Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2158615 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 16, 1939
Filing dateJul 26, 1937
Priority dateJul 26, 1937
Publication numberUS 2158615 A, US 2158615A, US-A-2158615, US2158615 A, US2158615A
InventorsWright Howard S
Original AssigneeSheaffer W A Pen Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fountain pen
US 2158615 A
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May' 16, 1939. H. s. WRIGHT 2,158,615

FOUNTAIN PEN Filed July 26, 1937 2 Sheets-Sheet l May 16, 1939 Hfs. WRIGHT 2,58,615

FOUNTAIN PEN Filed July 26, 1957 2 Sheets-Shree@ 2 Patented May 16, 1939 UNITED sTATEs PATENT oEElcE FOUNTAIN PEN Application July ze, 1931, seal No. 155,628

6 Claims.

This invention relates to a fountain pen and has special reference to a fountain pen having a novel Writing fluid feeding mechanism for establishing a capillary channel from the pen nib rearwardly into the reservoir to draw writing uid positively therefrom to feed the pen nib in writing.

More particularly this invention relates to a fountain pen including a feed bar having a shank portion adapted to be mounted within the end of the barrel thereof and an extending nib supporting portion with an internal longitudinally extending feed duct in the feed bar communicating at one end with .the writing fluid reservoir of the barrel and at the other end with the surface of the supporting portion, there being an insert `in the feed duct extending beyond the end of the feed bar into the writing fluid reservoir and having a passageway of capillary dimensions therein for positively feeding writing uid from the reservoir to the pen nib on the nib supporting portion.

While the writing uid feeding mechanism of the present invention is adaptable to writing instruments of. allA types, it is particularly desirable for use with pens of the type commonly known as one-stroke pump fillers which are filled with writing Huid by the actuation of a plunger rod and plunger assembly to cause a partial vacuum to be formed in the writing fluid reservoir in the rear of the piston as the plunger rod and plunger move forwardly toward the writing point end. VIn such types of writing instruments the bore of the barrel is usually enlarged at the forward end so that the plunger, uponreaching its limit of forward movement, enters the enlarged portion whereupon the partial vacuum created in the rear of the plunger, assuming that the writing point end of the pen is immersed in writing fluid, breaks the' vacuum and causes writing fluid to be drawn through the feeding mechanism past the plunger into the Writing fluid reservoir. l

As above stated, a continuous capillary channel is-established by the use of the present feeding mechanism from the pen nib beyond the feed bar into the writing uid reservoir. In that class of pens above referred to as one-stroke pump fillers, a continuous capillary channel is established from the nib back to the plunger assembly to contact the writing fluid-adjacent the plunger and assure a positive feed of writing uid from the reservoir around the plunger to the pen nib.

It is also desirable in one-stroke pump llers to prevent the possibility of Writing uid becom- (Cl. 1Z0-50) ing trapped within the reservoir at the plunger assembly when the pen is in use in writing and the plunger assembly is disposed within the enlarged portion of the bore of the barrel. I n the enlarged bore of the barrel the outer periphery of .the enlarged portion of the plunger, which, for example, comprises a flexible .disc disposed between a backing member and a locking nut, n

is spaced but a short distance from the inner wall of the enlarged bore in which the plunger lies when in a position of use and the greater portion of the writing fluid in the reservoir lies above this plunger. v

lWhen the writing fluid below the plunger in the ink feeding mechanism becomes exhausted in writing, a trapping of the liquid at the plunger ofttimes occurs. Ordinarily, 4should the plunger assembly beheld rigidly, the pen must be shaken to break the air bubble causing the trapping of the writing fluid to permit the fluid to pass aroundv the plunger. A This condition of trapping becomes more acute as the quantity of writing fluid in the reservoir above the plunger becomes less in volume because the partial vacuum created in the reservoir above the level of the writing fluid is greater, coupled with the fact that the space is smaller between the outervperiphery of the flexible disc and the inner wall of the enlarged bore.

Applicant is aware of instances wherein this condition was sought to be remedied by the provision of a plunger pivotally mounted instead of rigidly held with the object in view of obtaining a force necessary to break the air bubble furnished on the pivotally mounted plungerby the weight of the writing uid in the barrel above the plunger assisted by the slight jarring incident to the use ofthe pen in writing.

In the present invention, trapping is avoided entirely because the distance between the ilexible disc-or enlarged portion of the plunger and the side wall of the bore is ordinarily great enough to prevent the formation of an air bubble or film by the positive forcing of the plunger to one side in the reservoir. In the use of a pivotally mounted plunger such force as is obtained on the plunger is not positive and does notl 'orevent the formation of. air bubbles and seeks to break down the air bubble or film after they are formed depending upon the jarring employedv in writing and the weight of the fluid in the reservoir thereabove.

