|Publication number||US2150445 A|
|Publication date||Mar 14, 1939|
|Filing date||Feb 4, 1936|
|Priority date||Feb 4, 1936|
|Publication number||US 2150445 A, US 2150445A, US-A-2150445, US2150445 A, US2150445A|
|Inventors||Gerard Frank W, Jennings Chester S|
|Original Assignee||Lamson Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 14, 1939 c. s, JENNINGS ET Al.
ART 0F DRYING MATERIAS Filed Feb. 4, 1956 5 Sheets-Sheet l www Flllr March 14,` 1939. c, 5A JENNINGS ET AL ART oF DRYING MATERIALS Filed Feb. 193e 3 sheets-sheetl` 2 Marchl 14,` 1939. c. s. JENNINGS ET AL 2,150,445
'x ART 0F DRYING MATERIALS Patented Mar. 14, 1939 i PA'rr-:Nrori-ICE ABT F DRYING MATERIALS hester S. Jennings, Syracuse, N. Y., and Frank tion of Massachusetts W. Gerard, Dayton, Ohio, assignors to The Lamson Company, Syracuse,
N. Y., a corpora- 'Application February 4, 1936, serial Ndeazss' 7 Claims.
This invention relates to an improvement in the art of drying materials, more particularly to drying methods and apparatus wherein the material to be dried is conveyed through a dryer comprising a chamber divided into a plurality of compartments to which drying air is supplied, and is a further development of the invention disclosed in our copending application Serial No. 744,332, filed September 17, 1934, now matured into Patent No. 2,101,335 of Dec. 7, 1937.
The primary objects of the present invention reside in the provision of means for setting up an intercirculation of the drying air between the compartments thereby attaining greater efciency,of means for determining the condition of the material at an intermediate stage in its travel through the drying chamber and of means for retaining the drying v'air in contact with the material `being treated.
These and other objects will appear from an examination of the following description and of the accompanying drawings which form a part thereof and in which Fig. 1 is a plan view of the drying apparatus,
the housing and a portion of the drying chamber being shown in section;
Fig. 2 is a front view of the dryer;
Fig. 3 is a sectional side view of the forward end of the drying chamber.
Fig. 4 is a cross sectional view of such chamber;
Fig. 5 is a rear end view showing the mechanism by which the air is drawn from compartments of the drying chamber, heated and returned to the drying chamber; and
Fig. 6 is a side view o'f such mechanism and a sectional side view oi-the rear end of the chamber.
The drying apparatus shown in the 'drawings and generally indicated as Illl comprises briefly, a drying chamber 20 through which the material to be dried is passed, mechanism 40 by which the drying air is prepared, supplied to the chamber 20 and removed therefrom and mechanism 50 by which the air in the chamber is 'recirculated 'Ihe drying chamber 20 is enclosed within a housing 2 and is divided by horizontally arranged partitions 22 into a plurality of compartments 23.. The partitions 22 'alternately terminate short of4 theends'of the chamber- 20 as shown in Figs. 3 and 6 to form passages 24 each of which connectsY two adjacent compartments. ,The passages at the rear end of the chamber are designated 24a- 241, respective1'y,.for convenience in description (see Fig. 6). Extending across the chamber in each compartment directly over the partitions 22 and the floor o! the chamber, are n plurality of pipes 25 through which steam or other heating medium is circulated by any well known means. (Not shown because no part of the present invention.) l
The material to be dried is transported through A the compartments'of the chamber by endless conveying means, for example a pair of tenter chains 26, as illustrated in the drawings, which pass over sprockets 21 mounted in the passages 24. Suitable driving means for the chains are provided such as that illustrated in the drawings wherein one pair 4of sprockets 21 at the rear end of the machine is positively driven by a motor 28 through gearing including a variable speed drive 29. The chains 26 enter and leave the chamber 2i) through openings 30 and 3| formed in the front wall of the housing near the top and bottom Ithereof passing over sprockets 32 mounted in enlargements of the top and bottom compartments 23 and sprockets 33 suitably mounted outside the housing. The chamber 20 abuts the front wall of the housing and has suitable openings therein which register with the openings 30 and 3| in the housing.
