|Publication number||US2158069 A|
|Publication date||May 16, 1939|
|Filing date||Dec 24, 1936|
|Priority date||Dec 24, 1936|
|Publication number||US 2158069 A, US 2158069A, US-A-2158069, US2158069 A, US2158069A|
|Inventors||Victor T Grover|
|Original Assignee||American Can Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (26), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
y 16, 1939- v. T. GROVER 2,158,069
CONTROL DEVICE FOR CAN MAKING MACHINERY Filed Dec. 24, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTO R lzlf g A ORN EYS' May 16, 1939. v. 'r. GROVER CONTROL DEVICE FOR CAN MAKING MACHINERY Filed Dec. 24, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR atentecl May 16, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CONTROL DEVICE FOR CAN MAKING MACHINERY Victor T. Grover, Maplewood, N. J assignor to American Can Company, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New Jersey Application December 24, 1936, Serial No. 117,655
The present invention relates to feed control devices for can making machinery and the like and has particular reference to photo-electric control devices actuated by a plurality of converging beams of light emanating from a plurality of separate and spaced sources for governing the feeding of articles such as containers or cans passing into and through a runway or other conveyor.
The instant invention contemplates the use of a photo-electric control device for stopping the feeding of additional articles into the runway when the latter becomes clogged by an accumulation of such articles and for resuming the feeding operation when the congestion has been cleared away.
The usual set-up of photo-electric cell illu-, minated by a beam of light projected across the path of travel of the articles passing in the runway has been found to be insuificient for this purpose. Because of the keen sensitivity of the photo-electric cell the momentary interception of the light beam occasioned by the normal passing of an article through the runway is suflicient to cause actuation of the control devices every time an article passes. This results in an undue jerky stopping and starting of the feeding mechanism which is undesirable for eflicient operation of the control device.
The instant invention contemplates such a control device having a plurality of light beams concentrated on a single photo-electric cell, the light beams being spaced apart so that an article passing through the runway will intercept them successively and as long as one or the other of the beams strike upon the photo-electric cell the latter will be continuously illuminated sufiiciently to permit normal passage of articles through the runway. An accumulation of such articles, however, will intercept all of the light beams at once and cause a darkening of the photo-electric cell with its resultant action on the control devices. This effects a smoother and more efiicient operation of the control devices.
The invention further contemplates the projection of these light beams at an angle across the path of travel of the articles in the runway so that an accumulation of loosely packed articles or an accumulation of articles having an irregular shape will completely intercept the light beams and prevent illumination of the photoelectric cell. For example, where articles are to be conveyed by belt or otherwise in a horizontal plane any vibration might tend to cause momentary separation of adjacent articles sufllciently to allow passage of light therebetween where a single light beam is used and it is to prevent such a false condition that the present invention is also directed.
An object, therefore, of the invention is the provision of an electric control device for governing the feeding of articles through a runway of a can making machine or the like wherein the feeding is influenced by the interception of a plurality of beams of light projected across the path of travel of the articles in the runway and which normally illuminate a single photo-electric cell unit associated with the feed control devices for actuating the latter.
Another object is the provision of such a control device wherein the beams of light are projected across the runway at an angle, converging and concentrating on a single photo-electric cell unit disposed outside the runway, the beams in the runway being spaced apart so that a normally passing article will only momentarily intercept one beam at a time and thereby maintain the control devices in full article feeding operation, while an accumulation of articles in the runway will totally intercept all the beams at once and thereby cause cessation of feeding of additional articles until the congestion in the runway has been cleared away.
A further object is the provision in a control device of this character wherein a plurality of spaced apart independent light sources disposed at an angle to the runway are utilized to project the converging light beams across the runway and to concentrate them onto a single photoelectric cell unit so that the beams in the runway will be properly spaced apart for the desired interception by the articles passing therethrough.
Numerous other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent as it is better understood from the following description, which, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, discloses a preferred embodiment thereof.
Referring to the drawings:
Figure l is a schematic side elevation of a pair of can making machines connected by conveyors one of which is equipped with electric feed control devices embodying the instant invention;
Fig. 2 is a wiring diagram of the electric circuits and apparatus used;
Fig. 3 is an enlarged transverse sectional view of the control devices showing one arrangement of photo-electric cell unit and light source, the view being taken substantially along the line 33 of Fig. 1; and
Figs. 4, 5 and 6 are horizontal sections taken substantially along the broken line 44 in Fig. 3, Fig. 4 showing the normal passage of articles through the conveyor and through the light beams of the control devices; Fig. 5 illustrating articles in the conveyor accumulated to the extent of blocking off one of the light beams with the other beam still illuminating the photo-electric cell to maintain feeding of the articles, and Fig. 6 shows the limit of such an article accumulation in the conveyor, the accumulated articles blocking off both light beams from the photo-electric cell and causing a temporary cessation of further feeding of articles.
