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Publication numberUS2156955 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 2, 1939
Filing dateFeb 5, 1937
Priority dateFeb 5, 1937
Publication numberUS 2156955 A, US 2156955A, US-A-2156955, US2156955 A, US2156955A
InventorsPage John H
Original AssigneeShaw Walker Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Filing device for use in vertical filing systems
US 2156955 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 2, 1939. J. H. PAGE 2,156,955

FILING DEVICE FOR USE IN VERTICAL FILING SYSTEMS Filed Feb. 5, 1937 2 SheetsESheet 1 J. H. 'PAGE May 2, 1939.

FILING DEVICE FOR USE IN VERTICAL FILING SYSTEMS 2 Sheets-Shet 2 Filed Feb.- 5, 1937 l I {I ll H {I h 1 I mmlmr mmwmmmrmmmummnn Patented May 2, 1939 UNITED STATES ATENT QFFlQE FILING DEVICE FOR- USE IN VERTICAL FILING SYSTEMS Application February 5, 1937, Serial No. 124,245

6 Claims.

This invention relates to filling devices for use in vertical filing systems and including a plurality of partition plates capable of a limited pivotal or rocking movement about their bottom edges.

One object of the invention is to provide a filing device equipped with partition plates of the kind, so mounted that they will automatically position themselves longitudinally of the device to properly support in vertical position varying amounts of correspondence or papers between the several pairs of proximate partition plates, no matter how little or how much there be between one pair of proximate plates as compared to that between other pairs of proximate plates, or whether the device is partially or completely filled.

Another object of the invention is to provide a novel assembly of automatically positioning partition plates capable of a pivotal rocking movement about their bottom edges, which assembly is adapted for ready application to a standard file drawer or container, either in the beginning, or to replace the ordinary spacing equipment therein at a minimum of cost.

These and other objects and advantages of the invention will appear more fully as I proceed with my specification.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a perspective view showing a frame with a partition plate mounted thereon.

Figure 2 is a View representing a transverse section through a file drawer to which has been applied the improved assembly of partition plates.

Figure 3 is a side view of one of the coil springs used in the assembly.

Figure 4 is a fragmentary transverse section similar to Figure 2, but on an enlarged scale.

Figure 5 is a View representing a top plan of a file drawer equipped with a novel assembly of partition plates, with said plates shown in full lines in close assembly as when there are no guides, folders or papers between them, and shown in dotted lines as when in expanded relation with guide cards and the like between them.

Figure 6 is a vertical longitudinal section through Figure 5 in a plane indicated by the line 6-6 thereof.

Figure 7 is a bottom plan view of the assembly and the partition plates illustrating the manner of connecting the coil springs to the partition plates so as to automatically maintain the partition plates in proper spaced relation.

Figure 8 is a fragmentary elevation of the bottom end of a bearing plate to be attached to a partition plate.

Referring nowto that embodiment of the invention illustrated in the drawings: The improvement comprises rails l0, it! held in parallel, spaced relation by end plates ll, l2, and a plurality of partition plates which are supported by and are adapted to slide along said rails, to which they are held by means of depending, laterally projecting tongues I4, is, engaging the rails l0, 10 from below. The frame, comprised of the rails H1, H3 and the end plates H, I2, 'is made of a length and width adapting it to be seated in the usual central, longitudinally extending bottom recess of a standard file drawer.

Coil springs I5, l5 are located below the rails It], In and are connected at their front ends (as shown in Figure 7) to the front end plate ll of the aforesaid frame. The rear partition plate is connected to the rear ends of the springs l5, l5; and the other partition plates are severally engaged between the coils of the springs in such manner that predetermined and preferably equal numbers of convolutions space the several plates from each other and the front partition plat-e from the front end plate H (see Figure 6).

