Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2163852 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 27, 1939
Filing dateNov 18, 1938
Priority dateNov 18, 1938
Publication numberUS 2163852 A, US 2163852A, US-A-2163852, US2163852 A, US2163852A
InventorsPond Kenneth H
Original AssigneeBemis And Call Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lock construction
US 2163852 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 27, 1939.

K. H. POND LOCK `CONSTRUCTION Filed Nov. 18, 1938 s sheets-sheet 1 /6` /5 23 az 25 2g l I r f1 0 I' 2/ 26 C E I 3869 I 0 4e I I f0| 40,' I 22 A 4 4 /3 1 INVENTOR Jqe 27, 1939. K, H, POND 2,163,852

Loox coNsTRcTIoN.

Filed Nov. 18, 1938 -Sheets-Sheet 2 VVE ISC zg n; 34

BY A2M/ETH HRA/D June 27, `1939.

K. H. POND Loox 'CONSTRUCTION Fi-led Nov. 18, 1938 3 SheetS--Sheerl 3 w wm/ A A/. w .w RH Wm a n 4 1 mH #m m m m l .M /v .I E 7 43 7 1 n m w m Patented. June 27, 1939 UNITED STATES LOCK CONSTRUCTION Kenneth H. Pond, Longmeadow, Mass., assignor to Bemis and Call Company, Springfield, Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts Application November 18, 1938, Serial No. 241,192

17 Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in permutation locks. It is particularly useful in that class used for padlocks, suit case, brief case, and other such small and relatively inexpensive locks, rather than in the high priced locks. An example v of this type of lock is the structure disclosed in Pgatent No. 1,964,936 to Denerich, dated July 3, 1 34.

One difficulty in the past manufacture of such locks has been to make them inexpensively enough to sell at a low price and yet function properly, not only when new, but through a long life of abuse.

Another difficulty has 'been to provide such a lock with many well known and desirable functions but without substantial cost increase.

The best way to understand the objects and the particular features of the invention is from the full description of the accompanying drawings which disclose the preferred manner of construction and operation.

In the drawings- Fig. 1 is a substantially vertical longitudinal section of the lock taken in front of the bolt showing my structure arranged as a permutation lock with the parts arranged in locked position;

Fig. 2 is a vertical section on line 2--2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a section on line 3-3 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional View on line 4-4 of Fig. 2 showing details of the mounting of the permutation wheels;

Fig. 5 is a bottom plan view of the lock;

Fig. 6 is an enlarged section on line 6 6 of Fig. 4 showing the interconnection of the permutation wheels and certain of the bolt controlling mechanism;

Figs. 7 to 11 are semi-diagrammatic views of the various positions assumed by the parts during the operations of unlocking and locking the mechanism;

Fig. 12 is a fragmentary sectional view on line I2-I 2 of Fig. 2 showing the method of mounting the detent spring;

Fig. 13 is a diagrammatic View of the parts of Figs. 7 to 11 showin-g the function of one feature of the bolt construction;

Fig. 14 is a view similar to Fig. 1 but showing how a key locking mechanism may be added to the structure;

Fig. l5 is a View taken on line I5-I5 of Fig. 14;

Fig. 16 is a view of the parts in Fig. 14 in the unlocked position of the mechanism;

Fig. 17 is a detail view showing certain parts of the key locking mechanism and taken on line I1-I1 of Fig, 15;

Fig. 18 is a fragmentary section on line IB-IB of Fig. 17;

Fig. 19 is a fragmentary view of the left-hand side of Fig. 16, showing the use of a key for the locking mechanism in changing the combination of the permutation lock;

Fig. 20 (Sheet 2) is a section on line 20-20 of Fig. 19; and

Fig. 21 is a section on line 2I-2I of Fig. 16.

Referring to Figs. 1 to 3, the body 'of the lock consists, generally, of two halves, a base I0 and cover II, secured together by top and bottom plates I2 and I3. 'I'he base I0 and `cover Il form the supporting structure for the rest of the elements providing the necessary strength to withstand the strains to which the mechanism is put while the top and bottom plates I2 and I3 primarily secure the two halves in position and serve as end closures.

The securing member in this embodiment takes the form of a shackle I6 having long and short'y legs I1 and I8 with the legs extending centrally down into the body through holes cut in the top plate I2. As is indicated the shackle is constantly urged upward by a shackle spring 20 threaded onto the long end I1 of the shackle and positioned between nubs 2| on the shackle and a shoulder or internal rib 22 formed in the body. The shackle is retained in its locked position by a pair of lugs 23 an-d 24 formed on the bolt 25 and engaging notches 26 and 21 cut in the legs of the shackle. These notches 26 and 21 have sloping upper edges as indicated at 29 and the short leg I8 a chamfered end 3D to aid in locking the mechanism as will be explained later.

The tension of spring 2|] is sufficient to force the shackle I6 and bolt 25 bodily upward so that in the locked position the top edge of the bolt rests against the bottom surfaces of a pair of legs 32 and 33 formed integral with the cover I I, see Figs. 1 and 2.