As above stated, the feed'bar has an internal longitudinally extending feed duct having an insert therein with a passageway of capillary dimensions extending beyond the end of the feed bar into the writing fluid reservoir Within the enlarged bore and terminating adjacent the side wall thereof to contact the writing fiuid adjacent the plunger. In some instances of use, instead of the end of the insert being directed to one side adjacent the side wall of the enlarged bore, it may be desirable for the insert to engage the plunger and to move the same to one side in the enlarged bore to Widen the space between one side of the periphery of the flexible disc of the plunger and the adjacent side wall of the enlarged bore to prevent the formation of air bubbles and thus eliminate trapping of the writing fluid in thereservoir.

The movement of the plunger assembly to one side of the enlarged bore of the reservoir accelerates the flow of writing fluid around the plunger assembly in both directions of flow, that is, to and from the reservoir. Holding the plunger assembly to one side of the enlarged bore prevents stopping of the writing fluid from con-v tinuous flow* or skipping when the pen is in use in writing. This disposition of the plunger assembly also permits fluid to return to the reservoir when disposed in a carrying position, that is, when thel writing point end is held in a direction upwardly as in a pocket to avoid leaking around the pen section and in the cap where ordinarily iiuid is trapped between the plunger assemblyand the pen nib.

This invention is likewise concerned with the structural detail of the feed bar and particularly the writing fluid channels thereof with which the insert is directly associated to direct writing uid from the reservoir to the distributing channels.

Other objects and advantages will hereinafter be'more particularly pointed out and for .a more complete understanding of the characteristic features of this invention, reference may now be had to the following description when taken together with the accompanying drawings, in whiehiatter:e`

Figure 1 is a central sectional view of a fragmentary portion ofy a fountain pen embodying the features of this invention, a portion of the barrel being shown in elevation;

Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken on the line 2--2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing a modined form of feeding mechanism embodying the features of this invention; y

Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on the line 4-1 of Fig. 3;

Fig; 5 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing a further modified form of feeding mechanism em,-

bodying the features of this invention;

Fig. 6 is a sectional viewtaken on the line I--I of Fig. 5;

Fig. 7 is a top plan view of a feeding bar embodying the features of this invention;

Fig. 8 is a sectional view taken on the line 8 8 of Fig. '1;

Fig. 9 is a view similar to Fig. 7 showing amodified form .of feed bar embodying the features of this invention;

Fig. 10 is a-sectional View taken on the line III- I0 of Fig. 9;

Fig. 11 is a viewsimilar to Fig. 7 showing still A a further modified form of feed bar embodying the features of this invention; and

,Fig. 12 is a sectional view taken on the line I2--I2 of Fig. 11. l Referring now'to the" drawings, and more particularly to Figs. 1 and 2 thereof, the fountain pen incorporating the features of this invention comprises a barrel I5 having a reduced extension I6 of the feed section Il threadedly engaging the bore of the barrel at one end thereof, the feed section in turn having a shank portion I8 of a feed bar engaging the bore at the outer end of the feed section and extending therebeyond in the usual'manner to provide an extending nib supporting portion I9. A pen nib' 20 is disposed on the nib supporting surface I9 of vthe feed bar and extends into the feed section a short distance to be held in position therein between the bore thereof and the nib supporting surface of the feed bar preferably by a frictional t.

The shank I8 of the feed section terminates within the bore of the feed section I1 preferably at a substantial'distance from the end thereof,

the reduced extension I6 of the feed section terminating at an enlarged bore portion 2I'of the barrel I5. The enlarged bore portion 2I is a continuation of the-bore of the barrel I5 serving as a writing iiuid reservoir for the fountain pen.

The feed-bar. is provided with an internal longitudinally extending feed duct 22 communicating at' oneend with the writing fluid reservoir and at the other end with a fissure 23 extending from the nib supporting portion I9. The longitudinally extending feed d uct 22 is preferably of circular cross section :throughout its length.

An insert 24 isgdisposed in the longitudinally extending feed duct 22 and is'likewise of circular cross'section, one end of the insert terminating adjacent the writingpoint end of the feed duct and extending atthe other end beyond the end of the feed Ybar into the writing fluid reservoir. The insert is preferably provided with a flattened portion 25, the flattened portion having a passageway 26 in the form of a-fissure of capillary dimensions thereon for'feedingwriting fluid from the reservoirto the fissure 23 and thence to the pen nib 20. By reason of the insert being 4fiattened, anvairduct is provided between the flattened peripheral portion of the insert and the rounded peripheral portion of the feed duct 22 adaeent thereto.

