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Publication numberUS2159882 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 23, 1939
Filing dateJun 19, 1934
Priority dateJun 19, 1934
Publication numberUS 2159882 A, US 2159882A, US-A-2159882, US2159882 A, US2159882A
InventorsBorden Moro M
Original AssigneeSimplex Valve And Meter Compan
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Integrator
US 2159882 A
Abstract  available in
Images(6)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 23, 1939- M. M. BORDEN 2,159,882

INTEGRATOR Filed June 19, 1934 6 Shets-Sheet l IJQL.

y 1939. M. M. BORDEN 2,159,882

INTEGRATOR Filed June 19, 1934 6 Sheets-Sheet 2 w zww M. M. BCRDEN May 23, 1939.

INTEGRATOB Filed June 19, 1934 6 Sheets-Sheet 3 M y 23, 1939- M. M. BORDEN 2,159,882

INTEGRATOR Filed June 19, 1934 6 Sheets-Sheet 4 y 23, 1939- M. M. BORDEN 2,159,882

INTEGRATOB 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed June 19, 1934 y 23, 1939- M. M. BORDEN 2,159,882

INTEGRATOR Filed June 19, 1934 6 Sheets-Sheet 6 Hero Barn Patented May 23, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE INTEGBATOB Application June 19, 1934, Serial No. 731,359

11 Claims.

This invention relates to integrators, and more particularly to apparatus for providing a total closely approximating accuracy, which total is based on two or more factors one or more of which are variable.

In many instances where a reasonably accurate total reading is desired, one or more variable factors in the total render it extremely difficult to mechanically produce the same. For

example, flow meters which are employed in connection with pulsating flows ofler considerable diiilculty. The usual apparatus employed comprises a counter mechanism bodily moved over the surface of a disc, which is rotated by a clock,

and a friction wheel which is continually engaged with the disc and drives the counter mechanism. Variations of the total result from movement of the counter mechanism in accordance with variations in flow. Obviously, with rapid variation in the flow rate, a considerable portion of the friction wheel's movement upon the disc is diametral to the disc with resulting inaccuracies in the total. Furthermore, the excessive diametral movement results in rapid de- 26 terioration of the friction wheel with consequent failures and lack of totalization and high upkeep costs. Accordingly, where such flows are to be totalized, it is common practice to employ the record sheet as a means for obtaining the total 80 flow rather than any mechanical totalizing mechanism. In accomplishing the totalization from the record sheet, the flow rate at common terminals of uniform time intervals is employed as the rate during such time intervals. Such procedure is time consuming and oifers no means of determining the total flow except at periods when the chart is removable from the machine.

An important object of this invention is the provision of an apparatus which may be employed in providing a total based on factors of this character and by means of which the averaging, ordinarily manually effected, is accomplished automatically and a continuous total record provided.

A further and more specific object of the invention is the provision of totalizing mechanism and a means for impressing on this totalizing mechanism at predetermined intervals the various factors comprising the total, and which includes an arrangement whereby that factor which is acutely variable is prevented from variation in the mechanism proper during the period of operation of the totalizing mechanism.

A further object of the invention is the proviso sion of a structure of this character in which mechanism representing the variable factor of the total is employed in the operation of the shifting element of a micrometrically variable transmission and is so arranged that it may be periodically rendered ineffective to shift the shifting element of the transmission so that the position of the shifting element at the beginning of such period may be employed in determining the output speed of the transmission which is impressed upon the totalizing mechanism. 10

A further object of the invention is the provision of novel means for disconnecting the shifting element of the transmission.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of a transmission mechanism more conveniently adaptable to an apparatus of this character than the transmission mechanisms now commonly employed in such devices.

These and other objects I attain by the construction shown in the accompanying drawings 20 wherein, for the purpose of illustration, I have shown a preferred embodiment of my invention and wherein:

Fig. 1 is a front elevation of mechanism constructed in accordance with my invention; 25

Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof;

Fig. 3 is a section on line 3-4 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a section on line H of Fig. 1;

Fig. 5 is a section on line 55 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 6 is a plan view of the mechanism; and

Fig. '7 is a diagrammatic perspective illustrating the connections between the meter shaft'and the operating arm.

