US 2167572 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 25, 1939. N. M. HowE SHAMPOO APPARATUS Filed Feb. s, 193s lllllllllLllIllllll Patented July 25, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 4 Claims.
This invention relates to improvements in apparatus for use by hair dressers and pertains particularly to an apparatus for use in shampooing the hair.
The present invention has for its principal object to provide an improved structure for facilitating the process of shampooing the hair, wherein novel means is provided to enable the shampooer or hairdresser to work freely and to flood the hair freely with water when necessary without danger of any of the water or shampoo material flowing down over the face or down the neck of the person receiving the shampoo.
Another object of the invention is to provide a novel shampoo apparatus in which novel means is employed for protecting the person receiving the shampoo and for collecting and carrying on the shampoo water and rinse water without making it necessary for the person receiving the treatment to move from the position originally assumed.
A still further object of the invention is to provide in an apparatus of the above described character, a novel means for forming a fluid tight Contact between a sink or tray-like portion of the apparatus and the head of the shampooee below the hair line of the latter, whereby the complete shampooing process may be carried out without having to disturb the person receiving the treatment.
The invention will be best understood from a consideration of the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing forming part of this specication. mth the understanding, however, that the invention is not conned to any strict conformity with the showing of the drawing but may be changed or modied so long as such changes or modifications mark no material departure from the salient features of the invention as expressed in the appended claims.
In the drawing:
Figure 1 is a View in side elevation of the irnproved apparatus embodying the present invention, portions of the same being in section and illustrating the position occupied by a person receiving the shampoo.
Figure 2 is a view in top plan of the drain tray.
Referring now more particularly to the drawing, the numeral I generally designates a base for the apparatus embodying the present invention and while any suitable mechanism may be employed for supporting the upper or working part of the apparatus, there is here illustrated a lower standard in the form 0f a tubular member 2, the lower end of which is secured by a set screw 3 in a collar 4, which forms an integral part of the base I.
Slidably extended into the upper end of the tubular portion 2 of the standard is an upper 5 shiftable standard 5, this part 5 with the part 2 constituting the complete supporting structure for a tray unit, which is indicated as a whole by the numeral 6. The upper part of the supporting structure, that is the rod 5, has its lower end slidl0 able into the tubular part 2 and is surrounded by the collar 6 which normally rests upon the upper end of the portion 2 and has a set screw 'I which may be threaded inwardly for binding contact with the rod 5 so that by resting upon the 15 upper end of the portion 2, this collar will sustain the rod 5 in any desirable vertically adjusted p0- sition.
The numeral 8 generally designates a tray through the center of which isa sleeve 9, through which the rod 5 passes, this tray resting upon the collar 6 andserving as a receptacle for soap or other materials.
Adjacent its upper end, the rod 5 has secured thereto the supporting arm or arms IIJ on which 25 towels or other articles may be suspended and above these arms the rod is provided with a transverse slot I I which is formed on one side to provide the lip I2.
The upper end of the rod 5 is suitably reduced, 30 as at I3, to form a pivotal connection with a pair of ear members, one only of which is shown and is indicated by the numeral I4. These ear members are integral with and extend downwardly from the underside or bottom I5 of the tray 6 35 and are pivotally coupled with the part I3 of the standard 5 by a suitable thumb nut and screw assembly I6, by means of which oscillatory adjustment of the tray 6 upon the upper end of the supportingA standard or rod 5 is facilitated. 40
The tray 6 is preferably of the elongated rectangular contour illustrated in Figure 2 and it will be noted that thel hinge connection between the upper end of the rod 5 and the bottom of the tray which is formed by the parts I3 and I4 is ad- 45 jacent one end of the tray.
The tray B has the bottom I5, previously referred to, and the upstanding forward edge and 'side edge flanges I8 and I9 respectively, and the side flanges merge at the rear of the tray into the 5o side walls of a hood 2G, which extends across the tray to form a waste water receiving basin which has an outlet nozzle 2| adjacent the rear end of and extending through the bottom I5.' The nozzle 2l has coupled therewith, when the device is o5 in operation, a suitable Waste water carry-off tube 22 which may lead to a suitable drain.