In this instance of the present invention, the portion of the insert extending into the writing fluid reservoir engages a plunger assembly 21 for moving the plunger to one side in the enlarged bore 2l for accelerating the passageway of air and writing fluid around the plunger in either dii rection. N

A plunger assembly preferably comprises 'a plunger rod 28 extending through the barrel 'substantially coaxially therewith and is operated in the usual manner by an operating button or the like on one end thereof accessible from the outside of the 'barrel to be grasped by the fingers in reciprocating the same in a longitudinal direction. The other end of the plunger rod 28 is provided with a backing plate 29 which is fixed thereto in any desirable manner for supporting a flexible washer 30, the washer being held in a position adjacent the backing plate 29 by a locking nut 3|. The locking nut 3| is preferably of substantially conical shape and is disposed coaxially with the iiexible washer 30 and backing member 29 on the plunger rod 28.

'I'he end of the insert 24 extending into the writing fluid reservoir is preferably tapered as at 32 to conform substantially to the periphery of the conical shapedl locking member 3| of the plunger assembly. When it is desired to fill the pen the plunger rod 28 and therewith the plunger assembly 21 is moved in direction rearwardly or away from the writing point end to the Vlimit of its movement in that direction, and thereafter" forwardly, creating a partial vacuum in the reservoir behind the plunger assembly to the position shown in Fig. 1 wherein the conical shaped locking nut 3| engages the tapered end 32 of the insert 24 and the plunger assembly is forced to one side in the enlarged bore 2| of the writing fiuid reservoir.

When the plunger assembly is moved away from the insert 24, the insert occupies a position substantially coaxially throughout its length with the shank It of the feed bar and the internal longitudinally extending feed duct 2'2. By reason of its being preferably formed of hard rubber, the end of the insert bends slightly from the pressure of the plunger assembly thereon as the latter is moved to one side in the enlargedbore 2|. It will be noted that the ilssure or passageway 23 is continued throughout the length of the insert including the tapered end 32 so that a continuous capillary channel is formed from the plunger assembly to feed writing iiuid positively to' the pen nib 20 from the fluid reservoir.

It will also be observed that the space between the peripheral edge of the flexible disc and the enlarged bore 2| aty one side thereof is substantially great to prevent trapping of fluid behind the plunger assembly and thereby prevent skipping of the pen when in use in writing. The flow of writing fluid is accelerated around the plunger assembly in both directions of flow to and from the reservoir and writing iluidis positively fed by capillary attraction from the writing fluid reservoir directly to the pen nib, the fissure 23 being likewise preferably of capillary dimension. y

Referring now more particularly to Figs. 3

' and 4 of the drawings, the fountain pen therecut finto the Ysection is disposed -in the in shown, incorporating the features of this invention, comprises a barrel 33having a reduced extension 34 of thefeed section 35 -threadedly engaging the bore ofthe open end thereof, the feed section in turn having a shank portion 36 of a feed bar engaging the bore/at the outer end of the feedv section and extending therebeyond in the usual manner to provide an extending nib supporting portion 31. A pen nib 38 is disposed on the nib supporting surface 31 and extends into the feed section a short distance to be held in position therein between the bore thereof and the nib supporting surface of the feed bar by a frictional fit.

The reduced extension 34 of the feedsection 35 is providedvwith a further reduced extension 39 to accommodate a flexible sack 40. The flexible sack forms the writing fluid reservoir together with that portion of the bore of the feed section not engaged by the shank 36 of the feed bar'. l e

The feed bar is provided with an internal longitudinally extending feed duct 4| preferably of circular cross section communicating at one end with the reservoir and terminating near the other end ofthe feed bar and -being enclosed. A central longitudinally extending fissure 42 is nilo supporting surface and communicates with the .feed duct 4| adjacent its outer' enclosed end thereof.

An insert 43 of preferably rectangular cross central` longitudinally extending feed duct 4|, the greater width .of the insert being of substantially the same .diameter as the -diameter of the feed duct 4| and extending in a vertical direction or in the d1-I rection of the fissure 42, and the narrower width of the insert being substantially less than the diameter of the feed duct 4| providing air passageways 44 and 45 on opposite sides thereof. Writing fluid passageways are also provided in the insert in the form of fissures 46 and 41 preferably cut on opposite sides of the insert.

The insert 43 extends beyond the end of the feed bar into the writing uid reservoir, the end of the insert being preferably bent to one side to lie adjacent the wall of the writing iiuid reservoir. The other end of the insert is preferably provided with a notch 48 which is cut across the full Width thereof to augment the entry of air to the air channels 44 and 45.

