Improvement in churns
US 215857 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
I W. L. ALLEGREE. Churn,
No. 215,857. Patented May 27,1879.
W1 mssns: INVENTOB:
N.PETERS. PHOTWLJTHOGRAFHER, WASHINGTON. D. O
UNITED STATES PATENT QFFICE.
WILLIAM L. ALLEGREE, OF HEBBARDSVILLE, KENTUCKY.
IMPROVEMENT IN CHURNS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 215,857, dated May 27, 1879; application filed March 7, 1879.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM LIGHTFOOT ALLEGREE, of Hebbardsville, in the county of Henderson and State of Kentucky, have invented a new and Improved Churn; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same.
My invention is an improvement in the class of churns having a reciprocating dasher,which is operated by spring-power.
The improvement relates to the construction of the churn-cover, as hereinafter described, and as illustrated in accompanying drawings, in which v Figure 1 is partly a side view of my improved apparatus, the churn-body being in section. Fig. 2 is a detail. Fig. 3 is a crosssection on line 00 00, Fig. 1.
The motor which operates the dasher A is composed of a spring, B, (a weight may be substituted,) and a gearing, 0, having a pendulum attachment, 1), similar to an ordinary clock-movement. All the parts of the motor are attached to the two parallel bars or plates, E E, which are set vertical and bolted to the top of a standard, F. The driving-shaft G is at the bottom of the train of gearing, in suitable contiguity to the churn but the whole apparatus is so'located that the space around the churn and standard is left free or unoccupied.
The dasher A is of considerably less diameter than the interior of the body I of the churn. The dasher is guided vertically by its rod K, which worksin the two-part lid or cover L.
Said cover is composed of two disks, a a, the lower one, a, being suspended from the other by rods 1). The upper one, a, has a rabbeted edge, which rests on the rim of the tub I. The pins I) project up through the disk (I, so that the lower disk, a, can be raised or lowered by adjusting the pins. The continual passage of the cream between the disks a a causes the butter to gather on the lower disk, a. On detaching the cover L, the butter thus deposited may be readily removed.
The amount of friction between the dashrod K and disks a a is less than arises from the ordinary arrangement, in which the dasher is made to Work in contact with the sides of the tub I, and the cover is composed of a single disk.
The dash-rod K is connected to the disk M on the driving-shaft G by means of a bar, N, whose upper end has a row of holes, (I, to allow adjustment of the same on the wrist-pin e. The latter may also be adjusted in a radial direction on the disk M by the provision of holes f in the disk.
WVhat I claim is- The combination of the churn-cover, composed of the two separated disks a a and connecting-rods b, with the dash-rod, dasher, and body of the churn, as shown and described, for the purpose specified.
\VILLIAM LIGHTFOOT ALLEGREE.
WM. 1?. LIGHTFOOT, I. H. BURNS, B. SPURGEON.