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Publication numberUS2162131 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 13, 1939
Filing dateJul 1, 1938
Priority dateJul 1, 1938
Publication numberUS 2162131 A, US 2162131A, US-A-2162131, US2162131 A, US2162131A
InventorsSomerville William E
Original AssigneeSomerville William E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
High speed stranding or wire rope machine
US 2162131 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 13, 1939. w. E. SOMERVHLLE HIGH SPEED STRANDING OR WIRE ROPE MACHINE 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed July 1, 1938 June 13, 1 939.

W. E. SOMERVILLE HIGH SPEED STRANDING OR WIRE ROPE MACHINE Filed July 1, 1958 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 June 1939- w. E. SOMERVILLE 2,162,131

HIGH SPEED STRANDING OR WIRE; ROBE MACHINE Filed July 1, 193a 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 June 13; 1939. w. E. SOMERVILLE I 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 m a Q a p mm r M .N% N i N w K E QM. l in M 1 o uh. mm 9% m% 1 a N% PE MACHINE 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed July 1, 1938 Zz IZZ'WIZT5OIFEWaZZIe Patented June 13, 1939' UNITED STATES ATENT orrlci-zj l 2,132,131 I v William Er Somerville, Coal City, Ill. Application July 1,. 1938, Serial No. 217,098

16Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in high speed stranding or wire rope machines of the floating cradle type either of a built up or tubular construction, and one oi the objects of the invention is to provide in a machine of this character improved means for causing themae chine to rotate in one direction and the cradle to rotate in the opposite direction and at a slower rate-of speed, whereby the opposite twist or back turn may be taken out of or created in the rope or cable.

A further object is to provide improved means for guiding the wires and improved means for threading the wires into the machine. To the attainment of these ends and the accomplishment of other new and useful objects as will appear, the invention consists in the features of novelty in substantially the construction, combination and arrangement of the several parts hereinafter more fully described and claimed and shown in the accompanying drawings illustrating this invention, and in which Figure 1 is a view in side elevation, partly broken away, of an improved machine of this character constructed in accordance with the principles of this invention.

Figure 2 is a detail sectional'view, on an enlarged scale, as taken on line 2--2, Figure l.

figure 3 is a detail sectional view, on an enlarged scale, as taken on line 34, Figure 1.

Figure 4 is a view partly in section, partly broken away, and with parts omitted, showing some of the wire reel cradles.

Figure 5 is a top plan view of Figure 4.

Figure 6 is a detail sectional view on an enlarged scale taken on line 6'6, Figure 4.

Figure '7 is a detail sectional view taken on line 'l|, Figure 5.

Figure 8 is a detail sectional view partly in section and partly in elevation showing another form of wire guide.

Figure 9 is a view partly in elevation and partly in section and with parts omitted, similar to Figure 4, of another form of the invention.

Figure 10 is a detail sectional view taken on Ill-l0, Figure 9, on an enlarged scale.

Figure 11 is a detail view partly in elevation and partly in section showing the manner of threading the wire into the machine.

1 Figure 12 is a detail perspective view of a portion of the threading mechanism.

Figure 13 is a detail sectional view on line l3-l3, Figure 14.

Figure 1415 a right hand end elevation of Figure 13 of the nozzle for threading the wire into the machine.

line

Figure 15 is a detail sectional view of a portion of the body and Figure 19 is an enlarged detail sectional view-oi a portion of the drivingmechanism. J

Referring more particularly to, the drawings, the numeral 20 designates generally a tubular body which may be of any desired length and diameter and is provided throughout its length with cut away portions 2| to permit access to the interior of the body and. to me mechanism contained therein.

Encompassing the body at predetermined points throughout its length are rim members 22 which constitute means for rotatively supporting the body and to that end there is provided a supporting base 23 suitably mounted and upon which base is arranged supporting rollers 24, forming a cradle in which the rim members rest. The rim members are of an internal diameter greater than the external diameter of the portion of the body surrounded thereby, so as to provide a space therebetween into which a wedged fastening element is forced to anchor the rim to the body as shown more clearly in Figure 16. Anchor members 25 of substantially U-shape formation may be provided for holding the body portion against displacement during the rotation thereof. 1

These anchor members pass over the rim members 22 and may be secured in any suitable manner by their ends, by means of fastening devices 26 which also engage the supporting base 23.