The construction just described, as disclosed in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 of the drawings, establishes a continuous capillary channel from the writing fluid reservoir proper to the pen nib and acts to positively feed writing iiuid from 'the reservoir.

Referring now more particularly to Figs. 5 and 6 of the drawings, a fountain pen incorporating the features of this invention is therein shown as comprising abarrel 49 having a reduced extension 50 of the feed section 5| threadedly engaging the bore at the open end thereof, the feed section, in turn, having a shank portion 52 of a feed bar engaging the bore at the other open end of the feed section and extending therebeyond in the usual manner to provide a nib supporting portion 53. A pen nib may be disposed on the nib supporting surface of the portion 53 to extend into the feed section and be held in position therein between the bore thereof and the nib supporting surface of the feed bar by a frictional t.

The feed bar is provided with an internal longitudinally extending feed duct 54 communicatfeed section 5| terminates adjacent to, an enl larged bore portion 55 of the Writing fluid reservoir of the barrel 49. The enlargedrbore portion 55 receives a plunger assembly 56 when the fountain pen is in a normal condition of use, the plunger 56 being mounted on the end of a plunger rod 51.

The plunger assembly and plunger rod are for the purpose of filling the fountain pen with writing fluid, one end of the plunger rod 51 extending preferably through a packing gland at the end of the barrel opposite to that of the writing point yend for receiving an operating head or button which is clasped by the fingers to reciprocate the plunger rod. The plunger assembly 56 may preferably comprise a backing member 56 suitably secured thereto and a flexe ible disc 59 held in a position thereagainst by a lock nut 60.. f

In lling the fountain pen reservoir with a writing fluid, the plunger. rod 51nis moved outwardly of the barrel carrying therewiththe plunger assembly 56 to the limit of its movement in that direction, whereafter it is returnedin a direction toward its normal position creating a partial vacuum'behind the plunger which is'broken when the plunger assembly is received in the enlarged bore portion 55 of the reservoir. The'plunger assembly and operation thereof is the vsame as that previously described in th'e embodiment shown in Figs. 1 and 2.

immersed in the fluid, the writing fluid is drawn into the reservoir to ll the same. During the travel of the plunger assembly through the bore of the barrel, the flexible disc 59 engages the side walls thereof to create the above noted partial vacuum and when the plunger assembly is in the enlarged bore portion 55 of the reservoir, the periphery of the flexible disc 59 clears the side walls thereof and stands spaced apart therefrom so that the writing fluid from the reservoir may pass therearound to the feeding'mechanism.

In order to establish a continuous capillary channelv from the reservoir to the pen nib, an insert 6| is disposed I'in the longitudinally extending feed duct 54 and extends from the closed end thereof beyond the end of the feed bar into the writing fluid reservoir terminating adjacent the plunger assembly when the fountain pen 'is in normal condition for writing. Preferably, the end of the insert extending from the feed bar is bent toward one side of the barrel and terminates immediately above the flexible disc so that the insert is in actual physical contact with the fluid in substantially the plane of the flexible disc.

The longitudinally extending feed duct 54 is preferably of circular cross section and the insert 6l is preferably of rectangular cross section with the dimension of the greatest .width approximately the same as the diameter of the duct. The smaller dimension of the insert is substantially less than that of the diameter of the duct providing air passageways 62 and 63 on opposite sides of the insert. The insert is also provided with writing fluid passageways 64 and 65 in the form of fissures of capillary dimensions preferably disl posed on opposite sides of the insert to direct the writing fluid from the reservoir of the barrel 49 through the feed duct 54 to the pen nib. A continuous capillary channel may thus be provided from adjacent the flexible disc 59 to the pen nib to draw the writing fluid from the reservoir past the flexible disc and feed the same positively into the feeding mechanism and to the pen nib.

Referring now more particularly to Figs. 'l and 8 of the drawings, a feed bar 66 is shown as comprising an elongated body portion having an axially disposed longitudinally extending internal feed duct 61 for communication at one end with a writing fluid reservoir either in the form of a sack or a barrel proper and terminating near the other end of the feed bar and being enclosed. A central longitudinally extending fissure 68 is cut into the nib supporting surface 69 and communicates with the feed duct 51. Fissures 10 and 1I are disposed on either side of, and are spaced from, the central .longitudinally extending-- fissure 6I, all of the fissures extending preferably over a major portion of the length of the nib supporting surface.

The outer fissures 10 and 1I are preferably substantia'lly smaller than the central flssurej and in a normal condition of use, the outer fissures continuously ret'ainwriting fluid while the'center ssure remains free from writing fluid to act as an air inlet.

