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Publication numberUS2161669 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 6, 1939
Filing dateJun 2, 1937
Priority dateJun 2, 1937
Publication numberUS 2161669 A, US 2161669A, US-A-2161669, US2161669 A, US2161669A
InventorsFreeman Deane M
Original AssigneeFreeman Deane M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Broiler
US 2161669 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 6, 1939. y D ,9L FREEMAN .2,161,669

- BROILER Filed June 2l, 1937 2 Sheets-Sheet lV p o K 26T i m04 -szyo l 'p o o g y? g4 p g o o o sesso I j;

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BROILR Filed June 2, 1937 2 Sheets-Sheetl 2 ov: oov lnooo oooo oooo

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Patented June 6, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT oFFlcE 2,161,665;l 'I l l .BROILERVV f Deane M; Freeman, Providence, I. Application June 2, isamfseiai- No. 146,003

a broiler, and has for its primary object a broiler which can be used out of doors and the efliciency- `trary will be increased by the wind. VlIereto-fore the presence of wind has proven to be a great drawback to out-or-door broiling, and food so treated is not satisfactory.

A further object of this invention is avbroiler adapted for the use of charcoal and so constructed that an even fire can be maintained over the entire bed and the steak or other food be evenly b-roiled throughout.V

-These and other objects will appear from an examination of the following description and of the drawings which form aV part thereof, and

in which: f Y

Fig. 1 is a perspective View of a broiler embodying one form of this invention;

Figs. 2 and 3 are enlarged cross sectional views thereof taken along the lines 2-2 and 3-3 respectively in Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a plan view of a broiler embodying another form of this invention; and

Fig. 5 is a side elevation thereof partially in section. l y.

Inthe embodiment shown in Figsfl, 2 and 3 the'broiler I0 comprises a housing II in which are suitably supported grates I2 and I3 anda removable ashdrawer I4. The wall I5 of the housing is preferably insulated in any suitable manner to prevent the escape of heat, 'and' the back wall has a plurality of holes I6, here shown as arranged in a row near the lower edge thereof. The grates I2 and I3 are supported within the housing upon a removable standard, which comprises posts I1 connected at the top by a bar I8 at each end and an angle bar I9 at each side. The posts Il' are further connected at each side by a second angle bar 20, parallel to the rst and secured to the posts substantially midway of their length. The grates I2 and I3 are removablyV supported upon the bars I9 and 20 and the space between is enclosed by a wall consisting of splates 2l and 22 xed in place in any suitable manner. Guide blocks 23 at the corners of the housing engage the posts I1 and position the standard from the walls I5 of the housing to define a channel 24 for a purpose to be set forth '5 below.

The ash drawer I4 enters the housing I-I through a hole 25 in the front wall thereof, and is positioned in the housing between angle bars 26 on the bottom plate of lthe housing. The

.front wall 21 of the drawer isofsuch 'size` that v p v 1 1c1aims. (orgiasgay This invention relates `to an improvement in whenY thedrawer is closed thehole 25 is sealed thereby and 4its back 4wall' 28 bears against the backwall ofthe vhousing to vseal the holes I6 therein (See Fig. 3). A suitable handle 29 facilitates the manipulation of the drawer.

In'using this .broiler the fuel, preferably charcoal, is placed with paper or other kindling material on vthe grate I3 and the kindling lighted. For; convenience the space dened by the grates I2 and I3 and the Vplates 2l and 22 will bereferred toY as the fire box. The drawer I4 is at rst partially opened, as shown in dotted lines inFig. 3,so that air enters the compartment 30 'at the bottom of the housing below the re box'throughthe holes I6 and the opening 25. This provides a 'draft which facilitates the kindling ofthe fuel. When vthe fuel is well ignited the drawer I4 is closed, whereupon a secondary draft isset up in accordance with the well known principle down the channel 24 formed between thewall of the standard and that of the housing, and then upwardly through the fuel. As shown in the drawings, the plates 2| and 22 are perforate and hence some of the air flowing down the channel enters the fire box through the perforations and 'thus provides a more even firing of -th'e fuel sof=that the entire surface is ignited. Undersome Aconditions, however, this further draft is not essential and imperforate plates may be -'employed.=`=l The steaks or other food to be broiled are placed on the upper grate I2.

The ashes fall through the lower grate I3 into the drawer I4. Each grate is preferably made in two sections which meet at the center when placed' on the angle bars I9 and 20. The sections -of the lower grate I3 may terminate in tongues 3| which are narrower than the spaces between the posts I1, so that these sections may be separated at the center to permit quickly cleaning the grate.

