Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2154875 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 18, 1939
Filing dateMay 24, 1937
Priority dateMay 24, 1937
Publication numberUS 2154875 A, US 2154875A, US-A-2154875, US2154875 A, US2154875A
InventorsStreby Raymond D
Original AssigneeTimken Roller Bearing Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fuel injector
US 2154875 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 18, 1939 R. D. STREBY 2,154,875

FUEL INJECTOR Filed May 24, 1957 Patented Apr. 18, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT ortica4 y FUEL INJECTOR Raymond D. Streby,

Canton, Ohio, assigner to Application May 24, 1937, serial No. 144,356 s Claims. (Cl. a99-107.6)

This invention relates to fuel injectors, particularly hydraulically operated fuel injectors for internal combustion engines of the compressionignition type. Its principal objects are to provide a fuel injector that will deliver a minimum quantity of fuel during the early stages of the injection period and thereby prevent sudden pressure increase in the engine cylinder and consequent heavy running of theengihe, that will l0 enable the delivery valve to seat quickly at the end of the injection period and thus prevent after injection or nozzle dribble, and that will embody other advantages hereinafter appearing. The invention consists in the fuel injector and in the construction, combinations and arrangements of parts hereinafter described and claimed.

In the accompanying drawing, which forms part of this specification andwherein like symbols refer to like parts Wherever they occur,

Fig. 1 is a part side elevation and part central longitudinal sectional view of a fuel injector embodying my invention,

Fig. 2 is an enlarged central longitudinal sectional view of the outer or discharge end portion of the injector, the valve being shown closed,

Fig. 3 is a similar view with the valve shown partly open,

Fig. 4 is a similar view with the discharge valve shown fully open; and

Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 2 showing a modified construction.

In the accompanying drawing, my invention is shown embodied in a fuel injector for an internal combustion engine of the Diesel type.

Said injector comprises a main body portion or holder I having an inlet passageway 2 adapted to be supplied by a suitable pipe 3 with fluid fuel under pressure. `The holder is provided with a. removable nozzle assembly comprising concen- 4 0 tric cylindrical inner, outer and intermediate sleeves 4, 5 and 9, respectively, secured together and to said holder by means of a ring nut 'I threaded on the latter. j

The inner sleeve 4 is provided at its outer end with an outstanding flange 8 that is clamped between the outer end wall 9 of the outer sleeve 5 and the outer end of the intermediate sleeve 6; and said inner sleeve is provided at its inner end with an outstanding flange I0 that bears flatwise against the outer end of the holder I. The ring nut 1 is provided at its ,outer end with an internal flange II that bears against an external flange I2 at the inner end of the outer sleeve 5, thereby clampingthe intermediate sleeve 6 against the outer endof the holder I and the external flange 8 at the outer end of the inner sleeve 4- between the outer end wall 9 of said outer sleeve and the outer end of said intermediate sleeve. The fuel passageway 2 in the holder I opens through its nozzle engaging end 5 into an annular groove I3 in the inner end of the intermediate sleeve I; and this annular groove communicates through one or more inlet ports I4 with the bore of said intermediate sleeve.

The axial bore I5 of the inner sleeve 4 term- 10 nates at the outer end thereof in an outwardly flared valve seat I6; and the outer end wall 9 of the outer sleeve 5 is provided with an outwardly flared axial hole I1 that constitutes a continuation of the axial bore I5 of said inner 15 sleeve. Cooperating with the valve seat I6 at the outer end of the bore I5 of the inner sleeve 4 is a conical valve member or element I8 having an inwardly extending stem portion I9 that is slidably supported in said bore. Said bore is 20 enlarged, as at I5a, intermediate its ends to accommodate a spring 20 that surrounds said stem with' one end seating against the outer end of the enlarged portion of said bore and with its other end bearing against a nut 2! threaded 25 on said valve stem. A second nut 22 is provided for locking the nut 2I in adjusted position onf the valve stem I9. The inner sleeve 4 is provided opposite the enlargedA portion I5a of its valve stern supporting bore I5 with a side 30 opening |511 through which the valve closing spring 20 may be inserted and removed. The inner valve or supporting sleeve 4 is of smaller outside diameter than the inside diameter of the intermediate sleeve 6, thereby forming an 35 annular passageway 23 between said sleeves. The valve supporting sleeve 4 is provided just inside of the flange 8 at the outer end thereof with a peripheral groove 24 and one or more radial ports 25 that lead from said groove to the 40 bore of said sleeve.

