US 2158914 A
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J. H'. RINEHART APPARATUS OIL CASE DRAlNlNG AND CLEANING Filed Dec.
2 Sheets-Sheet l I J. RINEHART on, CASE DRAINIVNG AND CLEANING APPARATUS v,
,2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Dec. 2 193a t Patented May l6 1939 TE TS FF B l. omcasspummolmnaumo ssh mami us; a; 1 z, ms; 80.148381 's I (01. Ill-L) This invention a for treating of lubricant. it may be employed in connection withicrank orgear by c'ases,valthough it isespecially adapted for 5 in flushing and cleaningcrank cases oi automoblies, where y mchon rat on ybe cond d without moving the automobile tosorne particular location; .suchms pits now commonlyemployedln service jstationsmr withoutthe use or hoists or'elevators which are. now, also commonly employed .in'servi'ce stations.-e
,;It isqancbject oi invention to [provide -a transportable apparatus which can be moved nearan ,automobile,rthe said apparatus having a pipeiwhich can;be inserted .inithe usual oil deliverypipeol an automobile crank case;-thesaid apparatush'eing then operative to draw or suck oil;i'romthe crank case-untilit isemptied, and then by'a' sequence oi operations deliver cleaning or flushing fluid or'oil, to the lor thepurposeol dislodging sediment and thickooil act teithe mechanism which; will'draw the r the walls of the crank case, [and therealter its [fluid iromgthemrank case, leaving it in g condition for-a iresh chargeot lubricating oil.
, glt iso. a further object oiv this invention to proi vide a plurality of 'pipesand connections, one of which delivers: the spent" oil and the cleaning ,iluid to; a tank or tanks, constituting aoi the transportable and other pipes vand connections for delivering the flushing fluid alter the spent oil-has been drawn oi! and, in this connection, novel means are providedwhereby a vpump arranged to be drivenonly inonedlrec- 5 tion is directly connectedtoan irreversible motor which eilects thesuction for :removing spent soil,
' theipressure for supplying the flushing oil: and fithersuction tor removingethelatter. g
It isqalmia stimpomnt obiect oi'the invention to providesa single means for controlling thesupplyoicurrenttothe motor and the'ilow Ollfillldthrough the pump selectively tnlproduce i'urthermore, under the-influence of a solenoid which, when overcomes. the force of I 5 the'spring and dislodge's" the-valve? from it's seat to permit the circulation i oi iluid therethrough.
according torthe: position oithe master valve which also controls the circuit. lnother words,
1 when the master valveisset .to, permit fluid to pass through the valve actuated by the solenoid.
that solenoid is energized at the time or substanatthe time when current is delivered to the motorlt'o rotate it for driving the pump which forces; the fluidthrough the master valve and the valve actuated by the solenoid which is energized to move the valve from its seat.
Itls a still further object of this invention to provide a motor driven pump of suitable construction, which pump. as stated, will be operated through the several connectionsior drawing fluid iron: the crank case and successively torcing iiuid into the crank case.
It is a still further object of this invention to provide simme or truck-like structure having wheels to iacilitate the movement 01' the appa- 1| ratus into positions in proximity to the'automobile to be or to be moved to remote places where it can be stored; and it. is furthermore an object to provide the said truck with containers tor the flushing fluid and for the spent-Joli and go fashing fluid during the operations heretoiore An apparatus embodying .the invention has been found to be successful-in use and comparatively inexpensive to produce and maintain. as
With theforegoing and other objects in view, theinvention consists in the details of construction, andin the arrangement and combination of partsto be hereinafter more 'iully set forth and claimed. so
ing parts of the apparatus, showing theconnectionswiththe master valve and with the pump; Figure 2 illustrates a perspective view oithe truck-like structure encssing the operating parts so of the apparatus and containers ,ior fluid, to which the circulating systemv oi theapparatus is connected;
Figure 3 illustrates a detail planar view in elevation oi the circulating system;
Figure 4 illustrates a diagram oi the circuits for the motor and solenoids controlled. by the master valve; 4
- Flgure5 illustrates an enlarged detail view of thefrnaster valve and the switch, a contact of 'which is by'an extension oi the plug of 7 are located, the saidplatiorm being provided with an aperture through which a circulating pipe |2 extends, for delivering fluid from or-to a cont iner onthe truck, to be presently described.