The rails ID are preferably rectangular tubular bars l6 (see Figures 2 and 4) each cut away at the side and bottom to present a depending side flange l8 and a bottom flange Ni with an intervening gap l8 extending the length of the rail. The laterally disposed tongues M, M which engage the rails Ill from below, are preferably formed as parts of a plate 6 l (as shown in Figure 8) which is rigidly fixed to and depends below the partition plate l3 (as shown in Figure 1). Said plate l! is the bearing and retaining mem her for the partition plate; and being thus subject to wear and strain. is made thicker than the partition plate l3 to which it is attached. It is reduced in width shortly below the bottom edge of the partition plate to present horizontal shoul ders l9. ill for sliding support of the partition plate on the rails It, H3. leaving a narrow, central web which depends between and below said rails, where it is formed to present the aforesaid tongues M which extend laterally beyond said web. As shown, said tongues have upwardly opening notches I l for loose engagement by the depending side flanges I 8 of the rail bars 55.

The coil springs l5, l5 are housed in the tubular rail bars I6, I6 (see Figures 2 4 and 7) and the plates H are engaged between convolutions at spaced intervals by the laterally disposed tongues l4, M which lock the partition plates to said rail bars. The diameter of the convolutions of the springs I5 is greater than the width of the gaps I8 in the tubular rail bar I6. As a result, said springs are securely retained within their housings in proper connection and relation to the rails and partition plates without danger of disconnection from rough handling or otherwise, as when they are merely a part of an assembly for insertion into, and before they are locked in a file drawer to which said assembly is designed to be applied. The front and rear end plates H, I 2 are provided with upwardly opening notches 2|, 2|. Each plate I! of the partition plates is provided with a corresponding downwardly opening notch 22.

By the construction above described, the partition plates l3 are securely locked to the rails against lateral or vertical movement and at the same time are capable of limited rocking or pivotal movement about their bottom edges for ready access to the guides and folders to be placed between them. And all the plates are normally held by the springs l5, H5 in closely spaced relation towards the front end plate i and are separated only by the lengths of the contracted coil spring sections interposed between them, as shown in full lines in Figures 5 and 6.

To assemble the partition plates and springs on the frame comprised of the supporting rails I0 and the end plates I l and l 2, the desired number of partition plates l3 are introduced in succession through the gaps w I (l between the rear ends of the rails i3 and the rear end plate l2 (see Figure l). The horizontal shoulders l9, l9 are engaged upon the top of the rails Ill, ill and the laterally disposed tongues M, M are engaged below said rails by their upwardly opening notches with the depending side flanges l8, I8 of the rail bars H5, as shown in Figure 4. The partition plates are then pushed forwardly along the rails. The springs are next attached at one end to the front end frame plate II; and at uniform inter-- vals, convolutions of the springs are engaged with the bottom edges of the bearing plates ll of the partition plates,the plate i! of the rearmost partition plate being engaged with the springs near their rear ends. The springs are then forced through the gaps 18 while still retaining them engaged with the plates ll of the partition plates, to bring them to complete housing within the tubular rail bars It. This is readily accomplished, notwithstanding the fact that the gaps are less in width than the diameter of the coils of said springs, by turning said coils at an angle as they are pushed through said gap. The com plete assembly is now ready to be placed in a file drawer.

23 indicates a standard file drawer, and 23 the usual bottom recess extending lengthwise of the drawer. The assembly of partition plates and rail frame is placed in the drawer 23 with the bottom flanges lfi of the rail bars I6 on the bottom of the recess 23, as shown in Figure 2. The familiar central guide rod 24 is then inserted into and secured in the drawer,-being passed through the notch 2| of the front end plate ll, through the notches 22 of the several partition plates I3, and then through the notch 2| in the rear end plate 12, beyond which its threaded end is engaged in the rear wall of the file drawer in the usual manner, as shown in Figures 2, 4 and 6. This securely locks the assembly in the file drawer, with the partition plates in vertical, parallel, closely spaced, yielding relation towards the front of the drawer, as shown in full lines in Figures 5 and 6.

