US 2152080 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 28, 1939. A. O'MUNSEY 2,152,080,
TILE ROOF CONSTRUCTION Filed Aug; 4, 1937 A TTORNEY.
Patented Mar. 28, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE TILE ROOF CONSTRUCTION Albert 0. Munsey, Los Angeles, Calif.
Application August 4,
14 Claims This invention relates to a roofing and a method of applying the same. More specifically stated the invention relates to tile roofing and to a means and method of securing such roofing in place.
An important object of the invention is to reduce the cost and lessen the labor heretofore required in securing in place tile roofing.
Another object of the invention is to provide an improved substitute for nails or like fasteners for holding roofing tile in place, thus avoiding puncturing any roofingpaper or other sub-roof which may underlie the tile roof.
Still another object of the invention is to provide a means for holding tile roofing in place, which can be used in a more satisfactory way in conjunction with cement, so that better cement bonds can be produced and it will not be necessary to handle the tile being applied in such a manner as to break the cement loose from any 20 joints between tile to which it may be necessary to apply it during the construction of the roof.
Yet further objects and advantages pertain to more easy replacement of broken tile; to adaptation of the securing means to courses laid in unusual directions or in irregular courses, and to the provision of a tile securing-means that is applicable to a number of different kinds of roofing tile,
including mission and shingle tile.
The invention pertains'to a concealed tile securing means which will in no way mar the ornamental appearance of roofing to which it is applied.
The invention also includes the provision of an V improved hanger or anchoring rod or strip which Ecan b 'f'co ind can be used in combination with wire on the market to produce the entire tile ring means required.
- is invention possesses many other advan- 40 tages and has other objects which will be made more easily apparent from a consideration of "the. embodiments thereof shown in the accompanying drawing forming part of the present specification. The forms shown are hereinafter described in detail and illustrate the general principles of the invention; but it is to be understood that this description is not to be taken in a limiting sense, since the scope of the invention is best defined in the appended claims.
In a roof constructed according to the principles of this invention, the tile of each upwardly and downwardly extending row are furnished with an underlying main securing connection (a wire or like cable), and each individual tile of the row is anchored to the main connection by a e manufactured in quantities at a very low 1937, Serial No. 157,339
sturdy, dependable hanger or anchor which a workman can apply quickly. Said main connection is not weakened by any cuts or apertures for the purpose of securing the anchoring elements thereto, as has heretofore been neces- 5 sary in some roofing methods.
Referring to the accompanying drawing:
Figure 1 is a vertical section through a roof structure embodying the invention, the line of section paralleling the rafters, and a portion of 10 the roof being broken away in order to contract the view.
Figure 2 is a plan view on a reduced scale of the structure shown in Figure 1, different portions of the roof area being shown at various stages of 16 construction. I
Figure 3 is a perspective view of one form of tile anchoring-element provided by the invention, said element being the form thereof shown and described in connection with Figures 1, 2, 4 and 5.
Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmental plan view illustrating the concealed position of one of the anchor elements, said element being visible through a broken out portion of an overlying tile.
v Figure 5 is a section taken on line ure 4.
Figure 6 is a view similar to Figure 4 except that another form of anchoring element is shown.
Figure 7 is a section taken on line 1-1 of Figure 6, and
Figure 8 is a perspective view of the anchoring element shown in Figures 6 and 7.
Describing first the structure shown in Figur'es 1 to 4, the invention is shown applied to courses of cover tile ill and pan tile ll of the Mission type, which are shown arranged in the usual imbricated manner longitudinally of an inclined roof, said tile resting upon waterproof covering such as the roofing paper l2, which over- 40 lies the sheeting [3.
The courses, both of pan tile and of cover tile,
, are secured to the roof by runners l4 consisting of cables or wires which may be either flat or round strips. Before the tile are laid in their courses these runners are secured to the roof in a parallel spaced relation to each other as shown in the right hand portion of Figure 2. Each of said runners preferably extends the full distance between the ridge of the roof and its eaves and, 5
in fact, desirably overlaps these points somewhat,
the left hand runner (see Figure 1) for attaching cover tile,'having its upper endstapled or otherwise suitably secured to the roof at I6 slight-- 25 55 of Figly to the right of the peak of the roof, while the 5 runner for the cover tile at the right side of the view is similarly secured as at I? a little to the left of the peak. The former runner is shown having a downwardly directed lower end portion secured by a spike I8 a little below the eaves of the paper covered portion of the roof. It is to be understood that the runners which hold the pan tile in place also have their end portions secured to the roof in the same manner as those for securing the cover tile.
