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Publication numberUS2157281 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 9, 1939
Filing dateAug 13, 1936
Priority dateJan 10, 1936
Publication numberUS 2157281 A, US 2157281A, US-A-2157281, US2157281 A, US2157281A
InventorsCoanda Henri
Original AssigneeBrev Et Procedes Coanada Soc C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Propelling device
US 2157281 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 9, 1939. H. coANDA' 2,157,281

I PROPELLI'NG DEVIGE Original Filed Jan. 10, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 fk w1 INVENTOR lHENRrCOANm May 9, 1939. H. coANDA PROPELLING DEVICE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 original Filed Jan. 1o, 1.936

-IWWHFMW |NVENTOR= l ATTORNPLVS Patented May 9,P i939 PATENT ortica FRUPELLING DEVICE Henri illoanda, Clichy, France, assignor to Societ. Anonyme dEtudes des Brevets et Procds iCoanadwocit Guanda, a corporation of France @riginal application .ianuary liti, 1936, Serial No. &1171, now Patent No. 2,108,652, dated February Mis 1935 This application is a division of my ILL-S. patent application Ser. No. 58,471, filed January 1U, 1936, now Patent Number 2,103,652 issued Feb. 15, 1938.

The invention relates to the propulsion of 'vehicles by the direct actionv of a uid under presm sure escaping into the atmosphere.

lThe object of the invention is to provide a propeiling system which is better adapted to meet the requirements of practice than those applied up to the present time.

The essential feature of the present invention consists Yin the provision of a-cylinder adapted to be tted along a surface of the vehicle, preferably at the front part thereof, said cylinder being hollow and fed with a fiuid under pressure,

and communicating with the atmosphere through an outlet narrow slot extending longitudinally, the rear edge or lip of said slot being prolonged by a convex rounded part tangent to the outlet direction of said slot, whereas the front lip makes directly a substantial angle with said direction. Other features of the present invention will result from the following detailed description of some specific embodiments thereof.

, Preferred embodiments of the present invention Will lbe hereinafter described with reference to the accompanying drawings, given merely by Way of example, and in which;

Fig. 1 shows the propelling system according to 30 the present invention in transverse section as applied/to the wing of an airplane;

Fig. 2 is a similar sectional view of a modinca-- tion;

Figs. 3 and 4 show airplanes in front and top 35 plan views, respectively, as iltted with the propelling device according to the invention;

Fig. 5 is a' side elevation of an automobile vehicle tted with the propelling device according to the present invention.

In the embodiments of Figs. 1 and 2, the proy peller 65 is fixed at the front of a wing 63 to which it is connected through any suitable means, such as 64. This propeller isV adapted to rotate about axis 66. rIt consists of a cylinder 61, prefer- 45 ably hollow, so as to reduce its weight, and provided with an inner chamber '88 filled with. gas under pressure. This chamber 68 communicates with the atmosphere through a narrow `slot 69. The rear edge or lip of the outlet of said slot is 50 prolonged by a convex rounded surface 10 terminating in a point 1I. 0n the contrary the front 1 lip of said outlet directly makesa substantial angle with the outlet direction.

. With sucr an arrangement, the iluidl escaping 55 through vslot 69 is caused to flow along surface 10 lllivided and this application August 13, 1936, Serial No. 95,313.

In France .lanuary it Claims. (tll. Mie-15) and it creates a suction ahead of the propeller which, if a suiiicient amount of gas under pressure is caused to escape at a pressure sufficiently high, can exert a driving action on the airplane wing and propel it at the desired speed.

Furthermore, a portion of the air surrounding the system is caused to flow in the direction of arrows f, a portion of this air passing under cylinder 61 and between said cylinder and the front edge of the wing, which creates a counter pressure under point 1l, the action of said counterpressure being added to that of the suction created ahead of said point.

If, through any suitable means, cylinder 61 is caused to turn about its axis 66, the direction of the suction acting upon part 1li- 1l can be modified. In particular, for taking oi, it will be advantageous to turn part 1i] in an anti-clockwise direction from the position shown by Fig. 1, in such manner that said part 10 makes with respect to the ground a much greater angle than when the airplane slying a horizontal'course.

In the embodiment of Fig. 2, chamber 68 is formed directly yin the wing. In this position of member 10, the suction will be directed in an upward direction, thus increasing the lift. The paths of the iluid and air are substantially the same as in the preceding embodiment i Figs. 3 and 4 show two different applications of this propelling device to an airplane. In both cases, propellers 65 are fixed to the leading edge of the wings. But in the embodiment of Fig. 3, similar propellers are also ixedto the uprights of the vlanding gear, at 12. The control of the airplane is ensured by means of the ailerons and rudders 13, 14, .15, operated in the usual manner.

Fig. 5 shows a motor car body 11, of streamline shape, with fairings for the wheels 18. n

In this embodiment of the invention, a propeller of the kind of that shown by Fig. 1 is tted -vertically on the outer wall of the body,' for instance at 19, or at the front.