As appears in Figs. 2 and 3, each of the legs 32 and 33 has a shoulder 34 which overhangs the Vedge of the bolt 25. Likewise, see Fig. 1, a rib or shoulder 36 formed in the body encircles the shackle I6. This structure is provided to prevent a forcing of the lock by the exerting of a pull on the shackle with an accompanying rapping or jarring of the case and functions as follows: the direction tension on the lock shackle I6 is absorbed by the legs 32 and 33. If the bolt has any tendency to free itself by moving in a counterclockwise direction when viewed in Fig. 2, this movement is resisted by the shoulder 34 already referred to. However, as the area of contact between the recess 26 and lug 23 is much greater than that in the case of the corresponding recess 21 and lug 24, the greater part of the strain on the lock body will occur around the end of the short leg. Hence, the encircling shoulder 36 is necessary to provide strength. Y

As is indicated in Figs. l and 3, the upper edge of the bolt 25 has a toe 31 extending rearwardly between legs 32 and 33 and terminating with an irregular back edge. Also the bolt has a centrally located opening 38 encircling a hollow boss 3S formed integrally with the cover Il. As will be noted, there is clearance provided between the boss 39 and the opening 38 to allow the bolt a substantial vertical motion, which motion is necessary, as will later appear, when the bolt is passed from effective or locking to ineffective or unlocking position. Also the lower edge of the opening 38 is not symmetrical to the upper edge but it, along with the rear edge of toe 31, is used to form camming surfaces for a lock mechanism which is associated with boss 39 in a modified form of structure, as will be described later.

The lower edge of bolt 25 has a pair of control lingers 4G which extend downwardly between the permutation wheels 4| carried at the bottom of the lock body. Likewise, at the left edge of the bolt, Fig. l, is a tail 42 extending downwardly and rearwardly towards the bottom plate |3 of the lock. The control fingers 49, as is Well known in the art and fully explained in the Denerich patent referred to, ride on the peripheries of inner wheels 43 which turn with the permutation wheels 4|. When the ats 45, see Fig. 2, on the inner wheels 43 are in the proper position as determined by the proper setting of the permutation wheels 4|, the control fingers 4|) will have been positioned to allow the shackle to be released as will be further explained. The tail 42 as will appear is provided to prevent a changing of the combination when the lock is unlocked but ready for the shackle to be locked in position again. A short leg 44 on the bolt 25 extends downwardly between the control fingers 40 to support a wire bolt spring 45 which is secured to the leg by a U-shaped portion of the spring passing through a slot cut in the leg 44, see Figs. 1 and 2.

Referring now to Figs. 4 to 6, the permutation wheels 4| are supported on the shanks of inner wheels 43 which pass through central openings in the permutation wheels and are themselves mounted on the shaft 48. There is an inner wheel 43 for each permutation wheel 4| and each inner wheel 43 abuts an adjacent inner wheel in such position that there are two fiats 45 for each control finger 40. The shaft 48 has an enlarged head at one end which is journaled in webs 49 formed in the base and cover of the body. At the opposite end, the shaft is slightly reduced at the end of the first permutation wheel, a bushing 5U being slipped over the shaft at that reduced end and held in position by a finger piece 5| riveted as shown to the end of the shaft with a tip 5| extending through an opening in the bottom plate I3. This bushing 50 serves as a bearing for its end of the shaft, being journaled similarly to the enlarged end of the shaft in webs 52 formed in the body, and also keeps the inner wheels in tight abutment and against the enlarged head at the opposite end of the shaft. A spring 53 is provided between the web 52 and the iinger piece 5I to constantly urge the whole assembly to the left against an abutment 54 formed integral with the body.

Referring particularly to Figs. 4 and 6, where each inner wheel 43 passes through each permutation wheel 4|, the former has a pair of nubs 55 struck up on diametrically opposite sides of the periphery. The hole in the wheel 4| has a series of ten radial slots, cut in it, and the nubs 55 engage a pair of these slots. Thus, any motion imparted to the permutation wheel 4I is carried over to the inner Wheel 43. Each permutation wheel has indicia from -9 cut on its periphery and when the indicia are set so that the combination appears on the set of permutation wheels the ats 45 will be in position to unlock the lock. As appears in Figs. 4 and 5, the permutation wheels extend through openings in the bottom plate and are read when the lock is viewed from the bottom.

Referring to Fig. 2, a separate detent spring 58 rides in a series of ten notches 59 cut in the periphery of each permutation wheel, the notches in the wheels being positioned so that when all. the springs are in the notches of the various wheels the indicia of the wheels are in alignment. Also, one notch B0, in each wheel is cut so that when the wheel is rotated clockwise, the spring tip will abut the bottom of this notch El] to arrest rotation. In each wheel this notch is positioned so that when the spring tip has stopped rotation the zero will be shown as indicated in Fig. 5. The other notches in each wheel, apart from El), will permit rotation in either direction. This allows the user to rotate the wheels all to zero merely by the sense of touch and then set the combination by rotating the wheels and counting the number of notches as the detent spring slips over them.

As indicated in Figs. 2 and l2, the detent spring 58 is riveted in place on the inside wall of cover Il and has a separate spring finger D for each permutation wheel. Also, what is termed an assister spring to facilitate the bolt action in a manner to be described is provided by the bent section 6| of spring 58.

