against a piece of work supported on the lower platen, diaphragm means providing an expansible chamber between the upper platen and the bolster, the diaphragm means including a pair of diaphragms united about their peripheries, one of the diaphragms being provided with an opening, means which provide relatively rigid walls adjacent to the movable parts of the diaphragm means, the

said rigid walls clamping the diaphragm means in position therebetween, the movable platen being movable relatively to the clamping walls as the diaphragm members change their shape, a

movable wall for the expansible chamber engagingthediaphragmwhilebeingatalltimesin contact with the rigid walls, means interconnecting the movable wall and platen and means to introduce fluid pressure into the said chamber through the said opening.

13. A press comprising the combination with supporting means, or a pair of relatively movable members mounted on the supporting means, a platen carried by one of the members, a second platen movably carried by the other of the said members, motor-operated means to move at least one of the said members to bring the platens nearer together to hold material to be pressed, driving mechanism for operating the said motoroperated means, means providing an ele chamber between the movable platen and the member by which it is carried, means for forcing fluid into the diaphragm means for expanding the same, thereby to force the platen into high-presure engagement with the work, and pressure-actuated instrumentalities operable upon movement oi. the platen to a fixed distance relative to the work for automatically stopping the said driving mechanism incident to the approach of the said movable platen towards the said work. I

14. A press comprising the combination with supporting means-of a pair of relatively movable members mounted on the supporting means, a platen carried by one of the members, a second platen movably carried by the other of the said members, mechanical means to move at least one of the said members, to bring the platens nearer together to hold material to be pressed, motor driving mechanism for operating the said mechanical means, diaphragm means providing anexpansible chamber between the movable platen and the member by which it is carried, control instrmnentalities for the motor driving mechanism including pressure-actuated means operable responsively to contact thereof with the work upon approach of the movable platen to a fixed distance of the work for automatically stopping the said motor driving mechanism incident to premure contact oi the said means and the said work, and mechanism also operable by the said control instrumentalities for introducing fluid pressure into the said chamber incident to the stopping of the movement of the said platen.

15. A press comprising the combination with means, of a pair of relatively movable members supported by the supporting means, a platen carried by one of the said members, a second platen movably carried by the other of the said members, means including a motor to move at least one oi the said members to bring the platens nearer together to hold material to be pressed, diaphragm means providing an expanslble chamber between the movable platen and the member bywhich it is carried, mechanism tor automatically controlling the movement 01' the member carrying the movable platen responsively to approach thereof to a flxed distance of the work, means for engaging the work to actuate the said m, and means for automatically introducing fluid pressure incident to operation oi the control mechanism, the said control mechanism comprising a current supply circuit for the motor and devices in circuit with the motor and operable upon contact of the said work means and the work to break the circuit through the motor.

16; A press comprising a pair of relatively movable members, a platen carried by one oi' the members, a platen structure movably carried by the other of the members, means to move at least one of the members to bring the platens nearer together to hold material to be pressed, diaphragm means providing an expansible chamber between the movableplaten and the member by which it is carried, means which provide relatively rigid walls adjacent to the movable parts o! the diaphragm means, the said rigid walls clamping the diaphragm means in position therebetween, the platen structure being movable reto cause expansion of the said expansible chamber.

ERICSSON H. MERRI'I'I.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2416055 *Nov 13, 1943Feb 18, 1947Wilbur JohndrewMeans for interrupting the movement of a tool
US2456125 *Jul 28, 1942Dec 14, 1948Johndrew WilburAutomatic multiple riveter
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US6742696Apr 14, 2003Jun 1, 2004General Tool CompanyFriction stir welding machine
DE974786C *Nov 21, 1951Apr 27, 1961Baldwin Lima Hamilton CorpPresse mit aus Lamellen aufgebauten Teilen
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DE3036345A1 *Sep 26, 1980Jun 24, 1982Poehl Andreas P IPresse, insbesondere zum beschichten von tafelfoermigen koerpern
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Classifications
U.S. Classification100/48, 425/149, 100/269.2, 100/200, 100/92, 100/270, 100/195, 192/125.00C, 425/DIG.190
International ClassificationB27D3/02, B30B1/00
Cooperative ClassificationB30B1/003, B27D3/02, Y10S425/019
European ClassificationB27D3/02, B30B1/00D