'I'he longitudinally extending fissures 66, 16 and 1| communicate with a plurality of spaced transversely extending combs 12, the combs being preferably of uniform `width ,p and depth and being disposed on the nib supporting surface to extend substantially the length of the fissures. These `combs are for lthe purpose of accommodatingwriting fluid expansion for the fluid reservoir and are filled with writing fluid by the fissures when more writing fluid than is necessary for actual writing is brought down from the reservoir. The combs 12, in turn, communicate with scoops 13 extending longitudinally of the feed bar or in the direction of the fissures but are not connected directly with the fissures.

The feed duct 61 is preferably provided with an insert 14 which may extend the full length of the feed ductl and asin the previously described figures may extend therebeyond to terminate within the writing fluid-reservoir. The insert 14 is provided with .a central longitudinally extending fissure 15 for registration with ssure 68 of the feed bar 66 and is also provided with spaced longitudinally extending fissures 16 and 11 for registration respectively With the fissures 10 and 1I of the feed bar. However, the fissures of the insert 14 are preferably greater in width than the corresponding or registering fissures of the feed bar. For purposes of illustration the central fissure 68 of the feed bar may be approximately .010" while the adjacent fissures 10 and 1| may be .007. In this instance, the central fissure 15 of the insert may be .020" while the adjacent fissures 16 and 11 may be .015". v

The construction above recited Withreference to Figs. 7 and 8 is more effective on fountain pens employing a flexible pen in that the supply of Writingfluid to the flexible nib is more constant. In the usual constructions employing a single central fissure employed to supply the fluid reservoir with air and to permit the fluid to flow to the nib, the fluid was normally fed in pulsations and the fissure would become practically empty of Writing fluid at intervals. In such a condition, in connection with a flexible pen nib and particularly pen nibs of large size, the pulsating feed of fluid would result in skipping when employed in writing'. In other words, by using the same fissure for permitting entrance of air and the exit of fluid, the entering air would stop at intervals the flow of Writing fluid fed to the nib resulting in an irregular feed, so that at periodic intervals no fluid would be available in writing.

'I'he object of providing fissures on each side of a central fissure, the central fissure being larger, is to permit the passage of air through the central fissure even though it contain Writing fluid while the smaller fissures would retain writing fluid for constant supply to the pen nib because there is a stronger capillary control in the smaller fissures. The pen nib in this instance prevents an undue supply of writing fluid at such times as when excess pressure is applied tothe flexible nib.

v for supporting the pen nib. The feed bar is provided with an internal longitudinally extending feed duct 8| communicating at one end with the reservoir of the barrel which may either bein .the-form of a flexible sack or the bore of the barrel proper; A central longitudinally extending fissure 82 is cut` into the nib supporting surface 80 and communicates with the feed duct 8|, the fissure extending longitudinally preferably communicates with a plurality of spaced transversely extending combs 83 which combs are preferably of uniform width and depth and are disposed on the nib supporting surface to' extend substantially the length of the ,fissure 82. These combs are for the purpose of accommodating writing fluid expansion from the reservoir and communicate with scoops 83a extending longitudinally in a spaced relation with the fissure 82.

An insert 84 may preferably be disposed in the feed duct 8|, the feed duct and insert being preferably of circular cross section with the insert having a fiattyened portion 85 and a passageway 88 in the form of a fissure extending longitudinally over the flattened portion ofthe insert. By reason of the fact that the insert is flattened, an air passageway 81 is provided between the flattened portion and the adjacent side wall of the feed duct, the writing fluid from the reservoir passing outwardly from the reservoir through the fissure or passageway 86 in the insert and air replacing the uid in the reservoir through the air duct 81.

When the fountain pen is initially picked up from a desk or taken from the pocket of a user,`

the temperature within the writing iiuid reservoir may normally be around room temperature, more or less, depending upon the place of storage. The heat of the hand will naturally raise the temperature within the sack and'create an expansion of the air within the reservoir of the pen so that the amount of writing fluid conducted through the feed ducts 61 or 8| to the fissures may be more than is required for ordinary use in Writing. Therefore, the excess of writing fluid is directed by the fissures into the laterally extending combs and the communicating longitudinally extending scoops depending, of course, upon the amount of Writing fluid displaced from the sack. l-

The excess amount of writing fluid carried '1n the fissures and in the combs and scoops is fed to the slot or channel of the pen nib as required for writing and should the fountain pen be used continuously for a substantial period of time such writing fiuid as is necessary will be drawn from the scoops and ducts until they have been exhausted, whereafter further Writing fluid must be drawn from the reservoir and the reservoir must necessarily be furnished with air to replace the iluid'drawn therefrom. Air, therefore, must be readily available to replacewriting fluid inthe reservoir without interruption of the facility for writing.