Referring again to Figs. 4 and 5, the combination can be changed by merely shifting the finger piece 5| to the right against spring 53, to move shaft 48 and carry the nubs 55 on the inner wheels 43 out of the slots in the permutation wheels and then turning the permutation wheels to the new combination after which the finger piece 5| is released. A notch is provided in the bottom plate I3 to allow the tail 5| of nger piece 5I to be swung to one side and lock the shaft in its shifted position while the combination is being changed if it is so desired. It is to be noted, however, that this changing operation cannot be carried on when the lock is locked as the end of the long leg l1 of the shackle blocks sufficient motion of the shaft 48 for the purpose. Also, if the tail 42 of the bolt, already referred to, is positioned between the finger piece 5| and the web 52, the combination cannot be changed. As mentioned above, this blocking action can be accomplished when the lock is unlocked (the long end of leg I1 being raised out of the way), and provided the bolt 25 is then put in position, as will be later described, to secure the shackle when it is moved to its locked position. With the bolt 25 in such position, tail piece 42, instead of the long leg I1, prevents the combination from being changed, provided only the permutation wheels or one of them has been turned to move bolt 25 so as to locate tail piece 42 in blocking position when the shackle is up. Thus, the unlocking combination can be changed only when the user himself has unlocked the lock, and before setting it to be locked again, pushed finger piece 5| to the right and set the permutation wheels for the new unlocking combination and returned the linger piece to position of Fig. 5. To prevent others from improperly changing the combination without the owners knowledge, the latter needs only to open the lock and move one or more permutation Wheels off the combination setting, while the lock is lin opened position.

The .above method and general structure for changing the combination are well known in the art and fully explained in the patent to Denerich, as well as in Reissue Patent No. 16,833 to Hatch, dated December 27, 1927, the present invention in relation to the stated function of said patents being an improvement of structurel and detailed mode of operation. Therefore, further explanation of this function per se is not believed necessary except as the detailed structure and its mode of operation will be later described with particular reference to Figs. 7 to 11.

I will now explain the operation of the locking elements during a Vcomplete operating cycle, that is from locked to unlocked position and again back to locked position. As described earlier in the specification in relation to Fig. 1, the bolt in the locked position bears against the bottom of legs 32 and 33 and is held in thatiposition by spring 29 and the lift of shackle i6, exerted through the recesses 26 and 21. Referring to Fig. 1, which is a semi-diagrammatic view of the elements at the left end of the lock in the position of Fig. 1, this relation can be seen. It will be observed also in that figure that the bolt is urged into the recess 26 by the bolt spring 46, andthat the control fingers ride on the periphery of the inner wheels 43. Thus, the bolt is supported only by the inner wheels and the shackle.

With the parts thus arranged, the combination is set on the permutation wheels so that the flats are positionedr as indicated in Fig. 8. The shackle is then freed by pushing the shackle into the lock slightly and then releasing it, as will be described. Referring again to Fig. 8, as soon as the permutation wheels are set, the control fingers 40 no longer ride in the periphery of the inner wheels 43 but the bolt 25 is fulcrumed by having its forward edge bear against the shoulder 63 formed integrally with base I0 as part of the webs 49 and 52, in which the permutation mechanism is journaled, see Fig. 4. As soon as the shackle is slightly depressed the bolt 25 rst is forced downwardly and then swings clockwise, due to the action of bolt spring 46, until shoulder 34 is contacted, Fig. 8. In this position the shackle still cannot be withdrawn. Continued pressure on the shackle will force the bolt 25 further downward until its upper edge clears the shoulder 34 when the bolt spring 46 will force it to the position shown in Fig. 9, where the shackle is free to be released and will rise to its open position under the pressure of the shackle spring 20, already referred to (see Fig. l). The full line representation in Fig. 9 of the end I8 of the shackle shows the shackle moving to its final unlocked position wh'ile the dotted line position of the same part indicates the distance -to which the shackle must be depressed to be released.

In Fig. 9 it will be observed that the bolt now rests with the control fingers 40 against the flats 45 and the bottom edge of the bolt, between the control fingers 4D, fulcrumed on the top edge of the webs 49 and 542 formed integrally with cover il, see Fig. 4. The bolt spring 46 of course is constantly urging the bolt against the flats 45.

Considering again Figs. 8 and 9, the function of the assister spring 6I formed with the detent spring 56 can be seen. As soon as the upper edge of the bolt clears shoulder 34 and swings clockwise the assister spring 6| contacts the upper end of the bolt spring and aids in forcing the lower edge of the bolt to itsfulcrumed position on the top edge of web 52. This makes the bolt action much smoother and more reliable.

As long as the bolt 25 stays in the position of 5 Fig. 9 the shackle cannot be locked. Therefore, to lock the mechanism the setting of the permutation wheels is changed and the control ngers 40 ride on the periphery of the inner wheels 43 as shown in Fig. 10. In this case, the fulcrum for 10 bolt 25 is on the periphery of the inner wheels 43 and the bolt spring, therefore, forces the bolt constantly counterclockwise. This motion is limited by the lug 24 (on the opposite end of bolt 25) contactingthe coils of the shackle spring `15 2B in the long leg I1 of the shackle. The assister spring 6l is still functioning to keep the lower edge of the bolt down on top of web 52. The locking operation is carried to completion by pushing the shackle downwardly until the lugs `.9.0 23 and 24 of the bolt 25 snap into the recesses 26 and 21 and then releasing the shackle when the parts will reassume the position of Fig. 1. Fig. 11 indicates this nal operation just before it is completed. 'I'here the short leg I8 has en- .25 tered the body of the lock and the lug 23 is just about to enter the recess 26 under the urge of bolt spring 46. It is during this phase that the chamfer 39 functions, if necessary, to cam the bolt 25 slightly clockwise to make the lug 26 ride .80 along the periphery of the short leg IB. Also, the sloping edge 29 of the recesses 26 and 21 aids the action of the parts during this operation in the following manner: As is clear in Figs. l and 2, the top plate l2 is of thin material and the holes Usli provided for the shackle legs provide a close tolerance. Therefore, if due to wear in the parts, the shackle shifts slightly so that the top edge of the recesses 26 and 21 might catch on the top plate as the shackle legs are entering the body n of the lock, .the slope 29 serves to cam the shackle so that the entering action is smooth.

