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Publication numberUS2157426 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 9, 1939
Filing dateMay 14, 1937
Priority dateMay 14, 1937
Publication numberUS 2157426 A, US 2157426A, US-A-2157426, US2157426 A, US2157426A
InventorsRussell B Nelson
Original AssigneeOm Edwards Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Window construction
US 2157426 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

. May 9, 1939.

R. B. NELSON WINDOW CONSTRUCTION Filed May 14, 1937 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR.

/wfwm/ BY @iwf/ @www ATTORNEYS May 9, 1939. R. B; NELSON WINDOW CONSTRUCTION Filed May 14, 1937 2 Shaets-5heet 2 INVENTOR.

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ATTORNEYS' Patented May ,14939 ,UNITEDA STATES 2,151,426 WINDOW CONSTRUCTION Russell B. Nelson., Onondaga, N. Y., assignor to The 0. M. Edwards Company, Inc.,-Syracuse, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application May 14, 1937, Serial N0. 142,656

12 Claims.. (Cl. 189-73) YThis invention relates to window constructions, particularly to window constructions for railway cars,'buses, airplanes, `airships and the like, and has for its object a simple and` eiilcient means for L5 holding the window sash assembled in the window frame without the use of 'screws and the like, and

` also this' means for holding the window sash in` characters designate corresponding parts in ally the views.

Figure lis a fragmentary elevation of `a window, one which includes a sash that'may be raised and lowered. e

, Figures 2 and 3 are sectional views taken respectively on the planes of lines 2-2 and 3--3, Figure 1.

Figure 4 is an enlarged sectional view of the window frame and sash guide with the demountable side ofthe window frame partly removed' or out of its normal position.

Figure 5 is a fragmentaryelevation of a window 3o embodying a stationary sash and cannot beraised and lowered and which is cushioned throughout its entire circumference. e,

, Figure 6,is a sectional view on lines-6, Figure 5.

` Figure 'lisa fragmentary isometric view of a slightly .modified embodiment of the invention of that seen in Figure 6. e Y

Figures 8 and 9 are fragmentary lsectional views of parts seen in Figure 6 showing the` interlock between the strip in the bottom of the channel oi the window frame and the demountable side of the channel. 4 ,e I designates a window frame and 2 the framing of the structure formed lwith a 'window opening 3 in which the window frame I is mounted. In

the form shown in Figure 1, the window isrprovidedY with an upper and lower' sash,l one of which, as the lower sash 4, is capable-of being raised and lowered, and in the construction` vided with a depressed portion 8 extending lengthwise thereof andwith a shoulder 9 at the outer edge of the depression toward the demountable side 1. The body is secured to thevehicle structure in any suitable manner, as by screws I0 extending through the bottom into the frame 2.

II is a member in the channel for coacting with the sash. In the form shown in Figures l, 2, 3 and 4in which the sash is slida'bly mounted, the member Il is a guide member for the sash 4, it being hereshown as provided with a rib I2 extending into a groove formed in a non-metallic U-shaped lining I3 located in a channel in each edge of the sash 4L f I4 is a resilient compression cushion orpad interposedpbetween the member II and the bote tom of the channel member I` and cushioning the member Il and serving to compensate for misallnements in the framing 2 of the window openv ing or in the sash or `any other misalinements, so that the sash raises and lowers uniformly under all conditions, the cushion or pad I4 extending the full length of the guide member `I Iv or mem# position, or transversely of the channel or sash,`

andas here shown, the' demountable side 'I is formed with an angulariiange I5 for entering the depressed portion ofthe bottom 6 under the pad I4, and this iiangeis formed with spaced apart offsets or shoulders I8 for snapping into openings I1 in the depression in the bottom 6, when the demountable side 'l has reached its normal position, the demountable side 'I compressing against the edge of the pad I4, which projects is `not tightly clamped betweeirthe sides 5 and 1, i

but is capable of a sliding movement during raising andlowering of the sash, while compensating for misalinements. The padding exerts a substantially uniform outward'pressure against the guide' member `5.

By reason of the interlocking shoulders I6 and openings II, the demountable side 1 is readily placed in position without the use of screws and the like. It maybe demounted by inserting a pointed tool as a screw-driver at'A between the outer edge of the demountable side l and the bottom 6 and prying thereon until the shoulders I6 are lifted out of the openings I1.

The essential feature oi this invention is the construction by which the demountable side of the channel may be rea'dily replaced and removed and held in position without screws in combination with a resilient padding for cushioning the sash.

In Figures 5, 6 and 7, a window construction is shown in which the sash is stationary and entirely surrounded by a resilient compressible cushion. Also, the sash is shown as a double one with two glass panes and 2i spaced apart with a sealed space between them. 23 is a sash trame usually of metal and the margins of the glass pane are mounted in a rubber seat 24 located within the channel in the frame 23. 25 is a spacer between the glass'panes. 'I'he window frame, which is mounted in the window opening, is substantially of the same general construction as .that shown in Figure 4 and comprises a body including a side 28 and a bottom portion 21 and a demountable side 28. 29 is the U-shaped mounting member, usually of rubber, enclosing the sash frame 23 and having beads or lips at 30 and 3i pressing against 'the margins of the panes 20 and 2| outside oi the joint between the glass panes and the sash frame 23, to seal the joints and serve as an additional precaution to opening the space between the glass panes to the outer air.

