US 2160513 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
y 30, 1939- J. PASTERNAK 2,160,513
Filed Jan. 25, 1937 Patented May 30, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFIQE 6 Claims.
This invention relates to new and useful improvements in caps.
One object of the invention is to provide an improved cap, generally known as a uniform cap,
5 which is adjustable to various sizes.
An important object of the invention is to provide an improved uniform cap having a head band capable of adjustment to various sizes and having fastening means which will efficiently secure any cover to the band regardless of the size to which the band is adjusted.
Another object of the invention is to provide an improved uniform cap, wherein the head band is adjustable to various head sizes and wherein 15 the usual cover is secured to the band by suitable fasteners each fastener having one portion aifixed to the cover while the complementary portion thereof is movably mounted on the band, whereby misalinement of the complementary por- 20 tions of the fasteners, due to changing the head size of the band, may be compensated for and any size cover may be readily mounted on the band.
Still another object of the invention is to provide an improved uniform cap having a removable cover and also provided with a head band which is adjustable to various head sizes, the detachable fastening means between the cover and band being such that a cover may be mounted &0 on the band. even though the band is not adjusted to exactly the same size as said cover, whereby it is possible to employ the same cover for various sizes of the band within certain limits.
35 'A further object of the invention is to provide an improved uniform cap having an adjustable head band which is provided with cloth retaining clasps or buckles for gripping the edge portions of the cover of said cap, whereby regard- 40 less of the size to which the band is adjusted,
the cover may always be fastened thereto.
A still further object of the invention is to provide an improved uniform cap having an adjustable head band, wherein the usual tie band 45 above the cap peak together with the attachment of the cover to the band, are utilized to hold the band in various adjusted positions.
A construcion designed to carry out the invention will be hereinafter described, together with 50 other features of the invention.
5:5 and wherein:
other suitable material.
Figure 1 is an isometric view of the head band of a uniform cap, constructed in accordance with the invention,
Figure 2 is a plan view of the same, showing portions thereof in section, 5
Figure 3 is a partial transverse, vertical sectional View of the cap with the cover in place,
Figure 4 is a cross-sectional detail of one of the studs of the fastener,
Figure 5 is a partial elevation of another form of the invention,
Figure 6 is a plan view of the head band of this form,
Figure 7 is an enlarged transverse vertical sectional View, taken on the line 'll of Figure 6,
Figure 8 is an enlarged transversa sectional View taken through one of the clasps, and
Figure 9 is an isometric view of one of said clasps.
In the drawing, the numeral 10 designates a split band which may be constructed of cloth, or One end 11 of the band is formed with a row of openings l2 along its upper edge portion while similar openings 13 are provided at its lower edge portion. The other end ll of the band has a single opening I2 at its upper edge and a single opening 13 at its lower edge. When the ends II and ll of the band are overlapped, as shown in Figure 1, to form a circular head band, the openings 12' and I3 are adapted to register with one of the openings E2 and one of the openings 13, whereby headed brads 14 may be passed therethrough to fasten the ends of the band together. Obviously, by varying the ends of the band with relation 5 to each other to register the openings 12 and 13 with various of the openings 12 and I3, the size of the band may be varied. Each opening may represent a head size so that the band may be readily adjusted to a desired size.
The band has a stiifpeak or visor 15 attached, by stitching or otherwise, to its forward end and the particular construction of the peak is subject to variation as it forms no part of the present invention. The usual strap 16 extends across the front of the head band above the peak and is secured thereto by the usual headed brads. An arcuate cover support 11 for holding the cover 18 of the cap in proper shape extends upwardly from the front portion of the band. 5
The cover 18 is ordinarilymade of cloth, or other flexible material and is detachably fastened on the head band so that it may be readily removed to permit it to be cleaned, or for any other purpose.- Various means have been employed for fastening the cover to the head band, the most common probably being the usual friction snap fasteners, wherein a stud is secured to the band and a socket is carried by said cover. Such a fastener permits ready removal from or replacement of the cover on the band.
However, by securing the studs of the fastener to the band and aflixing the socket to the cover, the band cannot be adjustable in head sizes, because manifestly, any change in the circumference of the band would result in a misalinement of the studs with the sockets of the cover. Therefore, even the slightest change in the size of the head band would require another cover having properly placed socket members aflixed thereto. For this reason, most uniform caps now on the open market have the'head bands a predetermined size and are incapable of adjustment to various head sizes.
To permit the head band to receive various size covers and to overcome the above disadvantages, the band is provided with a stud I9 of a snap fastener permanently afiixed thereto at its forward portion, being preferably located above the mid-portion of the visor 15. A plurality of similar studs 20 are movably mounted on the band at predetermined points therearound. These studs are located at the upper edge portion of the band and may be supported in any suitable manner so as to undergo movement. It is preferable, however, to form an annular flange 2| on each stud 20 (Figure 4). This flange is confined beneath an elongate guide member or retaining bar 22 which is constructed of a thin metal, or other suitable material, and which has its ends secured by rivets, or otherwise to the band. The member is formed with a slot 23 through which the stud extends and with such arrangement, the stud is slidable longitudinally to various positions beneath the member, whereby the position of the stud on the band is varied. Four studs of snap fasteners have been indicated, with three movable andone stationary. However, if desired, all of the studs may be movably mounted. Also, the invention is not to be limited to the number shown as any desired number may be provided.
