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Publication numberUS2166746 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 18, 1939
Filing dateJul 10, 1937
Priority dateJul 10, 1937
Publication numberUS 2166746 A, US 2166746A, US-A-2166746, US2166746 A, US2166746A
InventorsHarry H Bartel
Original AssigneeHuck Gerhardt Company Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Overhead operating garage door construction
US 2166746 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 18, 1939. H. HA BARTEL OVERHEAD OPERATlNG GRAGE DOOR CONSTRUCTION Filed July lO, 1957 Patented July 18, 1939 APATENT .oFF'lcE OVERHEAD OPERATING GARAGE DOOR CONSTRUCTION Han-y n. partei, Philadelphia, Pa., signor to Huck-Gerhardt Company, Inc., Philadelphia,

Application July 10, 1937, Serial No. 153,030

` 7 Claims. (Cl. 20--20) This invention relates to an overhead operating garage door construction, and has for its primary object the design and co-relation of a plurality of devices, whereby the door, upon reaching its closed position, will be automatically locked, but is capable of being manually released,

and when the door approaches and finally'` reaches its fully open position, it will be retarded in its sliding action, thereby greatly increasing the silent action of the door and greatly reducing the shock to which parts of overhead operating types of door structures are subjected.

An object of the invention resides in the combination and co-relation of a manually operated releasing device and an automatically operated retarding device, the first functioning to hold the door in closed, locked position, and the latter` functioning as a bumper, or retarding device, as the door reaches its nal open position.

, A feature of the invention resides in the novel design of the 'component parts of the retarding device, whereby the door will automatically be subjected to a yieldable, retarding action as the same approaches its final open position.

Another object of the invention resides in the inclined relation of the auxiliary track with the main track, and the arrangement of the bumper springs, whereby the door is not only subjected to a yieldable bumper action when approaching its nal open position, but is also subjected to a retarding action.

With these and other objects in View, the invention will be better understood from the iollowing detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, wherein:

' Figure l is a vertical sectional view of my improved door construction in closed position.

Figure 2 is a View similar to Figure 1, showing the door approaching its nal open position.

Figure 3 is a large side elevation of the retarding device.

Figure 4 is a cross sectional view on line d--A of Figure 3.

Again referring to the drawing, illustrating one of the many constructions of my invention, the numeral I designates a door frame forming a door opening 2. 'Ihe door 3 for closing the opening 2 consists of a plurality of panels 4 hingcdly connected together, as indicated at 5, and carrying guide rollers 6 operating along a guide track I that consists of a vertical portion 8 and a horizontal portion 9.

The door is raised by any suitable type of counterbalancing mechanism I0. 'I'he particular type illustrated includes a coil spring II having a exible cable connection I2 with the door, -the connection l2 passing around guide pulleys I3.

Associated in a novel combination with the door is a locking and releasing device I4 and a retarding device or bumper I5, the former func- 5 tioning to lock and release the door when in its vertical closed position, and the latter functioning to automatically retard and'absorb shocks as the door approaches and finally reaches its fully open position.

The locking and releasing device I4 consists of an attaching plate I6 having upstanding ears I1 to which is pivotally connected the intermediate portion of a lever I8. One end of the leverI8 carries a roller I9 having an axle 20 in direct 15 vertical alignment with the vpivot of the lever so that the roller may directly engage the top edge of the door, as shown in Figure 1, to prevent the rising thereof by the counterbalancing mechanism I0. A'spring 2I automatically swings the 20 roller to the position just mentioned and to assure accurate vertical alignment of the connected p axle 20, the pivot of the lever I8, and the top edge l of the door, an adjusting screw 22 is mounted in the lever, and this screw contacts with the plate I6.

As the spring 2| functions to automatically move the catch to locking position, manually operated means are provided for swinging the devvice Ill to an unlocking position, consisting of a cable 23 passing around guide pulleys 24 and terminating in a handle 25 by means of which the cable 23 may be subjected to a pull for the swinging ofthe device I4 to an unlocking position.

The retarding device or bumper I5 consists of 35 an auxiliary track y26 pivotally connected to the main track, as indicated at 2T. The track surface 28 of this auxiliary track extends at an angle tothe track surface 29 of the main track and to hold this auxiliary track at this inclination, there 0 is provided a bumper spring 30 mounted around a bolt 3| that is carried by the main track and loosely mounted in the auxiliary track.

The door carries an auxiliary roller 32 which is adapted to ride upon the auxiliary track as the door approaches its final open position. Attention is called to the fact that the correlation of the inclined track surfaces 28 and 29 and the position of the auxiliary roller 32 is such that the roller 32 will gradually depress the auxiliary 50 track as the roller slides along the track surface 28. This depressing of the auxiliary track compresses the spring 30 which thereby causes the spring 30 to function as a bumper spring and, further, increases frictional contact betweenV the roller 32 and the track surface 2B, and between the guide roller B and the track surface 29.

A very important feature of the retarding device resides ln the fact that the same is so designed as to perform two functions-act as a bumper, and act as a retarding device-thereby gradually reducing the speed of the travelling door as it approaches final open position, and yieldably absorbing shocks created by the door in the reaching of its final open position.

