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Publication numberUS2165848 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 11, 1939
Filing dateApr 21, 1937
Priority dateApr 1, 1936
Publication numberUS 2165848 A, US 2165848A, US-A-2165848, US2165848 A, US2165848A
InventorsAlbrecht Gothe, Wolfgang Kautter
Original AssigneeTelefunken Gmbh
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Protection of high frequency lines
US 2165848 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 11, 1939. A. GOTHE rr AL 2,1 %,343

PROTECTION OF HIGH FREQUENCY LINES Filed April 21, 1937 I I I I I I I I T E i I I I ,Q I l =5 I I OHM g: g F554}, I I T I I I I I RELAY I ATTORNEY Patented July 11, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE PROTECTION OF HIGH FREQUENCY LINES Germany Application April 21, 1937, Serial No. 138,114 In Germany April 1, 1 936 7 Claims.

This invention concerns the guarding of high frequency energy lines against the appearance of stationary waves and of over-voltages of any type.

For the transmission of high frequency energy, for instance in the supply of an antenna from transmitter, power lines are used whose wave resistance is adapted to that of the antenna for the purpose of preventing stationary waves. In all points of the line there eXist with correct adaption equal current and equal voltage. If the adaption is disturbed, for instance due to damage to antenna or a line short-circuit, the high frequency waves are reflected at the point of the faulty adaption resulting in the appearance of stationary Waves, in other Words, current loops and voltage loops, which amount in certain points to a multiple of the currents and voltages existing under adaption conditions and thus endanger the cable. In the case of a faulty adaption, current and voltage will never change in the same direction at a certain point but each of the two values may rise or fall so that it is not sufficient to check on the current or voltage alone at one point for determining a faulty adaption. In accordance with the invention, the current as well as the voltage are checked at any desired point of the energy line and brought to an arrangement which disconnects the energy source with the increase or decrease beyond a limit established as normal of one of the two or both values.

An exemplified embodiment of the idea of the invention will be described in more detail with aid of the drawing. A transmitter S feeds an antenna A over a concentric energy line L. The testing of the adaption is suitably accomplished at the input of line L but may be effected at any other point thereon. For the determination of the size of the current, a small ohmic resistance W is connected in the line wherein the line current produces a potential drop. This potential, proportional to the current, and the potential tapped at a resistance B through a condenser C connected for protection against continuous potential, are brought to rectifiers T wherein are inserted direct-current path relays I and 2 which disconnect the transmitter energy source 3 with the appearance of supernormal voltages. As rectifiers there may be used any desired oxide type, diode, grid or anode rectifiers. The grid or audion rectification shown in the drawing offers, however, special advantages in that it works normally with feed current which is reduced with the appearance of high alternating potentials. But this reduction of the direct current occurs also when for some reason or other a fault appears in the protecting arrangement, for instance, non-appearance of the rectifier feed potential or the like. Thus, the protective device insures its own operation against failure to act without supplementary devices.

In grid rectification, the transmitter will also be directly disconnected if the endeavor is made to switch the cable in without the protective arrangement being ready for operation.

The tapping of the potential that is proportional to the line current atresistance W is accomplished as shown by the intermediary of a coupling ccil transformer arrangement which is symmetrical to the earth so that the grid of the current control tube is impressed with a potential that is independent of the line potential and proportional only to the line current.

It is further feasible by the suitable selection of the time constants of the rectifier circuits to retard the starting of the protective arrangement in order to prevent the switching off of the transmitter by deviations from the normal state of short duration.

What is claimed is:

l. A protective system for protecting a high frequency energy line comprising a transmitting source, a concentric conductor connected to said transmitting source, means for checking the current and voltage in said concentric conductor including a resistance connected in series with the transmitting source and said concentric conductor, a coupling coil device coupled to said resistance, two rectifier circuits, each rectifier in said circuits having at least anode, grid and cathode, one of said rectifiers having its grid coupled to said coupling coil device, the other rectifier being coupled to the concentric conductor by means of a second resistance, the output of each rectifier being connected to a relay circuit, and means responsive to said relay circuits for switching off said transmitting source whereby the transmitting source is switched off when a change of current or voltage values in said concentric conductor beyond a limit established as the normal value occurs.

2. A protective system for protecting a high frequency energy line comprising a transmitter, a concentric conductor connected to said transmitter, means for checking the current and volt age in said concentric conductor including a resistance connected in series with said transmitter and said concentric conductor, a coupling coil device coupled to said resistance, two rectifier circuits, each rectifier in said circuits having at least anode, grid and cathode, one of said rectifiers having its grid coupled to said coupling coil device by means of a transformer, the other rectifier being coupled to the concentric conductor by means of a second resistance, the output of each rectifier being connected to a relay circuit, and means responsive to said relay circuits for switching oiT said transmitter whereby the transmitter is switched off when a change of current or voltage values in said concentric conductor beyond a limit established as the normal value occurs.