The runners It should be made of a tough but rather pliable metal in order that they may be kinked wherever necessary in order to have ap plied to them the anchoring elements or hangers I9 which pass through the tile apertures near the upper ends both of the cover tile and pan tile.
Each anchor element or hanger I9 consists of a stocky piece of stiff wire which has an end portion deflected at an angle to its body portion 26, the terminal part 2'! of said deflected portion being projected outwardly from said body portion in substantially parallelism thereto. Said hanger has in its opposite end portion a saddle 28 adapted to seat or engage a jog kinked portion 29 of the underlying runner (see Figure 5). This saddle is formed by the lower bent portion of the curl 30, said curl having a terminal portion 3| to serve as a keeper to prevent accidental detachment from the runner I4 to which the hanger is attached. Behind this keeper 3| is a clearance 32 to admit the kinked portions of the runners to which the hangers are applied.
In Figures 6, 7 and 8 is shown a modified v hanger I90. formed of flat material instead of wire, however, the relation of its parts 260,, 27a,
and 28a is the same as that of the parts 26, 21,
and 28 of the hanger first described.
The saddle 28a of the hanger I 90. is not formed by looping its end portion spirally, but by forming a LI-shaped bend therein whereby the U- shaped or saddle part is bent in such a way as to contract the mouth of the U in order to safeguard against the anchoring element becoming detached from the kinked portion of the runner. A curved, outwardly directed lip 35 completes the saddle portion of the hanger I90. and facilitates in the entrance of the runner into said saddle when the hanger is attached thereto.
In both the hangers I9 and I9a the saddle part is shown as being located between the paralleled planes occupied by the body 26 and terminal part 21 (or body 26a and terminal part 21a). This position of the saddle permits the use of an edge of the tile for producing the jogged kink 29 in the runner, said kink being shown in abutment against the lower edge of the upper end of the adjacent tile. However, it will be understood that the saddle portions of the hangers might readily be extended outside of the parallel planes occupied by the body and terminal portions of the hanger and still permit an eifective kinking of the runners to prevent movement of the hangers and tile with respect thereto. For instance, in the form of the invention shown in Figure 7, the saddle might extend below the lower surface of the tile and still permit an effective kinking of the runner in the saddle 28a without the necessity of engaging the runner with an edge of the tile.
'In the embodiments of the invention shown, reliance ishad upon the passage of the portions 25 and 25a through the tile aperture, but it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to any particular way of connecting the tile anchors to the tile.
Adjacent to each side of the ridge of the roof are special tile 36 without openings through them, their upper ends projecting under the ridge tiles 3! which rest upon a cement ridge 38 within which are embedded the upper ends of the tile 36.
The invention is applicable to many kinds of roof construction other than that shown in the drawing. One of the many advantages resulting from the use of the tile securing means provided by the invention is that no nails or other tile securing members are used which require a puncturing of the roofing paper I2 or other sub-roofing upon which the tiles are applied. The application of tile by the use of nails and the like results in a leakage at the points where said devices perforate the sub-roofing.
In applying tile to a roof according to the principles of this invention, after the roofing paper I2 has been put on, the runners I I are laid in place and are secured by spikes or other suitable fastening means at or near the eaves, as has been described. However, during the application of the tile to the roof, the upper ends of the runners are unsecured by the anchoring staples. I6 and I'll, so that the desired slack may be produced in the process of anchoring the tile to said runners. If desired, the lower ends of the runners may be anchored by securing the same to the lowermost tile applied adjacent the eaves of the roof. A course of pan tile is usually first put in place, the lowest tile being deposited first in its proper position longitudinally overlying the particular runner to which it is to be anchored. L
Then, assuming that a hanger element I 9 is to be used, the end portion 21 thereof is thrust downwardly through the aperture in the tile and its saddle part 28 is brought close to the runner, then the workman grasps the runner with one hand or by a suitable tool and kinks the runner by applying a lifting and lateral force to it, the lifting force being applied in opposition to the shoulder formed by the upper end of the tile being laid. Into the kink thus formed in the runner is hooked the curled end portion of the hanger in such a manner as to cause the saddle portion 28 thereof to support the kinked part of the runner, this being done while the hanger remains inserted through the apertured portion of the tile and in the position shown in Figure 5. When the strap iron form of hanger I9a is used it is put in place in substantially the same manner.
The placing of the courses of the cover tile will follow in the usual order and the hanger I9 or IE0. will be applied to them in substantially the same way except that the runners I4 will be lifted up into a spaced relation to the sub-roofing as the kinks are formed in them and the hangers hooked into said kinks.