The valvel I8 is provided with an outwardly extending head portion 25 that terminates flush with the outer end of the outer sleeve 5 in the closed position of the valve, is flared ,outwardly 45 at an angle corresponding to the flared hole I1 in the end wall 9 of said outer sleeve and is of smaller diameter than said hole so as to form therewith an annular discharge orifice IIa. The valve stem I9 is provided inwardly of the valve 50 I8 with an annular groove 2l which, in the closed position of said valve, cooperates with the stem supporting bore I5 of the inner sleeve 4 to form an annular chamber 28 that communicates with the ports 25 leading from the annular groove 24 r in said sleeve. The portion 2920i the valve stem I9 between the groove 21 and the valve I8 is of -slightly smaller diameter than the stem supearly part-of the opening movement of said valve and during the latter part of its closing movement.

The fuel passes through the passageway 2 in the holder I into the annular groove I3 in the inner end of the intermediate sleeve 6, thence through the ports I4 therein into the annular passageway 23 between said sleeve and the inner sleeve 4, and thence through the ports 25 in said inner sleeve in'to the annular chamber 28 where the hydraulic pressure of the fuel operates to force the valve I8 oil its seat I 6. During the early part of the opening movement of the valve,the fuel flows through the relatively narrow annular passageway 30 formed bythe reduced portion 29 of the valve stem I 9 between the valve and the annular groove 21 in said stem and thus causes a minimum quantity of fuel to be discharged and thereby prevents a sudden pressure increase in the cylinder and consequent heavy running of the engine.

As soon as the outer end wall of the annular groove 21 clears the inner end of the flared valve seat I6, the full cross-sectionaly area of the annular chamber 28 is incommunication with the annular discharge orifice I1a and the quantity of fuel delivered increases as the width of said annular discharge orifice is increased due to the outward movement of the flared head 26 of the valve and the flared hole I1 in the end Wall 9 of the outer sleeve 5f` When the pressure on the fluid fuel is released. the spring 20 operates to return the valve to closed position; and, duringr this return movement of the valve, the reduced portion 29 of the valve stem throttles or cuts down the quantity of fuel discharged and thus enables the valve to seat quickly at the end of the injection period so as to prevent after injection 0r nozzle dribble. The quantity of fuel delivered during the 'minimum injection and the length of time of such minimum injection are determined by the diameter and length, respectively, of the reduced portion 29 of the valve stem.

In the'modlflcation shown in Fig. 5, the outer end wall of the annular groove in the valve stern is beveled or radiused, as at 3|. so as to prevent an abrupt change in the quantity of fuel delivered l when said end wall clears the valve seat; and the head portion of the valve is tapered, as at 32, and terminates at its outer end in an outstanding flange 33 adapted to assist atomization of the fuel as it leaves the annular discharge or spraying vorifice I1b.