valve is under the control of a spring ll whi h holds the valve closed and a solenoid ll whlc when energized, as will be presently ex- There are two solenoid controlled valves\in the system and the illustra tion of one of them as it appears in Fig. 3 will d, opens the valve.
suffice as a detail disclosureot each ofthese parts of the apparatus. The valve II has suitable couplings, generally identifled by the numeral,v
by which it is connected tothe pump II, it being shownalso that these couplings I, are connected through the pipe ll with a master valve mum said master, valve, having a branch or coupling 20, to which a pipe, suchas 'a'h'ose'2l', is connected, which is of such length as'to enter the oil filling tube of a-crank casea'nd descendtherein to the bottom of the crank The master valve has two ports 22 and 22 'inaddition'to the port" 24 leading to thefcoupling 20, and these portsare controlled by a valve 2! which is carried by the valve'stern 26, the said valve stem projecting from the valve and terminating in a handle 21. The
pipe 2| has a section through'which the condition of the circulating fluid canbe observed.
An electrical switch member 2! is mounted'on I the inner end 01' the valve stemjandit coacts with sets of contact terminals 29 and'ill'to bridge the 'gap between each pair of contacts ior establishing electric circuits for. energizing thepump-and the solenoids. The valve 25 is movable" to positions to permit fluid to pass through the port-"into the port 2|, or from the port 24 to theport2l, and when moved to these positions, communication-betweenthe several ports is controlled, that is to say circulation" may be established or interrupted. The'system may be provided with-one or more relief valves ll of known construction, so I that when fluid'is passing through ,the pipes of.
the system, the relieivalve will operate to control one set of pipes of the system. This being a well known mechanical'-'-ieature. it need not; it is thought, be illustrated in detail.
The piping system from the pump opposite piping system comprising the connections-l2; I8
and It may include a pipe 32;connected' with'the port 22 oi the master valve,a pipe it under control of the-valve 34 controlled by the solenoid 34', it being shown that thepipefl connectswith the coupling "33 which communicates with the pump and that th'evalve has a pipeextension 35whichdescends through an opening in the base, so-that it communicateswith'one oi the containers or tanks in the truck. Two such As shown in'Figure 4, there is provided a pair of supply wires or leads l0 and 4|. The lead It is connected to themovable' contact 2!. Fromthe lead-5| extends a conductor, 42 which connects I with one brush of the'motor'M,'the latter being .connected by a shaft 48 and coupling withgthe pump shaft 45. Branch conductors ""and [I e pipe i2 is-connected to a valve l2 and the the connect the lead 4| with one terminal of each of the solenoids l5 and 34 respectively. The remaining terminal of the solenoid I5 is connected by a conductor 48 with one of the contacts 29 and the remaining terminal or the solenoid 34 is connected by a conductor J9 with one of the contacts 20. Conductors 50 and 5| connect the remaining contacts 29 and 30 in multiple with the remaining brush oi' the motor M.
,In the operation ofthe' device, we may consider Fig. 4. When the handle 2'! is in the position there shown, the contact 28 is in neutral position and the device is idle. If the handle 21 be swungto the right, then the contact 28 bridges the contacts "and current will flow from lead to contact 28, one contact 30, conductor 49, solenoid 24',conductor II and back to lead 4|. Also, current will flow from the other contact 30 through conductor 5| and motor M back to lead conductor ll, solenoid l5 and conductor back to lead 4|. At the'same'time, current flows-from the other contact 29 through conductor and motor M back to' lead ll through conductor :42.
Under 'thelast conditions, solenoid l5 and motor M are connected'in multiple. Now, when solenoid ll is energized, valve is opened and valve I3 is held closed by itsspring. v Assuming that tank fl'will'remain closed. Nowfluid will flow'fro'm tank "through pipe |2, pump |'I, pipe 33,'pipe 32, port 22, port-24 and down through pipe 2| to supply flushing oil to the crank case.