In the instance of Figs. 'I and 8, as I have previously described, the central fissure 68 provides for the entrance of air since it is wider than the,

adjacent fissures 10 and 1| and has less capillary attraction. In the instance of Figs. 9 and 10, a single fissure is employed, but preferably near the end of the fissure in the direction of the reservoir,` a hole 88 of substantially greater diameter than the width of the fissure intersects the ssureian'd communicates with the air passageway 81 between the flattened portion of the insert and the adjacent side wall of ythe bore.

The fissure 82 of capillary dimension, for example, in practical use, approximately .010, has the hole 88 intersecting therewith approximately twice the width of the fissure and a hole of .025" has been found to be very satisfactory. In this construction air is permitted to enter .as freely i.

as is desired and, in eect,l is substantially the same as the construction previouslly described. y,

Referring now more particularly toFigs. ll and 12 of the drawings, a feed bar is shown therein comprising an elongated body portion 89 having a shank portion 90 for insertion into the bore at the open end of the barrel and a nib supporting portion 9| extending in part outwardly therefrom.

The feed bar 89 is provided with an internal longitudinally extending feed duct92 communieating at one end with the writing fluid reservoir in the barrel which may be in the form of a flexible sack or the barrel proper. A central longitudinally extending fissure 93 is cut into the nib supporting surface 9| and communicates with the feed duct 92. s

The central longitudinally extending ssure 93 communicates with a plurality of spaced transversely extending combs 94, the combs being pref.- erably of uniform width and depth and being disposed on the nib supporting surface to extend over substantially the length of the fissure 93. The combs are for the purpose of accommodating Writing fluid expansion from the reservoir and are augmented when necessary in this function by longitudinally extending scoops 95 with which the combs communicate.

An insert 96 is disposed in the'longitudinally extending feed duct 92 and extends substantially the full length thereof and may preferably4 extend beyond the end of the feed bar into the writing fluid reservoir. The feed duct 92 `is preferably of circular cross section and the insert is preferably of rectangular cross section, the greatest width of the insert being approximately the same as the diameter of the feed duct 92 and the lesser4 width being substantially smaller than the diameter of the feed duct to provide air passages 91 and 98. The insert is also provided with passageways 99 and |00 in the form of fissures of capillary dimensions cut into opposed surfaces of the insert and extending longitudinally the full length thereof.

'As shown in the drawings, the insert 96 shuts off in part the fissure 93 for communication with the feed duct 92 excepting at the forward end 'thereof and the fissure 93 therefor over its rearyvardly extending portion has merely the function f providing the combs and scoops with writing fluid which is in excess of that needed for use in writing. The forward end of the fissure serves provided which lead directly from one of the comb cuts and communicate with the air passages 91 and 98 respectively. The effect of the feed bar of the present embodiment containing the two air holes communicating with oppositely disposed air ducts is substantially the sameyas that of the embodiment shown in Figs. 9 and 10 where a single air channel is shown with a single hole.

W'hile several embodiments of this invention are herein shown and described, it is to be understood that various modifications thereof may be apparent to those skilled in the art without departingA from the spirit and scope of this invention and, therefore, the same is only to be ,limited by the scope of the prior art and the appended claims.

I claim:

, ashank-portion adapted lto be mounted within the end of the barrel thereof and an extending nib supporting portion, an internal longitudinally extending feed duct of circular cross section oommunieating at one end with the writing fluid reservoir of the barrel, a fissure extending over a portion of the nib supporting portion and communicating with said feed duct, and an insert of substantially rectangular cross section in said feed duct, dividing said duct into air passages on opposite sides along the greater width of said insert with the narrow sides of said insert engaging the wall bounding said duct and sealing said fissure of said nib supporting portion, said insert having writing uidphannels on said sides of greater width and anotch across the, narrow sides thereof communicating between said writing fluid channels and said fissure.

2. A fountain pen including a writing fluid reservoir in a barrel having an enlarged bore for receiving a plunger in normal position of use, the plunger having a exible disc with a reduced substantially rigidportion extending axially therefrom, a feed bar having a shank portion adapted to be mounted within the end of the barrel and an extending nib supporting portion, an internal longitudinally extending feed duct rcommunicating at one end with the writing fluid reservoir and at the other end with the nib of said nib supporting portion, and an insert in said feed duct extending beyond the end of said feed bar into said. writing fluid reservoir, said. insert engaging the reduced extension of said plunger and moving the latter to one side in said enlarged bore to accelerate passage of air and writing fiuid around said plunger in either direction.

