US 2153905 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A ril 11, 1939. B. M. YANKOVITCH 2,153,905
GARMENT HANGER Filed July 22, 1938 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR,
April 1939- B. M. YANKOVITCH 2,153,905
GARMENT HANGER Filed July 22, 1938 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 1 INVENTOR Boghmay ll. Yam 7% l/ 'zcl i,
Patented Apr. 11, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 6 Claims.
This invention relates to garment hangers, and particularly to that type of such devices which comprise a bow to support a coat and vest and a bar spanning the bow and on which to hang the trousers.
Heretofore the bar has usually been fast at each end thereof to the bow, wherefore it was difiicult to position the trousers on or remove them from the bow, especially when the coat or vest or both are present supported by the bow.
At approximately the same cost of manufacture required to produce a hanger of this heretofore common type, according to this invention a hanger may be provided in which the bar is pivotally supported at at least one end on the bow and has its other end detachably secured thereto, whereby the bar may be swung from its normal position to some angular relation to such position, thus to permit application of the trousers to or their removal from the bar even While the hanger hangs from its support and the coat or vest or both remain supported by the bow. As will appear, the bar may be in telescoped parts, the receiving one of which affords direct support for the trousers, whereby when the bar has been swung to the angular position, the receiving part may be slid lengthwise to extend the bar and augment accessibility thereto.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a side elevation of the improved hanger;
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the modification thereof in which the bar is telescopic;
Fig. 3 is an underneath plan of the form shown in Fig. 2, with the bar angularly displaced from its normal position and also extended;
Fig. 4 is an underneath plan view of one endportion of the bow;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary side elevation on a larger scale of the bar 5 and hook-device 4;
Fig. 6 shows in plan a modified form of the bar and the strap associated therewith;
Figs. 7 and 8 show two difierent forms of the assembly comprising the bar and the tubular member, Fig. '7, showing the bar in plan and the tubular member in section and Fig, 8 showing the parts principally in plan but said member partly in section and partially withdrawn; and
Fig. 9 is a section on line 9-9, Fig. 8.
What I term the bow structure includes the bow I of the usual form and having the usual supporting hook 2; notched portions 3 each here in the form of a staple having its arched part 3a bent out of the plane of its legs and presenting at 30 the notch, such staples being driven into the under side of the respective end portions of the bow so that the notch of each faces the other end of the bow; and supports 4 which depend from and are rotative around upright axes in the respective end portions of the bow, each here consisting of a stiff strip of wire providing a shank 4b, driven into the bow, and a projection or hook portion 4a. Each notched portion 3 is sopositioned relatively to the corresponding support that when the support is rotated to the normal position shown, or so that its said hook portion or hook projects toward the opposite end of the bow, said hook portion will be engaged in the notch 30; one or each of the parts 34 may be somewhat elastic so that it requires some manual pressure to turn each support 4 to clear its hook portion from the notch when engaged therewith.
The bar 5 on which the trousers are to be hung is formed of a strip, as of wood, of suitable length and has eyes, as screw-eyes 6, driven into the ends of such strip and adapted to receive the hook portions or hooks 4a of the supports 4.
Assume the bar to be in traversing relation to the bow, as shown in Fig. 1, being pivoted thereto at one end in any way so as to move up and down and supported at its otherend by the support 4. The conditions essential to my invention are these: The bar has an eye, 6, at its said other end; the support depends from the bow in alinement with the bar and is rotative in the bow around a fixed axis and has in fixed relation to said axis and also in alinement with the bar and extending up through the eye a projection, as 4a, having a free end nearer than the eye to the pivot of the bar; and the axis of the support is angularly related to the longitudinal axis of the bar and is arranged in an upright plane. As the parts stand as shown in said figure the bar is locked by the projection against elevation so as to uncouple it from the bar; but, if the support be turned on its axis, during such turning of the support through a. half-revolution the bar may be lifted clear of the same.
According to my invention, further, given the bow and the bar in traversing relation to and pivoted at one end thereof to the bow to move both up and down and horizontally, there is a bar support, as 4, rotative in the bow around a fixed upright axis and reaching from such axis toward the pivot, and in underreaching relation to the free end, of the bar, and said support and bar have intercoupling means to oppose horizontal displacement of the bar consisting of an eye in one and a projection on the other of them extending in an up-and-down direction through the eye.
