US 2165683 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Juli; 11, 1939. M VSTQRCH 2,165,683
HAND MIRROR Filed Feb. 25, 1938 r 43 m% g INVENTOR.
a B I I/ 4 /9 /6 45 47' TTORNEY.
Patented July 11, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 1 Claim.
This invention relates to devices such ashand mirrors, brushes and the like.
One object of the invention is to provide a device of the character described having'an inexpensive handle structure comprising a shank and handle sleeved thereon in improved interengagement.
Heretofore, I have proposed the provision of a shank having transverse corrugations to afford a spring engagement with the sleeve onforcing the latter over the shank. This structure, which had for its main purpose the reduction of cost of making the device such as hand mirrors, and the like, possessed one important drawback. This resided in the fact that the handlesvary in size, and it appears that the ornamental tubular stock purchased on the market is not made according to standard diameters. Hence the corrugated shank might be too large at times, and in other instances, too small to properly lit the shank. In ornamental hand mirrors a great many different designs are produced to order and hence this. was
an obstacle to economical manufacture. Nor did the corrugations lend themselves readily to a decrease or increase in size, with any degree of accuracy, and without distortion of the shank.
Another drawback of the corrugated shank was that its range of use was limited in that it could not be used in special handles which are cast open or in skeletonized form to receive enameled or other decorative panels. With the present invention, the shank is maintained flat and thin so that it can be operatively accommodated in such a handle.
Hence it is a further object of the invention to provide a resiliently engaging handle shank which can be made in a simple stamping operation and which can be readily adjusted to suit handles of varying sizes, and which constitutes preferably a thin fiat structure that can be readily used in .cast flat handles when desired.
Heretofore hand mirrors of the channel frame have been provided with a considerable; thickness .of paper board backing. With the present invention, the cost of such backing is largely eliminated and also the cost of cutting and handling the same, the invention providing a stiffener plate for the bendable frame, formed with integral resilient tongues adapted to act on the mirror by bearing on a sheet of backing paper or other material.
The invention also provides improved means for securing the handle shank to the stiffener plate without welding, thus permitting the use of a thinner plate and saving cost in manufacture.
A related object of the invention is to furnish improved means. for anchoring the handle shank relative to the plate and frame to reenforce the handle shank against longitudinalstrain in its securement to the'stift'ener plate.
Another object of the invention is to provide improved means for anchoring the tongue ends of the frame, in association with the handle and the ferrule or ring;
Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent as the specification pro- .ceeds. v
With the aforesaid objects in View, the invention consists in the novel combinations and. arrangements of parts hereinafter described in their preferred embodiments, pointed out in the subjoined claim, and illustrated in the annexed drawing, wherein like parts are designated by the same reference characters throughout the several views.
Inrthe drawing: V Figure l is a plan view of a device embodying the invention, with parts removed to show the handle structure. 7
Fig. 2 is an enlarged. sectional view of the handle taken on line 22 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of the shank showing the method of ,adjustingrthe same.
Fig. 415 an enlarged sectional view taken on line 4-4 of Fig. 1. I
' Fig. 5 is a plan view of the shank and stiffener plate unit. i p j Fig. 6 is a fra mentary view of a step in assembling the frame end tongueswith the shank."
Fig. 7 is a sectional view taken on line 1-1 0f Fi .7 V.
Fig. 8 is a side view of the ring or ferrule.
. Fig. 9 is a viewof the washer or holder for the frame tongues. v e g Fig. 10 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional viewof details ofthe assembly.
Fig, 11 is a fragmentary plan view of a modified device embodying the invention, with the handle open. Y
Figs. 12 and 13 are sectional views taken on lines lz ll and l3-.- l 3 of Figs. 11. r
Fig. 14 is a bottom plan view of an ornamental closure plate for the handle.
The advantages of the invention as here outlined are best realized when all of its features 50 and instrumentalities are combined in one and the same structure, but, useful devices may be produced embodying less than the whole.