Oi course, it is to be understood that the various structural details of the locking and releasing device and the structural details of the retarding device or bumper may be changed in many ways. Therefore, my invention is not to be limited in any manner whatsoever except as set forth in the following claims.

What'I claim is:

1. An overhead door structure of the character described comprising: a door frame forming a door opening', a door slidably mounted in relation to the door frame for movement to opening positionk and to closing position, guide rollersl carried by the door,` a guide track having its inside portion in engagement with said rollers for guiding the door in its movements, an auxiliary track section mounted on the outside portion of the guide track and yieldably held in inclined relation with respect to thev associated guide track and to the direction of the door when moving to its opening position, and means carriedr by the door in a plane paralleling that of the guide rollers thereon and disposed outside the guide track for riding engagement with said auxillary track section whereby said guide rollersbe cause of their engagement with the guide track, will cause said means carried by the door to wedgingly ride over the auxiliary track section and forcibly depress the same, thereby gradually retarding the door in its final opening movement.

2. An overhead door structure of the character described comprising: a door frame forming a door opening, a door slidably mounted in relation to the door frame for movement to opening position and to closing position, guide rollers carried by the door, a guide track having its inside portion in engagement with said rollers for guiding the door in its movements, spring means connected to the door and normally acting to urge the same to its opening position, an auxiliary track section mounted on the outside portion of the guide track and yieldably held in inclined relation with respect to the associated guide track and to the direction of movement of the door when moving to its opening position, and means carried by the door in a plane paralleling that of the guide rollers thereon and disposed outside the guide track for riding engagement with said auxiliary track sectionwhereby said guide rollers, because of their engagement with the guide track, will cause said means carried by the door to wedgingly ride over the auxiliary track section and forcibly depress the same, thereby gradually retarding the door in its final opening movement against the action of said spring means.

3. An overhead door structure of the character described comprising: a door frame forming a door opening, a door slidably mounted in relation to the door frame for movement to opening position and to closing position, guide rollers carried by the door, a guide track having its inside portion in engagement with'said rollers for guiding the door in its movements, spring means connected to the door and normally acting to urge the same to its opening position, means releasably engageable with the door for maintaining the same in its closing position against the normal action of said spring means, an auxiliary track section arranged on the outside portion of the guide track and yieldably held in inclined relation with respect to the associated guide track and to the direction of movement of the door when moving to is opening position, and an auxiliary roller carried by the door in a plane paralleling that of the guide rollers thereon anddisposed outside the guide track for riding engagement with said auxiliary track section whereby said guide rollers, because of their engagement with the guide track, will cause the auxiliary roller to wedgingly ride over the auxiliary track and forcibly depress the same, thereby gradually retarding the door in itsnal opening movement against the action of the spring means when released by said releasable door engageable means.

4. An overhead door structure of the character described comprising: a door frame forming a door opening, a door slidably mounted in relation to the door frame for vertical movement to closing position and for horizontal movement to openingposition, guide rollers carried by the door, guide tracks having their inside portions in engagement with said rollers and having contiguous vertical and horizontal portions for guiding the door in its movements, counterbalancing means connected to the door and normally acting to urge the same into its horizontal opening position, means releasably engageable with the door for maintaining the same in its vertical closing position against the normal action of said counterbalanuing means, an auxiliary track section arranged on the outside of the horizontal portion of each guide track and yieldably held in inclined relation with respect to said horiontal portion of the associated guide track and in the direction of movement of the door whenrnoving to its opening position, and auxiliary rollers carried by the door in a plane paralleling that of the guide rollers thereon and disposed outside the guide tracks for riding engagement with said yieldably inclined auxiliary tracks whereby said guide rollers, because of their engagement with the guide tracks, will cause the auxiliary rollers to wedgingly ride over the auxiliary tracks and forcibly depress the same, thereby gradually retarding the door in its final opening movement against the action of the counterbalancing means when released by said releasable door engageable means.

5. An overhead door structure of the character described comprising: a door frame forming a door opening, a door consisting of a plurality of hinged panels slidably mounted in .relation to the door frame for vertical movement to closing position and for horizontal movement to opening position, guide rollers carried by the panels of said door, guide tracks having their outside portions in engagement with said rollers and having contiguous vertical and horizontal portions for guiding the door in its movements, counterbalancing means connected to the door and normally acting to urge the same into its horizontal position, means releasably engageable with vthe door for maintaining the same in its vertical closing position against the normal action of said counterbalancing means, an auxiliary track section arranged on the outside of the horizontal portion of each guide track and yieldably held in inclined relation with respect to said horizontal portion of the associated guide track and to the direction of the door when moving to its opening position, and auxiliary rollers carried by said uppermost panel of the door in a plane paralleling that of the guide rollers thereon and disposed outside the guideA tracks for riding engagement with said yieldably inclined auxiliary tracks whereby said guide rollers, because of their engagement with the guide tracks, will cause the auxiliary rollers to wedgingly ride over the auxiliary tracks and forcibly depress the same, thereby gradually retarding the door in its iinal opening movement against the action of the counterbalancing means when released by said releasable door engageable means. i

