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Publication numberUS2156096 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 25, 1939
Filing dateDec 4, 1937
Priority dateDec 4, 1937
Publication numberUS 2156096 A, US 2156096A, US-A-2156096, US2156096 A, US2156096A
InventorsManuel G Robinson
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Refrigerating machine
US 2156096 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 1939- M. G. ROBINSON 2,156,096

REFRIGERATING MACHINE Filed Dec. 4, 1957 Inventor: Manuel 6. Robinson H s Attorney.

Patented 'Apr. 25, 1939 UNITED STATES REFRIGERATIN G MACHINE Manuel G. Robinson, Glen Ridge,

N. J., assignor to General Electric Company, a. corporation of New York Application December 4, 1937, Serial No. 178,133

6 Claims.

My invention relates torefrigerating machines and particularly to refrigerating machines utilizing evaporators of the flooded type. y

In refrigerating machines utilizing evapora- 5 tors of the flooded type, it isdesirable to provide some means for inducing a rapid circulation of the liquid refrigerant in the evaporator Flooded evaporators commonly comprise aheader and one or more depending refrigerant circum lating conduits so arranged that liquid refrigerant may circulate from the header through the conduits and back tothe header, any gaseous refrigerant formed by vaporization of the liquid being carried to the header where it collects l5 and may be removed easily. If the circulation of refrigerant is not sufliciently rapid the liquid refrigerant may be superheated in parts of the circulating conduits and produce bumpy operation of the evaporator due to the'sudden boiling or flashing of the superheated refrigerant. Such operation of the evaporator produces a violent agitation of the liquid refrigerant in the header which is undesirable as it may cause slugs of liquid refrigerant to be drawn into the suction line. Accordingly, it is an object of my invention to provide a refrigerating system including an evaporator of the flooded type and an improved arrangement for producing a rapid circulation of liquid refrigerant in the passages of the evaporator.

Further objects and advantages of my invention will become apparent as the following description proceeds, and the features of novelty which characterize my invention will be pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this specification.

For a better understanding of my invention, reference may be had to the accompanying drawing, the single figure of which illustrates diagrammatically a refrigerating system embodying my invention.

Referring now to the drawing, 1 have shown a refrigerating system comprising a refrigerant compressor IIJ driven by a motor H, a condenser 12, a liquid receiver I3 and an evaporator H; The evaporator I 4 comprises a header l5 and a. depending refrigerant circulating conduit in-' cluding a main cooling portion ii of sinuous form and arefrigerant return portion H. The, portions 16 and I1 communicate with each other at the bottom of the evaporator through a cas ing I8. During the operation of the refrigerating machine, refrigerant is compressed by the compressor I and discharged into the condenser, l2 where it is cooled and liquefied, the liquid refrigerant collecting in the liquid receiver or float chamber l3. When a predetermined quantity of liquid refrigerant has collected in the chamber l3, a float l9 therein rises and lifts a valve 20 to permit liquid refrigerant to flow through a connection 2|, a casing 22 and a connection 23 to the lower end of the evaporator conduit l1. Refrigerant circulating within the evaporator I4 is vaporized by the absorption of heat from the air or other medium surrounding the evaporator.