The material to be dried is here shown as a web of cloth 34 fed to the chains 26 over rollers 35 and withdrawn therefrom over rollers 36. The chains are driven in the direction indicated by the arrows 31 in Fig.- 3 so that the cloth entersthe chamber at the upper compartment through the opening 30 and leaves the chamber from the lowest 'compartment through the opening 3|. The openings 30 and 3| are `suitably formed so as to reduce to a minimum the entry of outside air and the escape of the drying air from the chamber. (See for example our copending application mentioned above.) j
The -drying air, brought by the mechanism '40 to a desired temperature and moisture content, is fed to the lowest compartment of the chamber through aninlet pipe 4| and withdrawn from -the upper compartment of the chamber through an `outlet pipe 42. Suitable means, 'such' as the blowers 43 and'44,' set up and maintain the air flow.' It will 'be noted that the treated air ows lthrough the compartments in a directionl opposite to that in which the cloth travels, that its temperature is raised by reason of the heat 'suppliedI from the pipes 25 and that its moisture content is increased because o the moisture which escapes into the chamber from the cloth being dried therein. Consequently the cloth as it travels through the lowest compartment to the opening3| is subjected to treated air in its optimum conditionl for removing the moisture.v
' been determined however that while this ap-` v:sus
tially equivalent to that set forth in our copending application previously mentioned. It has paratus operates satisfactorily its effectiveness may beincreased by recirculating a portion'of the drying air, by regulating the speed of travel of the conveyor and by restricting the path of travel of the air so that it remains in contact withthe cloth during a greater part of its travel through the chamber.
.The recirculation of the air carried on by the mechanism 50 consistsin withdrawing air from points in the chamber, heating such air and returning it to the chamber at points below those at which it was withdrawn. Referring to the drawings it will be seen that in the illustrated apparatus the withdrawing and returning operations occur at the rear end of the chamber.
A portion of the air adjacent the passage 24b is withdrawn through a pipe 5| leading from the side of the casing by ah blower 52, passed through a heating element 53 and returned through a pipe 54 entering the passage 24B at the rear Wall of .the casing near one side thereof. VThe air at the passage 24h has only traveled a small part of its Way through the chamber and while its temperature has been somewhatl increased by the heat from the pipes 25 it has taken up a very small amount of moisture only because the cloth with which it has come into contact has already, before reaching this point, given up most of the moisture it originally carried.
Mounted on the top of the drying chamber 20 is a hood 55 connected with the interior of the chamber through a screened outlet 56. Air rises into the hood from the passage 24t and is withdrawn therefrom by a plurality of blowers through pipes 60, 10 and 80. The pipe 60 terminates .in a chamber 6| from which a. T-shaped pipe 62 leads to blowers 63, 64. The blowers 63, 64, return the withdrawn air to the drying chamber through heaters 65, 66 and pipes 61, 68 respectively, both pipes supplying air. to the passage 24e.
The pipe 10 terminates in a chamber 1| connected by a pipe 12 to a blower 13 by which the withdrawn air is returned through'a heater 14 and pipe 15 to the passage 24d. Similarly air is withdrawn through pipe 80, chamber 8| and pipe 8.2 by blower 83 and returned through heater 84 and pipe 85 to passage 24F. It will be noted that each of ,the pipes 54, 65, 66, 15 and 85 enters the drying chamber in the upper part of the various passag so that the-air thus introduced travels in the same direction as the main stream of air through the chamber and ends into that stream without undue disturbance. v
The treatment of various forms of material varies and conditions often arise which necessitate the introduction into the chamber of air other than the conditioned air supplied by the mechanism 40. This air taken from outside the chamber usually has a lower temperaturer and a lower dewpoint than the conditioned air. Thus it will increase the eectiveness of the air stream, a. particular advantage when the material being dried is 'heavy and contains a large amount of moisture. This regulation of the air stream is attained by the provision of gates and 9| Vat the ends oi' each chamber 6|,1| and 0| respec- Theapparatus described thus far is substanamount of air admitted from outside the cham-v I in a damp condition and if that temperature were above that level the material when discharged would be dry and have a satisfactory feel. If the temperature were found to be materially above that level the speed of the apparatus would be increased and the output would still be dry and have the proper feel. Similarly if the temperature were below that level the speed of the apparatus would be decreased so that the time of drying would be increased and the output be in the best condition. One convenient way.
of determining the temperature of the air stream is to mount within the pipe 5|. which leads from the Vpassage 24b a bulb l|00 connected through a lead |0| with an indicator |02 mounted upon a control board |03 at the front end of the apparatus. The needle |05, which responds to the bulb, moves over the dial |06 and so long as its tip remains within the sector |01 the drying is proceeding satisfactory. If, however, the movement of the tip of the needle beyond the left (Fig. 2) of the sector indicates that the drying is proceeding too slowly and that the material will be too damp and the speed of the conveyor should be reduced, and its movement beyond the right of the sector indicates that the drying is proceding too rapidly and the material will be too dry and the speed of the conveyor should be increased. The dial |06 indicates the output in yards per minute and the buttons |09, ||0, and |2 permit the starting, stopping, speeding up or retarding, respectively, of the apparatus conveyor. The connections of the dial |08 and the buttons may be of any well known type and have not been set forth on the drawings.
the side walls (see Fig. 4) and hence each side 'of the material in each compartment is spaced from such walls. 'I'he air traveling in such spaces will obviously, not come into contact with the material and hence having any drying function will be wasted. In order to break up this condition and guide the air into contact with the material a plurality vof vertical barriers ||5 are mounted at the sides of each compartment. These barriers l| I5 are each provided with slots 6 through which the ,chains 26 will travel freely. IZ'lhe areas defined by the barriers 5 permit portions' of the air stream to ow'amund the edges of the material from contact with one face into contact with the other face.