The detached hangers provided by this invention can be manufactured in quantities at a low cost and can be applied to runners varying considerably in size and cross-sectional form.
1. As an article of manufacture, a hanger for roofing tile comprising an elongated metal element having an. end portion deflected at an angle to its body portion for entrance into a tile aperture, the terminal part of said deflected portion projecting in substantial parallelism to said body portion, said hanger having its opposite end provided with a saddle having a seat disposed between parallel planes through said body and terminal portions and adapted to receive and effect a kinking of a tile supporting runner for preventing slippage of the hanger with respect thereto.
2. As an article of manufacture, a hanger for roofing tile comprising an elongated metal element having an end portion deflected at an angle to its body portion for entrance into a tile aperture, the terminal part of said deflected portion projecting in substantial parallelism to said body portion, said hanger having its opposite end portion provided with a loop for receiving and kinking a tile supporting runner, said loop having a gap for the reception of said runner thereinto.
3. As an article of manufacture, a hanger for roofing tile comprising an elongated element having an end portion deflected at an angle to its body portion for entrance into a tile aperture, said hanger having its opposite end portion provided with a curl, said curl having a bend forming a saddle adapted to receive and kink a wire runner and also having a terminal portion positioned to form a keeper for a wire runner occupying its saddle portion.
4. A roof structure having an inclined surface, a bendable runner extending over said surface, a tile overlying said runner, said tile having an aperture, a hanger consisting of a piece of substantially rigid wire having a portion deflected at an angle to its body portion, the deflected portion of said hanger occupying the aperture in said tile while its body portion overlies the tile between its aperture and upper end, the upper end portion of said hanger having a rigid saddle which underlies a kinked portion of said runner.
5. A roof structure having a surface, a bendable runner extending over said surface, said runner having kinked portions therein at spaced intervals, a course of imbricated tile overlying said runner, the individual tile being apertured under cover of the tile thereabove, and a plurality of anchors entering said tile apertures and having portions engaging said runner to form said kinked portions, whereby to hold the tile against movement.
6. A roof structure having a surface, a course of imbricated tile overlying said surface, the individual tile in said course being apertured under cover of a tile thereabove, a plurality of anchors entering said apertures, an end portion of each anchor being provided with means providing a seat disposed between opposite surfaces of the tile, and a runner underlying said course of tile above said surface, said runner being provided with a kink formed by its engagement with said seat and an end of said tile, whereby to restrain the tile against movement.
'7. In combination, an anchoring device for roofing tile comprising a runner, a tile disposed over said runner and having an opening therethrough, a tile anchor passing through the tile opening and having an end bent to form a loop, said runner passing through the loop to form a kink in said runner, whereby said loop engages with said kinked portion to hold the title against movement.
8. As an article of manufacture, a tile hanger having a tile engaging portion and a loop extending from said hanger for engaging and kinking a tile supporting runner, said loop having a mouth for permitting entrance of a runner thereinto.
9. A roof structure having a surface, a bendable runner extending over said surface, said runner having kinked portions therein at spaced intervals, a course of imbricated tile overlying said runner, said tile having means associated therewith for engaging said runner to form said kinked portions, whereby to hold the tile against movement.
10. As an article of manufacture, a tile hanger including a tile engaging portion, and another portion for engaging and kinking a tile supporting runner.
11. As an article of manufacture, a hanger for roofing tile comprising an elongated element having an end portion deflected at an angle to its body portion for entrance into a tile aperture, said hanger having its opposite end provided with a saddle having a seat disposed between parallel planes through said body and deflected portions, said saddle being adapted to engage a kink in a tile supporting runner for restraining the anchor against slippage.
12. As an article of manufacture, a hanger for roofing tile comprising an elongated element having an end portion deflected at an angle to its body portion for entrance into a tile aperture, said hanger having its opposite end provided with a portion for engaging and kinking a tile supporting runner.
13. The method of assembling a roofing structure of the type employing imbricated courses of tile, tile supporting runners and anchoring means for connecting said tile to said runners, which comprises laying a runner over the surface of a roof, connecting an anchoring device to a tile element, and engaging said device with said runner for effecting a kink in said runner to restrain the device and attached tile against slippage with respect to said runner.
14. The method of assembling a roofing structure of the type employing tile supporting runners and imbricated courses of tile having runner engaging means associated therewith, which comprises laying a runner over the surface of a roof, and engaging said means-with said runner for effecting a kink in said runner to restrain the tile against movement.
ALBERT 0. MUNSEY.