If desired, a brake member 21 may be provided for controlling the rotation of the body member.

Within the body 20 is arranged a series oi'v cradles 23 in whichthe wire reels 2! are mounted.

These cradles are spaced from each other in directions lengthwise ofthe body and the proximate ends of. adjacent cradles are disposed in proxim ity to each other.

Arranged within the tubular body are bearing.

32 carried by a shaft 33 which latter is jour-' naled in the bearing and is laterally ofl'set with respect to the axis of the gears 3| and the pivots of the cradles 28. One of the gears 3| is provided with an opening'therethrough so as to permit the wire from one of the reels to be threaded therethrough.

Also arranged within the body 20 is a supporting member 34 which encompasses a bearing 35 in which adjacent ends of cradles 22 are also pivotally mounted. The supporting member is of a diameter somewhat less than the internal diameter of the body portion 2| so as to form a space between the periphery of the member 34 and the wall of the body.

I The peripheral edge of the support is prermeans for the adjacent portion of the wali of the Tire wedge shaped members 21 may be held in position in any desired or suitable manner, such as by means of fastening bolts as and the entire, structure embodying the member 3. and the wedge shaped member 21 may be secured against longitudinal displacement in any suitable manner.

Any number of these structures may be provided throughout the length of the body and any number of supporting bearings may also be provided. 7 I

These structures are provided within and ad- Jacent the encompassing band or rim 28 and cooperate therewith for maintaining the body against distortion and for bracing. the same.

As will be seen from Figure 4, the rim ll is of an internal diameter substantially greater than the external diameter of the adjacent portion of the body and are held in position by a wedge shaped element forced into the space between the body and said rim.

The body is adapted to be driven from any suit-- able source of power with a pulley 4| on its shaft. Over this pulley 4| passes a driving belt which in turn passes over-a pulley I secured to the body 2| for rotation therewith. The end of the body 20 is preferably provided with a closure 'or end member 44 of any suitable construction and carried by this end member I is a trunnion II which is journaled in suitable bearings It in a housing 41.

Secured to the trunnion I! and between the end member H and the housing 41 is a pulley l3 and this trunnion is preferably joumaled in roller: bearings 48.

Secured also to the trunnion 45 for rotation therewith, and within the housing 41 is a gear 49 which in turn meshes with a gear 50 carried by a ranged within the body 20 and one end of the shaft is connected to one of the cradles '28.

- Thus it will be seen that when the pulley 42 is rotated the body 20 will also be rotated and the mechanism is such that it will be rotated at a high rate; of speed. The shaft 51 is driven from the body portion 20 by means of an intermediate driving connection which is such as to rotate the cradle to which the shaft 51 is connected in a direction opposite to the direction of the rotation of the body 20 and ata slower rate of speed.

The intermediate gear and shaft connection ii, 22 and 88 between the cradles willaiso cause them to rotate in the same direction and at the samerateofspeed asthedirection andspeedof rotation-of the cradle to which the shaft '1 is directly connected.

The wires as they pass from the reels and through the pivots of the reels, also pass over guide pulleys I0, and in the form of the invention shown in Figures 1 and 4 also pass through the rim members II and are brought together at the opposite end of the machine so as to pass through a die or nose plate and from there they are led to the drum or draw off mechanism.

I: desired, additional guide members 0| may I be provided on the outside of the body through which the wires may pass. These guides ll may be of any desired configuration but are preferably in the form of loops having a slot 82 therethrough arranged at an angle to the longitudinal axis 'of the body portion so that in order to insert, the wires into the guides and loop, the wires must be twisted and held at an angle. This will prevent accidental displacement of the wires. I

Suitable guidepulleys 62 may also be provided adjacent the end of the body where the wires are directed to the die or nose piece 80.

Another form of guide for the wire is shown in Figure 8 at N and comprises a hook shaped body having a spring tongue or member 65 forming a closure therefor.