As a preferred embodiment of the instant invention the drawings illustrate a container making machine II (diagrammatically shown in Fig. 1) and a contiguous belt conveyor I2 which will be hereinafter collectively referred to as the article feeding mechanism. This mechanism is preferably used for performing an operation on containers A or the like articles and for delivering or feeding them forward to a subsequent operation machine I3 (also diagrammatically shown in Fig. l). The feeding mechanism is preferably actuated by an electric motor I4.
Containers delivered by the feeding mechanism are preferably raised to a position over the top of the subsequent operation machine I3. For this purpose the belt conveyor I2 is partly inclined. The conveyor is driven by a driving pulley I5 which forms a part of the feeding mechanism and is indirectly driven by the motor I4. The upper run of the belt takes over a pair of idler pulleys I6, IT. The lower run takes over a plurality of idler pulleys I8.
The belt conveyor I2 preferably drops the containers into a vertical runway I9 the upper end of which is located in alignment with the conveyor adjacent the idler pulley IT. The lower end of the runway connects with the receiving machine I3. Containers deposited in the runway fall by gravity and are guided by the runway into the receiving machine. For this purpose the runway is formed with oppositely disposed channel shaped side members 2I (Figs. 3, l, 5 and 6).
Provision is made for controlling the feeding of the containers from the feeding mechanism to prevent clogging of the runway I9 under adverse operating conditions which may prevail at times in the receiving machine. This feeding is controlled by electric devices which include a photoelectric cell unit located adjacent the runway. A photo-electric cell 25 (Figs. 3, 4, 5 and 6) is disposed on one side of the runway adjacent one of the members 2I and is secured to a bracket 26 which is bolted to the flanges of the members.
On the opposite side of the runway I9 the bracket 26 carries a pair of lamps 2'! which constitute sources of light for projecting restricted beams of light 28 into the photo-electric cell 25. The lamps are spaced apart and are set at an angle so that the light beams pass obliquely through the runway across the path of travel of the containers and are focused to concentrate on the photo-electric cell as shown in Fig. 4. Windows 29, 3I secured in the sides of the runway members 2I permit the light beams to pass across the runway.
The spacing of the lamps and the angle at which they are set is arranged so that a container A falling in the runway will pass successively the light beams without blocking off both of them simultaneously. This insures that when the passing container normally blocks off one beam the other will still illuminate the photo-electric cell to keep it in operation. Should more than two light beams be used, each will be arranged so that all light passing into the photo-electric cell will be blocked off only when there is an accumulation. of articles.
Referring now to the wiring diagram in Fig. 2 it will be observed that the photo-electric cell unit 25 is connected by wires 32, 33 to a photoelectric amplifying relay indicated by the numeral 35. The lamps 21 are connected to the relay by wires 36, 31 and a solenoid 38 is also connected to the relay by wires 39, 4I. Electric energy is supplied to the relay and the parts associated therewith in any suitable manner as by lead wires 42, 43and a service switch 44 which connect with a source of power such as a generator 45.
The amplifying relay 35 is in itself a well known commercial article and provides for energizing and de-energizing the solenoid 38 through the action of the photo-electriccell 25 when the latter is illuminated or darkened. In the present use of the relay the solenoid is de-energized when the photo-electric cell is darkened and the resulting action is utilized to stop the feeding of articles into the runway I9.
In the form herein illustrated the solenoid 38 is utilized to control the operation of the electric motor I4 of the feeding mechanism. The solenoid opens and closes a switch 46 which is included in a motor circuit receiving electric energy from a suitable source of power such as a generator 41. The switch is connected by a wire 48 to one terminal of the motor and by a wire 49 to a service switch 5I used for manually starting and stopping the motor. The service switch is connected by wires 52, 53 to the generator 41 and also by a wire 54 to the motor I4 thus making a'complete circuit when the switches are closed.
During normal operation of the feeding mechanism falling containers moving through-the runway I9 and successively passing the light beams 28 of the control device have no effect on the relay 35 since one of the light beams continues to strike the photo-electric cell 25 when a falling container passes the other beam. Therefore the photo-electric cell is normally kept illuminated and the energized solenoid 38 continues to hold the switch 46 closed. The motor circuit is thus maintained, the service switch 5I being closed and the flow of electric energy from the generator 4'! therefore continues to rotate the motor I4 which in its turn causes the feeding mechanism to deliver containers into the runway I9.
When for any reason the feeding mechanism delivers the containers faster than they can be operated upon in the receiving machine they accumulate in the runway I9 as shown in Figs, 5 and 6. When accumulated containers reach a height where they block ofi both beams of light 28 coming from the lamps 21 as shown in Fig. 6 the resulting darkened photo-electric cell 25 acts on the relay 35 to de-energize the solenoid 38. This opens the switch 46, breaks the motor circuit and stops the operation of the feeding mechmechanism to feed more containers into the runway. Thus the feeding of containers or the stopping of the feed is continually and automatically efiected or resumed to prevent clogging of the runway.
