US 2160173 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 30, 1.939. H, C, UEN l 2,160,173
GARMEN T HANGER Filed July 29, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 /NVENTOR gA TTORNEY H. C. RUEN GARMENT HANGER May 30, 1939.
Filed July 29, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 l l! lll! l l l [Il ll ,Il Il ,l l' l NVENTOR Hefl/. C/:uefz
me@ Y ArToR/VEY Patented May 30, 1939 UNTED STATES GARMEN T HANGER Henry C. Ruen, Detroit,
Mich., assigner, by mesne assignments, to Star-Service Hanger Company, Detroit, Mich., a corporation of Michigan Application July 29,
This invention relates to garment hangers, and particularly garment hangers comprising one or more non-metallic garment supports attached to a metallic supporting hook.
An object of the invention is to arrange a pair of tubular non-metallicl garment supports in an approximate end-to-end relation, and to maintain such relation by a metallic member comprising a pair of opposite projections snugly inserted and suitably retained in saidsupports and carried by the lower end of a hook shank.
Other objects are to so shape said projections and the engaged portions of the garment supports as to prevent their relative rotation; to link together the adjacent ends of the supports and thus retain them properly engaged with the projections; to form the projections with barbs resisting withdrawal of the garment supports, or to otherwise deform either the projections or the supports to accomplish such result; and to form the hook, shank, and projections of wire, each projection comprising vertically spaced lengths of such wire, so connected by return bends at their outer ends as to be very readily inserted in the tubular supports.
A further object is to form a garment support from a length of non-metallic tubing bent to isosceles triangular form, and engaged at its apex by a hooked metallic support, formed with opposite lateral projections inserted in the adjoined ends of such tubing.
These and various other objects the invention attains by the construction hereinafter described and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Fig. l is a view in side elevation of one form of the improved hanger.
Fig, 2 is an enlarged top plan View of one of a pair of tubular members employed in said hanger.
Fig, 3 is a vertical sectional View of the midportion of said hanger.
Fig. 4 is a horizontal sectional View of said portion, taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a cross section, taken on the line 5--5 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 5a is a cross section taken on the line 5a- 5a of Fig. 1,
Fig. 6` is a view partly in vertical section of the mid-portion of an alternative form of the invention.
Fig. '7 is a View of the same partly in top plan and partly in section on the line 1-1 of Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is a vertical sectional view of the midportion of another modcation of the hanger.
1935, Serial N0. 33,629
(Cl. 223-92)v Fig. 9 is a similar View of Suu another modication.
' Fig. 10 is a View in side elevation of a still further modication in which the hanger has a triangular form,
Fig. 11 is a cross section on the line II-II of Fig. 10.
Fig. 12 is a cross section on the line I2-I2 of Fig. 10.
Fig. 13 is a vertical sectional View of the midportion of a further modification.
In these views the reference character I designates a pair of tubular garment supports formed of light but stiff material such as glued paper, convolutely rolled. Said supports adjoin in a substantially end-to-end relation and are inclined downwardly as they extend from each other, as is customary in garment hangers. The sides of said supports are permanently pinched together at their adjoined ends, so as to increase the height and decrease the width of the openings in said ends. The remote ends of the supports have their top and bottom walls pinched closely together, and have a slight transverse curvature as best appears in Fig. 5, and a longitudinal downward curvature, as Fig. 1 shows.
Snugly inserted in the adj oined ends of the supports I, is a pair of metallic projections 2 oppositely and integrally formed upon the lower ends of a shank 3 integrally provided with a supporting hook 4 at its top. Preferably the projections 2, shank 3, and hook 4 are formed by a single length of Wire having an intermediate portion looped to form both projections and an end portion forming the hook, the other end portion being wound about the shank of the hook and reinforcing the same. Each projection 2 comprises spaced upper and lower portion of the wire joined at the outer ends of the projections by a return-bend which permits an easy entry of the projections into the tubular supports, the lower portions of the projections being formed by a continuous length of the wire. The end faces of the supports I are divergently beveled at 5, to jointly provide an opening suitable to accommodate the shank 3. A Wire staple 6 or other link member interconnects the adjoined ends of the supports I, positively maintaining their engagement with the projections 2.
In that form of the invention shown in Figs. 6 and 7, retention of the garment supports in engagement with the Wire projections is accomplished by laterally forming the adjoined ends of the supports with indentations 1 engaging within the loops formed by the projections.
In the modication illustrated by Fig. 8, the garment supports are held in place by forming teeth or barbs 8 upon the upper or the lower member or both members of said projections, Said barbs bite into the walls of the supports Ib and have an inclination toward the axis of the shank 3h such as to very positively resist withdrawal of the supports from the projections.
As shown in Fig. 9, the projections 2c are formed with undulations 9 projecting outwardly so as to distend the supports Ic, while subjecting the projections to compression.
In the construction shown in Figs. 10, 11 and l2, a length of tubular fibrous material, similar to the supports I, is bent to an isosceles triangular form so as to form an elongated lower garment support I0, which is horizontal in use, and a pair of upwardly convergent complementary garment supports I I having adjoined free ends. Within said ends is inserted a pair of projections I2 oppositely and integrally formed upon the lower end of the shank I3 of a hook I4, and parts I2, I3, and I4 being fashioned from a single length of wire, as has already been described. The tubular material has its inner and outer walls pinched together at the curved junctures of the members I and II, facilitating bending the tubing at such junctures. In this construction there is shown a staple 6d for linking together the adjoined ends of the members Il, but it will be understood that any of the hereinbeilore described provisions for holding the parts in place may be employed. In dash lines there is shown in Fig. 10 the manner of engaging the tubular triangular member with the projections I2.
The modioation shown in Fig. 13 is similar to the showing of Fig. 3, but more positively resists downward iiexure of the supports le under load by forming the interwound Wires comprising the shank 3e with a pair of approximately U-shaped opposite lateral projections I5, which closely engage the adjoined ends of the said supports, and resist any upward movement of said ends. Since any downward flexure of the supports Ie involves a slight upward shifting of the inner ends of said supports, it is apparent that the described provision considerably reinforces the hanger, in its resistance to deflection under load.
The described garment hanger in all of its various forms possesses the advantage of eliminating engagement with a supported garment of any metallic supporting element that will be likely to soil or otherwise injure the garment. Such a provision is particularly desirable in a support for ladies dresses which are commonly of fragile and light colored material.
Formation of the projections which carry the tubular supports with spaced upper and lower wire members, the lower members of the two projections being integrally joined, not only imparts to said projections a truss form, strongly resistant to bending, but further gives each projection the nature of a strong spring which is so compressed by insertion into the corresponding tubular support as to strongly resist withdrawal.
It is further to be noted that the parts of the described hanger may be very quickly and easily assembled, and that the use of wire is reduced to a minimum. 'I'his is important both from the standpoint of protecting the supported garment and from that of cost.
The invention is presented as including all such modifications and changes as come within the scope of the following claim.
What I claim is:
A garment hanger comprising a pair of oppositely extending tubular garment supports having adjacent flattened end portions, a pair of inserts entered in and conforming to said attened end portions to restrain the tubular supports from rotation, a shank disposed between and carrying said inserts, and a fastener interconnecting the tubular supports, said shank and inserts being integrally formed of wire.
HENRY C. RUEN.