Referring now more particularly to the drawings, the mechanism comprises generally a shaft 86 I0 oscillated by and in accordance with the variable factor, in the present instance changes in the rate of flow in a flow line, such oscillation being accomplished by any suitable mechanism such as a float ll operatively connected 40 with the shaft; I2, a transmission mechanism having its output shaft connected to a counter mechanism l3 and its input shaft H driven by and in accordance with an element representing the second factor of the desired total, and l5, 5

with the shiftable element I! and a pair of shifting arms 20 and 2| rotatable on shaft l0 and each having a lateral projection 22 arranged in the path of a pin ll or l3, and a lateral'projection 23 to vertically align with the operating arm I3 and overlying the same. The engagement of the lateral pro ections 22 is with corresponding sides of the pins l1 and I8; that is to say, these projections engage the arms at the inner side of the included angle between the arms with the result that upon rotationof shaft III in either direction a pin I! or l3 will forcibly engage one of the lateral projections while the other of these arms will recede from the lateral projection. Due, however, to the fact that the shifting arms 20 and 2| are counterweighted as at 24 upon those ends thereof bearing the lateral projections 23, the lateral projection 22 of the arm from which the pin IT or I8 is receding will follow the pin and in so doing will place its weight against the operating arm l9 causing the same to rotate by and in accordance with the rotation of shaft I0. Operating arm I9 supports the shifting element l5 which is in the form of a sphere for vertical movement through a cage 25, the cage being engaged by the arm through a roller 26. The weight of the cage and sphere are carefully counterbalanced, as indicated at 21, the counterbalancing being such that with removal of the weight of the sphere from the cage the counterweight will at all times maintain the cage in engagement with the sphere without regard as to whether pressure is being placed on the operating arm through one or the other of the shifting arms 20 and 2|. The mechanism just described, provides, therefore, a means for operating the movable element i5 by and in accordance with oscillation of shaft |0 while still permitting the operating element to be held stationary during continued operation of the shaft l0. Since the shaft may be continually in operation, it may be employed in operation of the usual chart pen 28 co-acting with a chart 29.

The transmission mechanism is of the micrometrically variable type, comprising a cone 30 driven by the intput shaft H which is at present illustrated as being driven by a synchronous motor 3|. The use of such a motor as a drive for shaft I4 is, of course, possible wherever the second factor of, the desired total is uniform and must, obviously, be replaced by other mechanism where the second factor is likewise a variable. Paralleling the face of the cone is a shaft 32 constituting the output shaft of the transmission. A bracket 33 is mounted for oscillation in suitable bearings 34 and bears a roller 35 paralleling shaft 32. A spring 36 acting through a plate 31 secured to bracket 33 at 38 constantly urges roller 35 in a direction to cause this roller to clamp sphere l5 between roller 35 and cone 30 so that cone 30 may, through sphere I5, drive the shaft 32 at a speed determined by the speed of rotation of the cone and the position of the sphere. Bracket 33 has an arm 39, the position of which with relation to the bracket may be adjustably determined by screws 39a and 39b, and this arm is equipped with a pin 40 co-acting with a multi-lobe cam 4| at present shown as mounted on shaft l4, the lobes of this cam serving when in engagement with the pin 40 to rotate the bracket 33 and disengage roller 35 from the sphere so that the drive between the cone 3!] and shaft 32 is interrupted. The adjustment of arm 39 permits regulation of the clearance between amass:

roller 35 and the cone, and thus provides for regulation of the time of driving contact.

Let it be assumed, for illustration, that cam 4| allows a fifteen-second clamping of the sphere to the shaft and cone of the transmission, and then disengages for a period of five seconds; under these conditions, the sphere when released will assume a new position corresponding to any variation which may have occurred in the position of shaft l0, being impelled to its new position through movement of the arm I9. At the close of the five-second period, the sphere is clamped to the shaft and cone and will remain in its new position due to the clamping action so that the arm I3 is relieved of the weight of the sphere. Shaft l0 may continue to oscillate, but since the driving connections between this shaft are by means of, counterweighted arms 2!] and 2| and weight 21 is sufficient to maintain the sphere-engaging end of the arm IS in elevated position against the action of either of these arms, the position of operating arm I9 will not change. With the close of the fifteensecond period, the arm again assumes the weight of the sphere and will move to its new position.