What I claim is: 1. A fuel injector having a bore'provided ad jacent to its outer end with an outwardly opening valve seat, and an outwardly opening valve cooperating with said seat and having a cylindrical axial extension on its inner end slidably supported Qin said bore, said cylindrical extension having an annular groove therein cooperating with rsaid bore to form a relatively wide annular chamber, said injector having a passageway leading to said annular` chamber for supplying fuel `thereto, the portion of said cylindrical extension between said valve and said annular groove being of less diameter than said bore and Ncooperating therewith to form a relatively narrow annular passageway that communicates with said relatively wide annular chamber and is adapted during the `disposed in the outer end than said annular groove and opening movement of said valve to throttle the fuel discharge until said annular groove enters said valve seat and places said relatively wide annular chamber in direct communication thereing valve cooperating with said seat and having a stem on its inner end slidably supported in said bore, said stem having an annular groove therein cooperating with said bore to form an annular chamber, saidinjector having a passageway leading to said annular chamber for supplying fuel under pressure thereto, the portion of said stem between said valve and said annular groove being of less diameter than, said bore but of greater diameter than said annular groove and cooperating with said bore to form an annular passageway that communicates with said annular chamber andis adapted during the early part of the opening movement of said valve to throttle the fuel discharge until the outer end wall of said annular groove enters said valve seat and places said relatively wide annular chamber in direct communication therewith'.

3. A fuel injector having a bore provided inwardly of the outer end thereof with an outwardly opening valve seat therein, and an outwardly opening valve cooperating with said valve seat and having a stem on its inner end slidably supported in said bore and a-head at its outer end operating therewith to form an annular discharge orifice, said stem' having an annular` groove therein cooperating with said boreto form an annular chamber, said injector having a passageway for supplying fuel under pressure to said annular chamber, the portion ofsaid stem between said valve and said annular groove being of less diameter than said bore but of greater diameter cooperating with said bore to form an annular passageway between said annular chamber and saidannular discharge orifice of smaller cross-sectional area than said of,aid bore and coannular chamber and adapted during the opening movement of said valve to throttle charge until the outer end wall of groove enters said valve seat.

4. A fuel injector having a bore having an outwardly opening valve seat therein adjacent to the outer end thereof, and a spring-loaded outwardly opening valve cooperating with said valve seat and having a stem on its inner end slidably supported in said bore and a head at its outer end disposed in the outer end of said bore and cooperating therewith to form an annular discharge orifice which increases in width during the outwardly opening movement of said valve, said stein having an annular groove therein having an inwardly sloping outerfend wall and cooperatthe fuel dissaid annular ing with said bore to form an annular chamber,

lar chamber and adaptedduring the opening movement ofsaid valve of fuel until said outer groove enters said valve to throttle the discharge seat.

diameter than said andv end wall of said annular` 5. A fuel injector having a bore having a ared outwardly opening valve seat, and an outwardly opening valve cooperating with said seat and having an inwardly extending stem slidably supported in said bore and an outwardly extending tapering head portion that cooperates with the outer end of said bore to form an annular discharge orice and terminates in an annular shoulder, and a spring for drawing said valve inwardly against saidseat, said stem having an annular groove therein that cooperates with said bore to form an annular chamber, said injector having a passageway for supplying fuel under pressure to said annular chamber, the portion of said stem between said valve and said annular groove being of less diameter than said bore but of greater diameter than said annular groove and cooperating with said bore to form an annular passageway between said annular chamber and said annular discharge oriiice of smaller cross-sectional area than said annular chamber and adapted during the opening movement of said valve to throttle lthe fuel discharge until the outer end wall of said annular groove enters said valve seat. f

6. A fuel injector comprising a holder having a passageway therein, a removable nozzle comprising interiitting cylindrical inner, outer and intermediate sleeves, said inner sleeve having an outstanding iiange at its outer end that overlaps the outer end of said intermediate sleeve and said outer sleeve having an outer end portion that overlaps said flange, a sleeve nut threaded on said holder and cooperating with said outer sleeve to sleeve against said holder and to clamp the iiange at the outer end of said inner sleeve between the outer end of said intermediate sleeve and the outerend wall of said outer sleeve, said inner and intermediate sleeves having an annular passageway therebetween in communication with the passageway in said holder and the interior of said inner sleeve, and a valve for closing the outer end of said inner sleeve.