The above described feature of the mechanism requiring a turning of the permutation wheels off the unlocking combination before the shackle can '45 be locked prevents lthe user from inadvertently leaving the combination set on the permutation wheels after locking the lock, and thereby allowing an unauthorized person to learn the combination.

Earlier in the specification in referring to the method of changing the combination for the permutation wheels it was stated that the tail 42 on the bolt, see Figs. 1 and 1l, prevented a change in the combination when the shackle was in un- ".55 locked position but with the permutation wheels set at other than the unlocking combination. Referring to Figs. 9 to ll, where the finger piece 5l is shown by dotted lines, it will be seen that the tail 42 drops in back of the finger piece 5| .00 in position to prevent a changing of the unlocking combination as soon as the permutation wheels are changed to allow locking of the shackle when it is reinserted.

.At this point a further feature of the construc- ..65 tion which makes the operation of the lock very smooth, will be explained. Referring to Figs. 2 and 13, it will be recalled that the permutation wheels have indicia from @-9 on their peripheries and ten equally spaced notches cut on said :pe-" ripheries to coact with the detent spring 58 to allow tend distinct settings of each wheel. Therefore, each wheel rotates 36 in going from one notch to the next. If a permutation wheel is turned in a clockwise direction from the posi- N16 tion shown in Fig. 8 to the next notch, the flat 45 will be positioned as in Fig. 13. Then, the edge of the ilat where it meets the periphery of the iner wheel will be just within the arcuate surface 68 in the tail of control finger 40. This surface 68, is formed on the same radius as the periphery of inner wheel 43. Therefore, the force F directed against the Wheel by the bolt 25 will be radial as indicated in Fig. 13 and will have no tendency to turn the permutation wheel in either direction, If the tail of control finger 4D were flat, this pressure F would not be radial but would be in a direction to force the permutation wheel back to its original position.

The description so far has dealt entirely with my invention when constructed for use as a keyless lock. I will now describe a modied structure in which a key locking mechanism is associated with the locking elements already described to furnish a lock which may be operated either by manipulation of the permutation wheels or by use of the key locking structure.

In this embodiment the elements of the original form are kept essentially the same but the key locking mechanism is associated therewith in a manner to effect several novel results which will appear more fully as the description proceeds.

Referring now to Figs. 14 to 16, the locking elements are the same, that is, the bolt 25, the shackle I6, the top and bottom plates I2 and I3, the base and cover I0 and II; however, the nger piece 5I of the other figures is replaced by a washer "I5 which has a slanting cam surface as at T6 for a purpose to be described.

A lock center 69 is mounted in the hollow boss 39 extending from the cover II. The lock center carries a cam l0 supported by the end of the lock center and having a toe 'II extending from the back of the lock center parallel to the axis thereof towards the front of the mechanism, the end of the toe protruding through the opening 38 at the bottom and to the right of the center of the hollow boss 39.

When the key 12, see Fig. 16, is inserted and the center 69 is turned from the locked position of Fig. 14 to the unlocked position of Fig. 16 the cam operates to move the bolt out of engagement with the shackle to thereby free the shackle and allow it to move to its disengaged position. In this operation no manual depressing of theshackle is necessary to free it as when the permutation lock is used nor is it necessary to adjust the permutation wheels.

The sequence of operation is as follows: as the lock center 69 begins to turn, the toe II acts as a cam to push the bolt downwardly sufficiently to clear the edge of shoulder 34, and as soon as the bolt is down far enough, cam 'I9 engages the slanting back edge of toe 3l on the bolt. Continued motion of the lock center 69 to the position of Fig. 16 causes the cam to push the bolt towards the iront of the lock until the parts are in the position of Fig. 10 with the exception that bolt 25 is carried slightly more in a clockwise direction so that it clears the shackle legs I'I and I8, but not far enough for the toe 42 to clear the washer 'i5 which has replaced the nger piece 5I. This operation releases the shackle I6 and allows it to spring to its freed position. In Fig. 15, the cam 19 moves from the position represented by line X to that represented by line Y in opening the lock.

If the lock center is now turned to its original position the elements will assume the exact position shown in Fig. 10, because neither portion of the cam 10 acts as a positive action cam. Of course, it will be understood that the lock can again be locked by merely depressing the shackle i5 as with the keyless lock structure, the parts cooperating as in Fig. 11 to return to the position indicated in Fig. 7.

Referring to Figs. 14, 17, and 18, the exact method in which the lock center 69 and cam 'I0 are mounted in the boss 39 is as follows: the center itself rotates in the inner cylindrical surface i8 of the boss 39. In the locked position of the center 69 the tumblers of the lock center 69 spring up into the recess 79. When the key 'I2 see Fig. 16, is inserted the tumblers are withdrawn from within the recess I9 and the center may be rotated. This particular method of mounting a locking center is Well known and need not be further described.