6. An overhead door structure of the charac-- ter described comprising: a door frame forming a door opening, a door consisting of a plurality of hinged panels slidably mounted in relation to the door frame for vertical movement toclosing position and for horizontal movement to opening position, guide rollers carried by the panels of said door, guide trackshaving their inside portions in engagement with said rollers and having contiguous vertical and horizontal portions for guiding the door in its movements, counterbalancing means connected to the door and normally acting to urge the same into its horizontal position, means releasably engageable with the door for maintaining the same in its vertical closing position against the normal action of said counterbalancing means, an auxiliary track section'arranged on the outside of the horizontal portion of each guide track and yieldably held in inclined relation with respect to said hori` zontal portion of the associated guide track and to the direction of the door when moving to its opening position, and auxiliary rollers carried by said uppermost panel of the door in a plane paralleling that of the Vguiderollers thereon and disposed outside the guide tracks forv riding engagement with said yiel'clably inclined auxiliary tracks whereby said guide rollers, because of their engagement with the guide tracks, will cause the auxiliary rollers to wedgingly ride over the auxiliary tracks and forcibly zdepress the same.

thereby gradually retardingthe door in its iinal ing device including an auxiliary track section 90 arranged on the outside of the guide track adja- .cent its Dend portion and yieldably held in inclined relation withrespect thereto, and means carried by the door in a plane paralleling that of the guide track for riding into wedging engagement over said yieldable auxiliary track section, whereby said guide rollers, because of their engagement with the guide track, will cause said means carried by the door to wedgingly ride over the auxiliary track section and forcibly depress the same, thereby gradually retarding the door upon reaching the end o! its closing movement.

the guide rollers thereon and disposed outside g5 HARRYEBAR'I'EL.' 85

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2545775 *May 2, 1946Mar 20, 1951Harvey H HallGarage door operating device
US2584134 *Mar 8, 1948Feb 5, 1952Gothard H KnutsonLock link chain
US2619165 *Aug 10, 1950Nov 25, 1952Frantz Mfg CoOverhead door structure
US2643714 *Aug 10, 1950Jun 30, 1953Frantz Mfg CoOverhead door structure
US2661799 *Aug 10, 1950Dec 8, 1953Frantz Mfg CoOverhead door structure
US2702082 *Feb 4, 1950Feb 15, 1955Frantz Mfg CoOverhead door construction
US2710626 *Nov 9, 1949Jun 14, 1955Burdick Bros IncSafety valve for fluid control systems
US2921782 *Dec 21, 1956Jan 19, 1960Henry H CampbellGarage door operating mechanism
US3138196 *Apr 19, 1962Jun 23, 1964Krieger Harold ARetractable apparatus
US4667353 *Oct 22, 1984May 26, 1987Tri City Laboratory Specialists, Inc.Automatically closing modesty curtain
US4800618 *Oct 1, 1987Jan 31, 1989Putz Helmut JOverhead garage door selfsealing device
US5419010 *May 3, 1993May 30, 1995Wayne-Dalton Corp.Compact counterbalancing system for sectional doors
US5495640 *Apr 18, 1995Mar 5, 1996Wayne-Dalton Corp.Sectional overhead door
US5522446 *Jun 15, 1994Jun 4, 1996Wayne-Dalton Corp.Sectional overhead door
US5562141 *Apr 18, 1995Oct 8, 1996Wayne-Dalton Corp.Sectional overhead door
US5566740 *Apr 18, 1995Oct 22, 1996Wayne-Dalton Corp.Sectional overhead door
US5782283 *Apr 3, 1997Jul 21, 1998Raynor Garage DoorsFor protecting human fingers from being pinched
US5836499 *Jan 30, 1995Nov 17, 1998Wayne-Dalton Corp.Conveyor apparatus for the transport of door panels
US5934352 *May 15, 1997Aug 10, 1999Raynor Garage DoorsGarage door panel construction
US6019269 *Oct 9, 1998Feb 1, 2000Wayne-Dalton Corp.Conveyor apparatus for the transport of door panels
US6145570 *Oct 12, 1998Nov 14, 2000Wayne-Dalton Corp.Locking system for sectional doors
US6578619May 21, 2001Jun 17, 2003Raynor Garage DoorsOverhead garage door
US6606762 *Mar 4, 2002Aug 19, 2003Myron Corp.Hinge for a rotatably connected cover
US6928696 *Jul 23, 2003Aug 16, 2005Robert F. WartmanActuator for improving seal for overhead doors
US7874342 *Aug 24, 2005Jan 25, 2011Overhead Door CorporationWind resistant movable barrier
US20120312483 *Jan 19, 2011Dec 13, 2012Jure LetonjeLifting Door Having A Movable Door-Leaf Guide
Classifications
U.S. Classification160/191, 188/266, 160/209, 16/DIG.200, 49/200
International ClassificationE05F5/00, E05B65/00, E05D15/24
Cooperative ClassificationE05Y2900/106, E05F5/003, E05B65/0021, E05D15/24, Y10S16/20, E05D13/1215
European ClassificationE05B65/00G, E05D15/24