3. A protective system for protecting a high frequency energy line comprising a transmitter, a concentric conductor connected to said transmitter, means for checking the current and voltage in said concentric conductor including a resistance connected in series with said transmitter and said concentric conductor, a coupling coil device coupled to said resistance, two rectifier circuits, each rectifier in said circuits having at least anode, grid and cathode, one of said rectifiers having its grid coupled to said coupling coil device by means of a transformer, the other rectifier being coupled to the concentric conductor by means of a second resistance and a condenser, the output of each rectifier being connected to a relay circuit, means responsive to said relay circuits for switching off said transmitter whereby the transmitter is switched off when a change of current or Voltage Values in said concentric conductor beyond a limit estab lished as the normal value occurs.

4. A protective system for protecting a high frequency energy line comprising a transmitter, a concentric conductor connected to said transmitter, means for checking the current and voltage in said concentric conductor including a resistance connected in series with said transmitter and said concentric conductor, a coupling coil device coupled to said resistance, two rectifier circuits, each rectifier in said circuits having at least anode, grid and cathode, one of said rectifiers having its grid coupled to said coupling coil device arranged symmetrically to ground by means of a transformer, the other rectifier being coupled to the concentric conductor by means of a second resistance and a condenser, the output of each rectifier being connected to a relay circuit, and means responsive to said relay circuits for switching off said transmitter whereby the transmitter is switched off when a change of current or voltage values in said concentric conductor beyond a limit established as the normal value occurs.

5. A protective system for protecting a high frequency energy line comprising a transmitter, a concentric conductor connected to said transmitter, means for checking the current and voltage in said concentric conductor including a resistance connected in series with said transmitter and said concentric conductor, a coupling coil device coupled to said resistance, two rectifier circuits, each rectifier in said circuits having at least anode, grid and cathode, one of said rectifiers having its grid coupled to a coupling coil device by means of a transformer, the grid of the other rectifier being coupled to the concentric conductor by means of a second resistance having a variable tap, said variable tap being connected in series with said grid, the output of each rectifier being connected to a relay circuit, and means responsive to said relay circuits for switching off said transmitter whereby the transmitter is switched off when a change of current or voltage values in said concentric conductor beyond a limit established as the normal value occurs,

6. A protective system for protecting a high frequency energy line comprising a transmitter, a concentric conductor connected to said transmitter, means for checking the current and voltage in said concentric conductor including a resistance connected in series with the transmitting source of energy and said concentric conductor, a coupling coil device coupled to said resistance, two rectifier circuits, each rectifier in said circuits having at least anode, grid and cathode, one of said rectifiers having its grid coupled to said coupling coil device, the other rectifier being coupled to the concentric conductor by means of a second resistance, the output of each rectifier being connected to a relay circuit, said rectifier circuits having retarding means to delay the starting of said protective system and means responsive to said relay circuits for switching off said transmitter whereby the transmitter is switched off when a change of current or voltage values in said concentric conductor beyond a limit established as the normal value occurs.

'7. A circuit arrangement for protecting a high frequency energy line comprising a transmitter, a concentric conductor connected to said transmitter, means for obtaining a potential drop in said line including a resistance connected in series with the input of said concentric conductor and said transmitter, two rectifier circuits, each rectifier in said circuits having at least an anode, grid and cathode, one of said rectifiers having its grid coupled to said resistance by means of a transformer, the other rectifier being coupled to the concentric conductor by means of a second resistance and a condenser, the output of each rectifier circuit being connected to a relay circuit, and means responsive to said relay circuits for switching 01f said transmitter whereby the transmitter is switched ofi When a change of current or voltage values in said concentric conductor beyond a limit established as the normal value occurs.

ALBRECHT GOTHE. WERNER BUSCHBECK. WOLFGANG KAUTTER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2460860 *Oct 25, 1945Feb 8, 1949Americo VolpignoElectronic circuit breaker
US2462799 *Mar 21, 1945Feb 22, 1949Rca CorpControl circuits
US2467648 *May 2, 1946Apr 19, 1949Hartford Nat Bank & Trust CoTransmission line energy indicator
US2498719 *Jun 7, 1947Feb 28, 1950Raytheon Mfg CoHigh-frequency protective circuits
US2498720 *Feb 6, 1947Feb 28, 1950Raytheon Mfg CoHigh-frequency protective circuits
US2509703 *Nov 29, 1945May 30, 1950Us NavyProtecting circuit
US2545544 *Dec 9, 1949Mar 20, 1951Bell Telephone Labor IncImpedance monitor
US2659008 *Sep 11, 1951Nov 10, 1953Gen ElectricElectronic control circuit
US2763758 *Apr 21, 1953Sep 18, 1956Kohler FredArc suppresser for dielectric heating equipment
US2823678 *Apr 29, 1954Feb 18, 1958Raytheon Mfg CoDiathermy power controls
US3074018 *Dec 10, 1958Jan 15, 1963Adler Electronics IncMonitoring device
US4301491 *Jan 21, 1980Nov 17, 1981Gould Inc.Combined fault current and applied voltage tripping for solid state trip circuit and particular current transformer construction
Classifications
U.S. Classification333/17.1, 315/119, 455/117, 361/93.1, 361/88, 455/129
International ClassificationH01Q1/50
Cooperative ClassificationH01Q1/50
European ClassificationH01Q1/50