32 is a cushion or pad, corresponding to the cushion I4 (Figures 2 and 4), this extending entirely circumferentially around the frame 23. 33 is an additional cushion of sponge rubber located to cushion the sash against lateral shocks. It is shown as interposed between one side of the frame 23 and thecontiguous side of the member or mounting 29. The demountable side 23 is practically the same construction as that shown in Figure 4, it having an angular flange 34, corresponding to the angular flange I5 (Figure 4). The offsets or shoulders 35, corresponding to the offsets or shoulders I6 (Figures 3 and 4) snap into openings 31 in a strip 38 instead of in openings in the bottom 21 of the body of the window frame 28. The shoulders 35 interlock with the openings 31 in the strip 38, when the demountable side 28 is pressed into nornal or operative position.

In the form shown in Figure 6, the demountable side 29 does not compress against the cushion 32 but compresses against one side of the member or mounting 29, which in turn presses against the resilient compressible cushion 33. The bottom of the window frame is secured to the car framingas in Figure 1, as by screws 40, and usually a heat insulating strip 4I overlies the bottom oi the channel of the window frame. 'I'his is heldin position by the strip 38 overlying the insulated strip 4I and secured to the bottom of the channel of the window frame, as by rivets 43. The demountable side 28 is usually -formed in sections which abut against each other at (Figure 5). The two side sections 289 are placed in position, after the top and bottom sections are mounted in position, and also in demounting, the sections 28, are rst demound.

In Figure '1, the pad, corresponding to the pad I4, is shown as a corrugation 48 formed in the bottom of the U-shaped mounting 29 and the demountable side 49, corresponding to the side 1 or 28 (Figures 2 and 6) is formed with an outwardly extending angular ange 53, which enters into an outward extension 5I of the bottom 52 of the channel of the window frame. 'I'he extension 5| is provided with an angularly extendingshoulder 53 against which the edge of the ange 50 abuts at 54 when in normal position, and the'ilange 53 is formed with notches 55 at intervals for the insertion of a pointed tool for use in demountlng the side 49. Also, one of the beads 3| of the U-shaped member or mounting 29 is formed with a shoulder at 56 against which the upper edge of the demountable side 49 abuts, when in normal position.

In any form of the invention, the demountable side is moved into normal position by a bodily movement and snaps into interlocking engagement with the bottom of the channel of the body of the frame member of the window frame by a bodily movement transversely of the window frame or sash and cushions against the cushioning means for the sash.

What I claim is:

1. In a window construction, the combination of a window frame formed with a channel having a body including one side and the bottom of the channel anda demountable side, a sash in the frame, a member in the channel for coacting with the sash to hold the same, a resilient compressible pad between the bottom of the channel and the opposing face of said member and coacting therewith throughoutthe length of said member and the channel, the demountable side of the channel having means for interlocking therewith upon movement of the demountable side inwardly into normal position.

2. In a .window construction, the combination of a window frame formed with a channel having a body including one side and the bottom of the channel vand a demountable side, a sash in the frame, means in the channel coacting with the sash to hold the same including a resilient compressible pad in the bottom portion-of the channel and extending throughout the length of the channel, the demountable side of the channel coacting with said pad and having means extending under the pad-for interlocking with the bottom oi the channel, upon movement ofthe demountable side inwardly, into' normal position in a direction transversely of the channel, and held in interlocking position by the pad.

3. In a window construction, the combination of a window frame formed with a channel having a body including one side and the bottom of the channel and a demountable side, a sash in the frame, means in the channel coacting with the sash to hold the same .including a resilient compressible pad located in the bottom portion of the channel and extending throughout the length of the channel, the demountable side being formed with an angular flange extending* between the pad and the bottom of the channel, the bottom of the channel and said ange having means for interlocking upon movement of the demountable side inwardly into normal position in a direction transversely of the channel.

4. In a window construction, the combination of a window frame formed with a channel having a body including one side and the bottom of the' channel and a demountable side, a sash in the frame, means in the channel coacting with the sash to hold the same including a resilient compressible pad extending lengthwise of the channel, the demountable side compressing the pad and having an angular base fiange overlying the' bottom of the channel, the bottom and the flange having means for interlocking upon bodily movement of the demountable side into normal positionin a-direction transversely of the channel and being held in normal position by the action of the pad.

5.In a window construction, the combination of a window frame formed with a channel having a body including one side and the bottom of the channel and a demountable side, a sash in the frame, a member inthe channel for coacting with the sash to hold the same, a resilient compressible pad between the bottom ofthe channel and the opposing face of said member and extending throughout the length of said member and the channel,` the demountable side of the channel having means for coacting with the body of the channel for interlocking therewith upon movement of the demountable side inwardly into normal position, the demountable side compressingagainst one edge of said pad.

