US 2166430 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
E. E. GREEN 2,166,430 I WALL CABINET Filed Aug. 23, 1957 Patented July 18, 1939 UNITED STATES .AT-ENT OFFlCE Application August 23, 1937, Serial No. 160,502
It is an object of the present invention to provide a wall cabinet made of" wood or materials that are `conveniently handled in a woodworking establishment, which cabinet is of simple, durable t: and inexpensive construction.
Itis a special purpose of my invention to pro1 vide a cabinet mainly of wood with parts which can be cheaply and quickly formed and assembled in a factory, the whole being made into a complete unit which can be stored, transported and installed without further cabinet work at the time of installation.
Another and important feature of the invenn tion is the provision of a cabinet which is reversible top for bottom, and thus installable for se" curing either a left hand or right hand opening door.`
Still another object is to provide a cabinet havu ing a novel door structure whereby a mirror may be permanently installed relative thereto and special machining of the parts to accommodate countersunk hinges is entirely eliminated, thus serving to further reduce the cost of manufacture of the cabinet.
A further object is to provide a cabinet in which the casing thereof is integral with the cabinet, thus facilitating installation as the cabinet can be merely set in an opening cut in the wall, where upon its integral casing will cover any rough edges of the opening and the cabinet can then be retained in position by nailing through the casing and into the wall.
Still a further object is to provide a door which completely covers the casing and thereby covers the nails used to retain the cabinet in position and permits the use of a frame for the door, the width of which is not apparently increased by the casing as in usual wall cabinet construction and thus providing a relatively narrow and neat appearing trim for the cabinet as well as an appearance of an ordinary framed mirror on the wall when a mirror is used as a panel in the door.
With these and other objects in View, my invention consists in the construction, arrangement and combination of the various parts of my wall cabinet, whereby the objects contemplated are attained, as hereinafter more fully set forth, pointed out in my claim, and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which:
Figure l is a perspective view of a wall cabinet embodying my inventionl Figure 2 is an enlarged, detail, sectional view taken on the line 2 2 of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a detail elevation looking at one corner of the door from the inside.
Figure 4 is an enlarged, detail sectional `view taken on the line of Figure i; and
Figures 5 and 6 are diagrammatic iront clevations on a reduced scale, showing two installations, Figure 5 for providing a left-hand opening cabinet door and Figure 6 for providing a righthand opening cabinet door.
It is the custom in the building of houses in a large part of this country to install in the bathroom or elsewhere, a wall cabinet. l have here provided a cabinet which can be cheaply and simply built and then sold 'as a complete unit, ready for easy and quick installation. It is also such. a cabinet as can be conveniently manufactured under the most economical conditions in a woodworking establishment-` On the accompanying drawing, I have shown the cabinet having the sides Il), the top l I and the bottom I2 made into the form of a rectangular box of appropriate size. The cabinet has a back i3 nailed to the box-like frame formed by the members I0, II and I2.
One of the features of the structure here shown is that the outer faces of the frame members It, tI and I2 are cut away to leave at the front of the cabinet a peripheral casing-like flange I4 adapted to fit around the opening in a building and to coact with a suitable door.
The door consists of a rectangular frame I5 with a rabbet I6 extending around it on the inside and adjacent the inner edges of the frame members. The rabbet I5 is just deep enough to receive a mirror or the like Il in such manner that the rear surface of the mirror will be hush with the rear surface of the frame l5, I then cover the entire back of the door with a sheet I3 of suitable material which. can be finished in white or any other color desired, so as to harmonize with the interior finish of the cabinet.
This sheet I8 snugly holds the mirror Il in place as well providing means for giving the inside of the door a desired finish as I have just .mentioned The sheet I8 is fastened to the frame I by any suitable means, such as brads lilo shown by way of illustration.
The material of the door backing sheet I8 just described is cut away or notched as indicated at il] in Figure 3 and Figure 4, to receive the hinge `20, the two leaves of which have the same total thickness as the backing sheet I8. One leaf is screwed or nailed to the frame I5 and the other leaf is similarly fastened to the flange Ill of one of the side members Ill at the front of the cabinet, as illustrated in Figure 4. Op-
posite the hinges 20, I provide a knob 20a for opening and closing the door.
The cabinet is intended to fit into the opening 2| in the wall 22 with the flange I 4 resting against the face of the Wall, the main body of the cabinet received in the opening and the door and front portion of the cabinet frame projecting from the opening as illustrated in Figure 4. The frame of the cabinet can be nailed to the Wall by nails 2| driven through the flanges I4 When the door is open. When the door is closed, it effectively conceals the nails and the flanges I4 from view. The overlapping of the flanges by the door frame make for a neat appearing narrow trim comprising the frame I5 of the mirror I'I which can thereby be wide enough vto substantially reinforce the mirror Without, however, giving an overbalanced Wide appearance to its width, being augmented by a casing as in usual cabinet construction.
A device of this kind has the advantages of simplicity and economy and provides a structure which can be manufactured by the most efficient methods in the Woodworking plant into a complete cabinet unit which can be sold with or without paint or varnish or other nal finish, as may be desired.
It is obvious that the parts which project into the room may be nished to harmonize with the interior of the room as desired or such parts can be made white, black or other standard color or finish, if that is preferred.
The cabinet is symmetrical about its horizontal axis (indicated at H) so that it can be installed either as shown in Figure 5 or as shown in Figure 6, in which latter case the wall I2 becomes the top Wall and the wall II becomes the bottom wall. Thus the same cabinet can be installed so that the door thereof swings either to the left or to the right as desired. Symmetry is' secured by placing the knob 20a on the axis H and equally spacing the hinges 20 from the axis H. The walls I are provided with pins or the like 24 selectively positionable in spaced sockets 25. Shelves 26 are supported on the pins 24. Regardless of which end of the cabinet is uppermost, the shelves may be properly supported on the pins as shown in Figures and 6, the structure being thus adaptable for reversibility as hereinbefore referred to.
Some changes may be made in the arrangement and construction of the various parts of my Wall cabinet Without departing from the real spirit and purpose of my invention, and it is my intention to cover by my claim, any modified forms of structure or use of mechanical equivalents, which may be reasonably included within their scope.
I claim as my invention:
A door for a cabinet structure, comprising a frame having a rabbet extending entirely around its rear face adjacent the opening in the frame, a mirror received in the rabbet having its rear face flush with the rear face of the door frame, a sheet entirely covering the back of the door frame and thus holding the mirror in place, an odge of said sheet being notched to receive the leaves of hinges and hinges each having a leaf secured to a door frame on which the door is mounted and having another leaf, the two leaves being of substantially the same thickness as the backing sheet and received in the notches thereof.
EARL E. GREEN.