Guide cards and/or folders separated into as many groups as there are spaces provided by the partitions in the drawer, are severally placed in their respective spaces. Papers, letters and the like are then inserted in the usual manner in the folders or in the spaces between the guide cards. In this operation the partition plates rock backward or forward upon the rails II] to give free access to said folders and the papers within them. In this operation the spaces of the several partition plates will be expanded to varying lengths, according to the number of guide cards, folders and papers inserted between proximate plates. The sections of the springs l5 between the several partition plates permit the space expansion required between proximate plates independently between the space expansion required between other proximate plates, no matter what variations in length such spaces may present, as shown in dotted lines in Figures 5 and 6 and in full lines in Figure '7. The partition plates will yieldingly hold the guide cards or folders between them in upright position and at the same time, because of the loose engagement of the tongues l4 below the rails l0, said partition plates may be swung p-ivotally to a limited extent upon their lower edges for ready access to said guide cards and folders for insertion or removal of papers.

While there is sufficient play in the connection between the partition plates l3 and the rail bars IE to permit the aforesaid rocking or pivotal movement, such play is not enough to permit a free sliding movement of any or all of the partition plates along the rails towards the rear of the drawer when the drawer is slammed into its compartment. The shock of such closing of the drawer will act to incline all the partition plates with respect to the rails Ill, thus gripping the rails between the shoulders l9 and the tongues M to arrest and lock the plates in their respeced by the springs 15 to the front end plate H of the assembly, all of said plates will automatically assume and maintain a position as near to said plate or the front of the drawer as the intervening guide cards and folders with their contents will permit; and it will never be necessary to pull out the file drawer to its full length to get to the spaces between the rearmost partition plates, until the spaces between the several plates in the drawer have been expanded to completely fill the drawer.

It will be obvious that whether the file drawer contains few papers in the spaces betweenthe partition plates, or many, even to the extent of filling the draw, the plates will always be maintained in an approximately vertical position; and as the expansion of the spaces between the partition plates results automatically as required, it is never necessary to touch the plates for adjusting their position within the drawer from the time filing in the drawer is begun until the drawer is completely filled. When the contents of the drawer are removed at the end of a filing period, the partition plates will automatically resume their closely spaced vertical relation at the front of the drawer; and however the quantity of papers filed in any one or more spaces between proxi mate partition plates may increase, it is not nec essary to transfer some of the papers in such space to an adjacent space, since the springs are sufii ciently flexible to take care of extreme conditions of loading in the several spaces.

While in describing a preferred form of my in vention I have mentioned many details of construction and arrangement of parts, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited thereto except as may be pointed out in the appended claims.

I claim as my invention:

1. In a filing device for vertical filing systems, parallel spaced tubular rail bars, a plurality of partition plates mounted on said rail bars, each partition plate being provided with means engaging said rail bars from below, said means permitting sliding movement along said rail bars and limited rocking movement thereon, springs housed in said tubular rail bars and connected thereto at their front ends, means connecting said partition plates severally to said springs in spaced relation, and the partition plate farthest removed from the front ends of said rail bars being connected to the rear ends of said springs.

2. In a filing device for vertical filing systems, parallel spaced tubular rail bars, a plurality of partition plates mounted to slide on said rail bars, said partition plates being provided with means engaging said rail bars from below permitting limited rocking movement of said plates on said bars, said rail bars having gaps extending lengthwise thereof, coil springs insertible through said gaps housed in said tubular rail bars and connected to the front ends of said rail bars, said coil springs having coils of greater diameter than the width of said gaps in said rail bars, and said partition plates being severally connected to said springs in spaced relation with the partition plate farthest removed from the front ends of said rail bars connected to the rear ends of said springs.