The vaporized refrigerant collects within the header l5 and is withdrawn therefrom through a suction line or conduit 24 and returned to the compressor. Suflicient liquid refrigerant is supplied to the evaporator M to maintain the header l5 about half filled with liquid refrigerant as shown. Since the section It of the refrigerant circulating conduit has a considerably large-r area than the section II, .more refrigerant is vaporized therein and there is a tendency for the refrigerant gas to produce a circulation of liquid refrigerant from the header downwardly through the section I 1 and upwardly through the section Hi. It is desirable, however, to obtain a more rapid circulation and I, therefore, provide 25 a rotary liquid pump within the casing I8 arranged to pump refrigerant from the header through the conduit l1 and back to the header through the sinuous conduit-.16. The refrigerant entering the evaporator through the connection 23 also passes through the pump with the liquid refrigerant from the evaporator section I! and any gaseous refrigerant thereby admitted is utilized to assist the pump in lifting the column of liquid within the section l6. In order to drive the pump, I provide a fluid motor or engine within the casing 22. This motor is drivenby the refrigerant flowing from the connection 2| .through the casing 22, it being apparent that when the valve 20 is raised to admit liquid refrigerant to the connection 2|, some I of the refrigerant is immediately vaporized because of the reduction of pressure, the valve 20 separating the high and low pressure sides of the system. Further refrigerant is vaporized 4s and "expanded in driving the fluid motor. The fluidmotor is connected to the pump through a coupling 25 and during the operation of the refrigerating machine, the motor within the casing 22 is driven whenever refrigerant is admito ted to the evaporator and-a rapid circulation of refrigerant in the conduits l6 and I1 depending from the header is produced. In order to prevent any reversal of flow of refrigerant through the connection 23 and back to the motor through.

the discharge side thereof, I provide a check valve 26. v

During the operation of the refrigerating system illustrated, the compressor I is operated whenever there is a demand for cooling, any of the well-known types of controls being suitable for this purpose, it being common practice to start and stop the compressor motor in response to the temperature of the evaporator or of the. medium to be cooled thereby. Whenever the compressor is started, liquid refrigerant is supplied to the float valve chamber l3 and when a predetermined amount has collected, liquid refrigerant flows into the connection 2| and enters the casing 22 where it drives the fluid motor and is further expanded, the remaining portion of liquid and gaseous refrigerant flowing through the connection 23 to the evaporator. Operation of the motor within the casing 22 drives the pump Within the casing l8 and produces a rapid circulation of liquid refrigerant from the header through the conduit l1 and thence back to the header through the motor casing and the conduit l6. Any vaporized refrigerant admitted to the evaporator through the connection 23 will flow into the pump inlet and thence to the conduit l6 where it assists the upward flow of refrigerant. The liquid refrigerant in the evaporator is vaporized by the absorption of heat from the surrounding medium and the vaporized refrigerant collects in the header l from which it is withdrawn through the suction line and returned to the compressor.

It is readily apparent from the foregoing that I have provided a simple and effective arrangement for increasing the circulation and recirculation of liquid refrigerant within an evaporator of the flooded type and that this arrangement is simple and effective in operation.

While I have described a particular embodiment of my invention, other applications will readily be apparent to those skilled in the art. I do not, therefore,desire my invention to be limited to the particular construction shown and described, and I intend in the accompanying claims to cover all modifications within the spirit and scope of my invention;

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. A refrigerating system including means for supplying compressed refrigerant, an evaporator of the flooded type having a header and a depending refrigerant circulating conduit communicating with said header, means including a pump for circulating liquid refrigerant through said conduit, means including a fluid motor for expanding said compressed refrigerant and for driving said pump, means for supplying to said 1 evaporator refrigerant expanded in said motor,

and means for withdrawing gaseous refrigerant from said header.

2. A refrigerating system including means for supplying compressed refrigerant, an evaporator of the flooded type having a header and a depending refrigerant circulating conduit communicating with said header, a pump, means for supplying to said pump liquid refrigerant from said header, means including a fluid motor for expanding said compressed refrigerant and for driving said pump, said pump being arranged to discharge liquid refrigerant into said depending conduit to produce a circulation of refrigerant therein, means for supplying to said evaporator refrigerant discharged from said motor, and means for withdrawing gaseous refrigerant from said header.

3. A refrigerating system including means for supplying compressed refrigerant, an evaporator of the flooded type including a header and a refrigerant circulatingconduit communicating at both ends with said header, a fluid pump arranged to circulate refrigerant in said conduit, means for expanding said compressed refrigerant and for discharging the expanded refrigerant into said evaporator, means utilizing the expansion of said refrigerant for driving said pump, and means for withdrawing gaseous refrigerant from said header.