3. A fountain pen including a writing fluid reservoir in a barrel having an enlarged bore for receiving a plunger in normal position of use, the plunger having a nexible disc with a reduced substantially rigid portion of conical shape extending axially therefrom, a feed bar having a shank portion adapted to be mounted within the end of the barrel and an extending nib supporting portion, an internal longitudinally extending feed duct communicating at one end with the writing fluid reservoir and at the other end with the nib of said nib supporting portion, and an insert in said feed duct extending beyond the end of said feed bar into said writing iiuid reservoir, said insert having a tapered end engaging the conicalshaped 4rigid portion of said plunger for moving the latter to one side in said^en1arged bore to acceler'ate passage of air and writing fluid around said plunger in either direction.

4. A fountain pen including a feed bar having a shank portion adapted to be mounted within the end of the barrel thereof and an extending nib supporting portion, an internal longitudinally extending feedduct or circular cross section communicating at one end with the writing fluid reservoir of the barrel, a fissure extending over a portion of the nib supporting portion and communicating with said feed duct, said feed bar having a hole on each side of said fissure communicating between said nib supporting surface and said feed duct, and an insert of substantially rectangularcross section in said feed'duct for providing air ducts on each side of said insert, one of said holes communicating with one of said air ducts and the other of said holes communieating with the other of said air ducts.

5. A fountain pen including a feed bar having a shank portion adapted to be mounted within the end of the barrel thereof and an extending nib supporting portion, an internal longitudinally extending feed duct communicating at one end with the writing fiuid reservoir of the barrel, a central fissure extending over a portion of the nib supporting portion and communicating with said feed duct, a fissure of smaller width than said central ssure extending on each side thereof in a spaced relation, and an insert in said feed duct, said insert having passageways of capillary dimensions therein in registration and in cornmunication with said fissures for feeding writing fluid from said reservoir to the nib of said nib supporting portion.

6. A fountain pen including a feed bar having a shank portion adapted to be mounted within the end of the barrel thereof and an extending nib supporting portion, an internal longitudinally extending feed duct communicating at one end with the writing iiuid reservoir of the barrel, a central fissure extending over a portion of the nib supporting portion and communicating with said feed duct, a fissure of smaller width than said central fissure extending .on each side thereof in a spaced relation, and 'an insert in said feed duct having a central longitudinally extending groove in the upper surface thereof for registration and communication with [said central fissure and a spaced groove on each side of said central groove for registration and communication with said spaced fissures, said central groove being of greater width than said central fissure and also being of greater width than said spaced grooves and said spaced grooves being greater in width than said spaced fissures.