As shown in Figure 9 of the drawings tubular members 06 may be arranged along the outer periphery of the body 20 which pass through the rim or flanged members 22 and through which tubular members the wires from the reels are Guided.

In Figure: 15 similar tubular members 61 are provided but these members 81 are arranged on the inside of the tubular body 20.

The wires may be initially threaded through these tubular members in any desired manner such as by means of a piston member 68 of a size to fit within the tubular member 86. The piston is provided with an eye 69 to which one end of a wire 1. is connected.

This piston 38 is adapted to be inserted in the tubular member 66 and a blast of air is directed into the tubular member 66 against the piston .8 from a tube1i on one end of which is provided a nozzle 12. This nozzle is split as at 13 so that 60 the wire will enter thereinto when the nozzle is inserted in the end of the tube 66.

Thus when a blast of air is forced through the nozzle 12 it will strike the piston 88 and force it.

through the tubular member 68, carrying therewith the end of the wire 10.

In the form of the invention shown in Figure 9 the cradles 14 are mounted for free swinging movement and the axes of the trunnions 16 are disposed between the axes of the pivots of the ends of the cradles and the cradles are provided with open bearings 15 to receive the trunnion or axle 16 of wire reel 11. A locking member 18 passes through the walls of the bearing above the trunnion 18 for locking the wire reel into the cradle. This member 18 is adapted to be operated by means of a handle 19 and withdrawn against the stress of a spring 80 to permit removal or insertion of the reel 11. If desired, a locking screw or bolt 8| may be provided for maintaining the locking member 18 against accidental displacement.

Motion may be imparted to the draw on drum or mechanism by means of a shaft 82 journaled in suitable bearings extending lengthwise of the machine and which shaft 02 its motion by means of a gear 83 meshing with a gear 84 that is carried by the shaft Ii.

With this machine and when it is desired to 5 manufacture an ordinary rope or cable, the cra- 1 chain connection I2 may be released with respect to the shaft 5|, and a locking device may also be provided for holding the shaft 51 against rota-' tion. Any suitable locking device may be provided such as a pin 83 adapted to be inserted through 5 an opening in the sprocket wheel 56-A and into rotated at a high'speed and the cradles will be rotated in the opposite direction and at a slower rate of speed.

The pivots or supporting ends ,of the cradles are spaced from each other so as to permit the wires to be threaded through certain of the pivots and this is accomplished by offsetting the shafts 33 so as. to provide a gear connection around the pivots of the adjacent ends of the cradle members.

While the preferred forms of the invention have .0 been herein shown and described, it is to be understood that various changes may be made in the details of the construction and in the combination and arrangement of the several parts, within the scope of the claims, without departing from the a spirit of this invention.

What is claimed as new is:

1. In a machine of the character described, a tubular body, means mounting the body for rotation on a horizontal axis, said means embody- 40 ing a trunnion, a plurality of cradles mounted in said body and, spaced from each other in directions lengthwise of the body, a gear connection between the proximate ends of the cradles and extending across the space therebetween, a shaft connected to one of the cradles for supporting one end thereof, said shaft extending through said trunnion, a gear connected with said trunnion and meshing with another gear, an operative connection between the last said gear and said shaft and embodying speed reduction mechanism, and means for rotating said body and said trunnion. 2. In a mechanism of the character described, a tubular body rotatable on a horizontal axis, a

cradle in said body, a bearing for'one end of the cradle, means for supporting said bearing, said means embodying a member of a diameter less than the internal diameter of said body and with its periphery in proximity to but spaced from the 0 wall of said body, sectional wedge shaped memers, means for forcing said wedge shaped members between the periphery of the first said membet and the wall of said bodyfor re-inforcing the body, means for securing the parts together, a

supporting rim adjacent said members and encompassing the periphery of the said body, and means forming a support upon which said rim rotates. I

3. In a mechanism of the character described,

a tubular body rotatable on a'horlzontal axis, a

cradle in said body, a bearing for one end of the cradle, means for supporting said'be'aring, said means embodying a member of a diameter less than the internal diameter of said body and with its periphery in proximity to but. spaced from the wall of said body, sectional wedge shaped members, means for forcing said wedge shaped members between the periphery of the first said member and the wall of said body for re-inforc- =ing the body, means for securing the parts together, a supporting rim adjacent said members and encompassing the periphery of the said body, and means forming asupport upon which said rim rotates, there being an opening in the wall of said body through which the wireirom said reel passes, there also being an opening through said rim through which said wire passes.