It will be obvious to those skilled in the art to which the invention appertains, that the same 55 may be relatively rigid and yet yieldable or :re-
silient to a suitable degree. Preferably the shank is made of soft or malleable iron standard stock. In such a strip of material isformed a longitudinal slot I8 which is thus adapted to be cut by a simple stamping operation. Now the slotted portion I9 is expanded or enlarged inwidth to.
afford a loop-like spring. Then a tubular handle 20 is forced'over the shank so as to be grippingly frictionally held by the slotted portion I9. It is noted that the shank I1 is otherwise freely fittingly received in the handle, 20 with a slight clearance. This serves'to center the handle on the shank. Should the handle 20 be slightly too large, the portion [9 can be expanded to suit as by any wedging tool 2| shown in Fig. 3. If the handle tube be too small, the portion l9 may be contracted by a clamping or other device. However, there is sufiicient resilience in the shank to engage. handles of slightly varying While the handle structure l5 can be used with any kind of device, it has particular advantage With a device having a split article holding channelrim or frame 22, in which are disposed, a mirror 23,'a back plate 24 and a stiffenerplate 25. The latter may be marginally concaved along its edges and may. have aseries of struck out tongues 26 for resiilently bearing on a paper backing. plate 21' for the mirror. Thus the cost of the hand mirror is considerably reduced, the assembling rendered easier, and the mirror is reliably held in. position in a light weight structure, without the use of many paper board filler sheets.
As shown in Fig. 5, the shank extends outward of the-stiffenerplate 25 and is secured thereto tongues 28 are struck from the plate 25 and are by pressed 'means. For example, a pair of tongues 28 are struck from the plate 25.and are received: inthe holes 29 formed in the shank.
Thesetongues 28 =are then bent over on the shank as shown at 28aand their free end portions are partially bent into the adjacent holes 30 .of the shank to rigidly secure the latter. At 3| a clearanoe'cut out maybe provided for the shank.
Formed in the side edges of theshank I! are a plurality of recesses 32 for receiving the opposite end tongues 33-which are integrally formed with the'frame 22 at the ends thereof. Desirably, these recesses are arranged also to receive therein portions of the back of the channel as is clearly shown at 34 in Fig. 10. A conventional ferrule or ring 35 is sleeved over the shank If! and-around the tongues 33. Fittingly received larly secure and reliable lock for the frame i tongues 33. An additional advantage is that the structure is small and compact, and that the shank [1 seats on the frame at 34 to restrain outward movement of the shank. Inward movement of the shank I! may be restrained by a struck out lug 3.1. in the plate 25, this lug presenting a free edge in abutment with the end of the shank. Thus the shank is not only held by the tongues 28a but is longitudinally reenforced also at 34 and 31. V p
The handle 20- is now forcibly sleeved over the shank I1, so that-its upper free end seats in the ferrule 35' and against the element 36 so as to lock the: assembly, while restraining lateral shifting of the handle on the shank. If desired,
added'rigi'dity may be obtained by providing a transverse corrugation 38 in the shank remote from the slotted portion.
In Figs. 11 to 14 is shown a modified device 40 embodying the invention and illustrating the application of the invention to a flat skeleton cast handle 41 having a large side opening 42 for receiving an ornamental closure plate 43. The handle may be formed with longitudinal parallel. ribs 44 therein providing a shallow passage for the shank I! with its slotted portion l9 gripping the ribs frictionally; Also formed in the handle are seating portions 45, 46 having bores 41. to press fittingly receive the pins 48 of the plate 43 with the latter resting on the seating portions and on the ribs 44. The corrugation 38 may be omitted in this modification, but thedevice 40 may otherwise be like the device l6. v i
I. claim; l
A device for a mirror including a a flatv sheet metal shank connected thereto having aiportion slotted lengthwise of the shank to afford longitudinal strip elements, the latter being initially moved apart with the width of said slotted portion being greater than that of the rest of the shank, said strip elements being laterally resilient, and a tubular handle having a longitudinal cylindrical passage of a diameter greater insize than the width of the shank, said shank extending into the passage with the strip elementstending to expand for powerfully frictionally gripping the sides of said passage to retain the handle on saidshank, said shank having a transverse corrugation adjacent to the junction of the member and. the shank remote fromthe slotted portion to thus increase the size of the shank, said corrugation being incontact with an adjacent end of said handle within said passage to, center the shank in the handle.
MAX H. STORCH.
1 1 member,