HOWARD S. WRIGHT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2769427 *Nov 17, 1951Nov 6, 1956Sheaffer W A Pen CoWriting implements
US2777423 *May 11, 1953Jan 15, 1957Anthony MarinoFountain pen of the pump type
US2871825 *Dec 31, 1956Feb 3, 1959Pairotto Man Nen Hitsu KabushiFountain pen
US2931339 *Feb 18, 1955Apr 5, 1960Jacob Thomas ArthurWriting instrument
US2935968 *Apr 12, 1955May 10, 1960MorseSandwich feed type fountain pen
US2935970 *Mar 23, 1955May 10, 1960Sapphire Products IncFountain pen ink reservoir
US3115119 *May 2, 1961Dec 24, 1963Parker Pen CoHubbed washer overflow ink collector
US4645367 *Oct 4, 1984Feb 24, 1987Otto MutschlerWriting implement venting system
US5938117 *Apr 5, 1995Aug 17, 1999Aerogen, Inc.Methods and apparatus for dispensing liquids as an atomized spray
US6014970 *Jun 11, 1998Jan 18, 2000Aerogen, Inc.Methods and apparatus for storing chemical compounds in a portable inhaler
US6205999Sep 8, 1998Mar 27, 2001Aerogen, Inc.Methods and apparatus for storing chemical compounds in a portable inhaler
US6235177Sep 9, 1999May 22, 2001Aerogen, Inc.Method for the construction of an aperture plate for dispensing liquid droplets
US6467476May 18, 2000Oct 22, 2002Aerogen, Inc.Liquid dispensing apparatus and methods
US6540153May 27, 1999Apr 1, 2003Aerogen, Inc.Methods and apparatus for dispensing liquids as an atomized spray
US6543443Jul 12, 2000Apr 8, 2003Aerogen, Inc.Methods and devices for nebulizing fluids
US6546927Mar 13, 2001Apr 15, 2003Aerogen, Inc.Methods and apparatus for controlling piezoelectric vibration
US6550472Mar 16, 2001Apr 22, 2003Aerogen, Inc.Devices and methods for nebulizing fluids using flow directors
US6640804Aug 15, 2002Nov 4, 2003Aerogen, Inc.Liquid dispensing apparatus and methods
US6755189May 18, 1999Jun 29, 2004Aerogen, Inc.Methods and apparatus for storing chemical compounds in a portable inhaler
US6948491Mar 20, 2001Sep 27, 2005Aerogen, Inc.Convertible fluid feed system with comformable reservoir and methods
US6978941Apr 9, 2004Dec 27, 2005Aerogen, Inc.Base isolated nebulizing device and methods
US7032590Jan 5, 2004Apr 25, 2006Aerogen, Inc.Fluid filled ampoules and methods for their use in aerosolizers
US7040549Mar 21, 2003May 9, 2006Aerogen, Inc.Systems and methods for controlling fluid feed to an aerosol generator
US7066398Mar 30, 2001Jun 27, 2006Aerogen, Inc.Aperture plate and methods for its construction and use
US7083112Jun 6, 2005Aug 1, 2006Aerogen, Inc.Method and apparatus for dispensing liquids as an atomized spray
US7100600Mar 20, 2001Sep 5, 2006Aerogen, Inc.Fluid filled ampoules and methods for their use in aerosolizers
US7104463Oct 6, 2005Sep 12, 2006Aerogen, Inc.Base isolated nebulizing device and methods
US7108197 *May 9, 2005Sep 19, 2006Aerogen, Inc.Droplet ejector with oscillating tapered aperture
US7174888Sep 5, 2003Feb 13, 2007Aerogen, Inc.Liquid dispensing apparatus and methods
US7195011Jun 30, 2004Mar 27, 2007Aerogen, Inc.Convertible fluid feed system with comformable reservoir and methods
US7201167Mar 14, 2005Apr 10, 2007Aerogen, Inc.Method and composition for the treatment of lung surfactant deficiency or dysfunction
US7267121Sep 30, 2004Sep 11, 2007Aerogen, Inc.Aerosol delivery apparatus and method for pressure-assisted breathing systems
US7290541Jun 30, 2004Nov 6, 2007Aerogen, Inc.Aerosol delivery apparatus and method for pressure-assisted breathing systems
US7322349Jun 18, 2003Jan 29, 2008Aerogen, Inc.Apparatus and methods for the delivery of medicaments to the respiratory system
US7331339Nov 23, 2004Feb 19, 2008Aerogen, Inc.Methods and systems for operating an aerosol generator
US7360536Jan 7, 2003Apr 22, 2008Aerogen, Inc.Devices and methods for nebulizing fluids for inhalation
US7600511Oct 30, 2002Oct 13, 2009Novartis Pharma AgApparatus and methods for delivery of medicament to a respiratory system
US7628339May 5, 2006Dec 8, 2009Novartis Pharma AgSystems and methods for controlling fluid feed to an aerosol generator
US7677467Apr 20, 2005Mar 16, 2010Novartis Pharma AgMethods and devices for aerosolizing medicament
US7748377Oct 30, 2007Jul 6, 2010Novartis AgMethods and systems for operating an aerosol generator
US7771642Apr 1, 2005Aug 10, 2010Novartis AgMethods of making an apparatus for providing aerosol for medical treatment
US7946291Apr 20, 2004May 24, 2011Novartis AgVentilation systems and methods employing aerosol generators
US7971588Mar 24, 2005Jul 5, 2011Novartis AgMethods and systems for operating an aerosol generator
US8196573Jan 23, 2008Jun 12, 2012Novartis AgMethods and systems for operating an aerosol generator
US8336545Jan 16, 2007Dec 25, 2012Novartis Pharma AgMethods and systems for operating an aerosol generator
US8398001Jun 19, 2006Mar 19, 2013Novartis AgAperture plate and methods for its construction and use
US8539944Apr 8, 2008Sep 24, 2013Novartis AgDevices and methods for nebulizing fluids for inhalation
US8561604Feb 12, 2007Oct 22, 2013Novartis AgLiquid dispensing apparatus and methods
US8578931Apr 18, 2000Nov 12, 2013Novartis AgMethods and apparatus for storing chemical compounds in a portable inhaler
US8616195Apr 27, 2004Dec 31, 2013Novartis AgNebuliser for the production of aerosolized medication
Classifications
U.S. Classification401/177, 401/232, 401/242, 401/225, 401/241
International ClassificationB43K5/18, B43K5/00
Cooperative ClassificationB43K5/18
European ClassificationB43K5/18