6. In a"wind'ow construction, the combination of a window frame formed with a channel having a body including one side and the bottom of the channel and 5a demountable side, a. sash in the frame, a member in the channel for coacting with. the sash to hold the same, a resilient compressible pad between the bottom of the channel and the opposing face of said member and coacting therewith throughout the length of said member and the channel, the demountable side of the channel having means for coacting with the body oi the channel for interlocking therewith upon movement of the demountable side inwardly into normal position, the demountable side having an angular flange extending under the pad between the pad and the bottom of the body, the flange and the bottom having locking means for coacting, whenthe demountable side is mounted in position.

7. In a window construction, the combination of a window frame formed with a channel having a body including one side and the bottom of the channel and a demountable side, a sash in the frame, a member in the channel for coacting with the sash to hold the same, a resilient compressible pad between the bottom of the channel and the opposing face of said member and coacting therewith throughout the length of said member and the channel, the demountable side of the channel having means for coacting with the body oi' the channel for interlocking therewith upon movement o! the demountable side inwardly into normalposition, the demountable side compressing against one edge of said pad, the demountable side having an angular iiange extending under the pad between the pad and the bottom of the body, the flange and-the bottom having locking means for coacting, when the demountable side is mounted in position.'

8. In a window construction, the combination of a window frame formed with a channel having a body including one side and the bottom of the channel and a demountable side, a sash in the frame, a member in the channel. for coacting with the sash to hold the same, a resilient compressible pad between the bottom of the channel and the opposing face of said member and coacting therewith throughout the length of said member and the channel, the demountable side of the channel having means for coacting with the body1 ofthe channel for interlocking therewith upon movement of the demountable side inwardly into normal position, the demountable side having an angular llange extending-under the pad between the pad and the bottom of the b0dy,'the bottom ofthe body being formed with depressions and the iiange with projections for snapping into the depressions, when the demountable side is in normal position.

9. In a `window construction, the combination of a window frame formed with a channel having a body including one side and the bottom of the channel and a demountable side, a sash slidabiy mounted in the frame, a guide member slidabiy mounted in the channel between the sides thereof, the guide member and the sash having means for slidably interlocking, a resilient compressible pad in the channel between the bottom thereof and the guide member, the demountable side of the channel having means for enacting with the body of the channel and the pad and interlocking therewith upon movement of the removable side inwardly into normal po'- sition and held in interlocking position by the pad.

10. In a window construction, the combination of a window frame formed with a channel having a body including one side and the bottom of the channel and a demountable side, a sash slidabiy mounted in the frame, a guide member slidabiy mounted in the channel between the sides thereof, the guide member and the sash hav-ing means for slidably interlocking, a resilient compressible pad in the channel between the bottom thereof and the guide member, the demountable side of the channel having means for coacting with the pad and the body of the channel and interlocking therewith upon movement of the demountable side inwardly into normal position, said pad extending the full length of the guide member and the channel, and the demountable side compressing against the contiguous edge of the pad, when said side is in its normal position, and the guide member being slidable between the sides of the channel toward and from the open side thereof.

11. In a window construction, the combination of a window frame formed with a channel having a body including one side andthe bottom of the channel and a demountable side, a sash slidabiy mounted in the frame, a guide member mounted in the channel and slidable between the sides thereof and toward and from the open side of the channel, a resilient compressible pad in the channel between the bottom thereof and the guide member, the demountable side of the channel having an angular ilange for extending between the pad and the bottom of the channel and the flange in the bottom of the channel having means for interlocking when the demountable side is in normal position, the pad extending lengthwise of the guide member and the channel and the demountable side compressing against the contiguous edge of the pad when said side is in normal position.

12. In a window construction, the combination 0f a window frame formed with a channel, and a sash mounted in the frame, and a member in the channel coacting with the sash for holding the same, the channel comprising a body including a side and a bottom and a demountable side, a resilient compressible cushion interposed between the bottom of the channel and the sash mounting, and a resilient compressible cushion interposed between the side of the sash and` one of the sides ol the channel, the demountable side having an angular base fiange for lapping the bottom of the channel, and said ilange and the bottom of the channel being formed with means for interlocking and holding the demountable side in normal position, upon movement of the demountable side bodily into normal position in a direction at a right angle to the plane of the sash.

RUSSELL B. NELSON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2694840 *Nov 3, 1949Nov 23, 1954Fleet Of America IncRemovable sash structure
US3412510 *Dec 9, 1966Nov 26, 1968Transglas AgFixture with at least one installation unit formed of glass elements
US4454687 *Oct 20, 1982Jun 19, 1984J. I. Case CompanyGuide and support assembly for a window pane
US4993188 *Apr 17, 1989Feb 19, 1991Sealrite Windows, Inc.Single hung window jambliner
Classifications
U.S. Classification49/419, 49/457
International ClassificationB61D25/00
Cooperative ClassificationB61D25/00
European ClassificationB61D25/00