In a general manner, while I have, in the above description, disclosed what 1 deem to be practical and efcient embodiments of the present invention, it should be well understood that I do not wish to be limited thereto as there might bel changes made in the arrangement, disposition and form of the parts without departing from the principle of the present invention as comprehended within the scope of the accompanying claims.

What I claim is:

1. In a'body member adapted to be propelled ina given forward direction having an elongated hollow leading edge transversely disposed with respect to said direction, and there being two spaced slots running within said leading edge in general parallelism therewith, the combination of features consisting in that the hollow leading 'edge is adapted interiorly to be fed with a fluid under pressure which issues through the foremost slot and is of rounded exterior section of less size than .the general section of the body member but practically tangent with the lower surface thereof, in that said first slot is narrow, unalterable, communicates upwardly in a direction directly transverse to said given forward direction and terminates within the hollow interior of the leading edge, in that the second slot passes en tirely through said body member in an upward and unalterably rearwardly inclined manner, and in that the rear lip of the first slot between both slots curves upwardly and rearwardly in rigidly unalterable manner from the opening of said first slot so as to arch rearwardly to at least the full section of said body member.

2. In a body member adapted to be propelled in a given forward direction and having an elongated hollow leading edge,A transversely disposed with respect to said direction, and there being two spaced slots running within said leading edge in general parallelism therewith, the combination of features consisting in that the hollow leading edge is adapted interiorly to be fed with a fluid under pressure which issues through the foremost sloty and is of rounded exterior section of less size than the general section of the body member but extends a distance downwardly toward the lower surface thereof, in that said first slot is narrow, unalterable, communicates upwardly in a direction generally transverse to said given forward 4direction and terminates within the hollow interior of the leading edge, in that the second slot passes entirely through said body member in an upward and unalterably rearwardly inclined manner, and in that the rear lip of the first slot between both slots curves upwardly and rearwardly from the opening of said iirst slot so as to arch rearwardly to at least the full section of said body member.

y 3. In connection with a body member adapted to be propelled in a given forward direction and having an elongated part transversely disposed with respect to said direction, a propeller which comprises, in combination, a hollow cylinder cairied 'by said body in parallel spaced relation to said elongated part. said cylinder being adapted to be fed interiorly with a iiuid under pressure and being formed, for the purpose of allowing said fluid to issue to the atmosphere, with an unalterable narrow outled slot extending along. a generatrlx of said cylinder and located in a plane transverse to said forward direction, a short front lip for said slot and a relatively longer rear lip for said slot which is rigid with said cylinder and has a rounded shape starting tangentially to said transverse plane with its convexity turned toward the front and curving grad-v ually so as ultimately to become substantially tangential to said direction, the front lip of said outlet slot directly making an angle with said transverse plane, and said cylinder being located at a distance from the elongated part of said body so as to leave between said cylinder and said body a free space for the ilow of air from the front of said cylinder to the space at the rear or underside of said lip.

4. In connection with a body member adapted to be propelled in a given forward direction and' having a front or leading edge transversely disposed with respect to said direction, a propeller which comprises, in combination, a hollow cylinder carried by said body in parallel spaced relation to said front or leading edge, said cylinder being adapted to be fed interiorly with a fluid under pressure and being formed, for the purpose of allowing said fluid to issue to the atmosphere, with an unalterable narrow outlet slot extending along a generatrix of said cylinder and located in a plane transverse to said forward direction, a short front lip for said slot and a relatively longer rear lip for said slot which is rigid with said cylinder and has a rounded shape starting tangentially to said transverse plane with its convexity turned toward the front and curving gradually so as ultimately to become substantially tangential to said direction, the front lip of said outlet slot directly making an angle with said transverse plane, and said cylinder being positioned at a distance from the front or leading edge of said body so as to leave between said cylinder and said body a free space for the flow of air from the front of said cylinder to the space at the rear or underside of said lip.

5. In connection with a bodymember adapted to be propelled in a given forward direction and having a front or leading edge transversely disposed with respect to said direction, a propeller which comprises, in combination, a hollow cylin- 1 said slot and a relatively longer rear lip for said l slot which is rigid with said cylinder and has a rounded shape starting tangentially to said transverse plane with its convexity turned' toward the front and curving gradually so as ultimately to become substantially tangential to said direction, the front lip of said outlet slot turning sharply at about a right angle to said transverse plane toward the front, and said cylinder being positioned at a distance from the front or leading edge of said body so as to leave between said cylinder and said body a free space for the ow of air from the front of said cylinder to the space at the rear or underside of said lip.

6. In connection with a body member adapted to be propelled in a given forward direction and having a front or leading edge transversely disposed with respect to said direction, a propeller y which comprises, in combination, a hollow cylinder carried by said body in advance thereof and in parallel spaced relation to said front or leading edge, said cylinder being adapted to be fed interiorly with a uid under pressure and being formed, for the purpose of allowing said iiuid to issue to the atmosphere, with an unalterable narrow outlet slot extending along a generatrix of said cylinder and located in a plane transverse to said forward direction, a short front lip for said slot and a relatively longer rear lip for said slot which is rigid with said cylinder and has a rounded shape starting tangentially to saidtransverse plane with its convexity turned toward the front and curving gradually so as ultimately to become substantially tangential to said direction, the front lip of said outlet slot forming a sharp angled edge, said cylinder being positioned at a distance from the front or leading edge of said body so as to leave between lsaid cylinder and said body a free space for the flow of air from. the front of said cylinder to the space at the rear or underside of said lip.

