|Publication number||US2149053 A|
|Publication date||Feb 28, 1939|
|Filing date||Dec 31, 1936|
|Priority date||Dec 31, 1936|
|Publication number||US 2149053 A, US 2149053A, US-A-2149053, US2149053 A, US2149053A|
|Inventors||Hollister Thomas Lloyd|
|Original Assignee||Hollister Thomas Lloyd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (12), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 28, 1939. T. L. HOLLISTER 2,149,053
G'AS RECEPTOR Filed Dec. 51, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet l Feb. 28, 1939. T L. HoLLlsTER 2,149,053
GAS RECEPTOR Filed Dec. 31, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 mrzo d Jlbllirker.
Patented Feb. 28, 1939 UNITED STATES- PATENT OFFICE GAS RECEPTOR Thomas Lloyd Hollister, Miami, Fla.
Application December 31, 1936, Serial No. 118,662
This invention relates to a device for receiving and storing gas formed by the digestion of foods.
An object of the invention is the provision of a device for collecting and storing gas formed in the alimentary tract of the body and for absorbing liquids from the gases.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a device for collecting and storing gas formed in the digestive tract, said device being removably suspended from the body and provided with a nipple having shielded perforations to permit gases to enter a storage chamber.
A further object of the invention is the provision of a device for taking care of the excess gas under pressure in the alimentary tract whereby strains are relieved.
A still further object of the invention is the provision of a device having a perforated nipple adapted to be received by one end of the alimentary tract through which gas is adapted to pass for storage in a chamber remote from the nipple, the perforations in the nipple being shielded to prevent clogging thereof with a muflier between the nipple and the storage for baiiiing the gases when under pressure.
This invention will be best understood from a consideration of the following detailed description, in view of the accompanying drawings forming a part of the specification; nevertheless, it is to be understood that the invention is not confined to the disclosure, being susceptible to such changes and modifications as define no material departure from the salient features of the invention as expressed in the appended claims.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a side view in elevation of my gas release shown in position,
Figure 2 is a vertical section taken along the line 22 of Figure 1,
Figure 3 is an elevation of the nipple showing an enlarged view,
Figure 4 is a view in elevation and partly in section of the gas release,
Figure 5 is a transverse section taken along the line 5-5 of Figure 3,
Figure 6 is a view in elevation of a modified form of the gas release, and
Figure 7 is a front view in elevation of the gas chamber used in Fig. 6.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, Ill designates a strap or belt adapted to embrace the waist of the body and from which depend straps II and I2. The lower end of the strap H is provided with a loop l3 adapted to receive an eye I4 secured in any approved manner to an intermediate portion of a conduit or. tube The strapl2 is provided with a loop l6 adapted to receive an eye I! projecting from a collar or flange l8 secured to or formed integrally with the upper portion IQ of the tube 45.
5 At the upper free end portion I3 of the tube I5 is formed a nipple 20 adapted to be received at the lower end of the alimentary tract. This nipple is shown more particularly in Fig. 3 as tapered and provided with a plurality of perforations 2| at the end of grooves 22 and an elongated lip 23 formed integrally with the nipple covers the groove and likewise the perforation 2|. The lip 23 is shown more particularly in Fig. 5 and extends not only over the groove 22 but also over -to pass from the exterior of the nipple to the 25 interior.
As shown more particularly in Figs. 3 and 4 the interior of the nipple has a cylindrical chamber 3| in which is slidably mounted a plunger 32 connected to a handle 33, and the outer free end of the handle is secured: to a stopper or cap 34 which is rounded at its outer surface to conform to the curvature of the free end 30 of the nipple. It will be noted that the perforations 2| in the side walls of the nipple are located below 35 the lower limit of movement of the plunger 32 so that said plunger will not close any of the passages when the plunger is disposed in an inoperative position as shown in Fig. 3. Reciprocation of the plunger after the stopper 34 has been removed will force air or gas or liquid through the perforations 2| and beyond the lips 23 and remove foreign matter which would tend to obstruct the passages. In the lower end of the nipple is located a screen or grid 35 for supporting a sponge 36 which is adapted to absorb liquids that may enter the perforations 2|. The inner end of the nipple is threaded as shown at 31 and is screwed into the free upper end IQ of the tube I5 so that the hollow chamber in the nipple 20 is in communication with the tube IS.
The fiange or collar |8 limits the inward movement of the nipple within the alimentary tract and engages the exterior of the body.
A muiiler, generally designated by the numeral any 20 40, is shown disposed within the tube ll below the collar II and connects with a casing 4| having a plurality of perforations 42 in its side, top and bottom'walis to permit the gas to pass into the perforations and out thereof into the lower end of the tube I I. An annular flange 43 connects the member 44 with the inner wall of the tube It. This muffler may be made independently of the tube and threaded into it or it may be made in one piece with said tube.
The lower main body II of the tube is threaded into the upper portion it as shown at 45.
A trap 48 is located within the main body it and is provided with a valve or closure 41 for draining the main body when desired.
Below the trap 46 is disposed a plurality of perforated containers 48 and the outer walls of these containers are provided with flanges 49 which extend over the outer wall of the main body I! for holding the containers in position. These containers run lengthwise of the main body l5, and are provided with perforations 50 to permit the discharge of perfume which is shown at housed within the container 48. A perforation may be disposed also in the flange or closure 49 to permit the perfume to escape to the exterior.
A bag or container 52 is removably secured at 53 to the lower end of the main body II and this bag has an interior chamber for storing gas which can be released through the valve casing 54 controlled by a valve 55. The valve casing has an outlet passage 58 for the release of gas in the chamber within the bag 52.
The device is supported in position as shown by means of the straps II, II and I2.
A modified form of the device is shown in Figs. 6 and 7 but the modification consists only in the disposition of the bag or container 60 since the said bag is connected directly to a strap 8| by means of ears 62 at the rear, side or front of the body, so that whatever description has been applied to the various parts for Figs. 1 to 5, inclin- -sive. are also applied to the parts shown in Figs.
6 and '1 with the exception that a tube It is employed for connecting the bag I with the main body portion Ila. In other words the construction shown in Figs. 8 and 7 is identical with that shown in Figs. 1 to 6 but for the tube 03 which provides an extension for elevatlnz the chamber or bag ll.
1. A gas release comprising a member having a chamber for storing gas, a nipple provided with perforations and a tube connecting the nipple with the chamber, means within the tube for muiiiing the gases before said gases pass to the chamber, and means for supporting the gas release upon a body.
2. A gas release comprising a member having a chamber for storing gas, a nipple provided with perforations and a tube connecting the nipple with the chamber, means within the tube for muniing the gases before said gases pass to the chamber, means for supporting the gas release upon a body, and lips overhanging the perforations to prevent closing said perforations when the nipple has been inserted.
3. A gas release comprising a member having a chamber for storing gas, a nipple provided with perforations and a tube connecting the nipple with the chamber, means within the tube for muiiiing the gases before said gases pass to the chamber, means for supporting the gas release upon a body, and an absorption medium between the mufliing means and the free end of the nipple.
4. A gas release comprising a member having a chamber for storing gas, a nipple provided with perforations to permit gas to enter the nipple, a tube connecting the nipple with the chamber, a harness for supporting the gas release on the body of the wearer, a shielding means to protect the perforations against stoppage, and a muiiiing means located in the tube between the nipple and the chamber.
THOMAS LLOYD HOLLIBTER.
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|U.S. Classification||604/328, 55/DIG.210, 604/333|
|Cooperative Classification||A61F5/0093, Y10S55/21|