It is thought that the invention and many of its attendant advantages will be understood from the foregoing description, and it will be apparent that various changes may be made in the form, construction and arrangement of the parts without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention or sacrificing all of its material advantages, the form hereinbefore described being merely a preferred embodiment thereof.
A feed control device for container parts comprising in combination: a runway, a photo-electric cell unit disposed adjacent the path of moving parts in said runway, said unit including a photo-electric cell disposed on one side of said runway and a plurality of light beams from spaced light sources disposed on the opposite side of said runway, said light beams projecting obliquely across said runway and converging onto said cell, the space between said light beams across said runway being greater than the width of a said container part, whereby normal feed of said parts in spaced relation along said runway through said light beams cannot temporarily intercept more than one light beam simultaneously thereby failing to darken said cell, abnormal accumulation of said container parts in the runway adjacent said units serving to simultaneously intercept all of said light beams to thereby temporarily darken said cell until the abnormal accumulation of parts is relieved, and electrical means responsive to the condition of said cell for terminating the feed of said parts when said cell is darkened under abnormal conditions, said electrical means being further operable to reestablish and permit the feed of said parts under normal conditions when one or more of said light beams are projected upon said cell.
VICTOR T. GROVER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2528770 *||May 23, 1946||Nov 7, 1950||Linde Air Prod Co||Automatic scarfing machine|
|US2531238 *||Apr 17, 1947||Nov 21, 1950||Vendomatic Machine Corp||Merchandise vending machine|
|US2571576 *||Aug 3, 1948||Oct 16, 1951||Hopkins Machine Corp||Rotary disk hopper feed for cylindrical articles|
|US2609779 *||Mar 18, 1946||Sep 9, 1952||Continental Can Co||Cover stack height controlling means|
|US2662633 *||Apr 9, 1952||Dec 15, 1953||Stapling Machines Co||Apparatus for orienting mitered cleats|
|US2670705 *||Mar 13, 1947||Mar 2, 1954||Anchor Hocking Glass Corp||Method and apparatus for feeding gaskets and for inserting them in closures|
|US2753058 *||Sep 1, 1950||Jul 3, 1956||U S Galvanizing & Plating Equi||Apparatus for handling pipe and similar articles|
|US2914161 *||Oct 31, 1955||Nov 24, 1959||Acf Ind Inc||Orienting feeder|
|US2998118 *||Nov 20, 1957||Aug 29, 1961||Internat Machinery Corp||Container handling apparatus|
|US3016665 *||Jul 22, 1957||Jan 16, 1962||Manett Entpr Inc||Packaging machine|
|US3043416 *||May 27, 1959||Jul 10, 1962||Resina Automatic Machinery Co||Cap hopper|
|US3100562 *||Oct 26, 1960||Aug 13, 1963||Pneumatic Scale Corp||Container handling apparatus|
|US3103054 *||Dec 19, 1956||Sep 10, 1963||Deering Milliken Res Corp||Conveying and disentangling apparatus for bobbin strippers|
|US3121797 *||Aug 5, 1960||Feb 18, 1964||Battenfeld Fa Geb||Light barrier means for automatic control of finished products|
|US3123198 *||Aug 7, 1959||Mar 3, 1964||Closure cap orienting apparatus|
|US3133670 *||Apr 3, 1961||May 19, 1964||Don Heyer||Control system for article feeding apparatus|
|US3162294 *||Jul 5, 1962||Dec 22, 1964||R A Jones & Company Inc||Article timing mechanism for packaging machines|
|US3181713 *||Apr 19, 1962||May 4, 1965||Gen Electric||Article handling system|
|US3219992 *||Jul 20, 1959||Nov 23, 1965||Continental Can Co||Monitoring apparatus|
|US3318439 *||Apr 12, 1965||May 9, 1967||Kornylac Co||Conveyor system|
|US3485333 *||Jul 27, 1967||Dec 23, 1969||Cap Roc Inc||Article orienter and feeder|
|US3647065 *||May 4, 1970||Mar 7, 1972||North American Rockwell||Bobbin selector device|
|US3872306 *||Apr 13, 1973||Mar 18, 1975||Nat Res Dev||Separating apparatus|
|US4006813 *||Jul 9, 1974||Feb 8, 1977||Sig Schweizerische Industrie-Gesellschaft||Article separating and conveying system|
|US4168009 *||Mar 25, 1977||Sep 18, 1979||Ide Allan R||Automatic discharge cargo lifting apparatus|
|US4601686 *||Jan 28, 1982||Jul 22, 1986||British-American Tobacco Company Limited||Production of tobacco-smoke filters|
|U.S. Classification||198/524, 250/223.00R, 192/125.00A, 473/72, 38/1.00C|
|Cooperative Classification||B65G2811/093, B65G23/00|