7. In connection with a body member adapted to be propelledin a given forward direction and having a front or leading edge transversely disposed with respect to said direction, a propeller which comprises, in combination, a hollow cylinder adjustably carried by said body member so as to be capable of being vturned about any axis parallel to said front or leading edge and disposed in parallelism with said edge, said cylin- `der being adapted to be fed interiorly with a fluid under4 pressure and being formed, for the purpose of allowing said uid to issue to the atmosphere, with an unalterable narrow outlet slot extending along a generatrix of said cylinder and located in a plane transverse to said forward direction, a short front lip for said slet and a relatively longer rear lip for said slot which is rigid with sai-d cylinder and has a rounded shape starting tangentially to said transverse plane with its convexity turned toward the front and curving gradually so as ultimately to become substantially tangential to said direction, the front lip of said outlet slot forming a sharp angled edge,

said cylinder being positioned at a distance from the front or leading edge of said body so as -to leave between said cylinder and said body a free space for the ow of air from the front of said cylinder to the space at the rear or underside of said lip.

8.A self-propelledI wing which comprises, in combination, a hollow front element forming the leading edge and adapted to be fed interlorly with a gas under pressure, and a rear element carrying the trailing edge of said wing,l with a space between these two elements forming a slot extending toward the rear from the underside of the wing to the upper side thereof, said front element being formed for the purpose of allowing said gas to issue to the atmosphere, with an unalterable narrow outlet slot extending along at least a portion of said leading edge and located in aplane transverse to the fore and aft direction of the wing and substantially at right angles to the chord thereof, a short front lip and a relatively longer rear lip for said outlet slot, said rear lip of said slot starting tangentially to said transverse plane an-d curving gradually backward so as to form a prolongation of the rear lupper face portion of said front hollow elernent,

and said front lip of said outlet slot forming a sharp angled edge.

EENRI COANDA.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2478793 *Aug 3, 1946Aug 9, 1949Serge TreyVariable camber airfoil
US2696075 *Jul 29, 1949Dec 7, 1954Rolls RoyceFluid-solid contact surface with rearwardly-facing fluid intake
US2941751 *May 31, 1956Jun 21, 1960United Aircraft CorpSpoiler for aircraft wings
US3195836 *May 24, 1963Jul 20, 1965Alvarez-Calderon AlbertoHigh lift slotted flap
US3363859 *May 18, 1961Jan 16, 1968Dehavilland AircraftAircraft
US4192461 *Oct 26, 1977Mar 11, 1980Arborg Ole J MPropelling nozzle for means of transport in air or water
US4752049 *Dec 30, 1985Jun 21, 1988The Boeing CompanyLeading edge slat/anti-icing system and method for airfoil
US6940185 *Apr 10, 2003Sep 6, 2005Advantek LlcAdvanced aerodynamic control system for a high output wind turbine
US7878798Feb 1, 2011John Zink Company, LlcCoanda gas burner apparatus and methods
US8337197Mar 28, 2012Dec 25, 2012John Zink Company, LlcCoanda gas burner apparatus and methods
US8529247Mar 28, 2012Sep 10, 2013John Zink Company, LlcCoanda gas burner apparatus and methods
US8568134Mar 28, 2012Oct 29, 2013John Zink Company, LlcCoanda gas burner apparatus and methods
US9394046Nov 16, 2012Jul 19, 2016Ecological Energy CompanyFluid interface device as well as apparati and methods including same
US20040201220 *Apr 10, 2003Oct 14, 2004Advantek LlcAdvanced aerodynamic control system for a high output wind turbine
US20050017514 *Jul 23, 2003Jan 27, 2005Tocher Angus J.Laminar flow, suction driven, wind energy conversion
US20050147497 *Nov 24, 2004Jul 7, 2005Alstom Technology LtdMethod of improving the flow conditions in an axial-flow compressor, and axial-flow compressor for carrying out the method
US20070292811 *Jun 14, 2006Dec 20, 2007Poe Roger LCoanda gas burner apparatus and methods
US20110117506 *May 19, 2011John Zink Company, LlcCoanda Gas Burner Apparatus and Methods
Classifications
U.S. Classification244/15, 239/DIG.700, 244/207, 416/91, 416/90.00R, 60/269, 244/73.00R, 416/90.00A, 411/920, 415/914
International ClassificationB64C9/24, B64D39/00, B64C21/04, B64D27/02, F03D9/00, B64C21/02
Cooperative ClassificationB64C21/02, Y02T50/44, B64C21/04, Y10S411/92, Y02E10/72, Y10S239/07, B64C9/24, Y02T50/166, B64D27/02, Y10S415/914, F03D9/00, B64D2700/62736
European ClassificationF03D9/00, B64C9/24, B64D27/02, B64C21/02, B64C21/04