The driving connections between output shaft 32 and the counter l3 will, of course, be regulated to suit the proportionate lengths of driving and idle periods; that is to say, in the present illustration will be so proportioned that during the fifteen-second driving period the counter is driven at a rate of one-third higher than the actual rate of drive shaft 32 so that the record provided is for an actual twenty-second period. It will be understood that the timing as above referred to is, and should be, capable of immediate variation in any meter produced for coinmerce, since the various requirements of. different situations will necessitate changes in the timing. It is to this end that the cam is made removable from shaft l4 and replacement of this cam will permit any timing variation which may be desired. Shaft I4 has at present been illustrated as the drive for cam 4|, this being possible in the present illustration due to the fact that shaft I4 is driven at a uniform rate. Where the rate of rotation of shaft i4 is variable, a constant speed drive for the 'cam must be employed.

In order that arm l9 may not move too rapidly in shifting from one to another of its positions, a damper 42 is preferably provided for preventing too rapid oscillation thereof. The swinging movement of the arm is, furthermore, limited by positive stops 43 when in its maximum and minimum positions. To facilitate assembly of the structure and repair or replacement of the transmission unit this arm is formed in two sections connected by screws 44. To this same end, the transmission unit is mounted upon a plate 45, which plate is secured to the wall of case C by screws 46. The screws 46 extend through slots 4! which are elongated in a direction perpendicular to the arm when in its central position illustrated in Fig. 1. Through the upper wall of the case C a screw 48 is directed, this screw permitting vertical adjustment of the transmission and, accordingly, providing a means for correlating the zero position of the pen and the zero position of the transmission unit.

Since the construction illustrated is capable of considerable modification without departing from the spirit of my invention, I do not wish to be hereinafter claimed.

I claim:

1. In mechanism of the type described, the combination of a meter, a totalizer, a drive for said totalizer, means to intermittently connect said drive and totalizer comprising a micrometricallyvariable speed transmission including a shiftable element controlling variation of the speed at which the totalizer is operated and means controlled by the meter for shifting said shiftable element, said means being inoperative to shift said element upon connection of the drive to the totalizer.

2. In mechanism of the type described, the combination of a meter, a tot zer, a drive for said totalizer, means to inte ttently connect said drive and totalizer comprising a transmission affording micrometric variation of delivered speed, means controlled by said meter controlling the delivered speed of the transmission, and means to render the meter inoperative to control the transmission during connection of the drive to the totalizer.

3. In combination, a transmission comprising a driving and a driven element rotating about non-parallel axes and having substantially parallel working faces, a friction element movable along said faces, meter-controlled means to move said friction element along said faces and means to intermittently force said friction element into frictional driving engagement with said faces and to hold said element against movement by said meter-controlled means while the said element is in frictional driving engagement with said faces.

4. In mechanism of the type described, the combination of a meter, a totalizer, a drive for said totalizer, means to intermittently connect said drive and totalizer comprising a micrometrically-variable speed transmission including a shiftable element controlling variation of the speed at which the totalizer is operated, a shifter for said element, a connection between the meter and the shifter including a yielding clutch permitting the shifter to remain stationary during continued operation of the meter and means to hold the shiftable element against movement by said shifter when the drive is connectedto the totalizer.,

5. In mechanism of the type described, a shiftable arm, a meter, a yieldable controlling connection between the meter and arm permitting the arm to be maintained stationary during continued operation of the meter, a friction type transmission including driving and driven elements and a shiftable element to variably connect said driving and driven elements, said arm operatively engaging the shiftable element to shift the same, and means to intermittently render the shiftable element operative to connect the driving and driven elements and maintaining the shiftable element against shifting by said arm when in its connecting position.