4. A refrigerating system including a flooded evaporator having a header and a depending refrigerant circulating conduit, means including a pump and another conduit communicating with said header for removing liquid refrigerant-from said header and for circulating refrigerant through said circulating conduit into said header, means for supplying liquid refrigerant under pressure, means including a motor driven by the expansion of liquid refrigerant supplied by said last mentioned means for driving said pump, and means for conveying refrigerant from said motor to the inlet side of said pump.

5. A refrigerating system including means for supplying compressed refrigerant, an evaporator of the flooded type having a header and a depending refrigerant circulating conduit communicating at both ends with saidheader, means including a pump for circulatingliquid, means for conveying refrigerant from said supplying means to said evaporator, means arranged in said conveying means and utilizing the expansion of refrigerant therein for driving said pump, means for preventing a reversal of the flow of refrigerant .through said' conveying means, and means for withdrawing gaseous refrigerant from said header. I

6. A refrigerating system including means for supplying liquefied refrigerant, a chamber for collecting liquid refrigerant,,an evaporator of the flooded type having a header and a depending refrigerant circulating conduit communicating with said header, means including a pump for circulating liquid refrigerant through said conduit, means for conveying refrigerant from said collecting means to said evaporator, means for controlling the discharge of refrigerant from said collecting means to said conveying means, means arranged insaid conveying means and utilizing the expansion of refrigerant therein for driving said pump, and means for withdrawing gaseous refrigerant from said header.

MANUEL G; ROBINSON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2737031 *Feb 12, 1952Mar 6, 1956Wulle William AHeat energy-converting system and process
US2939294 *Sep 12, 1955Jun 7, 1960Phillips Petroleum CoMinimizing vapor losses from storage tanks
US3067590 *Jul 6, 1960Dec 11, 1962Jr Charles P WoodPumping apparatus for refrigerator systems
US3111815 *Apr 20, 1962Nov 26, 1963Westinghouse Electric CorpControls for refrigeration systems having air cooled condensers
US3159008 *Apr 8, 1963Dec 1, 1964Chemical Construction CorpCooling system
US4224805 *Oct 10, 1978Sep 30, 1980Rothwell H RichardSubterranean heat exchanger for refrigeration air conditioning equipment
US5755106 *Jun 4, 1997May 26, 1998Ross; Harold F.Ice cream machine having an auxiliary evaporation tank
US6101834 *May 22, 1998Aug 15, 2000Ross; Harold F.Ice cream machine having an evaporator tank which evenly freezes ice cream
US6119472 *Jan 21, 1999Sep 19, 2000Ross; Harold F.Ice cream machine optimized to efficiently and evenly freeze ice cream
US6370892Aug 15, 2000Apr 16, 2002Harold F. RossBatch process and apparatus optimized to efficiently and evenly freeze ice cream
US6651448Feb 12, 2002Nov 25, 2003Harold F. RossIce cream machine including a controlled input to the freezing chamber
US6662592Feb 12, 2002Dec 16, 2003Harold F. RossIce cream machine including a secondary cooling loop
US6672079 *Aug 16, 2002Jan 6, 2004Harold F. RossIce cream machine having an auxiliary evaporator tank
US6935123Oct 21, 2003Aug 30, 2005Ross's Manufacturing, LlcMethod of using an ice cream machine
US6988372Sep 3, 2003Jan 24, 2006Ross's Manufacturing, LlcIce cream machine including a controlled input to the freezing chamber
US7047758Oct 15, 2003May 23, 2006Ross's Manufacturing, LlcIce cream machine with specialized motor
US7266952Jan 20, 2006Sep 11, 2007Ross's Manufacturing, LlcIce cream machine including a controlled input to the freezing chamber
Classifications
U.S. Classification62/203, 62/216, 62/509, 62/218, 62/503, 62/512, 62/DIG.200
International ClassificationF25B41/00
Cooperative ClassificationF25B41/00, F25B2400/16, Y10S62/02
European ClassificationF25B41/00