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Publication numberUS2166577 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 18, 1939
Filing dateSep 26, 1938
Priority dateOct 6, 1937
Publication numberUS 2166577 A, US 2166577A, US-A-2166577, US2166577 A, US2166577A
InventorsAntoine Beckius
Original AssigneeAntoine Beckius
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building suitable for countries liable to earthquakes
US 2166577 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 18, 1939. BECKlUs 2,156,577

BUILDING SUITABLE FOR COUNTRIES LIABLE TO EARTHQUAKES Filed Sept. 26, 1938 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Inventor.- 1 flntomeBeclrius Attorney A. BIECKIUIS 2,166,577

July 18, 1939.

BUILDING SUITABLE FOR. COUNTRIES LIABLE TO EARTHQUAKES 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Fil ed Sept. 26, 1938 i z wyjlvyym Inve'nion finioine Beclu'ns Patented July 18,1939

PATENT; OFFICE i BUILDING- SUITABLE son coun'rmns mum to mmqums Antoine Beckius, Luxemburg, Luxemburg Application September 26, 1938, Serial No. 231.792

In Luxemburg October 6, 1937 4 Claims. (01. '12-'17) The subject matter of the present invention is a special structure which can be used as a dwelling, orfor other purposes, and which is intended for countries where earthquakes are prevalent.

The essential feature of this structure is the spherical shape of its metallic framework, within which the house is built and supported; this framework is rigid and cannot be put out of shape; it rests in an excavation made in the m ground and which has the shape of an inverted skull-cap, the part of the framework thus buried under the level of the ground, being let into a mass of concrete, which occupies at least one quarter of the volume of the sphere formed by 15 this framework. The mass of concrete, as well asthe weight, and the distribution of the parts above this mass, are calculated in such a way that the centre of gravity of the whole is located in the depth of the concrete mass, perceptibly on the diametrical vertical axis, so that the whole constitutes a loaded sphere which cannot be upset. Y

The steel girders, preferably T-shaped, constitute the meridians of the sphere; they are assembled together by other girders which constitute parallels and equator of the sphere; they thus form a spherical framework or casing which cannot be put out of shape and the elements of which-parallels and meridians-can be used ,as

supports or as stays for the partitions, ceilings, floors, which are made of masonry, concrete, wood, tiles, etc. One can also pass radial or secant girders in the sphere itself, these bearing on the meridians, equator and parallels.

3:, The stairs, if any, must be located in the centre of the structure-following the vertical axisand the structure will preferably be divided by radial partitions, so as to distribute the loads and the weight as uniformly as possible.

- As said, the girders of the framework can form an integral part of the exterior walls, the masonry, the concrete, etc., being fitted between these girders, or the latter being let into the concrete. One can, however, erect square or rectangular structure in the sphere, which will be exactly encircled by the metallic framework. In any case, as-the difference between the weight of the concrete block which fills the inferior part of the sphere, and the superior part of the structure is of capital importance for the stability, it is necessary to use, for the partitions, material as light as possible. Ceilings may be made of concrete, wood, or any other usual material. The roof truss isconstituted by the upper part of the metallic framework, the covering being made of eternit, copper, zinc, etc.

As the structure as a whole is not fastened to the ground, it remains independent-as far as equilibrium and stability. are concerned-of earthquake shocks, thanks to the inferior ballast- ,ing, the weight of which is higher than that of the part which is above ground.

An example of the subject matter of the invention is shown in .the annexed drawings, wherein:

Fig; 1 is an elevation showing a two-"cored building;

Fig. 2 is an horizontal section through the equatorial plane showing a specimen laying out of a ground-floor.

Fig. 3 is avertical section on line III-III of Fig. 1. Y

The dwelling-house according to the invention is (Fig. 1) in the shape of a spherical cupola, a third of which is under the level of the ground. I is the entrance door, and 2 a belt of windows, at each story.

Fig. 3 shows the framework consisting of meridians 3 made of metallic girders rigidly assembled by circles 4 forming parallels and equator; the buried part of the framework is let into a concrete mass 5; the ground is simply hollowed out in the shape of a skull-cap, and covered by a thick layer of sand 6 which is not indispensable.

The floors and ceilings I are supported by corresponding circles--parallelsand, eventually, by diametrical girders.