'1. A fuel injector comprising a holder having a passageway therein, a removable nozzle comprising interfitting cylindrical inner, outer and clamp said intermediate intermediate sleeves, said inner sleeve having an outstanding flange at its outer end that overlaps the outer end of said intermediate sleeve and said outer sleeve having an outer end wall that overlaps said ange and has an axial hole therein, a sleeve nut threaded on said holder and cooperating with said outer sleeve to clamp said intermediate sleeve against said holder and to clamp the flange at the outer end of said inner sleeve between the outer end of said intermediate sleeve and the outer end wall of said outer sleeve, said inner and intermediate sleeves having an annular passageway therebetween in communication with the passageway in said holder and the interior of said inner sleeve, and a valve for closing the outer end of s aid inner sleeve, said valve having a head portion disposed in the axial hole in the outer end wall of said outer sleeve with an annular clearance space therebetween.

8. A fuel injector comprising a holder, having a passageway therein, a removable nozzle comprising interiltting cylindrical inner, outer and intermediate sleeves, said inner sleeve having an outstanding flange at its outer end that overlaps the outer end of said intermediate sleeve and said outer sleeve having an outer end wall that overlaps said flange and has an axial hole therein, a sleeve nut threaded on said holder and cooperating w-ith said outer sleeve to clamp said intermediate sleeve against said holder and to clamp the flange at the outer end of said inner sleeve between the outer end oi said intermediate sleeve and the outer end wall of said outer sleev said inner and intermediate sleeves having an annular passageway therebetween in communication with the passageway in said holder and the interior of said inner sleeve, and a valve for closing the outer end of said inner sleeve, said valve having a head portion disposed in the hole in the outer end wall of said outer sleeve with an annular clearance space therebetween, said valve having an inwardly extending stem portion slidably supported in said inner sleeve and adapted to cooperate therewith to form a restricted passageway therebetween during the early stage of the opening movement of said valve.

RAYMOND D. STREBY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2433985 *Nov 10, 1942Jan 6, 1948Nicholas FodorFuel injector
US2439832 *Jun 27, 1939Apr 20, 1948Willy VoitInjection nozzle for internalcombustion engines
US2512557 *Feb 24, 1944Jun 20, 1950Ex Cell O CorpFuel injection nozzle
US2865675 *Apr 13, 1956Dec 23, 1958Vernon D RoosaFuel injection nozzle
US3156414 *Nov 30, 1962Nov 10, 1964Int Harvester CoFuel injection nozzle
US3528613 *Jan 15, 1968Sep 15, 1970Hailwood & Ackroyd LtdFuel injector for internal combustion engines
US3742701 *Jun 16, 1971Jul 3, 1973Us NavyPropellant injector assembly
US4344575 *Nov 26, 1980Aug 17, 1982Robert Bosch GmbhFuel injection nozzle for internal combustion engines
US4641784 *Apr 25, 1984Feb 10, 1987Lucas Industries Public Limited CompanyFuel injection nozzles
US5025991 *Sep 12, 1989Jun 25, 1991Tetra Pak Holdings & Finance S.A.Valve arrangement for a liquid dispensing device
US5823443 *Dec 23, 1996Oct 20, 1998General Motors CorporationPoppet nozzle for fuel injection
US6349885 *Mar 31, 2000Feb 26, 2002Bombardier Motor Corporation Of AmericaFuel injector for internal combustion engines and method for making same
US6748872 *Nov 8, 2001Jun 15, 2004Bombardier Motor Corporation Of AmericaSwirl-producing fuel injection nozzle and system and method incorporating same
DE2946460A1 *Nov 17, 1979May 29, 1980Lucas Industries LtdKraftstoffeinspritzvorrichtung
EP0410158A1 *Jun 29, 1990Jan 30, 1991Robert Bosch GmbhDevice for simultaneous injection of fuel and air for fuel injection systems of internal combustion engines
Classifications
U.S. Classification239/453, 239/452
International ClassificationF02M61/00, F02M61/08, F02M61/06
Cooperative ClassificationF02M61/08, F02M61/06
European ClassificationF02M61/08, F02M61/06