3. In a filing device for vertical filing systems, parallel spaced tubular rail bars, a plurality of partition plates mounted to slide on said rail bars, said rail bars each having a depending flange with a gap below said flange extending lengthwise of said rail bars, means connected to each partition plate depending between said rail bars and having laterally extending tongues provided with upwardly opening notches engaged by the depending flanges on said rail bars, and coil springs housed in and connected to the front ends of said rail bars, and said partition plates being severally connected to said springs in spaced relation with the partition plate farthest removed from the front ends of said rail bars connected to the rear ends of said springs.

4. A filing device for insertion in a standard file drawer having a central depression extending lengthwise thereof, said filing device comprising a frame of the length and Width of said central depression and including parallel rails, a plurality of partition plates mounted to slide on said rails, means locking each partition plate to said rails, but permitting limited rocking movement thereon, coil springs connected to the front end of said frame, and said partition plates being severally connected to said springs in spaced relation with the partition plate farthest removed from the front end of said frame connected to the rear ends of said springs.

5. A filing device assembly adapted to be applied to a standard file drawer having a central bottom recess extending lengthwise of said drawer, said assembly comprising parallel spaced tubular rail bars and front and rear end plates, a plurality of partition plates mounted to slide on said rail bars, said tubular rail bars each having a gap extending lengthwise thereof, coil springs insertible through said gaps housed in said rail bars and connected at their front ends to said front end plate, means locking each partition plate to said rail bars but permitting limited rocking movement of said plates on said rail bars, and said partition plates being severally connected to said coil springs in spaced relation with the partition plate farthest removed from said front end plate connected to the rear ends of said springs.

6. A filing device assembly adapted to be applied to a standard file drawer having a central bottom recess extending lengthwise of said drawer, said assembly comprising parallel spaced tubular rail bars and front and rear end plates, a plurality of partition plates mounted to slide on said rail bars, said tubular rail bars each having a gap extending lengthwise thereof and a depending flange defining one edge of said gap, coil springs of greater diameter than the width of said gap insertible therethrough housed in said rail bars and connected at their front ends to said front end plate, each partition plate being provided with means depending below the top surfaces of said rail bars, said means having tongues engaged with said flanges to hold said partition plate to said rail bars but permitting limited rocking movement thereon, and said tongues being severally connected to said coil springs to hold the partition plates in spaced relation, with the tongues of the partition plate farthest removed from said front end plate connected to the rear ends of said springs.

JOHN H. PAGE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2457489 *Oct 24, 1945Dec 28, 1948Swift & CoDevice for assisting in ahandlabeling operation
US2581730 *Mar 2, 1946Jan 8, 1952Diebold IncFiling appliance
US2652154 *Dec 27, 1949Sep 15, 1953John F MccarthyDisplay rack
US3291134 *Dec 20, 1965Dec 13, 1966Novales William HFile prop
US3370304 *Jun 25, 1965Feb 27, 1968Eugene PelletierHair-protecting head covering
US4504235 *Jun 26, 1984Mar 12, 1985Psi Associates, Inc.Educational device for teaching collating skills
US4815601 *Sep 29, 1987Mar 28, 1989Fluoroware, Inc.Carrier for flat panel displays
US4930634 *Mar 13, 1989Jun 5, 1990Fluoroware, Inc.Carrier for flat panel displays
US4949848 *Apr 29, 1988Aug 21, 1990Fluoroware, Inc.Wafer carrier
US5111936 *Nov 30, 1990May 12, 1992FluorowareWafer carrier
US6550623 *Mar 5, 2001Apr 22, 2003Wilbert, Inc.Transportable part rack
WO2002069754A2 *Mar 5, 2002Sep 12, 2002Wilbert, Inc.Transportable part rack
WO2002069754A3 *Mar 5, 2002Jul 31, 2003Wilbert IncTransportable part rack
Classifications
U.S. Classification211/168
International ClassificationB42F17/00, B42F17/02
Cooperative ClassificationB42F17/02
European ClassificationB42F17/02