Figs. 4 and 5 illustrate a portable broiler 40 embodying another form of this invention comprising an annular housing 4I open at the top and bottom, a fire box defined by an annular WallV 42, and grates 43 and 44 and a handle 45. The grates are of the same conformation, each having a plurality of spaced tongues 46 having the outer edges outwardly and upwardly tapered. The lower grate 44 is supported Yupon a corrugation 4-1-formed in the wall of the housing 4I. The'wall 42' is' formed by a plate which rests upon the tongues of the grate 44 and is spaced from and secured to the housing wall by bolts 48 and sleeves 49. The tongues of the upper grate .rest upon andy are supported by the upper edge of the wall 42. In the wall 42 below the corrugation 41 are formed a plurality Iof holes 50 through which air may enter the compartment 5l of the housing below the fire box. Surrounding the lower portion of the wall 42 is a band 52 having holes 53 therein. Ihe band is rotatable as by means of a projecting handle 54, so that in one position the holes 53 register with the holes 50 and in another position are out of register, so that the holes 50 are sealed.

The housing wall and the wall 42 are spaced apart to provide an annular channel 55 which leads into the compartment 5I of the housing.

As in the iirst described embodiment the fuel is placed on the lower grate 44 and the steak or other food to be broiled is placed onvthe upper grate 43. The fuel in the fire box is kept burning at the desired rate by means -of the draft through the holes 50 as regulated by the band 52 and the draft which flows downwardly in the channel 55 and upwardly through the fuel. When, as here shown, the plate forming the wall 42 is perforate, some of the air flowing downwardly in the channel 55 enters the iire box through the perforations in the plate, and passes over the fuel. As in the other embodiment, the plate may, if desired, be imperforate.

It will be noted that in each embodiment a draft is set up by air drawn downwardly into the compartment at the lower part of the housing and then upwardly through the fuel, which may be supplemented when desired by air admitted directly into such compartment of the housing. In addition, when the wall defining the fire box is perforate, some of the air is drawn over the fuel or through the sides thereof. When the direct entry of air into the housing compartment through the wall thereof is cut oii', the draft downwardly through the channel is set up solely by the heat rising from the fuel bed. The amount of air drawn downwardly through the channel varies according to the draft required to maintain the fire.

While two embodiments of this invention have been shown and describd, it will be understood that I am not limited thereto and that the form and construction of such embodiments may be altered and that other embodiments may be made, all without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as set forth in the following claims.

I claim:

1. A broiler comprising a housing, a lre box defined by an upper grate, a lower grate, and a wall enclosing the space between the grates, said wall being removably positioned within the housing and spaced from the wall of the housing to provide a channel and said upper grate being supported by said fire box wall, and a compartment in said housing below said fire box, the fuel in the fire box resting on the lower` grate and the food to be broiled resting on the upper grate, and said parts being so located and arranged that the ignition of the fuel in the re box will set up a draft of air from without the housing which iiows downwardly through said channel into said compartment and upwardly through'the fuel in the fire box.

2. A broiler comprising a housing, a fire box defined by an upper grate, a lower grate, and a wall enclosing the space between the grates, said wall being removably positioned within the housing and spaced from the wall of the housing to provide a channel and said upper grate being supported by said re box wall, and a compartment in said housing below said fire box, the fuel in the lire box resting on the lower grate and the food to be broiled resting on the upper grate, and said parts being so located and arranged that the ignition of the fuel in the fire box will set up a draft of air from without the housing which flows downwardly through said channel into said compartment and upwardly through the fuel in the fire box, said housing walls having hol-es therein leading directly into said compartment, and means for opening or closing said holes whereby, when desired, a supplementary draft can be set up in the housing by opening said holes.

3. A broiler comprising a housing, a fire box defined by an upper grate, a lower grate, and a wall enclosing the space between the grates, said re box being within and supported by the housing with its wall spaced from the wall of the housing to provide a channel, and a compartment in said housing below said fire box, the fuel in the fire box resting on the lower grate and the food to be broiled resting on the upper grate, and said parts being so located and arranged that the ignition of the fuel in the re box will set up a draft of air from without the housing which flows downwardly through said channel into said compartment and upwardly through the fuel in the fire box.

4. A broiler comprising a housing, a fire box defined by an upper grate, a lower grate, and a wall enclosing the space between the grates, said fire box being within and supported by the housing with its wall spaced from the wall of the housing to provide a channel, and a compartment in said housing below said fire box, the fuel in the fire box resting on the lower grate and the food to be broiled resting on the upper grate, and said parts being so located and arranged that the ignition of the fuel in the re box will set up a draft of air from without the housing which iiows downwardly through said channel into said compartment and upwardly through the fuel in the fire box, said housing walls having holes therein leading directly into said compartment, and means for opening or closing said holes whereby, when desired, a supplementary draft can be set up in the housing by opening said holes.