At the back end of the boss 39, see Figs. 17 and 18, the center ends ush with the boss and has a reduced cylindrical portion 8| with a notch 82 cut therein. The cam 'I9 fits over the cylindrical portion 8| and has a lug 83 which cooperates with the notch 82 so that motion of the center is imparted to the cam. A keeper 85 fits over an annular groove cut in the cylindrical portion 8l and keeps the lock center 69 and cam I0 secured in the boss against the back face thereof.

The limits of motion of the cam 'I0 are determined by the locked position of the center 69 and contact of the cam IG with the shoulder 86 formed on the back face of the boss 39.

It is to be noted particularly that as pointed out previously when the shackle has been freed by using the key lock, the tail 42, see Figs. 14 and 16. is in a position to block any lateral motion of the washer 'I5 to ecect a change in the combination. However, if the permutation wheels are used to set the prevailing combination, the parts cooperate as in the preferred form of lock and with the lock unlocked the tail 42 does clear the washer 15.

This arrangement allows me to make use of a master key system in which the master key is constructed to be used not only to operate the center 69 but also to change the combination to which the permutation wheels must be set to free the shackle, and this only when the lock has been opened by setting the combination on the permutation wheels.

Referring to Fig. 19, the master key 90 has a longer shank than the key normally used to unlock the center 69, the ordinary key having its head formed on the shank just above the abutment 9|. That is, the portion of the key between abutment 9| and the lower end is the only part eiective to unlock the center 69. In Fig. 19 the lock has already been unlocked by setting the prevailing combination on the permutation wheels. Then the master key 90 is inserted through the hole out of which the short leg I8 has passed, down through a slot in a concealed change plate 93 until its lower end abuts the body of the lock on one side and the cam surface "i6 of washer I5 on the other. If the key is pushed downwardly further until the line A marked on the key is even with the top plate I2 of the lock, the wedging action of the key tip against the washer 'I5 will shift the permutation wheel mechanism to allow a change in the combination.

Referring to Figs. 19 and 20, it will be seen that the change plate 93 is held in position between a ledge and web 94 and 95 on the base I9 and a similar ledge and web 96 and S'I on the cover I, the change plate 93being inserted as the two halves IIJ and II are-assembled. Also,

lli)

the slot. in thev change plate93 is.'cut to. accommodate only nkeys having the correct milled grooves98. 1

By the abovearrangement onegroup of persons vcan beinformed vof the combination and another ,given a set of keys to fit thelock center 69, with the master .key. remaining in the owners possession. Either group .can then unlock the lock. However, the group. knowing the combination .can be limited by using the master key to change the combinationbut only by the owner since he `alone has the m-aster key and the ordinary keys Will not t. Again, since the master key can be used to change the `combination only when the permutation wheels are set to unlock the shackle, the owner cannot embarrass himself by unlocking the center with the key Without setting the combination and then-.using the master keyto change the` setting with the result that even the owner `himself would not know'the new combination.

Of course, `when the combination is being changed orthe lock shackle taken out of a hasp after being freed it is necessary to swing the vrshackle to oneside, using the long leg I'I as a pivot. To preventtheshackle being depressed until the short legI is again aligned with the hole in the top plate I2 I have provided the structure indicated in Fig. 21. When the shackle is in its uppermost position, see Fig. 16, the nubs 2| contactthe under side of plate I2. In this position the nubs 2l lie above a pair of ,stubby ribs 99 formed, in the halves I0 and II, .see Fig. 21., These` ribs form` an arcuate ledge which terminates in such a position that if the shackle is turned in either direction so that the short leg doesnot line up with the hole in the top plate, the nubs are supported by the ledge and will not allowl the shackle to be depressed.

If the structure as described is considered from the standpoints ofl simplicity of manufacture and assembly as well as reliability of operation certain advantages in addition to those already pointed `out will readily be apparent.

VFor instance, with the body formed; in. halves which cooperate toprovide a vframe for the elelments of the lock, `thepermutation mechanism can beassembled as a unit outside the lock and thenmerely placed-in position as part of an assembly operation. Thisis a distinct advantage `over other structures where it is frequently necessaryto assemble this` mechanism piece by piece `on a separate frame member which has been incorporated in the lock by being inserted Vthrough the top or bottom of the body.

The halves themselves may be conveniently made out of die castings and, as is evident, the mold for the keyless lock is the same as that used for a keyless lock with a cooperating locking center. .1 I

An important, practical feature from the standpoint of manufacture and use is the lack of close tolerances in tting the bolt. In Figs. 7 to 1l where the semi-diagrammatic views show the. operating cycle, it will be seen that the lug 23 on. the bolt can be tted loosely Within the recesses in the shackle and not abut the shoulder 34, and the bolt will still perform its locking function entirely satisfactorily. This is so because in the first place in the lockedposition of the ele- Amentsthe ,shackle continually pulls the bolt up- ,wardly `against the leg 32 and whatever slack the-re-is, `arising because ofthe nt of lug 23 inthe .recess 2B, is. taken up.y Thebolt is constantly -forced deeper into the recess by the bolt spring ,and all that shoulder 34 has to do is prevent a clockwise motionof the bolt from the locked position of Fig. rIsui'llcient to allow lug 23 to get out A,of the recess 26. The effect of locating this shoulder 34 at the upper end of the bolt opposite the recess 26 is to confine lug 23 as though it were in a socket and it makes little difference how much play there is between the lug 23 and the recess provided the shoulder 34 keeps the lower edge of the lug 23 on the surface of recess 2B. Thus, the shoulder can wear down substantially the thickness of the bolt itself before the lug will be freed from the recess. This` is a distinct advantage over, for instance, locating the shoulder 34 between the fulcrum 63 and the end of the bolt in which case any wear of the shoulder would be magnified at the end of the bolt and less Wear would be necessary to render the guarding action of shoulder 34 ineffective.l