Fig. 2 gives the schematic lay-out of the ground-floor, divided into several rooms--supposed to be furnishedby radial partitions 8 opening on a circular central vestibule 9, and to a circular gallery ID for the floor; II are the connecting doors. The vestibule or hall is lined with a cylindrical partition I2, and also has a part I 3 which leads to the entrance door of the dwelling. This lay-out of the dwellingrooms in the shape of a crown divided into successive sections, is not restrictive; one may evidently in the case of a housewithout story, conceive a quite difierent lay-out, with suites of rooms on either side of a rectangular diametrical vestibule.

' Having now fully described by said invention,

what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is: l. A building structure comprising a metallic framework of spherical shape, the lower portion to the extent of at least one-fourth of the volume -of the entire framework resting freely in a correspondingly shaped excavation in the ground,

and a mass of concrete or the like forming a base for and maintaining the shape of the metallic framework, said mass of concrete. being in such volume that the center of gravity of the entire structure is within the mass of concrete.

2. A construction as defined in claim 1, wherein that portion of the framework above the mass of concrete is usable as a habitation.

3. A construction as defined in claim 1, wherein the spherical-shaped framework is made up of meridian girders connected by parallel girders and secant planes.

4. A construction as defined in claim 1, wherein the metallic framework and mass of concrete are wholly free of any connection with the surface relative to which it is mounted.

ANTOINE BECKIUS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2469603 *Feb 15, 1943May 10, 1949Letourneau IncBuilding construction
US2649625 *Aug 18, 1948Aug 25, 1953Johnson Eugene ATornado proof building
US3154888 *Mar 23, 1960Nov 3, 1964Phillip GrahamBuilding construction
US3164111 *Jul 13, 1962Jan 5, 1965Lanni Daniel GBomb shelter
US3212220 *May 6, 1963Oct 19, 1965Albin Boniecki MariaBuilding structure
US3457690 *Jan 26, 1967Jul 29, 1969Clercq Pierre LeMethod for constructing a building simultaneously below and above ground level
US3736712 *Feb 28, 1972Jun 5, 1973 Composite building structure and walls therefor
US3916578 *May 24, 1971Nov 4, 1975Forootan IradjEarthquake-proof building structure
US4074476 *Dec 2, 1975Feb 21, 1978Imanol OrdorikaTubular dwelling construction
US4228788 *Jan 8, 1979Oct 21, 1980John MoeserSelf-contained all-terrain living apparatus
US4565149 *May 15, 1985Jan 21, 1986Richard ClaskySemi-submergible spherical residential structure
US5009412 *Nov 16, 1989Apr 23, 1991Itrec B.V.Eathquake simulator for a theme park
US5394661 *Jun 24, 1993Mar 7, 1995Noble; Curtis R.Earthquake resistant biosphere
US5605021 *Jan 26, 1993Feb 25, 1997Thomann; BernardEarthquake-proof building
US5623794 *Aug 18, 1995Apr 29, 1997Bohls; GlenFraming structure apparatus and method for earth sheltered, multi-level structure
US5765326 *Jan 11, 1996Jun 16, 1998Schuster; SiegfriedGlobated builiding structure
US6161341 *Jan 11, 1999Dec 19, 2000Anderson; Kent G.Simulated time ship dining and entertainment arrangement
US6868639Aug 16, 2000Mar 22, 2005Ray R. GunthardtForce resistant architecture
US7174851 *Aug 10, 2004Feb 13, 2007North America Pet ProductsAnimal display and habitat assembly
US7937897 *Jan 25, 2006May 10, 2011Yusenkaisha Japan IsusycDome-shaped shelter
US20060032453 *Aug 10, 2004Feb 16, 2006Bonner Ronald KAnimal display and habitat assembly
US20070028531 *Jul 20, 2005Feb 8, 2007Woodcock Jerry AHaven House
US20090013615 *Aug 11, 2005Jan 15, 2009Yugenkaisha Japan TsusyoResin Knockdown House
US20090013616 *Jan 25, 2006Jan 15, 2009Yugenkaisha Japan TsusyoDome-shaped shelter
US20100300010 *May 27, 2009Dec 2, 2010Maria Eugenia VallejoEco sphere
DE19641104A1 *Oct 5, 1996Apr 23, 1998Petereit WolfgangFoundations for high and=or deep building
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/169.1, 52/167.1, 52/81.2, 52/167.4, 472/136, D25/19, 52/250, 109/1.00S
International ClassificationE04H9/02, E02D27/34
Cooperative ClassificationE04H9/02, E02D27/34
European ClassificationE04H9/02, E02D27/34