4. In a mechanism of the character described,

a tubular body rotatable on a horizontal axis, a cradle in said body, a bearing for one end of the cradle, means for supporting said bearing, said means embodying a member of a diameter less than the internal diameter of said body and with its periphery in proximity to but spaced mm the wall of said body, sectional wedge shaped members, means for forcing said wedge shaped members between the periphery of the first said member and the wall of said body for re-inforcing the body, means for securing the parts together, a supporting rim adjacent said members and encompassing the periphery of the said body, means forming aesupport upon which said rim rotates, there being an opening in the wall of said body through which the wire from said reel passes, there also being an opening through said rim through which said wire passes, and supplemental guiding means carried by the periphery of said body through which a wire from said reels passes.

cradle mounted in said body to swing on a hori-.

zontal pivot, a wire reel carried by the cradle, means for rotating the body, a tubular'member of substantial length carried by said body and extending lengthwise thereof, and fluid actuated means for initially threading the wire from said reel through the said tubular member.

6. In"-'a high speed machine of the character described a horizontally disposed tubular body, a plurality of wire reel cradles mounted in said body, the proximate pivots of adjacent cradles being spaced from each other, means operatively connecting adjacent cradles, said means embodying a shaft extend across the space between adjacent cradles and laterally spaced from the pivots of the cradles, one of the said pivots having an opening therethrough for the passage of the wire from the reel, means for rotating said body at a high rate of speed, an operative connection between said body and one of said cradles for rotating the cradles in: the tubular body, said connections embodying speed reduction mechanism, said cradle rotating in the. opposite direction from the. direction of rotation of said tubular body and at a slower rate of speed, a plurality of rims encompassing said tubular body for assisting in rotatably supporting the body, and re-inforcing means within the body in proximity to said rims.

'7. In a high speed machine of the character described a horizontally disposed tubular body, a plurality of wire reel cradles mounted in said body, the proximate pivots of adjacent cradles being spaced from each other, means operatively connecting adjacent cradles, said means embodying a shaft extending across the space between adjacent cradles and laterally spaced from the pivots of the cradles, one of the said pivots having an opening therethrough for the passage of the wire from the reel. means ior rotating said body at a high rate of speed. an operative connection between said body and one oi said cradles ior rotating the cradles in the tubular body, said connections embodying speed reduction mechanism, said cradle rotating in the opposite direction from the direction oi rotation of said tubular body and at a slower rate oi speed, a plurality oi rims encompassing said tubular body ior assisting in rotatably supporting the body, and

re-iniorcing means within the body in proximity to said rims, said re-iniorcing means embodying a member extending across said tubuluar'body and encompassing a pivot oi the cradle and terminating short oi but in proximity to the wall oi said body, and means adapted to be iorced into the space between the periphery of said member and the wall oi said body.

8. In a machine oi the character described, a horizontally disposed rotatable tubular body, cradles mounted in said body to swing on a horizontal pivot, a wire reel carried by each of the cradles, means ior-rotating said body, and wire guiding means adjacent and supported by the outer periphery oi the said body, there being openings in the body through which the wires pass irom said reels and through the said guiding means, said guidingmeans embodying tubuiar members oi substantial length extending lengthwise of said body and substantially parallel with the axis oi the body, one end oi the respective tubes being adjacent the respective openings in said body.

9. In a machine oi the character described, a

horizontally disposed rotatable tubular body;

cradles mounted in said body to swing on a horizontal pivot, a wire reel carried by each of the cradles, means ior rotating said body, and wire guiding means adjacent and supported by the outer periphery of the said body, there being openings in the body through which the wires pass from said reels and through the said guiding means, said guiding means having openings through their body portions whereby the wires may be positioned thereinto at any point intermediate the ends oi the wire.