The cover I 8 has permanently afl'ixed thereto the socket members 24 of the snap fasteners. Usually four of the members are provided, being spaced around the lower peripheral edge portion of the cover. Assuming the band I!) to be adjusted to a 6% head size and also assuming the cover l8 to be a 6% size cover, one of the socket members 24 is first snapped onto the permanent stud I9. The lower edge portion of the cover is then engaged over the band and the remaining socket members 24 alined with the guide members or bars 22. The studs 20 mounted beneath these members are then moved along the slots of said members so as to aline each with'its respective socket, after which the remaining sockets are snapped onto the studs.
Supposing then, for purposes of illustration, that the head band is reduced to a 6 head size. When this is done the position of the studs 20 is varied with relation to the position of the socket members 24 which are mounted in fixed positions on the cover [8. In such case, it is only necessary to again move the studs 20 so as to aline them with the sockets 24 and the cover snapped into place. Of course, since the cover is exactly 6% in head size, the reduction of the band will cause the band to be slightly smaller than the cover, but this slight variance is not noticeable for the diiference is taken up by slight folds in the periphery of said cover, such folds being located equally between the studs. Thus, one size cover can be applied to the head band even though the band is not exactly the same head size as the cover. It has been found in actual practice that one cover can be applied to at least four different head size bands, for example ranging from 6% to 6%. Thus, it is obvious that a minimum number of covers and a single head band includes all head sizes,
Not only is it possible to apply one size cover to various size head bands Within certain limits, but also the movable studs permit easy application of any size cover thereto. For instance, if the band is adjusted to size 7 A a cover of this size can be readily applied thereto by properly alining the studs 20. Or if a 7 cover is not available, a '7 cover may be easily attached to the band. The reduction in the number of covers necessary to accommodate all head sizes is manifest. As before stated, one of the studs, that is the stud l9, may be permanently affixed to the band but, if desired, this stud may be movably mounted as are the studs 20.
In Figures 5 to 9, a modified form of the invention is shown, wherein a head band Ill having overlapping ends is provided. The band has a peak or visor I5 and the strap l6 extending above the visor. One end 25 of the band is provided with a row of openings 26 along its top edge and similar openings 21 along its bottom edge. The other end 28 of the band has a pair of outwardlyextending studs 29 which are adapted to be passed through the openings 26 and 21. By passing said studs through the various openings, the circumference of the band may be varied.
For holding the ends of the band together, one end of the strap [6' is provided with a socket member 30 which is adapted to snap onto the lower stud 29 after said stud has passed through one of the openings 21, as clearly shown in Figure 7. The upper stud after passing through one of the openings 28 is engaged by a socket member 3| which is affixed to the cover l8. Thus, the ends 25 and 28 of the band are not only held in place but the strap I6 is also fastened in position. Further, one portion of the cover I 8 is also secured to the band.
The remainder of the cover may be provided with socket members 24 such as in the first form which engage movable studs 20 mounted on the band; or the cover could be attached to the band Ill by other means as shown in Figures 6, 8 and 9. In these figures, a plurality of clasps or buckles 32 is shown secured by rivets 33, or other means to the upper edge portion of the band. Each clasp includes a pair of hinged jaws 34 and a coiled spring 35 which urges said jaws toward each other. In applying the cover to the band, the jaws of each clasp are spread and the peripheral edge portion of the cover is inserted" therebetween, as clearly shown in Figure 8. Manifestly, regardless of the head size to which the band is adjusted the cover may always be attached thereto. There is no necessity, where the buckles are employed to aline complemen tary members of a fastener.
It is pointed out that it would be possible to make the head band of a fixed size and provide said band with either the movable studs or the] clasps, in which case, a plurality of different size covers within certain limits could be applied to the one band.
What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A cap including, a head band adapted to be varied in circumference to different head sizes, a cover, and fasteners for attaching the cover to the band, each fastener having one part affixed to the cover and its complementary part mounted on the band, some of those parts on the band being movable to various positions on the band whereby alinement of the complementary parts of each fastener may be accomplished regardless of the head size of the band.
2. A cap including, a head band adapted to be varied in circumference to different head sizes, a cover, and fasteners for attaching the cover to the band, each fastener having its socket member permanently aflixed to the cover and its stud mounted on the band, a portion of said studs being movable to various positions on the band, whereby alinement of said studs with their respective socket members may be readily accomplished regardless of the head size of the band.
3. A cap including, a split band having a visor and having its ends overlapping, means for fastening the ends of the band together in various positions with relation to each other, a cover, and fasteners for detachably securing the cover to the band, each fastener having its stocket member permanently afiixed to the cover and its stud mounted on the band, a portion of said studs being movable to various positions on the band, whereby alinement of said studs with their respective socket members may be readily accomplished regardless of the head size of the band.
4. A cap including, a split head band having a visor and having its ends overlapping, said overlapping ends having openings therein adapted to register with each other to vary the circumference of the band, detachable fasteners passing through the registering openings for fastening said ends together, a cover, and fasteners for detachably securing the cover to the band, each fastener having one part aflixed to the cover and its complementary part mounted on the band, some of these parts on the band being movable to various positions on the band whereby alinement of its complementary parts of each fastener may be accomplished regardless of the head size of the band.
5. A cap including, a head band, a cover for said band, and fasteners for fastening the cover to the band, each fastener including a socket member permanently affixed to the cover and also including a stud carried by the band, a portion of the studs on said band being movable to various positions on the band, whereby alinement of said studs with their respective socket members may be readily accomplished to permit various size covers to be applied to the band.
6. A cap including, a head band having a visor, a cover for said band, and complementary fastening members on the band and cover and located so that said members are hidden from view when the cover is in position on the band, a portion of the members on the band being movable whereby various size covers may be applied to the band.