US 2162695 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 20, 1939.
J. B. BOYD. SR
Filed May 4, 1938 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 A itorneys Patented June 20, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE TILE John Boyd, Sr. Reno, Nev.
Application May 4, 1938, Serial N0. 206,059
3 Claims. (GI. 72-19) This invention relates 110 vitrified clay 0r glass products such as brick tile, quarry tile, glass tile, and the like and an object of the invention is to provide ware of this character with means positively united therewith and serving as a securing or anchorihg means for securing or anchoring the Ware to the studding or bedding in the 1aying of a tile surface such as a floor, wall or the like; and the invention together with its objects and advantages will be best understood from a study of the following description taken in connection With the accompanying drawings Where- Figure 1 is a plan view of a tile embodying the features of the present invention, and viewing the ti1e from the attaching or anchoring side thereof, v
Figure 2 is an edge elevational view of the ti1e,
Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmentary detail sectional view showing the tile as appliecl to a studding er bedding in accordance with the present invention,
Figure 4 is a transverse sectional view through the tile,
Figure 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of a portion of a tile with the fastening elements removed, and
Figure 6 is a perspective view of a preferred form cf fastening element.
Referringto the drawings by reference numerals it Will be seen that the Ware indicated generally by the reference numeral 5 may be in the form of a vitrified c1ay product such as a brick tile, quarry ti1e, or a glass tile and in accordance with the present invention is provided in one face thereof, that is the face thereof 130 be disposed in confrenting relation to the bedding er stuclding With a plurality, in the present instance two, mortised grooves 6 extending from one edge to the opposite edge of the tile or Ware.
Arranged within the grooves 6 are elongated wedge-shaped strips 1 of rubber or other suitable material which conformably fit within the grooves 5 and serve as means for anchoring to the ware product 5 fastening or anchoring elem-ents 8.
As shown in the preferred embodiment 0f the invention, two I'OWS of fastening elements 8 are thus provided, and each fastening element 8 is in the form 0f an elorigated. headed. nai1, the head 9 of which is embedded in the strip 1.
Preferably the shank of the nail 0r fastening element 8 intermediate the ends thereof is provided with an integral abutment or stop shoulder I0 which, when the tile is secured in place, abuts the surface cf the bedding or studding H as shown in Figure 3 in order 130 space the ti1e 5 from the studding and thus permit a liquid fi11er ce- 5 ment or the 1ike I2 190 be poured in back of the tile 5 between the tile and the studding II to serve as a further means for anchoring the tile 5 in place.
It will be understood that when desired the shoulders H) on the nails 8 may be eliminated thus permitting the shanks of the nails for the entire length of the expos ed portions thereof 110 be driven intd the studding II so that the tile will have intimate facial oontact with the u? stuclding.
It will thus be seen that I have provided a tile equipped With means whereby the tile may be positively secured through the medium of fastening elements in position when laid. All that is required is a rubber hammer for driving the fastening elements into the studding or bedding thus rendering it possible 130 laythe tiles quicker and in a manner tending toward a material saving in labor and material cost.
It is thought that a clear understanding of the utility and advantages of an invention 013 this character Will be had without a more detailed de scription.
Having 'thus described the invention what is claimed as new is:
1. A surface ti1e having a plurality of rows of relatively spaced. sharpened anchoring shanks projecting from one face thereof, said shanks being provided with integral shoulders spaced intermediately between said face of the ti1e and the free extremities of the shanks for spacing the tile from the studding or bedding penetrated by said elements.
2. As a new article of manufacture a tile provided in one face thereof with a mortise groove, a strip 0f resilient material filling said groove and anchoring elements for the tile projecting from the grooved face of the tile and. having one end. embedded in said strip.
3. A ti1e of ehe character described provided in one face thereof With a series of mortise grooves, elastic s'tr1ps arranged Within said grooves, and. headed fastening elements having the heads thereof embedded in said strips, said elements having on the shanks thereof integral stop shoulders.
JOHN B. BOYD, SR.