Each hook 4 may have a head 41: countersunk in the bow, or also to prevent the hook from becoming detached from the bow the construction may be as in Fig. 2. Here the shank 4b of each support is equipped with a bearing bushing 1 in which it is free to turn and the shank has a head 40 too large to pass through the bushing. A blind hole 8 having been formed in the bow from its under side the bushing is driven into such hole with a tight fit.
The bar may be equipped with a tubular memher 9 in telescoped relation thereto and which, directly serving as support for the trousers, may be slid lengthwise of the bar as shown in Fig. 3 so as to facilitate the placing of the trousers on or their removal from such member, which preferably has end flanges ill to prevent the trousers from sliding lengthwise of said member, To prevent the trousers from slipping j'around said member there may be a strap l l, preferably elastic, attached to one flange and having a hook i2 -to engage an eye (not shown) in the other flange.
In Fig. 6 the strap, as l3, has end loops l3a to receive the eyes 6 of the bar itself.
The tubular member may be prevented from freely sliding off or turning around the bar as shown in Fig. 7, as by portions of the metal of which it is formed being bent inward to afford spring tongues M to bear on the bar.
In Figs. 8 and 9 the tubular member is definitely limited in its sliding movement, and also held from turning around the bar, here in each direction, as follows: The bar has two longitudinal grooves 15 respectively extending from the ends of the bar but each terminating short of the relatively opposite end. Near its respective ends said member has lugs I6 formed by stamping localized portions thereof into the respective grooves. Thus as the bar is moved in either direction whereas one lug may leave its groove the other will abut the closed end of it and thus check the movement.
Whereas in the example set forth that part of the bow structure which is formed by the hook portion 4 of either support normally obstructs upward displacement of the bar and the shank 4a of the support is upright (as shown, actually vertical) I do not wish to be limited to these details of construction as will appear from the appended claims.
Having thus fully described my invention what I claim is:
1. The combination of a garment hanger bow structure having a hook journaled in one end portion thereof and its hook portion under the bow and a bar pivotally connected at one of its ends to one end portion of the bow structure and having its other end portion adapted to be supported by said hook portion, said structure having a notched portion adapted to receive such hook portion and releasably hold said hook against rotation.
2. In combination, a garment hanger bow, a bar to traverse the bow, and means to support the bar on the bow, the bow having a blind hole open at the under side of the bow and said means including a bushing fitting the hole and a support for the bar journaled in the bushing and having a head above and abutting the bushing,
3. A trousers supporting device to be supported by and in traversing relation to a garmenthanger bow including a bar and an elongated member in telescopic relation to and slidable along the bar, one of the parts formed by the bar and member having a projection in contact with the adjoining face of the other of such parts and frictionally resisting displacement of said member.
4. A trousers-hanging device comprising'a bar member and an elongated member in telescopic relation to and slidable along the bar member, one of said members having longitudinal grooves open at the respective ends thereof and each groove having its other end closed and the other member having lugs projecting into said grooves and respectively arranged adjacent to the ends of such other member which adjoin the open ends of the grooves.
5. A garment hanger comprising a bow, a bar traversing and pivoted at one end thereof to the bow and movable up and down on its pivot and having an eye at its other end, and a bar support rotative in the bow around a fixed axis and depending from the bow in alinement with the bar and having in fixed angular relation to said axis and also in alinement with the bar and extending up through the eye a projection having a free end nearer than the eye to the pivot of the bar, said axis of the support being arranged in an upright plane and angularly related to the longitudinal axis of the bar.
6. A garment hanger comprising a bow, a bar traversing and pivoted at one end thereof to the bow to move up and down and also horizontally, and a bar support rotative in the bow around a fixed upright axis and reaching from said axis toward the pivot, and in underreaching relation to the free end, of the bar, said support and bar having intercoupling means opposing horizontal displacement of the bar and consisting of an eye in one and a projection on the other of them, said projection extending in an up-and-down direction through the eye.
BOZI-IIDAR M. YANKOVITCH.