10. A machine oi the character described embodying a tubular body rotatable on a horizontal axis, a cradle in the body, means ior supporting and means for rotating said body, said supporting means embodying an annular rim encompassing the body and oi an internal diameter greater than the external diameter oi said body, and wedge shaped means disposed between said body and said annular rim ior securing the latter pass, the saidbody being provided with openings in its wall through which the wires from the reel pass to the openings in said rim.

12. A machine oi the character described em-' bodying a tubular body rotatable on a horizontal axis, reel carrying cradles in the body, and means for supporting said body, the last said supporting means embodying a rim encompassing the body adjacent its periphery and being of a substantial width radially, there being openings through said rim in directions lengthwise oi the axis of the said body through which the wires irom the reels pass, thesaid body being provided with openings in its well through which the wires from the reel pass to the openings in said rim, the said openings through said rim being disposed in close proximity to the periphery of said body, and additional guiding means ior the wires.

13. A machine of the character described embodying a tubular body rotatable on a horizontal axis, reel carrying cradles in the body, a rim en-,- compassing said body and being of substantial width radially, there being openings through said rim in directions lengthwise oi the axis of the body, the said body being provided with openings through its wall and through which openings in the wall and rim the wires irom the reels pass, and a supporting cradle in which said rim rests. said, cradle embodying rollers engaged by the periphery oi said rim.

'14. A machine oi the character described embodying a tubular body rotatable'on a horizontal axis, a reel carrying cradle in said body, a bearing ior one end of the cradle, means for supporting said bearing, said means embodying a member oi a diameter less than the internal diameter of said body and with its periphery in proximity to but spaced from the wall oi the said body, wedge shaped means iorced into the said member and the wall of said body for reinforcing the body, a rim encompassing the body adjacent said member, said rim being of an internal diameter greater than the external diameter of said body to form a space therebetween, wedge shaped means forced into the last said space to secure the rim in position, said rim being of a substantial width radially, and a supporting bearing in which said rim rests.

15. A machine oi the character described embodying a tubular body rotatable on a horizontal axis, a reel carrying cradle in said body, a bearing ior one end oi the cradle, means for supporting said bearing, said means embodying a memberoi a diameter less than the internal diameter 01' said body and with its periphery in proximity to but spaced from the wall of the said body, wedge shaped means iorced into the space bee tween said m'ember and the wall oi said body for reinforcing the body, a rim encompassing the body adjacent said member, said rim being of an internal diameter greater than the external diameter of said body to form a space therebetween, wedge shaped means iorced into the last said space to secure the rim in position, said rim being oi a substantial width radially, and a sup-- porting bearing in which said rim rests, there being an opening in the wall oi said body through which the wire irom the reel passes and there also being an opening through said rim through" which the wire from the reel passes.

16. A machine of the character described embodying a body supported ior rotation on a horizontal axis, a reel carrying cradle mounted upon thebody, a rim encompassing the body and being oi a substantial width radially, and a bearing in which said rim rests for supporting said-body, said rim being provided with an opening through which the wire from said reel passesin a direction lengthwise of the axis oi said body.

WILLIAM E. SOMIERVIIIE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3258905 *Dec 27, 1963Jul 5, 1966B & F Carter & Company LtdTubular stranding machines
US3408807 *Oct 10, 1966Nov 5, 1968Int Standard Electric CorpTwisting machine
US3469386 *May 20, 1968Sep 30, 1969Barcro Olympic Stranders LtdStranding machines
US3732680 *Nov 10, 1971May 15, 1973Schlumberger Technology CorpWire guide for a cabling machine
US3893287 *Apr 15, 1974Jul 8, 1975Herborn KommanditgesellschaftHigh-speed stranding machine with air cooling
US4640087 *Jul 24, 1984Feb 3, 1987Giorgio TargaRope-making machine
US4704854 *Mar 6, 1987Nov 10, 1987M.G.S. Manufacturing, Inc.Flexible coupling for a wire stranding machine
EP0158761A1 *Jul 24, 1984Oct 23, 1985Giorgio TargaRope-making machine
Classifications
U.S. Classification57/58.32, 57/58.36, 57/59
International ClassificationD07B3/04, D07B3/00
Cooperative ClassificationD07B3/04
European ClassificationD07B3/04