While one embodiment only of this invention has been shown and described it will be understood that we are not limited thereto and that otherembodiments may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of this invention as set forth in the following claims.
We claim: v
1. In a drying chamber divided by horizontal partitions into a plurality of compartments connected by passagesat the ends thereof and including conveying means by which the material to be dried is transported successively through said compartments, means for setting up a stream of air which flows through the compartments suc` cessively inv a direction opposite to that in which the material flows, andverticai barriers extending transversely of the chamber in the compartments between which the materialv passes and by which.
the stream of air is guided into contact with the material.
2. In a, dryinglchamber divided by horizontal partitions into a plurality of compartmentsconnected by passages at the ends thereof and including conveying means by -which the material to be. dried is transported successively through said compartments, means for setting up a stream of air which flows through the compartments successively in a direction opposite to that in which the material iiows, andvertical barriers extending transversely of the chamber in the compartments between which the material passes, said barriers defining areas through which the Aair may flow around the edges of the material from contact ,with one facethereof into contact with the other 3. The art of drying material in a chamber divided by horizontal partitions into a plurality of compartments connected by passages at the ends `thereof? and including conveying means by which the material to be dried is transported successively t rough said compartments, which comprises sett ng up a stream of conditioned air which iiows substantially 'undiminished through the compartments successively in a direction opposite to that Ain which the material travels, withdrawing a portion of the air stream from ,the chamber, mixing fresh air therewith, heating 'said mixture, and
vreturning said mixed and heated air to the chamber where it blends witlntheair stream.
4. The art of' drying material in a chamber divided by horizontalpartitions into a plurality of compartments connected by passages at the ends thereofl and including conveying means by which the material to be dried is transported successively through said compartments, which comprises setting up a stream of conditioned air which ows substantially undiminished through the compartments successively in a direction opposite to that in which the material travels, withdrawing a. portion ofthe air stream from the chamber, mixing fresh air therewith, heating said mixture, and returning said mixed and heated air to the chamber where it blends with the air stream at a point in the chamber through which the air stream had iiowed beforathe portion had been withdrawn.
5. The art of drying material in a chamber Vdivided by horizontal partitions into a plurality of compartments connected by passages at the ends thereof and including conveying means by which the material to be dried is transported successively through said compartments, which comprises setting up a stream of conditioned air which ows substantially undiminished through the compartments successively in a direction opposite to that in which the material travels, withdrawing a portion of the air stream from the chamber as it flows through one o f the passages in the chamber, mixing fresh air therewith, heating said mixture and returning said mixed and heated air to the chamber where it blends with -the air stream, the returned air entering a passage in the chamber through which the air stream had iiowed before the portion had been withdrawn.
6. The art of drying material in a .chamber divided by partitions into a plurality of compartments connected by passages at the ends thereof l and provided with conveying means by which the determine the condition with respect to humidity which the material then in progress will possess when discharged and regulating the rate of travel of such material accordingly.
L 7. The art of drying material in a chamber divided by partitionsv into a plurality of compartments connected by passages at the ends thereof and provided with conveying means by which the material to be dried `is transported successively through said-compartments, which comprises setting upa stream of unsaturated conditioned air which ows substantially undiminished through the compartmentsuccessively in a direction opposite to that in which the material travels, withdrawing a portion of such air stream from the chamber, ascertaining the temperature of the withdrawn portion to determine the condition with respect to humidity which the material then in progress will possess when dischargedand regulating the rate of travel of such material accordingly. i
. CHESTER. S. JENNINGS.
FRANK W. GERARD.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2439741 *||Apr 28, 1943||Apr 13, 1948||Davison Chemical Corp||Process for controlling drier discharge|
|US2440648 *||Jan 19, 1944||Apr 27, 1948||Uxbridge Worsted Co Inc||Apparatus for drying cloth with air|
|US2442148 *||Feb 20, 1945||May 25, 1948||Uxbridge Worsted Co Inc||Warp drier with automatic control means|
|US3961425 *||Jun 18, 1975||Jun 8, 1976||Measurex Corporation||Temperature control system for textile tenter frame apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||34/451, 34/242, 34/89, 34/207, 34/466|
|International Classification||F26B13/00, F26B13/02, F26B13/10|