Upon the top of the hood of the waste water receiving basin, there is secured by means of the bracket 23, the pipe elbow coupling 24 into one side of which is secured one end of a pipe 25 which is adapted to have a suitable water supply hose 26 attached thereto, while the vertically directed portion of the coupling 24 has connected therewith the upwardly extending pipe 2l which is attached, through the medium of the universal coupling 28, 4to one end of the forwardly and downwardly curving tubular arm 29. It is preferred that a portion of this tubular arm be of flexible character, as indicated at 30, and to the free end of this portion 30 there is attached the spray head 3| which preferably has the concave spray face 32, so that water issuing therefrom instead of being spread out into a rose, will be more or less concentrated toward a central area.
, The bottom I of the tray 6 is provided with an opening 33 toward the center of which the spray head 3| is directed. This opening has the upwardly and outwardly turned edge ilange 34 which extends throughout the circumferential extent of the opening, as is shown in Figure 2.
The numeral 35 designates a flat rubber diaphragm having a central opening 35 which isv rolled to form a reinforcing bead, as illustrated, while the peripheral edge of the diaphragm is provided with the inturned bead 31. This inturned bead of the outer edge of the diaphragm is designed for engagement under the upturned,
flange 34 of theopening 33 so that the diaphragm will be stretched across the opening with the opening 36 of the diaphragm lco-axial with the opening 33 of the tray.
When the apparatus is to be used, the person'r `who is to receive the vshampoo projects his head The tray 6 is adjusted to the desired inclina-` Y tion to suit the person receiving the shampoo and is maintained in such position through the provision of the arcuate rack 38, one end of which is pivotally attached to the underside of the tray S as indicated at 39. This pivotal connection is located between the pivot I6 and the aperture 33 and the free end of the rack is extended through the opening Il of the standard 5, so that when the end of the tray 6 nearest the aperture 33 is raised or lowered, the rack will move accordingly through the opening ll and the teeth 4Q, which are formed upon the convex edge of the rack, will have sliding engagement with and over the lip l2. It will thus be readily apparent that when the desired adjustment of the tray 6 has been made, one of the teeth 43 will engage the lip l2 and will maintain the tray in the adjusted position.
It will be readily obvious that with the construction shown, the necessary adjustments for height and for the proper tilt of the tray 6 may be easily and quickly made to suit the individual who is to receive the hair treatment and it will also be obvious that as the hair is treated and washed, the shampoo solution and the rinse water will ow down across the diaphragm to the bottom of the tray and to the rear thereof into the catch basin provided from whence the liquid will ow off through the tube 22.
1. A shampoo apparatus comprising a tray having a bottom provided with a head receiving opening adjacent one end, means for carrying off liquid from the tray, means supporting the tray in a manner facilitating its adjustment at a desired inclination from the horizontal, an upwardly and outwardly extending flange carried by the tray and defining said head receiving opening, and a head engaging resilient diaphragm in the form of a flat annulus having its peripheral edge formed for resilient detachable .engagement under said flange whereby the central open portion of the annulus may receive .zand engage a head extended through the opening, beneath the hair line thereof.
2. A shampoo apparatus comprising a tray having a bottom provided with a head receiving opening adjacent one end, means for carrying olf liquid lfrom the tray, means supporting the tray in a manner facilitating its adjustment at a desired inclination from the horizontal, an upwardly and outwardly extending flange carried by the tray and defining said head receiving opening, a head engaging resilient diaphragm in the form of a at annulus having its peripheral edge formed for resilient detachable engagement under said flange whereby the central open por tion of the annulus may receive and engage a head extended through the opening, beneath the Yhair line thereof, and a spray fixture carried by the tray and having a spray nozzle adapted to be directed downwardly toward said opening.
3. A shampoo apparatus comprising a tray, means for connecting a water leadoi tube to the tray, the tray having a head receiving opening through its bottom, an upwardly and outwardly turned ange `integral with the tray bottom and surrounding said opening, means for establishing a water tight connection between a `I`head extended into the opening and the ange of the opening comprising a flat rubber annulus having a peripheral turned back edge formed to be stretched over said flange, the inner edge of said annulus being formed for tight contact with the head adjacent the hair line, and means carried by the tray for projecting fluid downwardly upon a head in said opening.
4. A shampoo apparatus, comprising a tray having a bottom provided with a head receiving opening, a flange encircling said opening upon the upper side of said bottom to lie within the tray and curving upwardly and laterally from the opening, and a head engaging resilient diaphragm in the form of an annulus having a portion of the periphery turned under to form an encircling inturned rib, the said rib of the annulus being engageable under said flange by stretching the annulus over said opening and the central portion of the annulus being designed to receive and engage about the head whereby a water-tight connection is established between the head and the tray.
NETTIE M. HOWE.