Also, as has been pointedy out, in the locked position of the parts, the bolt bears only on the peripheries of theinner wheels and the notches in the shackle, not touching the fulcrum 63. Therefore, the locked. position of the parts is not affectedby any adjustments necessary to ful- .,cru1n63in order to make the bolt function propierly during the unlocking operation,

Another feature is the fact that the parts used in the keyless lock structure of the preferred form are adaptable by merely changing the finger piece on the permutation wheel shaft for yuse with the locking center.

said bolt, a movable and lockable member hav- ,ing a notch engageable by one end of said bolt upon pivotal movement of the latter, said bolt being movable longitudinally by limited movement of the lockable member, guard means 101450 cated opposite said notch when said lockable member is in locked position and adapted to maintain said bolt and lockable member engaged in lockedposition of Vsaid. last-named member, `and means for said bolt to Vpivot upon, which means are located near the opposite end of the bolt from that end which engages said notch.

2. In a permutation lock, permutation members Aeach provided with a lock controlling element, a

securing element having an effective position and an in effective position, a locking element controlled by said lock controlling elements and having at one end means toengage thesecuring element in effective position when the prevailing combination of the permutation members is disturbed, guard means located opposite saidengaging means in a position to maintain said engaging means effective while the prevailing combination is disturbed and the securing element is in effective position, and spring` means for urg.

ing said locking` element into engagement with said securing element When the prevailing combination is disturbed.`

3. In a permutation lock, permutation members each provided `with `a lock controlling ele;

ment, a securing element having an effective position and an ineiective position and provided with a pair of notches, a locking element controlled by said lock controlling element and having at one end lugs engaging said notches when the prevailing combination is disturbed, guard means located opposite said notches in the effective position of said securing member to hold said lugs in said notches while the prevailing combination is disturbed, and spring means for urging said locking element into locking position when the prevailing combination is disturbed.

l. In a permutation lock, permutation members each provided with a lock controlling element, a securing element having an effective position and an ineffective position, a locking element controlled by said lock controlling elements and having at one end means to be engaged by said securing element when the combination is disturbed, spring means for urging said locking element into engagement with said securing means when the prevailing combination is disturbed, an abutment on the body of said lock having a guard means closely adjacent said end of said locking element to maintain engagement between said securing and locking elements when the prevailing combination is disturbed, and additional spring means to urge said locking element against said abutment when the prevailing combination is disturbed.

5. In a permutation lock, permutation members each provided with a lock controlling element, a securing element having an eiective position and an ineffective position, a locking element controlled by said lock controlling elements and having at one end means to be engaged by said securing element when the combination is disturbed, spring means for urging said locking element into engagement with said securing means when the prevailing combination is disturbed, an abutment on the body of said lock closely adjacent said end o1" said locking element and having a shoulder in position to maintain engagement between said securing and locking elements when the prevailing combination is disturbed and additional spring means to urge said locking element against said abutment when the prevailing combination is disturbed.

6. In a permutation lock, permutation members each having a lock controlling element, a securing element having an effective and an ineffective position, a locking element having means at one end to engage said securing element in its eiective position, and means at the opposite end to bear on said lock controlling elements when the prevailing combination is disturbed, a fulcrum between said lock controlling elements and said engaging means on which said locking element bears when the prevailing combination is set, and the securing member is in eiective position, but on which said element does not bear when the prevailing combination is disturbed and the securing element is in effective position, spring means for urging said locking element into engagement with the securing element when the prevailing combination is disturbed, and guard means closely adjacent said engaging means to maintain engagement between said locking and securing elements when the prevailing combination is disturbed.

7. A permutation lock consisting of the combination of a body comprising two complementary halves secured together by two oppositely disposed end plates, a securing member adapted for rectilinear motion With respect to the body through holes cut in one end plate from an effective to an ineffective position, permutation members each provided with a lock controlling element, a locking element engaged at one end by the lock controlling elements and controlled by said lock controlling elements to render the securing member effective or ineiective, and a spring constantly urging said locking member in a direction to maintain said securing member eiective when the prevailing combination is disturbed, said body having integral webs forming a frame for said elements and provided with an integral guard in position to lie behind the other end of said locking element and maintain said locking element and securing member engaged with the securing element effective when the prevailing combination is disturbed.

8. In a permutation lock, a securing element having an ineffective position, an effective position, and a third position slightly beyond said effective position, a locking element adapted to engage said securing element in said third position and hold it in effective position when the securing element is moved to said effective position from said third position, permutation mechanism adapted to move said locking element to render the securing element ineffective when the prevailing combination is set, or into position to engage said securing element in said third position when the prevailing combination is disturbed, and a key lock center carrying a cam cooperating with camming surfaces on said locking element and having two positions to which it may be moved by a key, in the rst of which said locking member is moved to render said securing member ineffective and in the second of which said locking member is held in said engaging position by the permutation mechanism when the prevailing combination is disturbed.