While it is the. intention of the inventor to circulate oil and cleaning fluid for draining the oil case or'supplying cleaning fluid thereto and again flushing apparatus, a
pump," a motor connected to said pump, pipeseach leading from one side of said pump and each providedwith a'normally closed' valve, a master valve, pipes connected to the respective first" mentioned pipes between the 'valves and .pump and leading to said :master valve, a suction and delivery pipe connected :to the master 'valve and adapted by. movement ofthe master valve for selective connection-to the-last mentioned pipes, and electricalv means for simultaneously energizing said motorand selectively opening said normally closed valvesr a providedwith a normally closed valve, a. master valve; pipes'connected to the respective first mentioned'pipes between the valvesand pump and leading to said master valve, a suction and de- Inra. cleaning and flushin'g apparatus, a pump, a motor connected to said pump, pipes each x leading from one side of vsaid pump and each livery pipe connected-to the master valve and u f "adapted movement 7 of the master valveior selective connection to thelast mentioned pipes,
Qelectro-ymagnetic "means associated with each I normally closed valve and operating to open the v valve when energized, an-riis'wit'ch means for simultaneously energizing said motor and aselected electro magnetic means.
3'..In a cleaning and flushing apparatus, a a pump, a motor connected to said pump, pipes providediwith abnormally closedvalve, a master each leadingfrom one side of said pump and each valve, pipesv connected to the respective first J mentioned pipes betweenthe valves and pump and leading to said master valve, asuction and delivery" pipe connected to', the master valve and ada;pted by'movement of the mastervalve for selective connection to the last mentioned pipes, and electrical means for simultaneously energizj in gsaid motor and selectively opening said nor- 4. ;In a cleaning and flushing apparatus,
pump, a motor connected to said pump, pipes mally closed valves, said electrical means including switch means connected to and operated with said master valve.
each leading from one side of said pump and eachprovided with a normally closed valve, a master valve, pipes connected to the respective hfi rst mentioned pipes between the valves and I I pump and leading to ,said master valve, a suctiongand delivery pipe connected to the master valve and adapted by movement of the; master valvefor selectiveconnection to the last men- ,tioned pipes,'electro-magnetic means associated with each norm'allyclosed valve and operating to topen the valve whcn energized, and switch means for simultaneously"energizing said motor and a selected electro-magnet ic means, said switch means being directly connected with the "master valve to move therewith,
' 5. In an oil case draining and cleaning appa 'ratu's, a movable frame memberlhaving contain-' er's, an, electrically driven suction and forcing pump, ,a pipe communicating with the suction side of the pump and'withone of the contai-ners, a'pipe communicating with the pump at its forcing side and with another container, a valve 7 held normally closed in each pipe, a solenoid for each valve operative when energized to open the valve, a pipe adapted to enter an oil case to be cleaned, a master valve having a port with which said last mentioned pipe communicates, and
other ports with which the pipes from the pump communicate between the pump and the valves ofthe first mentioned pipes, means in the master valve for directing a flow of fluid through either pipe from the pump to theoil case pipe, electric circuits for the motor and solenoids including switch elements for the circuits to the solenoids and motor, and a switch operated by the operation of the master valve for coacting with the said switch elements for energizing the solenoids selectively and for energizing the motor. 6. In an oil case draining and cleaning appa- 'ratus, a movable frame having containers one of which receives fluid drawn from the case and the other of which contains a flushing fluid, an electrically driven suction and forcing pump, a pipe communicating with the suction side of the pump and with the container for receiving fluid,
a pipe communicating with the pipe at its forcing 3.
side and with the container of the flushing fluid, a valve held normally closed in each pipe, a solenoid for each valve operative when energized to open the valve, a pipe adapted to enter the oil case to be drained, 2. master valve having a port with which the last mentioned pipe communicates, and other ports with which pipes communicate between the pump and the valves of Y the first mentioned pipes, means in the master JOS. H. RINEHART.