6. Means to provide a totalized meter record,

said means comprising a friction type transmission including driving and driven elements and a shiftable element to establish driving connection therebetween, shifting of said shiftable element providing variation of the speed of the driven element, means to register movements of the driven element, means to intermittently move the shiftable element into and out of operative engagement with the driving and driven elements and holding the shiftable element against shifting movement when in operative engagement with the driving and driven elements, means to shift the shiftable element by and in accordance with variations of said meter including clutch mechanism permitting the shiftable element to remain stationary as regards changes of its position as a result of variations of said meter, and'means to drive the driving element of the transmission.

7. Means to provide a totalized meter. record, said means comprising a friction type transmission including driving and driven elements and a shiftable element to establish driving connection therebetween, shifting of said shiftable element providing variation of the speed of the driven element, means to register movements of the driven element, means to intermittently move the shiftable element into and out of operative engagement with the driving and driven elements and holding the shiftable element against shifting movement when in operative engagement with the driving and driven elements, a member moving in accordance with the variations of the meter, means to shift the shiftable element by and in accordance with movements of said member, including clutch mechanism permitting the shiftable element to remain stationary as regards changes of its position as a result of variations of said meter, and means to drive the driving element of the transmission.

8. Means to provide a totalized meter record, said means comprising a friction type transmission including driving and driven elements and a shiftable element to establish driving connection therebetween, shifting of said shiftable element providing variation of the speed of the driven element, means to register movements of the driven element, means to intermittently move the shiftable element into and out of operative engagement with the driving and driven elements and holding the shiftable element against shifting movement when in operative engagement with the driving and driven elements, means to shift the shiftable element by and in accordance with variations of said meter including clutch mechanism permitting the shiftable element to remain stationary as regards changes of its position as a result of variations of the position of said member, means to drive the driving element of the transmission and means providing a con tinuous record of variations of the meter.

9. Means to provide a totalized meter record, said means comprising a friction type transmission including driving and driven elements and a shiftable element to establish driving connection therebetween, shifting of said shiftable element providing variation of the speed of the driven element, means to register movements of the driven element, means to intermittently move the shiftable element into and out of operative engagement with the driving and driven elements and holding the shiftable element against shifting movement when in operative engagement with the driving and driven elements, a member moving in accordance with the variations of the meter, means to shift the shiftable element by and in accordance with movements of said member, including clutch mechanism permitting the shiftable element to remain stationary as regards changes of its position as a result of variations of the position of said member, means to drive the driving element of the transmission, and means including a device shifted by said member providing a continuous record of variations of the meter.

10. In combination, a transmission comprising a driving and a driven element rotating about non-parallel axes and having substantially parallel working faces, a friction element movable along said faces, meter-controlled means'to move said friction element along said faces and means to force said friction element into frictional driving engagement with said faces and to hold said friction element against shifting by said meter-controlled means.

11. In mechanism of the type described, a shiftable arm, a meter, a. controlling connection between the meter and arm constructed and ar- 10 ranged to permit the arm to be maintained sta tionary during continued operation of the meter,

a transmission comprising driving and driven elements rotating about non-parallel axes and having substantially parallel working faces. a iriction element movable along said faces, means to move the friction element along the said faces by said arm, and means to intermittently force said friction element into frictional engagement with said faces.

. MORO M. BURDEN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2645118 *May 8, 1947Jul 14, 1953Kollsman Instr CorpPower-time recorder
US2662306 *Sep 1, 1950Dec 15, 1953Elizabeth A SimpsonReading-training device
US2766932 *Oct 8, 1951Oct 16, 1956Thomas Maurice BowmanNavigational aid
US2834247 *Jan 26, 1955May 13, 1958Beckman Instruments IncOptical density analyzing apparatus
US3073157 *Feb 10, 1958Jan 15, 1963Hans GehrePressure and temperature compensator for a gas meter
US3090551 *Feb 26, 1960May 21, 1963Robert G BakerAutomatic dose computer
US3259310 *Jul 6, 1964Jul 5, 1966Rochfort Jean DRatio indicator
US6680111Feb 16, 2000Jan 20, 2004At FinaAbrasion resistant coating on primer
Classifications
U.S. Classification346/13, 235/61.00C, 73/861.45
International ClassificationG01F1/72
Cooperative ClassificationG01F1/72
European ClassificationG01F1/72