9. The structure of claim 8 in combination with means to change the prevailing combination to which the permutation mechanism is set only when the securing member has been rendered ineiective by setting the then prevailing combination on the permutation mechanism.

10. In a permutation lock, a securing element having an ineffective position and an effective position, a locking element adapted to engage said securing element to render it elective, permutation mechanism to move said locking element to render the securing element ineffective when the prevailing combination is set and into position to engage said securing element when the prevailing combination is afterwards disturbed, a keyoperated lock center carrying a cam and cooperating with said locking element to move said locking element to render the securing element ineiiective and back to the above-mentioned engaging position, means to change the prevailing combination to which the permutation mechanism is set only when the securing member has been rendered ineffective by setting the then prevailing combination on the permutation mechanism, said combination changing means being operable by a master key used with the key operated lock center.

11. The structure of claim l0 in combination with additional means to prevent the use of other devices than the master key for operating said combination changing mechanism.

12. In a permutation lock, a securing element having an ineiective position, an effective position, and a third position slightly beyond said effective position, a locking element engaged with said securing element in said effective position,

permutation mechanism controlling said locking element and adapted when set tothe prevailing combination to allow said locking element to move out of engagement with said securing element when said element is moved to its third position from its effective position, and then when the prevailing combination is disturbed, position said locking element to engage said securing element when said last-named element is moved to its third position, and a key operated lock center carrying a cam and cooperating with said locking element and adapted to move said securing member from its effective to its third position, disengage said locking member and securing member and then allow the return of said locking member to the position to engage said securing element when it is moved to its third position, this position being the one determined by the permutation mechanism as described.

13. In a padlock construction, the combination of a hasp having a short and long leg and curved connecting portion all substantially of the same cross-sectional diameter, a casing having a top end closure through which said legs pass, permutation look mechanism in the casing having a longitudinally movable shaft for the purpose of changing the unlocking combination of the mechanism, the long leg of the hasp being positioned`-when the lock is locked to prevent longitudinal movement of said shaft, an integral lug struck out from the metal of the long leg and a coiled spring around the end portion of the long leg with the upper end of said spring bearing against said integral lug and its lower end bearing against a stop inside the casing, said spring being wound so as to lift the hasp for the short leg to rise out of the casing, the integral lug being positioned on said long leg to bear against the under side of said end closure to arrest the motion of the hasp when the short leg is out of the casing far enough for opening purposes and the end of the long leg has moved far enough to permit longitudinal movement of the shaft of the permutation mechanism and means at the top of the casing to cooperate with said lug and prevent the hasp fro-m being depressed until the short leg is aligned with its hole in the top closure.

14. In a permutation lock, a securing element having an ineffective position, an effective position, and a third position slightly beyond said effective position, a locking element adapted to engage said securing element in said third position and hold it in effective position when the securing element is moved to said effective position from said third position, guard means to maintain engagement between said locking and securing elements in said effective position, permutation mechanism adapted to move said locking element to render the securing element ineffective when the prevailing combination is set, o-r into position to engage said securing element in said third position when the prevailing combination is disturbed, and a key lock center carrying a cam cooperating with camming surfaces on said locking element and having two positions to which it may be moved by a key, in the first of which said locking member is moved to render said securing member ineffective and in the second of which said locking member is held in said engaging position by the permutation mechanism when the prevailing vcombination is disturbed.

15. In a permutation lock, a securing element having an ineffective position, an effective position and a third position slightly beyond said effective position, a locking element adapted to engage said securing element in said third position and hold it in effective position when the securing element is moved to said effective position from said third position, guard means located closely adjacent one end of said locking element and adapted to maintain engagement between said locking and securing elements in said effective position, permutation mechanism adapted to move said locking element to render the securing element ineffective when the prevailing combination is set, or into position to engage said securing element in said third position when the prevailing combination is disturbed, and a key lock center carrying a cam cooperating with camming surfaces on said locking element and having two positions to which it may be moved by a key, in the first of which said locking member is moved to render said securing member ineffective and in the second of which said locking member is held in said engaging position by the permutation mechanism when the prevailing combination is disturbed.

16. In a permutation lock, a securing element having an ineffective position, an effective position, and a third position slightly beyond said effective position, a looking element adapted to engage said securing element in said third position and hold it in effective position when the securing element is moved to said effective position from said third position, permutation mechanism adapted to move said locking element to render the securing element ineffective when the prevailing combination is set, or into position to engage said securing element in said third position when the prevailing combination is disturbed, and a key lock center adapted to control said locking element and having two positions to which it may be moved by a key, in the first of which said locking member is moved to render said securing member ineffective and in the second of which said locking memberis held in said engaging position by the permutation mechanism when the prevailing combination isv disturbed.