5. A broiler comprising a housing, a fire box defined by an upper grate, a lower grate, and a wall enclosing the space between the grates, said fire box being within said housing, and said wall including a perforate plate and being spaced from the wall of the housing to provide a channel, and a compartment in said housing below said fire box, the fuel in the re box resting on said lower grate and the food to be broiled resting on the upper grate, and said parts being so located and arranged that the ignition of the fuel in the fire box will set up a draft of air from without which flows downwardly through said channel part entering said compartment and passing upwardly through the fuel in the re box and part entering the fire box from the channel through th-e perforations in the wall of the re box.

6. A broiler comprising a housing, a removable standard in said housing including a plurality of posts, and perforate plates secured to the upper portions of the posts, an upper grate and a lower grate supported upon said standard, the grates and the perforate plates forming a re box, said plates being spaced from the wall of the housing to provide a channel, a comparument in said housing below said fire box, and an ash drawer in said compartment below said lower grate, said standard being so located in said housing that the ignition of fuel in the fire box will set up a draft of air from without the housing which flows downwardly through said channel, part entering said compartment and passing upwardly through the fuel in the fire box and part entering the re box from the channel through the perforations in the plates thereof.

7. A broiler comprising a housing, a removable standard in said housing including a plurality of posts and perforate'plates secured to the upper portions of the posts, an upper grate and a lower grate supported upon said standard, the grates and the perforate plates forming a fire box, said plates being spaced from the wall of the housing to provide a channel, a compartment in said housing below said fire box, the wall of the housing being provided with holes leading to said compartment, and a movable ash drawer in the compartment, said drawer when fully within the compartment closing the holes in the wall of the housing.

8. A broiler comprising a housing, a fire box defined by a lower grate, an upper grate and a perforate plate enclosing the space between said grates, said lower grate and said plate being supported by said housing, the plate being spaced from the wall of the housing to provide a channel therebetween, and said upper grate resting upon said plate, and a compartment in said housing below said fire box.

therebetween, and said upper grate resting upon said plate, a compartment in said housing below said fire box, the wall of the housing having holes therein which lead into said compartment, and

means for opening or closing said holes as desired.

10. A broiler comprising a housing and a fire box defined by a lower grate, an upper grate and a wall enclosing the space between the grates, said fire box being supported in the housing upon a standard having a plurality of posts, and said lower grate being made in two abutting sections, the outer ends of which terminate in tongues adapted when the sections are separated to pass between the posts of the standard.

11. A broiler comprising a housing, a fire box defined by an upper grate, a lower grate and a wall enclosing the space between the grates, said fire box being within the housing and the wall thereof being spaced from the wall of the housing to provide a channel open at the top of the housing at all times, and a compartment in said housing below the re box and into which the channel leads, said parts being so located and arranged that the ignition of the fuel in the fire box will set up a draft of air from without the housing which ows downwardly through the channel, past the fire box by which it is heated, into the compartment and upwardly through the fuel in the fire box to improve the combustion thereof.

DEANE M. FREEMAN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2482068 *Mar 25, 1944Sep 13, 1949Larson Co Charles OOutdoor fireplace
US2484239 *Aug 16, 1946Oct 11, 1949Moon Richard HGarden grill
US2497994 *Mar 12, 1946Feb 21, 1950Jones Richard HStove
US2556365 *Oct 3, 1947Jun 12, 1951Mcknight Jr Arch CPortable outdoor cooking stove and barbecue
US3002511 *Dec 1, 1958Oct 3, 1961John ArcuriPortable grills
US3430621 *Apr 10, 1967Mar 4, 1969Doty Leete PPortable cooking grill
US3581731 *Feb 11, 1969Jun 1, 1971Schulze William MPortable cooking unit
US3857380 *Aug 27, 1973Dec 31, 1974Hansman JBarbecue grill
US4077387 *May 27, 1976Mar 7, 1978Bateman Donald LSelf extinguishing fire pit
US4920949 *May 8, 1989May 1, 1990Mcdonald Norman JPaper fueled cooker
US6039039 *Oct 21, 1998Mar 21, 2000Pina, Jr.; AmadoModular outdoor grill with a pivotal food supporting rack
US6050256 *Jun 16, 1998Apr 18, 2000French; John R.Movable campfire box
US6321640 *Nov 20, 2000Nov 27, 2001Shin Yeh Enterprise Co., Ltd.Portable brazier for cooking foodstuffs
US6941941 *Sep 28, 2000Sep 13, 2005Cobb International LimitedCooking apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification126/25.00R
International ClassificationA47J37/07
Cooperative ClassificationA47J37/0704
European ClassificationA47J37/07B