17. In a permutation lock, a securing element having an ineffective position, an effective position, and a third position slightly beyond said effective position, a locking element adapted to engage said securing element in said third position and hold it in effective position when the securing element is moved to said effective position from said third position, guard means to maintain engagement between said locking and securing elements in said effective position, permutation mechanism adapted to move said locking element to render the securing element ineffective when the prevailing combination is set, or into position to engage said securing element in said third position when the prevailing combination is disturbed, and a key lock center adapted to control said locking element and having two positions to which it may be moved by a key, in the first of which said locking member is moved to render said securing member ineffective and in the second of which said locking member is held in said engaging position by the permutation mechanism when the prevailing combination is disturbed.

KENNETH I-I. POND.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3546906 *Jul 20, 1967Dec 15, 1970Yin Lung YangSafety lock
US3750431 *Aug 29, 1972Aug 7, 1973Long Manuf Co IncPadlock construction
US3766758 *Aug 24, 1972Oct 23, 1973Kidde & Co WalterCombination padlock
US3837189 *Jul 13, 1973Sep 24, 1974Long Mfg Co IncPadlock construction
US4047406 *Sep 3, 1976Sep 13, 1977Master Lock CompanyAnti-rap mounting for permutation lock elements
US4048821 *Jan 30, 1976Sep 20, 1977Presto Lock Company, Division Of Walter Kidde & Company, Inc.Combination padlock
US4318287 *May 13, 1980Mar 9, 1982Kidde, Inc. (Presto Lock Company Division)Scramble-type combination lock
US4341101 *Jul 11, 1980Jul 27, 1982Presto Lock, Inc.Combination locks
US4343163 *Jun 18, 1980Aug 10, 1982Presto Lock, Inc.Combination lock with scramble feature
US4343165 *Jul 11, 1980Aug 10, 1982Presto Lock, Inc.Combination locks
US4355524 *Jul 11, 1980Oct 26, 1982Kidde, Inc. (Presto Lock Company Division)Combination locks
US4416126 *Dec 10, 1980Nov 22, 1983Presto Lock, Inc.Luggage latching system
US4441346 *Aug 6, 1980Apr 10, 1984C.G.V. S.A.S. Di Claudio Castiglioni & C.Combination lock with a single knob both for controlling the opening and for changing the lock combination
US4487043 *Nov 6, 1980Dec 11, 1984S. Franzen S/o/ hne (GmbH & Co.)Permutation lock
US5737947 *May 2, 1997Apr 14, 1998Ling; Chong-KuanMother-and-daughter combination lock
US5927113 *Feb 13, 1998Jul 27, 1999Yu; Chun-TeCombination lock with code protection device
US6539761 *Jun 28, 2001Apr 1, 2003Kuo-Tsung YangPadlock by combining key-operated lock and combination lock
US6834519 *Jan 15, 2004Dec 28, 2004Yao-Kun YangPadlock having receiving chamber inside
US6877345Aug 5, 2003Apr 12, 2005The Eastern CompanyCombination and key operated padlock with indicator
US7007521Apr 4, 2005Mar 7, 2006The Eastern CompanyCombination and key operated padlock with indicator
US7021092Oct 19, 2004Apr 4, 2006Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US7159422 *Dec 23, 2005Jan 9, 2007The Eastern CompanyCombination and key operated padlock with indicator
US7363782Sep 12, 2006Apr 29, 2008The Eastern CompanyCombination and key operated padlock with indicator
US7424812Jun 18, 2004Sep 16, 2008Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US7434426May 13, 2004Oct 14, 2008Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US7562545 *Jul 21, 2009The Sun Lock Company, Ltd.Padlock with fully integrated dual locking systems
US7694542Apr 13, 2010Stanton Concepts Inc.Tool operated combination lock
US7712342Oct 21, 2005May 11, 2010Stanton Concepts Inc.Tool operated combination lock
US7832238Oct 27, 2007Nov 16, 2010The Eastern CompanyCombination and key operated locks with indicators
US7891220Mar 30, 2009Feb 22, 2011Sinox Company Ltd.Multi-purpose detachable lock container and method of use
US7913526Mar 29, 2011Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US7934406May 3, 2011Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US8047027Nov 1, 2011Stanton Concepts, L.L.C.Multiple function lock
US8201423Sep 17, 2010Jun 19, 2012The Eastern CompanyCombination and key operated locks with indicators
US8353184May 26, 2006Jan 15, 2013Sinox Company Ltd.Tamper indicating padlock
US8720236Feb 5, 2007May 13, 2014Sinox Company Ltd.Padlock
US8881558Jun 8, 2012Nov 11, 2014The Eastern CompanyCombination and key operated locks with indicators
US9167268Aug 9, 2012Oct 20, 2015Google Inc.Second-order orthogonal spatial intra prediction
US20060243005 *Apr 6, 2006Nov 2, 2006The Sun Lock Company, Ltd.Padlock with fully integrated dual locking systems
US20070157679 *Mar 19, 2007Jul 12, 2007Sinox Company Ltd.Padlock
US20100218570 *Mar 2, 2010Sep 2, 2010Todd BascheCombination lock assemblies and methods for marking combination lock assemblies including random selection of characters
US20100218571 *Mar 2, 2010Sep 2, 2010Todd BascheCombination lock assemblies and methods for marking combination lock assemblies including distributions of consonants and vowels
USD674266Jan 15, 2013The Eastern CompanyCable shackle padlock having a sidewall aperture for a status indicator
Classifications
U.S. Classification70/21, 70/25, 70/317, 70/312
International ClassificationE05B37/00, E05B37/02
Cooperative ClassificationE05B37/025
European ClassificationE05B37/02B